Applied Clinical Technologies
Run by School of Medical Sciences
20 Credits or 10 ECTS Credits
Semester 1 & 2
Organiser: Dr Dylan Jones
Overall aims and purpose
A large proportion of medical diagnosis is made after reviewing the results of laboratory tests, imaging and physiological testing. Students who successfully complete this second year module will have developed a basic understanding of the scientific principles behind the methodologies used and examples of clinical conditions in which it would be appropriate to use the test.
To enhance learning and understanding, lectures and tutorials will be recorded using the Panopto system.
The aim of the module is to provide the students with basic knowledge of various methodologies used in life sciences. The course will introduce the students to key diagnostic concepts and techniques such as:
- Medical ethics and consent.
- Role of imaging in diagnostics and the various imaging modalities available.
- Role of laboratory testing in modern medicine.
- Role of physiological testing in modern medicine.
Lectures will present the student with up to date information about the state of clinical diagnostics, including discussion on the future direction of routine diagnostics. Lectures within the module over two semesters, will cover the following topics:
- Introduction to medical ethics and consent.
- Analysis of sterile fluids.
- Immunoassays and investigation of auto-immune disease.
- Foetal screening.
- Reproductive oncology.
- Investigations of bone and lipid disorders.
- Investigations of the cardiovascular system.
- The role of inheritance in clinical diagnosis.
- Molecular medicine.
- Investigations of the haematological system.
- Investigations of endocrinology.
- Neurological investigations.
- Respiratory studies.
- Investigations of the renal and hepatic systems.
B- to B+ (60 – 69%)
Comprehensive and accurate coverage, showing good use of teaching material and core readings. Is able to demonstrate broad knowledge of the main laboratory tests and their role in diagnosis. Knowledge is largely based on the laecture material. Limited evidence of critical thinking and wider reading.
A- to A* (70 - 100%)
Has sophisticated knowledge of the scientific background of the tests requested by a clinician and their role in diagnosing pathophysiological states. Very comprehensive and accurate coverage, and ability to discuss inter-relationships between various test sets and being able to suggest alternative tests that may be appropriate, indicating that the student has gone beyond the core readings and explored the topic in depth.
Evidence of additional reading and further study, and critical thinking is important for higher A marks.
C- to C+
Category C (50%-59%):
Reasonably comprehensive coverage, indicating generally accurate understanding, based on lecture material and some core readings. Answer may not cover all important points.
Category D- to D+ (40 – 49%)
Basic factual information only based on teaching notes with significant gaps in knowledge.
Develop effective group working skills.
Explain the importance of quality control measures.
Critically assess results of investigations and relate to a named pathophysiological state. a. Hypo/hyper-thyroidism. b. Myocardial infarction. c. Anaemia (iron deficient and macrocytic) d. Diabetes mellitus. e. Renal failure. f. Leukaemia (chronic and acute)
Classify the variables which can influence test results.
Develop effective critical thinking skills.
Demonstrate an understanding of the technologies behind key diagnostic techniques.
|EMCQ Semester 1||25|
|EMCQ Semester 2||25|
Teaching and Learning Strategy
18x2h lectures 1x4h presentation session 2x2h revision sessions
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Numeracy - Proficiency in using numbers at appropriate levels of accuracy
- Computer Literacy - Proficiency in using a varied range of computer software
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Teamwork - Able to constructively cooperate with others on a common task, and/or be part of a day-to-day working team
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
Subject specific skills
Knowledge & understanding of the (clinical) research process. (benchmark: 6.1.e)
Assess a medical situation and diagnose disease and cause and suggest therapeutic and other interventions (benchmark: 6.2.1.a, b, c, d).
Synthesise information from a variety of sources to aid knowledge and understanding of medical sciences. (benchmark: 6.1.b)
Be able to make accurate observations of clinical phenomena and appropriate critical analysis of clinical data. (benchmark: 6.2.1)
Aligned with QAA Biomedical sciences Benchmark Statement 2015.
6.4 In addition to those areas outlined in sections 4 and 5, a graduate will have the following core knowledge, understanding and skills.
- Cellular pathology is the microscopic examination of normal and abnormal cells (cytopathology), and tissues (histopathology) for indicators of disease.
- Clinical biochemistry is the investigation of the function and dysfunction of systems, organs and tissues by the measurement of biochemical markers.
- Clinical immunology is the study of immunopathological conditions and abnormal immune function.
- Haematology is the study and investigation of the different elements that constitute blood in normal and diseased states.
- Clinical genetics is the identification of genetic mutations and polymorphisms and their influence on disease processes.
- Medical microbiology is the study and investigation of pathogenic microorganisms.