Modules for course D450 | MENVSC/EM
MEnvSc Environmental Management
These are the modules currently offered on this course in the 2018–19 academic year.
- DXX-2000: GIS & Research Methods (20) Geographical Information Systems: data types, raster and vector data; primary sources, data capture; secondary data sources, data providers; data export formats and data translation; data projections, OSGB and WGS84 lat long; Global Positioning System (GPS), position fixing; organisation of spatial data; Structured Query Language (SQL); geoprocessing, overlay and boolean data, spatial sampling, modelling and analytical approaches; potential uses of GIS utilising a range of examples. Statistics: principles of hypothesis generation, sampling, study design, spatial methods, 1 and 2 way ANOVA for completely randomised designs; 1 factor randomised block ANOVA; correlation coefficient; simple and multiple linear regression; social research methods. Computer-based data manipulation, analysis and presentation. Students will be encouraged to develop effective learning skills including: production of a honours project proposal; communication skills; and time management.
- DXX-2002: Water, air & soil pollution (20) 1. Introduction to soil quality 2. Key concept: Soil water 3. Key concept: Nutrient cycling in ecosystems 4. Key concept: Soil biology and biodiversity 5. Key concept: Nutrient function and plant uptake 6. Key concept: The rhizosphere 7. Key concept: Mycorrhizas and N2 fixation 8. Global problems I: Soil salinity 9. Global problems II: Soil acidity 10. Global problems III: Human and animal pathogens 11. Global problems IV: Organic pollutants 12. Global problems V: Food security (inc. pests and fertilizers) 13. Global problems VI: Soil erosion 14. Global problems VII: Water use and conservation 15. Global problems VIII: Heavy metals 16. Introduction to air quality 17. Global problems III: Volcanic/Particulate matter (PM10s etc) 18. Global problems IV: Radon 19. Introduction to water quality 20. Global problems I: Eutrophication 21. Global problems II: Sewage and waterborne diseases 22. Global problems III: Pesticides and pollutants
- DXX-2000: GIS & Research Methods Geographical Information Systems: data types, raster and vector data; primary sources, data capture; secondary data sources, data providers; data export formats and data translation; data projections, OSGB and WGS84 lat long; Global Positioning System (GPS), position fixing; organisation of spatial data; Structured Query Language (SQL); geoprocessing, overlay and boolean data, spatial sampling, modelling and analytical approaches; potential uses of GIS utilising a range of examples. Statistics: principles of hypothesis generation, sampling, study design, spatial methods, 1 and 2 way ANOVA for completely randomised designs; 1 factor randomised block ANOVA; correlation coefficient; simple and multiple linear regression; social research methods. Computer-based data manipulation, analysis and presentation. Students will be encouraged to develop effective learning skills including: production of a honours project proposal; communication skills; and time management.
- DXX-2012: Field Course: ACE (20) A one week course combining field practical sessions based in Bangor and field visits away from Bangor. The practical element illustrates the conflict between land use for economic production and conservation & biodiversity outcomes. Specifically the practical sessions will investigate the relationship between diffuse environmental pollution and biodiversity levels. The field visits provide further examples of conflict and also illustrate how conflict resolution has been tackled and how we can evaluate the relative success of different approaches.
20 credits from:
- DXX-2011: Catchment Processes (20) (Semester 2) This module will provide a management-oriented understanding of the factors influencing the quality and quantity of soil and water resources. The hydrological cycle and water balance in catchments; rainfall/runoff relationships; catchment characteristics; catchment structure ¿ hillslope, channel & floodplain domains; sedimentation; the role of vegetation and land-use changes in catchment stability, hydrological processes and soil erosion; water quality; temperate and tropical catchment results and case studies; degrading processes in catchments; legislation and the Water Framework Directive.
