School of Ocean Sciences

Professor Michel Kaiser
BSc (Liv) PhD (Wales) DSc (Liv)

Photograph of Prof Michel Kaiser

Biography

I am a Professor of Marine Conservation Ecology and my research is focused on sustainable food production systems, fisheries, aquaculture and conservation. I graduated from Liverpool with a BSc in Marine Biology in 1988 and undertook my PhD in the School of Biological Sciences at Bangor where I studied the feeding ecology of fishes and crabs. After completing my PhD in 1991 joined the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Conwy Laboratory) where I headed a research group that studied the ecological effects of fishing and aquaculture practices on marine ecosystems. I moved to the School of Ocean Sciences in 1998 where I have continued to develop these lines of research. I gained my DSc through the University of Liverpool in 2003.

I have had an extensive portfolio of UK Government appointments and currently sit on the Board of the Seafish Industry Authority and I am an independent member of the Joint Nature Conservation Committee. I have acted as an external advisor and reviewer for Marine Scotland Science, CEFAS and externally for the University of Wageningen (The Netherlands) and the Swedish Formas programme. I am an editorial board member of the journal Fish and Fisheries and on the Journal of Sea Research and I am one of the editors of the ICES Journal of Marine Science. Since 1998 I have grant capture that exceeds £8M from a wide variety of sources including NERC, BBSRC, ESRC, EU programmes, UK Government, Charities such as the Walton and Packard Foundations and UK and international industries.

Research Interests

My research is divided into four main themes: the ecosystem effects of fishing, sustainable aquaculture, disturbance ecology and socio-economic and biological issues relevant to coastal systems management. At present my research group comprises 8 post doctoral researchers, 5 research assistants and four PhD students. Our current projects include:

Sustainable use of fisheries in Welsh Waters (European Fishery Fund - £1.85M) which is a collaboration with the fishing industry to gather the evidence necessary to underpin advice to promote an ecosystem based management approach to fisheries.

Sustainable fisheries in the Isle of Man (Isle of Man Government funded - £560k) in which we are undertaking the science necessary to understand the population biology of scallops, crab, lobster and whelk and how these are impacted by fishing and the marine environment.

Trawling: Finding common ground on best practices for trawling (Walton Foundation, Packard Foundation and industry funded - US$640k), which is an international collaboration (lead partner University of Washington, Seattle [Hilborn]) to provide the science to underpin the development of management scenarios that optimise the trade-off between food production and environmental disturbance.

BENTHIS EU FP8 A project that aims to determine precisely the impacts of bottom fishing on different components of the marine environment, using a combination of meta-analyses, systematic review, field observations and modelling.

NERC Knowledge Exchange programme: Sustainable Food Production. In this programme we worked with Prof Bill Sutherland (Cambridge) and other UK HEI partners to undertake a prioritisation of research needs for aquaculture which has been used by NERC, BBSRC, and the Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum to prioritise research needs. We aim to extend this work to address all areas of aquaculture and wild capture fisheries.

Links

Research Groups

Research Themes

Research Projects

MAFF project: "Defining Essential Fish Habitat" began in October 2000 and will examine the links between habitat and the distribution patterns of commercially important fish species in the Irish Sea and English Channel. This project is undertaken in collaboration with Dr S.I. Rogers of the CEFAS Lowestoft Laboratory.

NERC-LINK Aquaculture project: "Environmental sustainability of bivalve cultivation" is a collaborative venture between the mussel industry, the School of Ocean Sciences University of Wales-Bangor, the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology and the Environment Agency. The project will provide data that will be incorporated into models that will assist in designing a management plan to improve mussel yield while minimising any adverse environmental impacts. This research project supports Ms Helen Beadman who is a NERC-CASE PhD student jointly supervised by Dr R.I. Willows of the Environment Agency.

NERC studentship: "Predicting recovery rate in soft-sediment communities". Marine soft-sediment communities are subjected to a range of natural and anthropogenic disturbances. The ecological significance of these disturbances will vary according to the background level of natural disturbance that occurs in a particular habitat. The present project proposes to test whether it is possible to predict recovery rate of soft-sediment macrofaunal assemblages from the composition of sediment structure and the environmental regime to which it is exposed. This project supports Ms Kirsty Dernie who is a NERC-CASE PhD student jointly supervised with Dr R.M. Warwick of the Plymouth Marine Laboratory.

Manx Government funded Ph.D. studentship: "Biological and socio-economic benefits of gear restriction management regimes" is a collaborative Ph.D. jointly supervised by Dr P.J.B. Hart and Professor G. Edwards-Jones of SAFS Bangor. This project will look at the biological and socio-economic benefits to local fishing communities of the "Gentlemen's agreement" that operates off Start Bay, Devon. Mr Rob Blyth is undertaking this research.

Esteem Indicators

FSBI Medal (Outstanding contribution fisheries research) 2004;

D.Sc. (Liverpool, 2003);

NERC Peer Review College (2004-2007);

Assistant Editor, Journal of Fish Biology;

Editorial Boards: Fish and Fisheries, Journal of Sea Research;

Vice-President, Fisheries Society British Isles (2007);

Senior Research Fellowship, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (2004). Chair DEFRA's Marine Fisheries Stakeholder Forum (2007);

Minister's appointee Strategic Framework for Sea Fisheries (SeaFAR) (Scotland) (2005);

Newth Lecture (Scottish Association for Marine Science) (2005);

Keynote lecture FAO Conference, Reykjavik 2001;

Conference convener 'Fish Habitat Ecology' FSBI symposium, Bangor (2005);

Scientific Steering Committee for World Fisheries Congress, Yokahama (2008).

