Profile of Dr Peter Shapely

Image of Dr Nancy Edwards
Name
Dr Peter Shapely
Position
Reader and Head of School
Email
his401@bangor.ac.uk
Phone
01248 382148
Location
Room 224.2 Main Arts

 

Biography

Dr Shapely graduated with a first class degree in politics and modern history from Salford University in 1990. He then worked as a Research Assistant for Professor Alan Kidd on a series of relational databases which plotted the size and scale of the voluntary sector across nineteenth century Manchester and Salford. He joined the School in 1998 as a lecturer in modern and contemporary British history.  His initial research interests included urban history, voluntarism and governance in the nineteenth century. More recently, his research has focused on decision-making, governance and policy in twentieth century Britain.

Teaching & Supervision

BA

  • Post-War Britain
  • Poverty, Society and the State

MA

  • Themes and Issues
  • The Inner City

Ph. D supervision

Dr. Shapely is willing to consider Ph.D supervision on a range of nineteenth and twentieth century British history topics, including urban history, governance, politics (local and national), poverty and social policy.

Current

  • Eissa Dashti, ‘British occupation of Iraq, 1911-1921.’
  • Marc Collinson, ‘The Labour party, immigration and race, 1964-1979.’
  • Judith Taylor, ‘Education provision for poor girls in nineteenth century Liverpool and Birkenhead.’
  • Penelope Harris, ‘The development of the architectural profession in the early nineteenth century.’
  • Alun Ephraim, ‘Housing policy in post-war Birmingham.’
  • Sarah Watson, ‘Social reform and prostitution in the Victorian period.’

Completed

  • Yousef Madi, ‘Cultural impact of British occupation of Libya, 1941-1948,’ awarded with correction 2016.
  • Aesha Suliman ‘the impact of the Italian occupation of Libya on Benghazi,’ assumed responsibility for supervision following initial fail in 2014, subsequently awarded 2016.
  • Liz Homans (AHRC funded), ‘The campaigns for gender economic reform in the 1970s,’ awarded 2015.

Research

Governance and Exclusion: Inner City Britain, 1957-1981.
Source: AHRC Fellowship

This project looks at state responses to urban deprivation during 1967-1978. From the mid-1960s the ‘rediscovery’ of poverty began to concern policy makers. A series of government initiatives were introduced by both Labour and Conservative governments, including the Community Development Project, the Education Priority Areas, the Six Towns Studies, the Neighbourhood Scheme and the Comprehensive Communities Programme. Each was a pilot project designed to provide both social action in deprived communities and to look at the causes of deprivation through parallel research project. By 1978, however, solutions to urban deprivation were shifting from an emphasis on social programmes to an approach that was driven by economic regeneration.
This research will eventually be published in a monograph by Ashgate. In addition, the research project looked at racism and the growing urban unrest from the mid-1960s through to the 1981 riots. This work will be published in a separate article. 

Public and Private Sector Partnerships and the Emergence of the Entrepreneurial City: Historical Strategies in the Development of Policy in Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle and Birmingham, 1945-1974.
Source: British Academy

This project focused on urban governance since 1945. It was divided into three key areas. First, it looked at the role of local government and the concept of the entrepreneurial city. This focused on how local authorities developed their role in promoting their towns and cities. Second, it looked at the relationship with the private sector and the strategies that evolved in supporting and attracting private capital from the 1950s. Third, it re-visited the concept of civic pride as an expression of local aspirations and as a form of symbolic power. It led to three publications in Twentieth Century British History, the International Journal of Urban and Regional Research and Urban History.

Power, Policy and Consumers
Source: British Academy Grant

This research developed the work of the previous housing project. It focused on the decision-making process, urban governance and tenants. It looked at aspects of the politics of social housing in the Manchester region, but in a national context, across the twentieth century. This led to a series of articles in journals with an international profile (Social History) and a second monograph, Power, Policy and Consumers: Urban Culture and the Politics of Twentieth Century Housing, published in October 2007 with Manchester University Press. Other published work included ‘Social housing and tenant participation’ through the History and Policy web site on  (April 2008), and ‘The housing crisis,’ published in BBC History Magazine (April 2008). More recently, it led to publications in Planning Perspectives and an invitation to write the ‘Introduction’ to the Skeffington Report as part of a volume in the new Routledge reprints in planning history.

The Labour Party and the Politics of Housing in Manchester and Salford 1945-1987.
Source: Leverhulme

This housing project started in 2001 with a Leverhulme grant which focused on policy, housing and the Labour Party. It also included Professor Steve Fielding and Dr. Andy Walling. Initial findings were published in a joint article in Twentieth Century British History.

Key & Recent Publications

Books

Deprivation, State Interventions and Urban Communities in Britain, 1968-79, London, Routledge, 2017, pp. 1-371.

The Politics of Housing: Power, Policy and Consumers, Manchester, 2007, pp.i-vii, 1-234.

Reconfiguring the Recipient: Historical Perspectives on the Negotiation of Medicine, Charity and Mutual Aid, jointly edited volume with Prof. Anne Borsay, Aldershot, 2007, pp. i-x, 1-269. Joint Introduction, pp. 1-10.

Charity and Power in Nineteenth Century Manchester, Manchester, 2000, pp. i-vii, 1-151.

Articles

‘The continuing tradition of civic pride in Manchester,’ chapter in People, Places and Identities: Themes in British Social and Cultural History, A. Kidd and M. Tebbutt, eds., Manchester 2015.

