School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography

Dr N. Hockley – Staff Profile

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Dr Neal Hockley
Research Lecturer in Economics & Policy

Thoday Building, room S1b


Tel: 01248 382769 (from U.K.)
+44 1248 382769 (International)


Neal’s Blog

Google Scholar Author Profile

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  • BA(Hons)/MA (Cambridge)
  • MRes (Edinburgh)
  • PhD (Wales): Cost-Benefit Analysis for Global Environmental Issues

Research Interests

I’m interested in a diverse range of social, economic and environmental topics including:

  • Policy evaluation, including the use and misuse of cost-benefit analysis and indicators
  • Institutions and mechanisms of nature conservation (including Payments for Ecosystem Services and Community-Based Natural Resources Management). Conservation@Bangor
  • Growth, technology and the environment
  • Justice, equity and rights in relation to natural resources and indigenous peoples
  • Economic and institutional aspects of natural resource management in Madagascar

Prospective PhD students

I welcome enquiries from prospective PhD students, but please read the following notes before contacting me.

Current/Recent Projects

P4GES: Can Paying 4 Global Ecosystem Services reduce poverty? (Funded by the ESPA Programme: DFID, NERC, ESRC)

CBESS: A hierarchical approach to the examination of the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem service flows across coastal margins. Part of the NERC-funded Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service Sustainability (BESS) program

Glastir Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (Funded by the Welsh Government).

The NEA Shared, Cultural and Plural Values project. The importance of shared social values in economic valuation (funded by Defra/NERC/ESRC/AHRC/Welsh & NI Govts).

BRIDGE: Bridging the gap between supply and demand for valuation evidence. Part of the NERC Valuing Nature Network.

Systematic Review of the Human Well-being Impacts of Terrestrial Protected Areas. Global Environment Facility: Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel.

Research Students

Onjamirindra Sarobidy: What are the true net local costs of forest conservation in least developed countries: empirical evidence from Madagascar (With Helle Overgaard Larsen and Jette Bredahl Jacobsen of the University of Copenhagen)

Adnan Alsoul. Land degradation and desertification in the northeast of Jefara Plain in Libya; Policy, technical and social solutions. (with Rob Brook)

Past Research Students

Arbi Sarkissian: Institutions and natural resource management. Examining payments for ecosystem services and decentralized community-based native tree planting in Lebanon.
(with Rob Brook and Salma Talhouk of Ibsar/AUB)

Linda Chinangwa: Community Based Natural Resource Management in Malawi. (with Andrew Pullin)

Recent Publications

Pienkowski, T., Williams, S., McLaren, K., Wilson, B. & Hockley, N. (2015) Alien invasions and livelihoods: Economic benefits of invasive Australian Red Claw crayfish in Jamaica. Ecological Economics 112, 68–77.

Kenter, J.O., O’Brien, L., Hockley, N., Ravenscroft, N., Fazey, I., Irvine, K.N., Reed, M.S., Christie, M., Brady, E., Bryce, R., Church, A., Cooper, N., Davies, A., Evely, A., Everard, M., Fish, R., Fisher, J.A., Jobstvogt, N., Molloy, C., Orchard-Webb, J., Ranger, S., Ryan, M., Watson, V. & Williams, S. (2015) What are shared and social values of ecosystems? Ecological Economics 111, 86–99.

Hockley, N. (2014) Cost–benefit analysis: a decision-support tool or a venue for contesting ecosystem knowledge? Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 32, 283–300.

Pollini, J., Hockley, N., Muttenzer, F.D. & Ramamonjisoa, B.S. (2014). The transfer of natural resource management rights to local communities. In Conservation and Environmental Management in Madagascar (Ed I.R. Scales) Routledge Earthscan. Link.

Gibbons JM, Williamson JC, Williams AP, Withers PJA, Hockley N, Harris IM, Hughes JW, Taylor RL, Jones DL, Healey JR (2014) Sustainable nutrient management at field, farm and regional level: soil testing, nutrient budgets and the trade-off between lime application and greenhouse gas emissions. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 188, 48–56.

Ferguson, B., Gardner, C.J., Andriamarovolonona, M.M., Healy, T., Muttenzer, F., Smith, S.M., Hockley, N. & Gingembre, M. (2014) Governing Ancestral Land in Madagascar: Have Policy Reforms Contributed to Social Justice? In: Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability: Lessons across Natural Resource Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa (eds M. Sowman & R. Wynberg). Routledge Earthscan. Amazon link

Pullin, A. S., Bangpan, M., Dalrymple, S., Dickson, K., Haddaway, N. R., Healey, J. R., Hauari, H., Hockley, N., Jones, J. P. G., Knight, T., Vigurs, C. & Oliver, S. (2013) Human well-being impacts of terrestrial protected areas. Environmental Evidence 2(1) 19.–2382–2-19

Robinson D.A., N. Hockley, D. Cooper, B.A. Emmett, A.M. Keith, I. Lebron, B. Reynolds, E. Tipping, A.M. Tye, C.W. Watts, W.R. Whalley, H.I.J. Black, G.P. Warren, J.S. Robinson (2013) Natural Capital and Ecosystem Services, Developing an Appropriate Soils Framework as a basis for Valuation. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 57 1023–1033.