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal Papers

Hughes, K. M., Kaiser, M. J., Jennings, S., Mcconnaughey, R. A., Pitcher, R., Hilborn, R., Amoroso, R. O., Collie, J., Hiddink, J. G., Parma, A. M. and Rijnsdorp, A. (2014)
Investigating the effects of mobile bottom fishing on benthic biota: a systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence. 3:23 doi:10.1186/2047-2382-3-23

Lambert, G. I., Jennings, S., Kaiser, M. J., Davies, T. W. and Hiddink, J. G. (2014)
Quantifying recovery rates and resilience of seabed habitats impacted by bottom fishing. Journal of Applied Ecology, 51, 1326-1336.

Hinz, H., Murray, L.G., Lambert, G.I., Hiddink, J.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2013)
Confidentiality over fishing effort data threatens science and management progress. Fish and Fisheries, 14, 110-117.

Hold, N., Murray, L.G., Kaiser, M.J., Hinz, H., Beaumont, A.R and Taylor, M.I. (2013).
Potential effects of stock enhancement with hatchery-reared seed on genetic diversity and effective population size. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 70: 330-338

Murray, L.G., Hinz, H., Hold, N. and Kaiser, M.J. (2013).
The effectiveness of using CPUE data derived from Vessel Monitoring Systems and fisheries logbooks to estimate scallop biomass. ICES Journal of Marine Science. DOI:10.1093/icesjms/fst099

Hold, N., Murray, L.G., Hinz, H., Neill, S.P., Lass, S., Lo, M. and Kaiser, M.J. (2013)
Environmental drivers of small scale spatial variation in the reproductive schedule of a commercially important bivalve mollusc. Journal of Environmental Research 92, 144-153
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Sciberras M, Hinz H, Bennell J, Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Kaiser MJ 2013
Benthic community response to a scallop dredging closure within a dynamic seabed habitat. Marine Ecology Progress Series 480:83-98

Sciberras M, Jenkins SR, Kaiser MJ, Hawkins SJ and Pullin AS. 2013
Evaluating the relative conservation value of fully and partially protected marine areas. Fish and Fisheries DOI: 10.1111/faf.12044

Sciberras M, Jenkins SR, Kaiser MJ, Hawkins SJ and Pullin AS. 2013
Evaluating the biological effectiveness of fully and partially protected marine areas. Environmental Evidence 2:4 doi:10.1186/2047-2382-2-4

Hinz. H., Murray, L.G., Malcolm, F.R., Kaiser M.J. (2012)
The environmental impacts of three different queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis) fishing gears. Marine Environmental Research, 73(1): 85-95.

Lambert, G. I., Jennings, S., Hinz, H., Murray, L. G., Lael, P., Kaiser, M. J. and Hiddink, J. G. (2012)
A comparison of two techniques for the rapid assessment of marine habitat complexity. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 4, 226-235.

Lambert, G.I., Jennings, S., Hiddink, J.G., Hintzen, N.T., Hinz, H., Kaiser, M.J. and Murray, L.G. (2012)
Implications of using alternate methods of Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) data analysis to describe fishing activities and impacts. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 69: 682-693. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fss018
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Hinz, H., Tarrant, D., Ridgeway, A., Kaiser, M. J., Hiddink, J. G. (2011)
Effects of scallop-dredging on temperate reef fauna. 432: 91-102 Marine Ecology Progress series

Lambert, G. I., Jennings, S., Kaiser, M. J., Hinz, H. and Hiddink, J. G. (2011)
Predicting the impact of fishing on epifaunal communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series 430: 71-86

Murray, L.G., Hinz, H., Kaiser M.J. (2011)
Functional response of fishers in the Isle of Man scallop fishery. Marine Ecology Progress Series 430: 157-169
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Queirós, A. M., Hiddink, J. G., Johnson, G., Cabral, H. N. and Kaiser, M. J. (2011)
Context dependence of marine invasion impacts on benthic biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Biological Invasions 13, 1059-1075.

Shephard S, Beukers-Stewart B, Brand AR, Hiddink JG, Kaiser MJ (2010)
Strengthening recruitment of exploited scallops with ocean warming. MarBiol 157:91-97

Hinz, H., Prieto V. and Kaiser, M.J. (2009)
Trawl disturbance on benthic communities: chronic effects and experimental predictions. Ecological Applications 19 (issue 3) pp 761-73

Dimech, M., Camilleri, M., Hiddink, J.G., Kaiser, M.J., Ragonese, S., and Schembri, P.J. 2008
Differences in demersal community structure and body-size spectra within and outside the Maltese Fishery Management Zone (FMZ). Scientia Marina 72(4) 669-682
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Hinz, H, Hiddink, JG, Forde, J and Kaiser, MJ (2008)
Large scale responses of nematode communities to chronic otter-trawl disturbance, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 65, 723-732

Gray J.S., Dayton P.A., Thrush S.F. and Kaiser M.J. (2007)
Fishing for facts on the environmental effects of trawling and dredge fisheries: Reply to Lokkeborg. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54: 497-500.

Kaiser, M., Hiddink, J., and Shephard, S. 2007.
Spatial management of scallop dredging: Consequences for the recovery of benthic communities. Journal of Shellfish Research, 26: 1318.

Gray J.S., Dayton P.A., Thrush S.F. and Kaiser M.J. (2007)
From policy to practice in developing ecologically sustainable fisheries: Reply to Valdimarsson. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54: 491-493.

Hiddink J.G., Jennings S. and Kaiser M.J. (2007)
Assessing and predicting the relative ecological impacts of disturbance on habitats with different sensitivities. Journal of Applied Ecology 44: 405-413.
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Kaiser M.J. and Hiddink J.G. (2007)
Food subsidies from fisheries to continental shelf benthic scavengers: are they important? Marine Ecology Progress Series. 318: 267-276.

Kaiser M.J., Blyth-Skryme R.E., Hart P.J.B., Edwards-Jones G. and Palmer D. (2007).
Evidence for greater reproductive output per unit area in areas protected from fishing. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 64: 1284-1289.

