Why publish Open Access?

Growing Global awareness and calls for OA publishing

This section highlights the latest news and developments in Open Access and answers some of your frequently asked questions

Latest Developments in OA

Following the consultation, HEFCE have now released the Open Access requirements for the next REF (REF2020): (28 March 2014)
“The core of this policy is as follows: to be eligible for submission to the post-2014 REF, outputs must have been deposited in an institutional or subject repository on acceptance for publication, and made open-access within a specified time period. This requirement applies to journal articles and conference proceedings only; monographs and other long-form publications, research data and creative and practice-based research outputs are out of scope. Only articles and proceedings accepted for publication after 1 April 2016 will need to fulfil these requirements, but we would strongly urge institutions to implement the policy now. The policy gives a further list of cases where outputs will not need to fulfil the requirements.”

OAPENUK presentations - Numerous OA topics and sources on slideshare.net (various dates)

Government and RCUK response to the BIS Report - (26 November 2013)

Bangor University hosts Open Access event and welcomes Phil Sykes, a member of Open Access Implementation Group and Research Libraries UK Board, and Ben Ryan, Senior Manager, Research Outcomes, EPSRC. Links to presentations (October 2013)

"Government mistaken in focusing on Gold as route to full open access” says Business Innovation and Skills Report (10 September 2013)

New useful publication: Guide to Creative Commons for Humanities and Social Sciences (July 2013)

Article on Business Models for Open Access Monographs (summer 2013)

Bangor University to participate in JISC APC Pilot Scheme to investigate national management tool for paying and administering APCs (16 April 2013)
Jisc APC aims to provide a pilot service for UK higher education institutions and relevant publishers in the area of managing Gold OA article processing charges. The development of an online administration platform will enable universities, researchers, funders and publishers to manage APCs. Jisc Collections held three briefing meetings for institutions that had expressed interest in participating in the pilot project. The Questions and Answers were captured from these sessions:

RCUK publishes further revisions to guidance on Open Access (8 April 2013)
Research Council UK has published the latest version of its guidance for the revised Policy on Open Access, which came into effect on 1st April. The changes aim to further clarify the guidance and draw on comments received from across the research community, learned societies and publishers following a call for input in March.  FAQs been created to help researchers and research organisations with implementation of the policy.

SHERPA/FACT - Funders & Authors Compliance Tool (1 April 2013)
The new SHERPA/FACT is a Funders & Authors Compliance Tool.  It allows researchers check if the journals in which they wish to publish their results comply with their funder's requirements for open access to research.

SAGE offer discounted OA Fee of £200 to authors at Bangor University (27 March 2013)
SAGE is committed to the principle of not double charging for paid-for Open Access content in hybrid journals.  As of 2012, the proportion of paid OA articles in hybrid is very low and offering author discounted fees is the most efficient way of achieving this aim.  Once OA articles reach a significant proportion of content, SAGE will switch from offering author discounts, to moderating the journal’s pricing.

The process for claiming your discount is as follows:

  1. Submitting authors are alerted to the fact that the SAGE Choice option exists for a title either when they are sent an acceptance email or when they are sent the Contributors Agreement to authorise.
  2. Follow the link provided by either of these forms to be sent a SAGE Choice Invoice Template.
  3. Enter the discount code INDNESLi into the “University/Institution Account Code” field of the SAGE Choice Invoice Template and return to the relevant email address at SAGE as instructed on the form.
  4. An invoice for the discounted rate of £200 will be raised.
  5. Please note: SAGE are able to offer a retrospective conversion to OA of previously published articles. The process of submission is the same as above, but due to extra administration and technical costs in managing retrospective conversion, the charge for this is £400.

Please note: SAGE are able to offer a retrospective conversion to OA of previously published articles.  The process of submission is the same as above, but due to extra administration and technical costs in managing retrospective conversion, the charge for this is £400.

Leverhulme policy on open access publishing (18 March 2013)
The board of the Leverhulme Trust has agreed to allow open-access charges as a permissible expense. They should be included within the 25 per cent of associated costs allowed by Leverhulme Research Project Grants and Research Programme Grants. The board has also decided to make no stipulations about mandatory open-access publication or archiving.

USA policy memorandum on access to federally funded research (22 February 2013)
A memorandum to US policy issued by the White House February 22 2013 directed Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research.

RCUK welcomes recommendations made by the House of Lords Science and Technology Committee on open access (22 February 2013)

Lack of clarity over open access is "unacceptable" - RCUK must clarify and monitor its implementation closely. The House of Lords Science and Technology Committee (22 February 2013)
The House of Lords Science and Technology Committee has today criticised Research Councils UK’s (RCUK) for failures in its communication of its open access policy. The report says the previous lack of clarity about RCUK’s policy and guidance was ‘unacceptable’. View RCUK's response.

