Medical Visualization and Simulation PhD/MPhil


Course facts

  • Name: Medical Visualization and Simulation
  • Qualification: PhD/MPhil
  • Duration: PhD: 3 years full-time; MPhil: 2 years full-time

Research Opportunities

The main research fields are: medical visualization; surgical simulation; telemedicine; computer graphics; and visualization across the computational Grid. There are strong links externally with the other research groups in this field, and the NHS.

Please read the guidance notes and select your topic from the directory of PhD research opportunities. Topics are listed by academic School and are based on the research interests of academic staff.

Course content is for guidance purposes only and may be subject to change.

Research project opportunities

Please note the research project opportunities detailed here are NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study.

If you are a European or International student this research programme is one of those which allows you to develop a research project proposal as an initial and integral part of a Combined English / Study Skills and Research Course at the University before starting the PhD/MPhil degree.

European and International candidates who have already reached the required level of English can apply for entry onto the project of their choice by presenting a relevant research proposal when applying for admission.

Alternatively you may also consider developing your own research proposal based on the research specialisms within the school.

The opportunities which are currently available are outlined below.

Medical Graphics


Prof. Nigel John

T: +44 (0) 1248 382686/

Dr Ik Soo Lim

T: +44 (0) 1248 382686/ E:

Dr Franck Vidal

T: +44 (0) 1248 382686/ E:

Dr Llyr Ap-Cenydd

T: +44 (0) 1248 382686/

The Bangor team are at the forefront of research developments in the use of virtual environments for medical procedures training and skills acquisition. Through collaborations with colleagues at Imperial College and, Manchester, Liverpool and Leeds Universities, we have delivered innovative software combining real time computer graphics, haptics and physiological modelling into clinical areas spanning interventional radiology, radiotherapy treatment planning and neurosurgery. A successful pan-Wales proposal in 2011 established an Advanced Medical Imaging and Visualization Research Unit funded by a £1.2M grant from the Wales National Institute of Social Care and Health Research (NISCHR). The Unit is coordinated at Bangor and employs two PDRAs at each of Aberystwyth, Bangor, Cardiff and Swansea Universities to work directly with NHS hospitals and deliver visual computing solutions to enhance clinical practice.

Please note this research project opportunity is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study.

Visual Analytics

Supervisor:Jonathan Roberts

T: +44 (0) 1248 382725/

Visual Analytics is analytical reasoning facilitated by interactive visual interfaces. This subgroup focuses on the investigation of analytic methods and the development of visual analysis tools that display and interact with large datasets. Building on a strong foundation of research into multiple and multiform views, we are developing a lead in this area. For instance, Bangor was a founding member of the UK Visual Analytics Consortium (UKVAC), which partners academics from Middlesex University (lead), Bangor, Imperial, Oxford and University College London. The UKVAC is working with the support of the US Department of Homeland Security via the US National Visualization and Analytics Center at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Washington State, and in close collaboration with the UK Home Office.

Please note this research project opportunity is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study.

Visual Perception


Dr Rafal Mantiuk

T: +44 (0) 1248 382698/

Dr Ik Soo Lim

T: +44 (0) 1248 382686/ E:

We have established research into applied visual perception, especially in the context of new display technologies and high dynamic range (HDR) imaging. The sub-group investigates how the knowledge of the human visual system and perception can be incorporated within computer graphics and imaging algorithms. This includes designing and optimization of imaging algorithms that adapt to human visual performance and viewing conditions to deliver the best images given limited resources, such as computation time or display contrast. In 2012, Mantiuk was awarded an EPSRC First Grant to quantify image quality in computer graphics (EP/I006575/1). The grant led to the development of a new comprehensive image quality metric for high dynamic range scenes (HDR-VDP-2, source code released on Open Source basis), and the creation of a quality database for computer graphics artefacts (collaboration with the Max-Planck-Institute for Computer Science, Saarbruecken, Germany). The research outcomes include several high impact publications, including two ACM SIGGRAPH (ACM Transactions on Graphics) and two Eurographics (Computer Graphics Forum) papers, as well as several conference papers.