Kaiser M.J., Graham N., Rose C.S. and Wiebe P. (2007).
Discussion forum session II: Sustainable fisheries in the 21st Century. ICES Journal of Marine Science 64: 1610-1611.

Saurel C., Gascoigne J.C., Palmer M. and Kaiser M.J. (2007)
In situ mussel feeding behavior in relation to multiple environmental factors: Regulation through food concentration and tidal conditions? Limnology and Oceanography. 52: 1919-1929.

Blyth-Skyrme, R.E., Kaiser, M.J., Hiddink, J.G., Edwards-Jones, G. and Hart, P.J.B. (2006)
Conservation benefits of temperate marine protected areas: variation among fish species. Conservation Biology, 20, 811-820.
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Gelcich S., Edwards-Jones G. and Kaiser M.J. (2006)
Heterogeneity in fishers' harvesting decisions under a marine territorial user rights policy. Ecological Economics. 61: 246-254.

Gelcich S., Edwards-Jones G., Kaiser M.J. and Castilla J.C. 2006.
Co-management policy can reduce resilience in traditionally managed ecosystems. Ecosystems 9: 951-966.

Gelcich, S., Edwards-Jones, G., Kaiser, M.J. and Castilla, J.C. (2006)
Co- management policy can reduce resilience in traditionally managed ecosystems. Ecosystems, 9, 951-966.

Gray, J.S., Dayton, P.A., Thrush, S.F. and Kaiser, M.J. (2006)
On effects of trawling, benthos and sampling design. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 52, 840-843.

Hiddink, J.G., Hutton, T., Jennings, S. and Kaiser, M.J. (2006)
Predicting the effects of area closures and fishing effort restrictions on the production, biomass, and species richness of benthic invertebrate communities. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63, 822-830.
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Hiddink, J.G., Jennings, S. and Kaiser, M.J. (2006)
Recovery status as an indicator of the large scale ecological impact of bottom trawling. Ecosystems, 9, 1190-1199.

Hiddink, J.G., Jennings, S., Kaiser, M.J., Quelros, A.M., Duplisea, D.E. and Piet, G.J. (2006)
Cumulative impacts of seabed trawl disturbance on benthic biomass, production, and species richness in different habitats. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 63, 721-736.
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Hinz, H., Bergmann, M., Shucksmith, R., Kaiser, M. J., and Rogers, S. I. 2006.
Habitat association of plaice, sole and lemon sole in the English Channel. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63: 912-927

Kaiser, M.J. and Edwards-Jones, G. (2006)
The role of ecolabelling in fisheries management and conservation. Conservation Biology, 20, 392-398.

Kaiser, M.J., Clarke, K.R., Hinz, H., Austen, M.C.V., Somerfield, P.J. and Karakassis, I. (2006)
Global analysis and prediction of the response of benthic biota and habitats to fishing. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 311, 1-14.

Kaiser, M.J., Galanidi, M., Showler, D.A., Elliott, A.J., Caldow, R.W.G., Rees, E.I.S., Stillman,R.A. and Sutherland W.J. (2006)
Distribution and behaviour of Common Scoter, Melanitta nigra, relative to prey resources and environmental parameters. Ibis, 148, 11-128.

Queiros, A.M., Hiddink, J.G., Hinz, H. and Kaiser, M.J. (2006)
The effects of chronic bottom trawling disturbance on biomass, production and size spectra of invertebrate infauna communities from different habitats. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 335, 91-103.
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Richardson E.A., Kaiser M.J. and Edwards-Jones G. 2005.
Variation in fishers’ attitudes within an inshore fishery: implications for management. Environmental Conservation 32: 213-225.

Richardson, E.A., Kaiser, M.J., Edwards-Jones, G. and Ramsay, K. (2006)
Trends in sea anglers’ catches of trophy fish in relation to stock size. Fisheries Research, 82, 253-262.

Shucksmith, R., Hinz, H., Bergmann, M. and Kaiser, M.J. (2006)
Using video surveys to evaluate critical habitat features for adult place (Pleuronectes platessa L.). Journal of Sea Research, 56, 317- 328.

Tillin, H.M., Hiddink, J.G., Jennings, S. and Kaiser, M.J. (2006)
Chronic bottom trawling alters the functional composition of benthic invertebrate communities on a sea basin scale. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 318, 31-45.
Data on biological traits of benthos can be downloaded from www.marlin.ac.uk/biotic
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Caldow, R.W.G., Beadman, H.A., McGrorty, S., Stillman, R.A., Gross -Custard, J.D., Durrell Le V., S.E.A., West, A.D., Kaiser, M.J., Mould, K. and Wilson, A. (2005)
A behaviour based modelling approach to reducing shorebird-shellfish conflicts. Ecological Applications, 14, 1411-1427.

Dimech M., Camilleri M., Gristina M., Kaiser M.J., and Schembri P.J. 2005.
Commercial and non-target species of deep water trawled muddy habitats on the Maltese continental shelf. Xjenza 18-23.

Gascoigne, J., Beadman, H.A., Saurel, C. and Kaiser, M.J. (2005)
Density dependence, spatial scale and patterning in sessile biota. Oecologia, 145, 371-381.

Gelcich, S., Edwards-Jones, G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2005)
Importance of attitudinal differences among artisanal fishers with respect to co-management and conservation of marine resources. Conservation Biology, 19, 1- 11.

Gelcich, S., Edwards-Jones, G., Kaiser, M.J. and Watson, E. (2005)
Using discourses for policy evaluation: the case of marine common property rights in Chile. Society and Natural Resources, 18, 377-391.

Hiddink, J.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2005)
The importance of abundance-limiting factors in the development of ecological indicators. Ecography, 28, 264-271.