‘Introduction,’ The Skeffington Report, Routledge, June 2013, pp. i-xx.

‘Civic pride and policy in the post-war city,’ Urban History 39 (2) May 2012: 310-328.

‘Government and Governance in the Post-War City: Historical Reflections on Public – Private Regimes’ International Journal of Urban and Regional Studies, 37 (4), 2013: 1288–1304.

‘The Entrepreneurial City: The Role of Local Government in Northern Industrial Cities and City Centre Redevelopment,’ Twentieth Century British History, 22 (4), 2011: 498-520.

‘Civil Society in post-war Britain’ in The Ages of Voluntarism, Matthew Hilton, ed., Oxford, 2011, pp.94-113.

‘Planning and Participation: the Tenant and Post War Housing in Britain,’ Planning Perspectives, 2010, pp.75-90.

‘Council wars: city v county and the overspill struggles, 1945-1971’, chapter in Urban Life and Politics, ed., B. Doyle, Newcastle, 2007, pp. 99-115.

‘Tenants Arise’. Consumerism, tenants and the challenge to council authority in Manchester’, Social History, 31, 1, 2006, pp. 60-78.

‘Civic culture and housing policy in Manchester, 1945-1979,’ joint article with Duncan Tanner and Andy Walling, Twentieth Century British History. 15, 4, 2004, pp. 410-434.

 ‘The Co-operative Men’s Guild and the limits of mutual aid,’in Reconfiguring the Recipient: Historical Perspectives on the Negotiation of Medicine, Charity and Mutual Aid, in A. Borsay and P. Shapely, eds., Aldershot, April 2007, pp. 225-243.

‘The press and the system built developments of inner city Manchester, 1960s-1980s’, Manchester Region History Review, 2004, pp. 30-39.

‘Urban charity, class relations and social cohesion: charitable responses to the Cotton Famine’, Urban History, 28, 1, 2001, pp. 46-64.

‘Charity and Parliamentary Candidates in Manchester: A Consideration of Electoral and Charity Fields and the Social Basis of Power’, International Review of Social History, May 1999, pp. 1-21.

‘Charity and Leadership: Charitable Image and the Manchester Man’, Journal of Social History, September 1998, pp. 157-177.

‘Saving and Salvation’, Chapter in T.Wyke, ed., The Church in Cottonopolis, Manchester 1997, pp. 72-84.

‘Henshaw’s Blind Asylum and the Charity Market’, Manchester Region History Review, 1994, pp. 54-60.

Other publications and contributions include:

‘Social housing and tenant participation’, History and Policy web article, April 2008.

‘The housing crisis,’ BBC History Magazine, April 2008, pp. 18-19.

‘Work and Work Ethics’, essay in Encyclopaedia of European Social History, New York, 2001.

Encyclopaedia of the European Left, contributions on Jim Callaghan, Ernest Bevin, the General Strike, the Left in Ireland.

DNB Contributions.

(Edited)

Governance and Exclusion: Inner City Britain, 1957-1981.

Source: AHRC Fellowship

This project looks at state responses to urban deprivation during 1967-1978. From the mid-1960s the ‘rediscovery’ of poverty began to concern policy makers. A series of government initiatives were introduced by both Labour and Conservative governments, including the Community Development Project, the Education Priority Areas, the Six Towns Studies, the Neighbourhood Scheme and the Comprehensive Communities Programme. Each pilot project was designed to provide both social action in deprived communities and to look at the causes of deprivation through parallel research project. By 1978, however, solutions to urban deprivation were shifting from an emphasis on social programmes to an approach that was increasingly driven by economic regeneration. This research has been published in a monograph by Routledge.

The project has now been extended to look at race, deprivation, alienation of Conservative government policy following the 1981 riot. It looks at how a number of official investigations into ethnic minorities recognised the problems of discrimination and disadvantage but failed to influence policies that addressed the key issues of housing, education and employment. Besides, the issue was not just one of race but of inner city deprivation. The second and third parts of the project focus on the 12-18 months after the riots. They look at the immediate political and public reactions and the series of reports that sought to understand their underlying causes; community policing strategies. local government efficacy, finance and housing; unemployment and job creation schemes; and regeneration policies.

Other Publications

‘Social housing and tenant participation’, History and Policy web article, April 2008.

‘The housing crisis,’ BBC History Magazine, April 2008, pp. 18-19.

‘Work and Work Ethics’, essay in Encyclopaedia of European Social History, New York, 2001.

Encyclopaedia of the European Left, contributions on Jim Callaghan, Ernest Bevin, the General Strike, the Left in Ireland.

DNB Contributions

Various book reviews including J. Welshman, From Transmitted Deprivation to Social Exclusion, reviewed for Journal of Contemporary History, 2008; J. Garrard, ed., Heads of the Local State, reviewed for Urban History, 2008; J. Moore and J. Smith, eds., Corruption in Urban Politics and Society, reviewed for Urban History, 2008; M.J.D. Roberts, Making English Morals, reviewed for Social History, 2007; Gillian Wagner, Thomas Coram, Gent, reviewed for H-List, Michigan, 2006; Anne Borsay, Medicine and charity in Georgian Bath, for Social History, New York 2001; Martin Gorsky, Patterns of philanthropy in Bristol, reviewed for Social History, New York 2001; M.J.Hewitt, The Emergence of Stability, reviewed for Manchester Region History Review, 1997.