Please note this research project opportunity is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study.

Entry Requirements

A good honours degree or equivalent in computer science is required.

International Students

For information and further detailed guidance on entry requirements for International Students, including the minimum English Language entry requirement, please visit the Entry Requirements by Country pages on the International Education Centre section of our website.

Ask the IEC for assistance...

If you want advice or a general chat about what’s available contact the International Education Centre on +44 (0) 1248 382028 or email


Application advice

Applications for research degrees differ substantially from applications for taught courses such as Masters degrees. Although the application form is the same, the way in which you approach your application can make all the difference.

Applying for a self-funded or externally-funded Research Degree

As with all of our courses, you can apply to fund yourself through a PhD/Mphil at Bangor, or you may already have sourced external funding (e.g. from your employer or government), and we warmly welcome all expressions of interest in so doing. However, rather than simply filling in an application form, there are a few steps that you can take in order that your application stands a greater chance of being successful.

All PhD/Mphil students require supervision from at least one academic member of staff at the University, and if you are considering a PhD/Mphil, you will already have a good idea of the specific area or theme that you want to research. In order to ascertain that we hold sufficient expertise in your chosen topic to provide supervision, you should first look at our staff pages. This will provide you with a breakdown of each staff member’s area of academic focus.

Once you have found a member of staff whose research interests broadly accord with your own, you should contact them directly with a concise research ‘brief’ that outlines your proposal and ask whether s/he would consider supervising your project. If the academic expresses his/her interest, you may then further discuss your ideas and develop a full PhD/Mphil research proposal.

At this stage, you should formally apply online for the PhD/Mphil programme. You should fill the form out thoroughly, including academic references, your research proposal and the name of the academic member of staff under whose supervision you intend the research to be conducted.

Your research proposal

A good research proposal is essential if you are applying for a PhD or MPhil. The proposal should include:

  1. Overview – give a brief abstract of the subject area you wish to research and include information on the key theoretical, policy or empirical debates that will be addressed.
  2. Planning – you need to demonstrate that you are aware of the research timescales and have a plan in place to conduct your work. You need to demonstrate that the research is manageable in the given time period.
  3. Literature references – you need to show that your planned area of research has not been studied before. Provide references to key articles and texts relevant to your area of study.
  4. Methodology – you need to show that you are aware of the methodological tools available and have identified which ones would be suitable for your research.

More advice about preparing a research proposal

Applying for funded PhD studentships advertised by Bangor University

Funded PhD studentship opportunities arise frequently throughout the year, and are advertised as specific opportunities for which you must formally apply. The application process for funded PhD studentships may differ according to the academic School in which the studentship opportunity is held, so please check the relevant School’s homepage and follow the application advice therein. If you are unsure of any part of the application process, please contact the individual School for advice, or e-mail

Online applications can now be made by prospective applicants for all postgraduate taught programmes and postgraduate research programmes at the University (with the exception of the PGCE, Diploma in Occupational Therapy and DClinPsy).

Home/EU students

Apply Online here...

Apply online

  • Please read through the Guidance Notes before you begin the online application form
  • Apply online yourself through our online application system.

Home/EU students with admissions queries please contact...

Postgraduate Admissions:, telephone: +44 (0)1248 383717 or write to:

Postgraduate Admissions Office.
Academic Registry
Bangor University
Gwynedd UK
LL57 2DG

International students

  • Agents: if you are an agent applying on behalf of the student, then you can Apply here.  For further guidance click here

International students with admissions queries please contact...

International Education Office: or write to

International Education Centre
Bangor University
LL57 2DG

Telephone: +44 (0) 1248 382028

When do I Apply?

The University will accept applications throughout the year. We would generally advise that you submit your application in enough time for you to make any funding and/or accommodation arrangements, and for documents such as transcripts and references to be obtained if not submitted with the application.This will also give you more time to meet any conditions we may potentially attach to an offer (e.g. in the case of overseas students, taking an IELTS or TOEFL test to meet the English Language requirement).

Further information

Next steps