Hiddink, J.G. and Kaiser, M.J., 2005.
Implications of Liebig's law of the minimum for the use of ecological indicators based on abundance. Ecography 28: 264-271.
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Hiddink, J.G., Jennings, S. and Kaiser, M.J. (2005)
Do haddock select habitats to maximize condition? Journal of Fish Biology, 67B, 111-124.
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Kaiser, M.J. (2005)
Are Marine Protected Areas a red herring or fisheries panacea? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 62, 1194-1199.

Kaiser, M.J., Hinz, H., Callaway, R.M., Nall, A. and Biles, C.L. (2005)
Resource degradation: a subtle effect of bottom fishing. Marine Biology, 146, 401-408.

Rees, E.I.S., Bergmann, M., Galanidi, M., Hinz, H., Shucksmith, R. and Kaiser M.J. (2005). A Chaetopterus tube mat biotope in the Eastern English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 85, 323- 326.

Atkinson, C.J.L., Bergmann, M. and Kaiser, M.J. (2004)
Habitat selection by whiting, Merlangius merlangus L. Journal of Fish Biology, 64, 788-793.

Beadman, H.A., Kaiser, M.J., Galanidi, M., Shucksmith, R. and Willows, R. (2004)
Changes in species richness with stocking density of marine bivalves. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 464-475.

Bergmann, M., Hinz, H., Blyth, R., Kaiser, M.J., Rogers, S.I. and Armstrong, M. (2004)
Using knowledge from fishers and fisheries scientists to identify possible roundfish ‘Essential Fish Habitats’. Fisheries Research, 66, 373-379.

Blyth, R.E., Kaiser, M.J., Edwards-Jones, G. and Hart, P.J.B. (2004)
A gear-restriction commercial fishery management system incorporating temporal zonation of fishing effort: Implications for benthic communities. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 951-961.

Kaiser, M.J. (2004a)
Marine protected areas: the importance of being earnest. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 14, 635-638.

Kaiser, M.J. (2004b)
Fish in deep-water coral habitats. Science, 304, 1595.

Kaiser, M.J., Austen, M.C.V. and Ojaveer, H. (2004)
European Biodiversity Action Plan for fisheries: issues for non-target species. Fisheries Research, 69, 1-6.

Kaiser, M.J., Bergmann, M., Hinz, H., Galanidi, M., Shucksmith, R., Rees, E.I.S., Darbyshire,T. and Ramsay, K. (2004)
Demersal fish and epifauna associated with sandbank habitats. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 60, 445-456.

Beadman H.A., Caldow R.W.G., Kaiser M.J. and Willows R.I. 2003.
Toughening up your mussels: using mussel shell morphological plasticity to reduce predation losses. Marine Biology 142: 487-494.

Caldow R.W.G., Beadman H.A., McGrorty S., Kaiser M.J., Goss-Custard J.D., Mould K. and Wilson A. 2003.
Effects of intertidal mussel cultivation on bird assemblages. Marine Ecology Progress Series 259: 173-183

Dernie K.M., Kaiser M.J. and Warwick R.M. 2003.
Recovery rates of benthic communities following physical disturbance. Journal of Animal Ecology 72: 1043- 1056.

Dernie K.M., Kaiser M.J., Richardson E.A. and Warwick R.M. 2003.
Disturbance intensity and recovery rate in soft-sediment communities. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 285-286: 415-434.

Hinz H., Kaiser M.J., Bergmann M., Rogers S.I. and Armstrong M. 2003.
Ecological relevance of temporal stability in regional fish catches. Journal of Fish Biology 63: 1219-1234.

Kaiser M.J. 2003.
Detecting the effects of fishing on seabed community diversity: the importance of scale and sample size. Conservation Biology 17: 512- 520

Beadman H.A., Willows R.I. and Kaiser M.J. 2002.
Potential applications of mussel modelling. Helgoland Marine Research 56: 76-85.

Blyth R.E., Kaiser M.J., Hart P.J.B. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2002.
Conservation with voluntary management in an inshore fishery. Environmental Conservation 29: 493-508.

Kaiser M.J. and Spence F.E. 2002.
Inconsistent temporal changes in the megabenthos of the English Channel. Marine Biology 141: 321-331.

Kaiser M.J., Collie J.S., Hall S.J., Jennings S. and Poiner I.R. 2002.
Modification of marine habitats by trawling activities: prognosis and solutions. Fish and Fisheries 3: 114-136.

Bullimore, B., Newman, P., Kaiser, M.J., Gilbert, S. and Lock, K. (2001)
A study of catches in a fleet of 'ghost–fishing' pots. Fishery Bulletin, 99, 247–253.

Kaiser, M.J., Broad, G. and Hall, S.J. (2001)
Environmental management of intrusive harvesting techniques in temperate intertidal soft sediments. Journal of Sea Research, 45, 119–130.

Ramsay, K., Bergmann, M., Veale, L.O., Richardson, C.A., Kaiser, M.J., Vize, S. J. and Feist, S.W. (2001)
Damage, autotomy and arm regeneration in starfish caught by towed demersal fishing gears. Marine Biology, 138, 527–536.

Ramsay, K., Kaiser, M.J. and Richardson, C.A. (2001)
Invest in arms:the behavioural and energetic implications of multiple autonomy in starfish. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 50, 360–365.

Ramsay, K., Richardson, C.A. and Kaiser, M.J. (2001)
Causes of shell scarring in dog cockles Glycymeris glycymeris L. Journal of Sea Research, 45, 131–139.

Collie, J.S., Hall, S.J., Kaiser, M.J. and Poiner, I.R. (2000)
A quantitative analysis of fishing impacts on shelf–sea benthos. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 785–798.

Demestre, M., Sanchez, P., Ramon, M. and Kaiser, M.J. (2000)
The impact of otter trawling on mud communities in the NW Mediterranean. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 57, 1352–1358.