Robinson, D.A., Hockley N., Dominati E., Lebron I., Scow K.M., Reynolds B., Emmett B.A., Keith A.M., de Jonge L.W, Schjønning P., Moldrup P., Jones S.B., and Tuller M. (2012) Natural capital, ecosystem services and soil change: why soil science must embrace an ecosystems approach. Vadose Zone Journal. 11(1):

See also coverage and an abridged version of the paper in CSA news:

Hockley, N. (2011) Fallacy in costs of pollution control. Nature 478(7368) 188.

Hockley, N. (2010) Low repopulation of poor districts in New Orleans proves little. Nature. 467(7313) 271.

Hockley, N. (2010) No shortcuts to prioritising conservation funding. Biological Conservation 143(4) 825.

Hockley, N., Gibbons, J.M. and Edwards-Jones, G. (2009) Risks of extreme heat and unpredictability. Science 324:

Jones, J.P.G., Andriamarovololona, M.M., & Hockley, N. (2008) The importance of taboos and social norms to conservation in Madagascar. Conservation Biology, 22:–1739.2008.00970.x

Jones, J.P.G., Andriamarovololona, M.M., Hockley, N.J., Gibbons, J.M., & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (2008) Testing the use of interviews as a tool for monitoring trends in the harvesting of wild species. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45: 1205–1212.–2664.2008.01487.x

Hockley, N., Jones, J.P., & Gibbons, J.M. (2008) Technological progress must accelerate to reduce global footprint overshoot. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 6(3), 122–123.–9295(2008)6[122:TPMATR]2.0.CO;2

Hockley, N.J. & Andriamarovololona, M.M. (2007). The economics of community forest management in Madagascar: is there a free lunch? USAID, Washington, D.C.

Hockley, N.J., Edwards-Jones, G., & Healey, J.R. (2007) Maximizing the efficiency of conservation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 22(6), 286–287.

Jones, J.P.G., Andriahajaina, F.B., & Hockley, N. (2007) The potential of native species aquaculture to achieve conservation objectives: freshwater crayfish in Madagascar. International Journal of Biodiversity Science & Management, 3(4), 217–222.

Jones, J.P.G., Andriahajaina, F.B., Hockley, N.J., Crandall, K.A. and Ravoahangimalala, O.R. -2007 The ecology and conservation status of Madagascar’s endemic freshwater crayfish (Parastacidae; Astacoides). Freshwater Biology 52: 1820–1833.–2427.2007.01766.x

Hockley, N.J. & Razafindralambo, R. (2006). A social cost-benefit analysis of conserving the Ranomafana-Andringitra-Pic d’Ivohibe Corridor in Madagascar. USAID, Washington, D. C.

Jones, J.P.G., Andriahajaina, F.B., Ranambinintsoa, E.H., Hockley, N.J., & Ravoahangimalala, O. (2006) The economic importance of freshwater crayfish harvesting in Madagascar and the potential of community-based conservation to improve management. Oryx, 40(2), 168–175.

Hockley, N.J., Jones, J.P.G., Andriahajaina, F.B., Manica, A., Ranambitsoa, E.H., & Randriamboahary, J.A. (2005) When should communities and conservationists monitor exploited resources? Biodiversity and Conservation, 14(11), 2795–2806.–005–8416–8

Hockley, N. (2005). Debt for Nature Swaps. In Principles of Conservation Biology (eds M.J. Groom, G. Meffe & C.R. Carroll). 3rd Edition Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA. Link

Jones, J.P.G., Andriahajaina, F.B., Hockley, N.J., Balmford, A., & Ravoahangimalala, O.R. (2005) A multidisciplinary approach to assessing the sustainability of freshwater crayfish harvesting in Madagascar. Conservation Biology, 19(6), 1863–1871.–1739.2005.00269.x-i1

Balmford, A., Gravestock, P., Hockley, N., McClean, C.J., & Roberts, C.M. (2004) The worldwide costs of marine protected areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 101(26), 9694–9697.

Braendle C, Hockley N., Brevig T, Shingleton AW, Keller L. (2003) Size-correlated division of labour and spatial distribution of workers in the driver ant, Dorylus molestus. Naturwissenschaften 90:277–281.–003–0426–3

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