- DXC-2018: Geomorffoleg Afonol (20) (Semester 1) Amcan y modiwl yma yw cyflwyno myfyrwyr i’r prosesau allweddol sydd yn rheoli symudiad dŵr a gwaddodion drwy’r basn afon dros amrywiaeth o raddfeydd amserol a gofodol. Gellir deal y symudiadau yma fel rheolydd ac fel sgil-effaith o forffoleg y basn, ac fe archwilir y rhyngweithiad sensitif yma yng nghyd-destun y basn cyfan a pharthau annatod y llethr a’r sianel.
- Students take either DXC-2018 OR DXX-2011.
30 credits from:
- DXX-2001: Sustainable Development (20) (Semester 1 + 2) This module will look at sustainable development which is based on effective ways of protecting the environment, prudent use of natural resources, maintenance of stable and flourishing communities where everyone’s needs are met. Thus changing and contested discourses of power, community, distinctiveness of place and social progress will also be considered along side effective environmental planning and management methods. These entail specific examples of tools applied for working towards, managing and monitoring sustainability will be presented e.g. LCA, Eco Systems services and specific case studies where these have and are being applied will be utilised from real contrasting geographical areas. The module will draw on existing tourism-related initiatives at local, regional and national level and provide critical commentary on their relative effectiveness and lessons learnt relating to sustainability. In order to examine strategic economic activity within the scope of sustainability theoretical discussion of several contexts will be examined in detail e.g. Local Food Initiatives, Sustainable Tourism, Sustainable Agriculture. This will include the basic global principles of sustainable tourism and how these have been variously applied in different contexts through charters and protocols. The development of the concept of sustainability will be examined in a general introduction to the changing population, resource technological and development debate. The economic theories relating to the wise management of natural resource will be explored along with the notion of governance for sustainable development involving international actors e.g. TNC’s and Campaigning groups. Students will be afforded the opportunity to work alongside staff within small project teams (max size 5) on specific case study scenarios involving techniques currently used by local sustainability practitioners and individually in quantitative assessment. Some of these projects will involve community organisations local to North Wales. This will include consideration of the recently extended section of the Clwydian Range and Dee Valley Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty as a potential model approach to a sustainably managed protected area which emphasises high environmental quality and adding value and appreciation through integrated land use and activity management.or
DXC-2001: Datblygiad Cynaliadwy (20) (Semester 1 + 2)Bydd y modiwl hwn yn edrych ar ddatblygiad cynaladwy sy'n seiliedig ar ffyrdd effeithiol o ddiogelu’r amgylchedd, defnyddio adnoddau naturiol yn gall, cynnal cymunedau sefydlog a ffyniannus lle bodlonir anghenion pawb. Ystyrir hefyd y syniadau, sy’n newid ac yn peri anghytundeb, am rym, cymuned, hynodrwydd lleoliad a chynnydd cymdeithasol ynghyd â chynllunio amgylcheddol a dulliau rheoli effeithiol. Cyflwynir hefyd enghreifftiau penodol o ardaloedd daearyddol cyferbyniol lle defnyddir arfau i weithio tuag at gynaladwyedd, rheoli cynaladwyedd a monitro cynaladwyedd, e.e. EIA, SEA, dadansoddi cost a budd ac astudiaethau achos penodol. Er mwyn ystyried gweithgarwch economaidd strategol yng nghwmpas cynaladwyedd, edrychir yn fanwl ar y drafodaeth ddamcaniaethol mewn sawl cyd-destun, e.e. trafnidiaeth gynaliadwy, twristiaeth gynaliadwy, amaethyddiaeth gynaliadwy, dyfodol ynni. Ystyrir datblygiad y cysyniad o gynaladwyedd mewn cyflwyniad cyffredinol i boblogaeth sy’n newid a’r ddadl ynglŷn â datblygu adnoddau technolegol. Ystyrir y theorïau economaidd sy’n ymwneud â rheoli adnoddau naturiol mewn dull doeth ynghyd â’r syniad o lywodraethu datblygiad cynaladwy sy’n cynnwys cyrff rhyngwladol, e.e. TNC a grwpiau ymgyrchu. Caiff myfyrwyr gyfle i weithio gyda staff mewn timau project bach (4 ar y mwyaf) ar senarios astudiaethau achos penodol yn cynnwys technegau a ddefnyddir ar hyn o bryd gan ymarferwyr cynaladwyedd lleol. Bydd rhai o’r projectau hyn yn cynnwys cyrff cymunedol lleol.