Kaiser, M.J., Spence, F.E. and Hart, P.J.B. (2000)
Fishing–gear restrictions and conservation of benthic habitat complexity. Conservation Biology, 14, 1512–1525.

Ramsay, K., Kaiser, M.J., Richardson, C.A., Veale, L.O. and Brand, A.R. (2000)
Can shell scars on dog cockles (Glycymeris glycymeris L.) be used as an indicator of fishing disturbance? Journal of Sea Research, 43, 167–176.

Kaiser, M.J. and de Groot, S.J. (eds.) (1999)
The effects of trawling on non–target species and habitats: biological, conservation and socio–economic issues. Blackwell Science, Oxford.

Kaiser, M.J. and Moore, P.G. (1999)
Obligate marine scavengers: do they exist? Journal of Natural History, 33, 475–481.

Kaiser, M.J., Cheney, K., Spence, F.E., Edwards, D.B. and Radford, K. (1999)
Fishing effects in northeast Atlantic shelf seas: patterns in fishing effort, diversity and community structure. VII. The effects of trawling disturbance on the fauna associated with the tubeheads of serpulid worms. Fisheries Research, 40, 195–205.

Kaiser, M.J., Ramsay, K., Richardson, C.A., Spence, F.E. and Brand, A.R. (1999)
Chronic historical fishing disturbance has changed shelf sea benthic community structure. Journal of Animal Ecology, 69, 494–503.

Jennings, S. and Kaiser, M.J. (1998)
The effects of fishing on marine ecosystems. Advances in Marine Biology, 34, 201–351.

Kaiser M.J., Laing, I., Utting S.D. and Burnell G.M. 1998.
Environmental impacts of bivalve mariculture. Journal of Shellfish Research 17: 59-66.

Kaiser, M.J. (1998)
Significance of bottom-fishing disturbance. Conservation Biology, 12, 1230–1235.

Kaiser, M.J. (1998)
Scraping the bottom: are towed fishing gears a threat to benthic biodiversity? In:Concepts and methods for studying marine biodiversity, from gene to ecosystem, [ed. J–P. Feral), Oceanis, 24, 1–11.

Kaiser, M.J., Armstrong, P.J., Dare, P.J. and Flatt, R.P. (1998)
Benthic communities associated with a heavily fished scallop ground. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 78, 1045–1059.

Kaiser, M.J., Edwards, D.B., Armstrong, P.J., Radford, K., Lough, N.E.L., Flatt, R.P. and Jones, H.D. (1998)
Changes in megafunal benthic communities in different habitats after trawling disturbance. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 55, 353–361.

Kaiser, M.J., Ramsay, K. and Hughes, R.N. (1998)
Can fisheries influence the outcome of interspecific competition in sympatric populations of hermit crabs? Journal of Natural History, 32, 521–531.

Ramsay K., Kaiser M.J. and Hughes, R.N. 1998.
The responses of benthic scavengers to fishing disturbance by towed gears in different habitats. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 224: 73-89.

Ramsay, K. and Kaiser, M.J. (1998)
Demersal fishing disturbance increases predation risk for whelks (Buccinum undatum L.). Journal of Sea Research, 39, 299–304.

Spencer, B.E., Kaiser, M.J. and Edwards, D.B. (1998)
Intertidal clam harvesting: benthic community change and recovery. Aquaculture Research, 29, 429–437.

Kaiser M.J. and Ramsay K. 1997.
Opportunistic feeding by dabs within areas of trawl disturbance: possible implications for increased survival. Marine Ecology Progress Series 152: 307-310.

Ramsay K., Kaiser M.J. and Hughes R.N. 1997.
A field study of intraspecific competition for food in hermit crabs (Pagurus bernhardus). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 44: 213-220.

Ramsay K., Kaiser M.J., Moore P.G. and Hughes R.N. 1997.
Consumption of fisheries discards by benthic scavengers: utilisation of energy subsidies in different marine habitats. Journal of Animal Ecology 66: 884-896.

Reid, D.G., Abelló P., Kaiser M.J. and Warman C.G. 1997.
Carapace colour, intermoult duration and the behavioural and physiological ecology of the shore crab, Carcinus maenas. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 44: 203-211.

Spencer B.E., Kaiser M.J. and Edwards D.B. 1997.
Ecological effects of Manila clam cultivation: observations at the end of the cultivation phase. Journal of Applied Ecology 34: 444-452.

Evans P.L., Kaiser M.J. and Hughes R.N. 1996.
Behaviour and energetics of whelks, Buccinum undatum (L.), feeding on animals killed by beam trawls. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 197: 51-62.

Kaiser M.J. 1996.
Starfish damage as an indicator of trawling disturbance. Marine Ecology Progress Series 134: 303-307.

Kaiser M.J. and Spencer B.E. 1996.
The effects of beam-trawl disturbance on infaunal communities in different habitats. Journal of Animal Ecology 65: 348-358.

Kaiser M.J., Bullimore B., Newman P., Lock K. and Gilbert S. 1996.
Catches in ‘ghost-fishing’ set nets. Marine Ecology Progress Series 145: 11-16.

Kaiser M.J., Edwards D.B. and Spencer B.E. 1996.
A study of the effects of commercial clam cultivation and harvesting on benthic infauna. Aquatic Living Resources 9: 57-63.

Kaiser M.J., Hill A.S., Ramsay K., Spencer B.E., Brand A.R., Veale L.O., Prudden K., Rees E.I.S., Munday B.W., Ball B. and Hawkins S.J. 1996.
Benthic disturbance by fishing gear in the Irish Sea: a comparison of beam trawling and scallop dredging. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 6: 269-285.

Nugues M.M., Kaiser M.J., Spencer B.E. and Edwards D.B. 1996.
Benthic community changes associated with intertidal oyster cultivation. Aquaculture Research 27: 913-924.

