The Addicted Body
Run by School of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences
20 Credits or 10 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Dr Paul Carre
Overall aims and purpose
This module introduces a number of concepts and ideas which provide theoretical frameworks for conceptualising and understanding the body and the social context of addiction. It centres on the relationship between the individual, the state and society with key theoretical themes of stigma, labelling, habitus and biopower at its heart. Various addictions and associated causal and correlated variables will be studied, along with systems and processes that regulate, punish, rehabilitate or control the body. Offenders, dual-diagnosed mental health service users and other social actors will be the focus of the programme, which moves from macro-structural to micro perspectives.
Physical dependency, psychological dependency and socio-behavioural responses all create routines, belief systems and symbolic meanings. This suggests that a disordered sense of self and a lessened ability to regulate self-esteem, emotional balance, and relationships might lead to social anomie; ultimately, perhaps, leading to a self-destructive end. This idea will be contextualised within health, criminal justice and other social settings in which addicted bodies are regulated and disciplined.
This module explores a range of concepts and ideas from several key theorists but draws notably on the works of Michel Foucault. An exploration of the addicted body will introduce his writings on the ‘Mad’ body, the ‘Medical’ body, the ‘Sexual’ body, and the ‘Docile’ body. The role of discourse will thus be critically analysed in order to determine the power relationships between these bodies and society’s norms. This is a key aspect of understanding the needs of groups – variously labelled as vulnerable, dangerous, immoral, hopeless and burdensome – and how these groups interact with state and societal processes of power, and governmentality.
Concepts of embodiment and corporeality are explored, as are questions relating to the body as physical capital, ‘good’ and ‘bad’ bodies and the consideration of the social location of the addicted body. These studies will be located globally as well as in UK society, in order to establish formative historical, cultural and ethnological influences.
The module will be delivered through a combined lecture and seminar session using a variety of teaching and learning strategies such as formal lectures, student led discussions and the use of visual material. The research and professional knowledge of the School staff will also be embedded in the programme to add depth, expertise, critical analysis and contemporary research data. The focus is, therefore, on interactive student participation, making use of contemporary examples, issues and personal experiences, in order to develop a dynamic peer-assisted learning environment.
There is an equivalent Welsh Medium module - SCH3010 Y Corff Caeth. Students therefore have the choice of studying these topics and perspectives in both Welsh and English.
• The Social Construction of the Body • The Body and the Senses: Lived experiences and the body schema • The Psychodynamics of Addictions • Addiction & Recovery: Concepts and Approaches • Social Dynamics & Associated Behaviours • Stigma, Identity & Labelling • Governmentality & Biopower
• Display a reflexive approach to empathising with, and understanding, the nature of disability, sexuality, culture, identity, stigma and mental illness in constructing a discourse on addiction and society; • Present a sound working knowledge of one or more sophisticated sociological concepts, such as habitus, ethnomethodology, phenomenology, in the analysis of the social nature of an addiction; • Employ a range of qualitative sources to describe, and comment on, the lived experiences of individuals with complex, severe and enduring addictions.
• Apply prior knowledge of sociological theory to the examination of addiction; • Identify the contribution of a particular approach to the study of addicted bodies in society, demonstrating critical awareness of key sociological theories of the body; • Communicate an argument clearly in essay format, using appropriate standards of referencing and employing a diverse, scholarly range of sources to support the discussion.
• Critically evaluate the role of social variables in the analysis of addiction, identifying patterns of power inherent within visible role relationships; • Choose a key concept or theory and apply it to critically examine a contemporary addiction, utilising its theoretical position to offer a critical analysis of the subject; • Demonstrate a wide, and deep, range of reading in the presentation of informed ideas about the nature of addiction from body-society dispositions;
Use an appropriate sociological theoretical perspective to describe the relationship between an addicted body and wider society.
Identify and evaluate how social bodies are governed, regulated and disciplined by the concept of biopower.
Critically evaluate the main conceptual approaches concerned with addiction and their influence on policies and attitudes towards addicted individuals in society.
Demonstrate an appreciation of how studies of the body have been incorporated into sociological analysis, within health and criminological contexts.
Teaching and Learning Strategy
Combined Lecture/Seminar sessions: 2 hrs per week x 12 weeks = 24 hours.
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Numeracy - Proficiency in using numbers at appropriate levels of accuracy
- Computer Literacy - Proficiency in using a varied range of computer software
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Caring - Showing concern for others; caring for children, people with disabilities and/or the elderly
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
- Self-awareness & Reflectivity - Having an awareness of your own strengths, weaknesses, aims and objectives. Able to regularly review, evaluate and reflect upon the performance of yourself and others
- Leadership - Able to lead and manage, develop action plans and objectives, offer guidance and direction to others, and cope with the related pressures such authority can result in
Courses including this module
Optional in courses:
- M93B: BA Criminology & Criminal Just (4yr with Incorp Foundation) year 3 (BA/CCJ1)
- M931: BA Criminology & Criminal Justice with International Exp year 4 (BA/CJIE)
- M930: BA Criminology & Criminal Justice year 3 (BA/CRIM)
- X319: BA Childhood and Youth Studies and Psychology year 3 (BA/CYP)
- X317: BA Childhood and Youth Studies and Social Policy year 3 (BA/CYSP)
- X315: BA Childhood and Youth Studies and Sociology year 3 (BA/CYSS)
- LM52: BA Health & Social Care / Criminology & Criminal Justice year 3 (BA/HSCCCJ)
- LL53: BA Health & Social Care/Sociology year 3 (BA/HSCS)
- LL54: BA Hlth & Scl Care/Social Policy year 3 (BA/HSCSP)
- L300: BA Sociology year 3 (BA/S)
- L31B: BA Sociology (4 year with Incorporated Foundation) year 3 (BA/S1)
- 8Y70: BA Sociology (with International Experience) year 4 (BA/SIE)
- L41B: BA Social Policy (4 year with Incorporated Foundation) year 3 (BA/SOCP1)
- L402: BA Social Policy year 3 (BA/SOCPOL)
- LL34: BA Sociology and Social Policy year 3 (BA/SOCSP)
- LM50: BA Social Policy and Criminology and Criminal Justice (IE) year 4 (BA/SPCIE)
- LM49: BA Social Policy/Criminology year 3 (BA/SPCR)
- LL14: BA Social Policy/Economics year 3 (BA/SPEC)
- LL1B: BA Social Policy & Economics (4yr with Incorp Foundation) year 3 (BA/SPEC1)
- LV41: BA Social Policy/History year 3 (BA/SPH)
- CL84: BA Social Policy/Psychology year 3 (BA/SPP)
- M108: LLB Law with Social Policy (International Experience) year 4 (LLB/LIF)
- M1L4: LLB Law with Social Policy year 3 (LLB/LSP)
- M1LB: LLB Law with Social Policy (4 yr with Incorp Foundation) year 3 (LLB/LSP1)
- M932: MSocSci Criminology & Criminal Justice year 3 (MSOCSCI/CCJ)
- L302: MSocSci Sociology year 3 (MSOCSCI/S)
- L403: MSocSci Social Policy year 3 (MSOCSCI/SP)