- DXX-2003: Principles of Conservation (20) (Semester 1) • The need for nature conservation and the nature of conservation • Patterns of global biodiversity • Extinction crisis and habitat loss • Small population biology • Harvesting theory • Invasive species control •Strategies for Ex situ conservation • Species reintroductions • The need for habitat conservation • Island biogeography • Selecting sites for protection • Managing protected areas • Integrating social and economic factors in conservation • Responding to climate change and pollution
- DXX-2009: Conservation Practice (20) (Semester 2) Understanding conservation responses Community-conservation Efficacy of agri-environment schemes The role of international NGOs International agreements (CBD, Ramsar, EU Habitats and birds directive), To provide training in some of the skills used by professional conservationists Conservation monitoring (some theory eg type I and type I errors, the concept of power) and introduction to some UK based and international schemes. Study design and experimental design for conservation biology and ecology (stratification, precision and bias); Estimating population size (quadrats, mark and recapture, distance sampling, territory mapping); Measuring biodiversity across scales (diversity indices); Management planning and measurable indicators of conservation state including, including common standards monitoring and compliance monitoring.
- DXX-2021: Plant Diversity & Conservation (20) (Semester 2)
- DXX-3615: Environmental Policy (10) Policy and the environment Basic concepts of government, sovereignty, politics, democracy. General features of political systems and governments in the UK and internationally. The role of diverse actors in the policy process: including politicians and parliaments, governments, bureaucracies and agencies, NGOs, media, interest groups and supranational bodies. Theories of politics and policy-making, including international relations.
- DXX-3702: Management plan (30) The module is based on an assessment of an existing site to answer a specific question related to the area's land use. Students will be provided with background information and will have opportunities to visit the location and to hold discussions with site owners/managers. Using this information plus other relevant physical, biological, technical and economic data, a management plan / strategy document will be prepared. Students will be provided with a detailed brief that defines the scope of the plan and the expectations. They will be provided with access to tutorial support to address technical issues as they arise.or
DXC-3702: Cynllun Rheoli (30)Mae'r modiwl yn seiliedig ar asesu safle sydd eisoes yn bodoli i ateb cwestiwn penodol sy'n berthnasol i ddefnyddio tir yr ardal. Bydd myfyrwyr yn cael gwybodaeth cefndir ac yn cael cyfle i ymweld â'r safle a chynnal trafodaethau gyda pherchnogion/rheolwyr y safle. Bydd cynllun rheoli/dogfen strategaeth yn cael ei ddarparu drwy ddefnyddio'r wybodaeth hon yn ogystal â data ffisegol, biolegol, technegol, economaidd a GIS perthnasol arall. Bydd myfyrwyr yn cael gwybodaeth fanwl i ddiffinio cwmpas y cynllun a¿r disgwyliadau. Byddant yn cael mynediad at gefnogaeth diwtorial (gan gynnwys GIS) i ymdrin â materion technegol fel bo'r angen.
- DXX-3402: Waste Management & Utilisation (10) The world is using natural resources at an unprecedented rate, often with little thought given to the efficient use of those resources or the consequences of disposal. The current trend has led to generation of significant volumes of waste. This often represents a loss of potentially valuable product, in addition to causing a wide range of issues related to pollution and health, greenhouse gas emissions, and limited landfill availability. Governments and society now have to meet increasingly stringent targets for reducing waste volumes; indeed, effective waste management and utilisation is now regarded as an inherent part of sustainable development. This module will explore the implications of our present waste generation and materials utilisation philosophy, will look at the options and issues surrounding different strategies for dealing with waste, and will consider the changes needed to manage and utilise waste and materials in a sustainable manner.