Ramsay K., Kaiser M.J. and Hughes R.N. 1996.
Changes in hermit crab feeding patterns in response to trawling disturbance. Marine Ecology Progress Series 144: 63-72.

Spencer B.E., Kaiser M.J. and Edwards, D.B. 1996.
The effects of Manila clam cultivation on an intertidal benthic community: the early cultivation phase. Aquaculture Research 27: 261-276.

Kaiser M.J. and Spencer B.E. 1995.
Survival of by-catch from a beam trawl. Marine Ecology Progress Series 126: 31-39.

Kaiser M.J. and Spencer B.E. 1994.
Fish scavenging behaviour in recently trawled areas. Marine Ecology Progress Series 112: 41-49.

Kaiser M.J., Rogers S.I. and McCandless D.T. 1994.
Improving quantitative surveys of epibenthic communities using a modified 2-m beam trawl. Marine Ecology Progress Series 106: 131-138.

Spencer B.E., Edwards D.B., Kaiser M.J. and Richardson C.A. 1994.
Spatfalls of the non-native Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, in British waters. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 4: 203-219.

Kaiser M.J. and Hughes R.N. 1993.
Factors affecting the behavioural mechanisms of diet selection in fishes. Marine Behaviour and Physiology 23: 105-120.

Kaiser M.J., Hughes R.N. and Gibson R.N. 1993.
The effect of prey shape on the predatory behaviour of the common shore crab, Carcinus maenas. Marine Behaviour and Physiology 22: 107-117

Kaiser M.J., Hughes R.N. and Gibson R.N. 1993.
Factors affecting diet selection in the shore crab, Carcinus maenas (L.). Animal Behaviour 45: 83-92.

Hughes R.N., Kaiser M.J., Mackney P.A. and Warburton K. 1992.
Optimising foraging behaviour through learning. Journal of Fish Biology (Supplement B) 41: 77-91.

Kaiser M.J. 1992.
The ontogeny of predatory mechanisms in the fifteen-spined stickleback, Spinachia spinachia (L.). Journal of Fish Biology 40: 485-487.

Kaiser M.J., Gibson R.N. and Hughes R.N. 1992.
The effect of prey-type on the predatory behaviour of the fifteen-spined stickleback, Spinachia spinachia (L.). Animal Behaviour 42: 147-156.

Kaiser M.J., Westhead A.P., Hughes R.N. and Gibson R.N. 1992.
Are digestive characteristics important contributors to the profitability of prey? A study of diet selection in the fifteen-spined stickleback, Spinachia spinachia (L.). Oecologia 90: 61-69.

McGaw I.J., Kaiser M.J., Naylor E. and Hughes R.N. 1992.
Intra- specific morphological variation related to the moult-cycle in colour forms of the shore crab, Carcinus maenas. Journal of Zoology London 228: 351-359.

Kaiser M.J. and Croy M.I. 1991.
Population structure of the fifteen-spined stickleback, Spinachia spinachia (L.) Journal of Fish Biology 39: 129-131.

Kaiser M.J., Hughes R.N. and Reid D.G. 1990.
Chelal morphometry, prey-size selection and aggressive competition in green and red forms of Carcinus maenas (L.). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 140: 121-134.

Books

MJ Kaiser, M Attrill, S Jennings, DN Thomas, D Barnes, AS Brierley, JG Hiddink, H Kaartokallio, N Polunin and D Raffaelli. 2011.
Marine Ecology - Processes, Systems and Impacts. 2nd Edition. 576 pages. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199227020.

Kaiser, M.J., M Attrill, S Jennings, DN Thomas, D Barnes, AS Brierley, N Polunin, D Raffaelli and P J LeB Williams. 2005
Marine Ecology - Processes, Systems and Impacts. Oxford University Press. 584 pages. ISBN 019924975X.
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Jennings, S., Kaiser, M.J. and Reynolds, J.D. 2001
Marine Fisheries Ecology. Blackwell Science, Oxford, 432 pp.
View website

Kaiser, M.J. and de Groot, S.J. [Eds.] 2000
The effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats: biological, conservation and socio-economic issues. Blackwell Science, Oxford, 416pp.
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Book Reviews

Kaiser M.J. 2004.
Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine, third Edition. Fish and Fisheries 4: 372.

Kaiser M.J. 2001.
Oyster Culture. G.E. Matthiesen. Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science, Oxford. Fish and Fisheries 2: 386-387.

Kaiser, M.J. (2000c)
Fish Habitat. [Ed. L. Benaka]. Symposium of the American Fisheries Society, No. 22, Bethesda, Maryland. Fish and Fisheries 1, 275–276.

Kaiser, M.J. 1999
The effects of fishing on marine ecosystems and communities. S.J.Hall. Blackwell Science, Oxford. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 241: 155-156.

Book Chapters

Bergmann, M., Hinz, H., Blyth, R., Kaiser, M.J., Rogers, S.I. and Armstrong, M. (2005)
Combining scientific and fishers’ knowledge to identify possible roundfish ‘Essential Fish Habitats’ Fishing and Benthic Habitats 2002. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Hart, P.J.B., Blyth, R.E., Edwards-Jones, G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2005)
Sustaining exploitation while minimizing conflict: is it possible? Workshop Proceedings “Who Owns the Sea?”, Tjarno, Sweden, 29-30 Jan. 2003. [Editors: Hart,P.J.B. and Johnson, M.]

Kaiser, M.J., Hall, S.J. and Thomas, D.N.. 2005
Habitat modification. In: The Sea, volume 13 (Eds. AL Robinson and KH Brink). Harvard University Press. pp. 927-970.
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Bergmann M., Hinz H., Blyth R.E., Kaiser M.J., Rogers S.I. and Armstrong M. 2003.
In: Putting Fishers' knowledge to work. The Fisheries Research Centre Research Reports, University of British Columbia. 11 pp 189-197.