RCUK announces block grants for universities to aid drives to open access to research outputs (8 November 2012)
Research Councils UK has announced the details of the block grant funding mechanism that it is introducing to aid implementation of its policy on Open Access that was announced in July and is due to come into effect in April 2013.

Ten years on from the Budapest Open Access Initiative (12 September 2012)

In 2001 the Budapest Open Access Initiative launched a worldwide campaign for open access (OA) to all new peer-reviewed research. It drew together existing projects to explore how they might “work together to achieve broader, deeper, and faster success.” Today the BOAI draw upon a decade of experience in order to make new recommendations for the next ten years.

HEFCE statement on Open Access (16 July 2012)

HEFCE publishes a statement on their intentions for implementing a policy on open access, in which they set out their intention to consult the sector. HEFCE will shortly begin a two-stage consultation process on implementing open access.

European Research Council renews its commitment to open access by joining Europe PubMed Central (13 July 2012)

The European Research Council (ERC) announced that it will participate in the UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) open access repository service, joining 18 existing UK and European funders. The ERC becomes the third European funder to join UKPMC, following Telethon Italy and the Austrian Research Fund.

Wellcome Trust strengthens its open access policy (28 June 2012)

Government expectations

Maximises the use of publicly funded research and allows accessibility to all. See the findings of The Finch Report for more information

Funder’s requirements

Many funding bodies require that the product of research funding is made available via Open Access. These funder’s include all RCUK, Wellcome, EU and NIH. Detailed funder policy information is available at SHERPA/JULIET.

Research Funders' Open Access Policies

A number of funding bodies now have Open Access policies in place that require researchers to make copies of any resulting publications available on Open Access.  The policies are a condition of the grant, and it is important that you are fully aware of the policy of your Research Funder before submitting manuscripts to any publishers.  Your Research Funder may require submission to other subject-based repositories in addition to Repository@Bangor.

Sherpa/JULIET is a database of Research Funders’ Open Access Policies. Check here to see if a Research Funder requires Open Access archiving. 

    Research Councils UK (RCUK)

    The RCUK Policy on Open Access will apply to all qualifying publications being submitted for publication from 1 April 2013. It states that peer reviewed research papers which result from research that is wholly or partially funded by the Research Councils:

    • must be published in journals which are compliant with Research Council policy on Open Access, and;
    • must include details of the funding that supported the research, and a statement on how the underlying research materials, such as data, samples or models can be accessed.

    RCUK recognises a journal as being compliant with this policy if:

    The journal provides, via its own website, immediate and unrestricted access to the final published version of the paper, which should be made available using the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) licence, and allows immediate deposit of the final published version in other repositories without restriction on re‐use. This may involve payment of an ‘Article Processing Charge’ (APC) to the publisher.


    The journal consents to deposit of the final Accepted Manuscript in any repository, without restriction on non‐commercial re‐use and within a defined period. No APC will be payable to the publisher. In this latter case, in STEM disciplines, RCUK will accept a delay of no more than six months between on‐line publication and the final Accepted Manuscript becoming Open Access. In the case of papers in the arts, humanities and social sciences (which will mainly be funded by the AHRC and the ESRC), the maximum embargo period will be twelve months. Where funding for APCs is unavailable to an author during the transition period, longer embargo periods will be allowable.

    The policy applies to all RCUK Funding Councils:

    For advice and support on how to comply with the Research Council policies, contact the Academic Support team libsupport@bangor.ac.uk or extension 2967.

    Wellcome Trust

    The Wellcome Trust Policy on Open Access requires grant holders to submit an electronic copy of final manuscripts of research papers to Europe PubMed Central (EuropePMC).

    European Research Council

    Find the ERC Scientific Council Guidelines for Open Access here.

    Horizon 2020

    The guidelines on Open Access to scientific publications and research data in Horizon 2020 are available here.

Bangor University's Open Access Policy

Bangor University’s Open Access policy is available here. It requires that a record of all new research outputs be deposited in the Institutional Repository.

Research Assessment

HEFCE has mandated that eligibility for the submission of Journal articles and conference proceedings in the post-REF2014 will be dependent on them being made available in an open-access form. The authors’ final peer-reviewed manuscripts must have been deposited in an institutional or subject repository on (or within 3 months of) acceptance for publication. HEFCE’s policy is available here.

Benefits to research

Work is made easily accessible increasing visability, readership and impact. Making work freely available can increase citations and increase the potential for collaborative research. Internet search engines such as Google Scholar search Open Access material deposited in Institutional Repositories increasing the visibility of your work.