50 credits from:
- BNS-3000: Wildlife Ecol & Conservation (20) (Semester 1) This module will allow students to explore key concepts and theories of wildlife ecology as they relate to conservation. Amongst other topics, the module addresses drivers of animal distribution, foraging theory, niche theory, vulnerability to extinction, the role of apex predators, trophic interactions and spatial ecology. The lectures are accompanied by field trips. The data collected during these trips will be statistically analysed in dedicated computer sessions.
- DXX-3115: Advanced GIS & Remote Sensing (10) (Semester 2)
- DXX-3212: Forest Ecosystems (10) (Semester 2) The module is based on a series of lectures and seminars. The lectures provide a conceptual background and overview. The seminars are conducted by groups of students and provide an opportunity for in-depth study and discussion. Seminars are based on research papers which are critically reviewed and presented by a group of students in the class. The lecturer provides a platform for understanding the topic area and provokes discussion about the background of the paper, assumptions, weaknesses, and politics eg. Why did the author write that? Lecture Topics 1. Ecosystem Theory 2. Ecosystem Processes 3. Warming 4. Fire 5. Ozone 6. CO2 7. Soil Acidification 8. Nitrogen Deposition 9. Genetic Diversity 10. Tropical Forests
- DXX-3305: Field Course: Tenerife (20) (Semester 1) A one-week field course on the environmentally diverse island of Tenerife. You will be taken to a variety of sites which demonstrate a range of rock, soil and vegetation types, and a range of conservation and sustainability issues. Some of these will involve meeting and discussion with local experts. You will spend time towards the end of the week working as pairs or small teams on a project designed by you and evolved in discussion with the teaching staff.
- DXX-3507: Renewable Energy (10) (Semester 2) The first part of the module briefly examines current energy resources, use and efficiency (3h). The next part of the course examines alternative renewable resources for fossil fuels involving combustion technologies (biogas, liquid biofuels and biomass, 4h). Following this renewable energy topics not involving combustion technologies are covered (wind, solar PV, solar thermal, geothermal, heat pump technologies, hydro, wave and tidal) along with associated issues of energy storage and distribution. Finally the course will examine other options being discussed in the UK and worldwide (e.g. fracking, CCS and nuclear energy). The course includes a field trip to Electric mountain, a pumped water energy storage scheme in Llanberis and a series of smaller scale projects at the National Trusts, Hafod y Llan. The conclusion of the course is conference with visiting speakers covering renewable energy technologies and their application.
- DXX-3508: Environmental Issues (20) (Semester 1) This module allows the student to undertake a desk-based research project looking in depth at a current environmental or related issue. The module runs in Semester 1 and culminates in the production of a written project report and interview. The issues are chosen by the student to reflect his/her interests and can range from local issues through to global issues. The range of `popular' current issues will be investigated by individual students. Sources such as tabloid and broadsheet daily and Sunday newspapers, broadcast media, the internet, `popular' scientific journals and the more rigorously refereed scientific journals should be consulted. The topic should be different from that chosen in the student's experimental research project. Topics should be selected in consultation with the module organizer. The module involves student-led research into a specific topic. Apart from two introductory lectures there are no formal lectures or practicals associated with this module. At the end of Semester 1, each student will present their topic in the form of a 20 minute interview and will submit a project report on their chosen topic. Both the interview and project report elements will be assessed.or
DXC-3508: Materion Amgylcheddol (20) (Semester 1)Bydd y modiwl hwn yn galluogi myfyrwyr i wneud project ymchwil ar gyfrifiadur gan edrych yn fanwl ar fater amgylcheddol cyfredol, neu fater yn gysylltiedig â'r amgylchedd. Cynhelir y modiwl yn Semester 1 a daw i ben gyda chynhyrchu adroddiad project ysgrifenedig a seminar. Dewisir y testunau gan y myfyriwr i adlewyrchu ei d(d)iddordeb a gallant amrywio o faterion lleol i rai byd-eang. Bydd myfyrwyr yn ymchwilio i amrediad o faterion cyfoes 'poblogaidd'. Dylid ymgynghori â ffynonellau megis papurau newydd o wahanol ansawdd, y cyfryngau darlledu, y rhyngrwyd, cyfnodolion gwyddonol `poblogaidd' a'r cyfnodolion gwyddonol a gaiff eu cloriannu'n fwy trwyadl gan arbenigwyr yn y maes. Dylai'r testun fod yn wahanol i'r un a ddewisir ar gyfer project ymchwil arbrofol y myfyriwr. Dylid dewis testunau mewn ymgynghoriad â threfnydd y modiwl. Mae'r modiwl yn cynnwys ymchwil a wneir gan fyfyrwyr i destun penodol. Ar wahân i ddarlith ragarweiniol nid oes unrhyw ddarlithoedd neu sesiynau ymarferol ffurfiol yn gysylltiedig â'r modiwl hwn. Ar ddiwedd Semester 1 bydd pob myfyriwr yn cyflwyno eu testun ar ffurf seminar 20 munud a byddant yn cyflwyno adroddiad project ar y testun o'u dewis. Bydd myfyrwyr yn mynd i seminarau ei gilydd a disgwylir iddynt gyfrannu at y drafodaeth ar ôl pob sgwrs. Asesir y seminar a¿r adroddiad project.