Blyth R.E., Kaiser M.J., Hart P.J.B. and Edwards-Jones G. 2003.
An example of conservation and exploitation achieved through a voluntary fishery management regime. In: Putting Fishers' knowledge to work. The Fisheries Research Centre Research Reports, University of British Columbia. 11 pp 409-425.

Kaiser M.J., Collie J.S., Hall S.J. and Poiner I.R. 2003.
Long-term habitat changes and their implications for future fisheries management. In: Marine Science Frontiers for Europe. (eds G. Wefer, F. Lamy and F. Mantoura). Springer-Verlag, Berlin. pp 190-201.

Kaiser M.J., Collie J.S., Hall S.J., Jennings S. and Poiner I.R. 2003.
Impacts of fishing on marine benthic habitats. Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem. (eds. M. Sinclair and G. Valdimarsson). Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome, CABI, New York. pp 197-217.

Lindeboom H.J., Burbridge P.R., Leeuw de J.W., Irmisch A., Ittekkot V., Kaiser M.J., Laane R., Legrand J., Prandle D., Reise K. and She J. 2003
Coastal and shelf processes, science for integrating management. (eds. G. Wefer, F. Lamy and F. Mantoura). Springer-Verlag, Berlin. pp 229-242.

Kaiser M.J. and Jennings S. 2002.
Ecosystem effects of fishing. In: Fish and Fisheries Handbook. (eds. P.J.B. Hart and J.D. Reynolds). Blackwell Science, Oxford. pp 342-366.

Kaiser, M.J. (2001)
Ecological effects of shellfish cultivation. In:Environmental Impacts of Aquaculture [Ed.Black, K.]. Sheffield University Press, Sheffield, pp. 51–75.

Kaiser, M.J. and Jennings, S. (2001)
An ecosystem perspective on conserving targeted and non–targeted species. In: Conservation of Exploited Species [Eds. Reynolds, J.D., Mace, G.M., Redford, K.H. and Robinson, J.G.], Cambridge University Press, pp. 341–369.

Demestre, M., Sanchez, P. and Kaiser, M.J. (2000)
The behavioural response of benthic scavengers to otter trawling disturbance in the Mediterranean. In: The effects of trawling on non–target species and habitats: biological, conservation and socio–economic issues [eds. M.J.Kaiser and S.J. de Groot], Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp.121–129.

Kaiser, M.J. (Contributor) (2000d)
Commerical Fishing [Eds. P.G. Moore and S. Jennings). Blackwell Science, Oxford, 72pp.

Kaiser, M.J. (2000a)
The implications of the effects of fishing on non–target species and habitats. In:The effects of trawling on non–target species and habitats: biological, conservation and socio–economic issues, [Eds. M.J. Kaiser and S.J. de Groot), Blackwell Science, Oxford, 383–392.

Ramsay, K., Kaiser, M.J., Rijnsdorp, A.D., Craeymeersch, J. and Ellis, J. (2000)
Impact of trawling on populations of the invertebrate scavenger Asterias rubens. In: Effects of fishing on non–target species and habitats: biological, conservation and socio–economic issues, [eds. M.J. Kaiser and S.J. de Groot), Blackwell Science, Oxford, pp.151–162

Kaiser, M.J. (1999)
Human interference and conservation. In: Barnes, R.S.K. and Hughes, R.N. [eds.], An Introduction to Marine Ecology, 3rd Edition, Chapter 12. Blackwell Science, Oxford., pp.238–255.

Kaiser, M.J., Rogers, S.I. and Ellis, J.R. (1999)
Importance of benthic habitat complexity for demersal fish assemblages in Fish habitat: essential fish habitat and rehabilitation, [ed. L.R. Benaka). American Fisheries Society, Symposium22, Bethesda, Maryland, pp.212–223.

Rogers, S.I., Kaiser, M.J. and Jennings, S. (1998)
Ecosystem effects of demersal fishing: a European perspective. In: Dorsey, E.M. and Pederson,J. [eds.], Effects of fishing on the seafloor of New England. Puritan Press, Hollis, New Hampshire. pp.68–78.

Kaiser M.J. and Spencer B.E. 1996.
Behavioural responses of scavengers to beam trawl disturbance. In: “Aquatic predators and their prey”, (Eds. S.P.R. Greenstreet and M.L. Tasker) Fishing News Books, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. pp 117-123.

Kaiser M.J. and Hughes R.N. 1993.
Factors affecting the behavioural mechanisms of diet selection in fishes. In: “Behavioural Ecology of Fishes”. (Eds. F.A. Huntingford and P. Toricelli) Harcourt Academic Publications. Chur, Switzerland. pp 105-120.

Additional Publications

Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2013).
The Isle of Man Aequipecten opercularis stock assessment 2013/2014. Bangor University Fisheries and Conservation Report No. 22.

Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2012).
The Isle of Man Aequipecten opercularis fishery stock assessment. Bangor University Fisheries and Conservation Report No. 16.

Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2012).
The Isle of Man Aequipecten opercularis stock assessment 2012/2013. Bangor University Fisheries and Conservation Report No. 17.

Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2011)
The Isle of Man Aequipecten opercularis fishery: Research Update 2011. Fisheries and Conservation Report No. 15, Bangor University, pp19.

Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2011).
The Isle of Man Aequipecten opercularis fishery: Research Update 2011. Bangor University Fisheries and Conservation Report No. 15. pp21.

Hinz, H., Murray, L.G., Gell, F., Hanley, H., Horton, N., Whiteley, H. and Kaiser, M.J. (2010)
Seabed habitats around the Isle of Man. Fisheries and Conservation report No. 12, Bangor University. pp29.

