School of Ocean Sciences
Cemlyn Jones Studentship, School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University 2004-2009
In 2010, awarded the Lewis Penny Medal by the Quaternary Research Association for 'a significant contribution to the Quaternary stratigraphy of the British Isles and its maritime environment'. Awarded for work on proxy development and the marine environment of the Irish and North Seas (Butler et al 2009a, 2009b, 2010)
In 2014, awarded the Lyell Fund by the Geological Society of London. The Lyell Fund is awarded for noteworthy published research. The citation reads in part: "Paul is the leading figure in the extraction of ultra-high resolution records of marine climate change from annual growth increments preserved in exceptionally long-lived and fossil bivalve mollusc shells"
Butler, B.M. and Kennedy H. 2015
An investigation of mineral dynamics in frozen seawater brines by direct measurement with synchrotoron X-ray powder diffraction. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans 120, 5686-5697.DOI:10.1002/2015JC011032.
Brocas, W.M., Reynolds, D.J., Butler, P.G., Richardson, C.A., Scourse, J.D., Ridgway, I.D. and Ramsay, K. (2013)
The dog cockle, Glycymeris glycymeris (L.), a new annually-resolved sclerochronological archive for the Irish Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 373, 133-140.
Butler, P. G., Wanamaker, A. D. Jr., Scourse, J. D., Richardson, C. A. and Reynolds, D. J. (2013)
Variability of marine climate on the North Icelandic Shelf in a 1357-year proxy archive based on growth increments in the bivalve Arctica islandica.
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 373, 141-151.
Cunningham, L.K., Austin, W.E.N., Knudsen, K.L., Eiríksson, J., Scourse, J.D., Wanamaker, A.D., Jr, Butler, P., Cage, A., Richter, T., Husum, K., Hald, M., Andersson, C., Zorita, E., Linderholm, H., Gunnarson, B.E., Sicre, M.A., Sejrup, H.P., Jiang, H. and Wilson, R.J.S. (2013)
Reconstructions of surface ocean conditions from the North East Atlantic and Nordic Seas during the last millennium. The Holocene 23, 921-935.
Reynolds, D.J., Butler, P.G., Williams, S.M., Scourse, J.D., Richardson, C.A., Wanamaker, A.D. Jr., Austin, W.E.N., Cage, A. and Sayer, M. (2013)
A multiproxy reconstruction of Hebridean (NW Scotland) spring sea surface temperatures between AD 1805 and 2010. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 386, 275-285.
Reynolds, D.J., Richardson, C.A., Scourse, J.D., Butler, P.G., Wanamaker, A.D. Jr., Ridgway, I., Sayer, M.D.J., and Gulliver, P. (2013)
The potential of the marine bivalve mollusc Glossus humanus (L.) as a sclerochronological archive The Holocene 23(12), 1711-1720.
Karney, G.B., Butler, P.G., Speller, S., Scourse, J.D., Richardson, C.A., Schröder, M., Hughes, G., Czernuska, J.T. and Grovenor, C.R.M. (2012).
Characterising the microstructure of Arctica islandica shells using NanoSIMS and EBSD. Geophysics, Geochemistry, Geosystems 13(4), Q04002 doi: 10.1029/201.
Scourse, J.D., Wanamaker, A.D. Jr., Weidman, C., Heinemeier, J., Reimer, P.J., Butler, P.G. and Richardson, C.A. (2012)
The marine radiocarbon bomb-pulse across the temperate North Atlantic: a compilation of Δ14C time histories from Arctica islandica growth increments. Radiocarbon 54, 165-186. 
Wanamaker, A.D. Jr,, Butler, P.G., Scourse, J.D., Heinemeier, J., Eiríksson, J., Knudsen, K.L. and Richardson, C.A. (2012).
Surface changes in the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during the last millennium. Nature Communications 3:899 doi: 10.1038/ncomms1901 (including Nature Communications featured cover image).
Butler, P.G., Wanamaker, A.D. Jr., Scourse, J.D., Richardson, C.A. and Reynolds, D.J. (2011)
Long-term stability of δ13C with respect to biological age in the aragonite shell of mature specimens of the bivalve mollusk Arctica islandica. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 302 21-30 doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.03.038.
Karney, G.B., Butler, P.G., Scourse, J.D., Richardson, C.A., Lau, K.H., Czernuska, J.T. and Grovenor, C.R.M. (2011).
Identification of growth increments in the shell of the bivalve mollusc Arctica islandica using backscattered electron imaging. Journal of Microscopy, 24(1), 29-36. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2818.2010.03403.x
Ridgway, I.D., Richardson, C.A., Scourse, J.D., Butler, P.G. and Reynolds, D.J., 2011.
The population structure and biology of the ocean quahog, Arctica islandica, in Belfast Lough, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. doi:10.1017/S0025315411000154
Butler, P.G., Richardson, C.A., Scourse, J.D., Wanamaker, A.D., Jr., Shammon, T.M., Bennell, J.D. (2010).
Marine climate in the Irish Sea: analysis of a 489-year marine master chronology derived from growth increments in the shell of the clam Arctica islandica. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 1614-1632.
Butler, P.G., Richardson, C.A., Scourse, J.D., Witbaard, R., Schöne, B.R., Fraser, N.M., Wanamaker, A.D., Jr., Bryant, C.L., Harris, I., and Robertson, I. (2009)
Accurate increment identification and the spatial extent of the common signal in five Arctica islandica chronologies from the Fladen Ground, northern North Sea, Paleoceanography, 24, PA2210, doi:10.1029/2008PA001715.
Wanamaker, A.D. Jr., Baker, A., Butler, P.G., Richardson, C.A., Scourse, J.D., Ridgway, I. and Reynolds, D.J. (2009).
A novel method for imaging internal growth patterns in marine mollusks: A fluorescence case study on the aragonitic shell of the marine bivalve Arctica islandica (Linnaeus.). Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 7, 673-681.
Butler, P.G., Scourse, J.D., Richardson, C.A., Wanamaker, A.D., Jr., Bryant, C.L., and Bennell, J.D. (2009)
Continuous marine radiocarbon reservoir calibration and the 13C Suess effect in the Irish Sea: results from the first absolutely dated multi-centennial shell-based marine master chronology, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 279, 230-241
Wanamaker, A.D., Jr., Heinemeier, J., Scourse, J.D., Richardson, C.A., Butler, P.G., Eiríksson, J., and Knudsen, K.L. (2008)
Very-long lived molluscs confirm 17th century AD tephra-based radiocarbon reservoir ages for north Icelandic shelf waters, Radiocarbon, 50, No. 3.
Butler, P.G. (2012).
Clam shells, climate change and ageing: The mollusc that had 500 birthdays. Catalyst Secondary School Review, 23(1), 6-8
Butler, P.G. (2011).
Arctica islandica, the longest-lived animal on earth. Mollusc World, 25, March 2011, 3-5
Ridgway, I., Richardson, C.A., Scourse, J.D., Wanamaker, A.D. and Butler, P.G. (2008).
The long-lived clam Arctica islandica, a new model species for ageing research. British Society for Research on Ageing. Published online.
Wanamaker, A.D., Jr., Scourse, J.D., Richardson, C.A., Butler, P.G., Reynolds, D.J., and Ridgway, I. (2008)
Absolute chronologies from the ocean: Records from the longest-lived, non-colonial animals on Earth. PAGES News, 16(3), 4-6.
PDF copies of some of these publications are available (as indicated by hyperlinks in the list) for non-commercial research and educational purposes only. You may not use the material for commercial purposes or make multiple copies without requesting permission from the copyright holder (usually the book or journal publisher).