- DXX-3707: Catchment Modelling & Analysis (10) (Semester 2) Major themes covered 1. Importance of models in scientific inquiry 2. A brief history of different approaches to catchment modelling 3. Introduction to MATLAB programming language 4. Obtaining and processing the input data for models 5. Modelling of hydrological processes 6. Introduction to biogeochemical cycles in landscapes 7. Modelling of nutrient cycling and transport in catchments 8. Automated calibration of model parameters 9. Lumped vs. distributed catchment models 10. Polyscape: A landscape analysis tool for modelling the effects of multi-stakeholder interaction in catchment management decisions
- DXX-4101: M.Env. Science Dissertation (60) Core
- DXX-4102: Professional Placement (20) The placement consists of a block placement of 3-4 weeks in length, to be undertaken at any suitable juncture in the academic year. The placement organization is arranged by the student, with the approval of the University. The placement provides students with real-life professional experience which will enhance the understanding of the link between theory and practice in a range of geographical and environmental fields. The placement provides students’ with the opportunity to develop their future employment directions, and enhance their employability by employing self-direction, motivation and originality in a professional environment.
- DXX-4524: Strategic Environmental Manag (20) This module will cover the multicriteria principles and practice of environmental management, auditing, and assessment; including related policy and legislation. Specific monitoring tools will include Environmental Impact Assessment; Strategic Environmental Assessment; and Life Cycle Analysis. Real-life examples will be used as case studies to analyse the different techniques including scenarios from many different levels (local, UK, and international) so that comparisons can be made and the validity of systems assessed. The process of collection, collation, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of information in terms of auditing will be explored. The relevance and role of environmental legislation and auditing will be compared between the public and private sector. Issues of corporate social responsibility will be examined through a case study approach. The module will include field trips to contrasting sites where environmental monitoring, assessment and legislation play a fundamental role.
- DXX-4101: M.Env. Science Dissertation
- DXX-4518: Bus.planning for green economy (20) Entrepreneurs and small firms are the lifeblood of an economy, and make an increasing contribution to innovation, wealth creation and employment. However, there is a growing trend for corporate social responsibility to embrace environmental concerns and show conformity to a plethora of environmental standards. This module will provide a detailed insight into the concepts of entrepreneurship and the role of small firms within the economy; and how to engage with the environmental and sustainability agendas. This module encourages participants to develop a critical awareness of the nature and role of entrepreneurship and the environment in the economy and society. Candidates will learn about the process involved in new venture creation and be required to develop a sustainable business plan. Key themes include: 1. Exploring the nature of the entrepreneur, in a historical, economic and environmental context 2. An understanding of the development and complexities of other forms of businesses such as franchises, family businesses and entrepreneurship 3. Understand the purpose of a sustainable business plan 4. Learning to complete a business plan to a sufficient depth and standard and to tailor the business plan to differing reader interests