Murray, L.G., Hinz, H. and Kaiser, M.J. (2010)
Predicted impacts of proposed management measures in the Isle of Man's Pecten maximus fishery. Fisheries and Conservation report No. 13, Bangor University, pp27.

Hinz, H., Sciberras, M., Murray, L.G. Benell J.D. and Kaiser, M.J. (2010)
Assessment of offshore habitats in the Cardigan Bay SAC (June 2010 survey). Report to Welsh Assembly Government. Fisheries and Conservation report No. 14, Bangor University.

Hinz, H., Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2009)
Comparison of catch efficiencies for King and Queen Scallops between the RV Prince Madog and the commercial trawler Genesis. Fisheries and Conservation report No.6, Bangor University. pp14.

Hinz, H., Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2009)
Efficiency and environmental impacts of three different Queen scallop fishing gears. Fisheries and Conservation report No. 8, Bangor University. pp21.

Murray, L.G., Hinz, H. and Kaiser, M.J. (2009)
Lobster escape gap trials. Fisheries and Conservation report No. 9. Bangor University. pp11.

Murray, L.G., Hinz, H. and Kaiser, M.J. (2009)
Marine fisheries research report to DAFF 2007/2008. Fisheries and Conservation report No. 7, Bangor University, pp60.

Murray, L.G., Hinz, H. and Kaiser, M.J. (2009)
The Isle of Man Aequipecten opercularis Fishery: Science and Management. Fisheries and Conservation report No. 10, Bangor University. pp33.

Hinz, H., Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2008)
Side-scan-sonar survey of the Horse mussel (Modiolus modiolus) beds off the Point of Ayre (August 2008). Fisheries and Conservation report No. 4, Bangor University. pp19.

Hinz, H., Murray, L.G. and Kaiser, M.J. (2008)
Side-scan-sonar survey of the Horse mussel (Modiolus modiolus) beds off the Point of Ayre (August 2008). Fisheries and Conservation report No. 4, Bangor University. pp19.

Kaiser, M.J., Murray, L.G., Hinz, H. and McLay, A. (2008)
Isle of Man sustainable fisheries strategy. Fisheries and Conservation report No. 1, Bangor University. pp13.

Murray, L.G., Hinz, H. and Kaiser, M.J. (2008)
Developing an ecosystem approach to the management of Manx fisheries. Shellfish News, 26.

Neill, S.P. and Kaiser, M.J. (2008)
Sources and sinks of scallops (Pecten maximus) in the waters of the Isle of Man as predicted by particle tracking models. Centre for Applied Marine Sciences Report 2008-11, May 2008, 23pp.

Murray, L.G. (2006)
The biodiversity of wild and cultivated mussel assemblages. Report to the Maine Aquaculture Innovation Center. pp35.

Freeman S.M., Bergmann M., Hinz H., Kaiser M.J., Bennell, J. 2002.
Use of acoustic seabed classification to identify fish habitats. Session: Ocean Observation, Theme Session K8: The Integration of Acoustic and Optical Survey Techniques and Marine Biological Data for the Purpose of Seabed Classification. ICES Annual Science Conference 1-5 October, Copenhagen, Denmark.  pp. 1-28.

Kaiser M.J. 2003.
Are closed areas the solution? Marine Conservation 5: p 10.

Kaiser, M.J. 2000b
Would you share your knowledge of grounds? Fishing News International, February2000, p.26.

Kaiser M.J. 1999.
Hefley Bill tainted by under-current of biased scientific reporting. Fishing News International, September 1999, 8-9.

Kaiser M.J. 1999.
Effects of fishing on non-target species and habitats: key issues. In Multi-disciplinary research in fisheries management. (Ed. D Symes). European Social Science Fisheries Network Workshop 6. University of Hull, Hull, UK.

Kaiser M.J. and Horwood J.W. 1997.
Damage limitation on the seabed. Forum, New Scientist 15th October 1997.

Kaiser M.J. 1996.
Are beam trawlers damaging the marine environment? Fishing News

Kaiser M.J. 1996.
Meeting Report: Effects of Fishing on Marine Ecosystems. Environmental Conservation 23: 365-375.

Kaiser M.J., Ramsay K. and Spencer B.E. 1996.
Short-term ecological effects of beam trawling in the Irish Sea: a review. ICES CM 1996/mini: 5

Kaiser M.J. and Spencer B.E. 1993.
A preliminary assessment of the effect of beam trawling on a benthic community in the Irish Sea. Porcupine Newsletter, 5(7), 167-174.

Kaiser M.J. and Spencer B.E. 1993.
Opportunistic predation of benthos by gurnard and dogfish after beam trawling. ICES CM 1993/G:27

Kaiser M.J. and Spencer B.E. 1993.
Opportunistic predation on benthos around trawl tracks by gurnards and lesser-spotted dogfish. Journal of Fish Biology 43, (Suppl. A), 327

Kaiser M.J. and Spencer, B.E. 1993.
A preliminary assessment of the immediate of effects of beam trawling on a benthic community in the Irish Sea. ICES CM 1993/B:38

Spencer B.E., Kaiser M.J. and Edwards D.B. 1993.
Impact of intertidal Manila clam (Tapes philippinarum) cultivation on infauna. World Aquaculture Symposium, Toremolinos, Spain., European Aquaculture Soc., Spec. Publ. No. 19, p81.

Richardson, E.A., Kaiser, M.J., Edwards-Jones, G. and Possingham, H.P. (2006)
Incorporating socio-economics in marine reserve design: low-resolution data results in expensive mistakes. Conservation Biology, 20, 1191-1202.

PDF copies of some of these publications are available (as indicated by hyperlinks in the list) for non-commercial research and educational purposes only. You may not use the material for commercial purposes or make multiple copies without requesting permission from the copyright holder (usually the book or journal publisher).

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