Modules for course VVW3 | BA/PRM
BA Philosophy and Religion and Music

This is a provisional list of modules to be offered on this course in the 2018–19 academic year.

The list may not be complete, and the final course content may be different.

You can also view the modules offered in the years: 2016–17; 2017–18.

Find out more about studying and applying for this degree.

Use the buttons after the module titles (where available) to see a brief description of the content, or:
Show all descriptions
Hide all descriptions

Year 1 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • WXM-1002: The Study of Music (jt-hnrs) (20) Core
    The module surveys the history of Western art music from around 1000 AD to the present day. Selected works from the period will be studied in detail, and changes and developments in musical style will be set in their historical, cultural, social, geographical and aesthetic contexts. Furthermore, the module will encourage the development of a range of skills required for the study of music at degree level, and will form the foundation for musicological study carried out in Years 2 and 3 and beyond.
    or
    WXC-1002: Astudio Cerddoriaeth (JH) (20) Core
    Mae’r modiwl yn edrych ar hanes cerddoriaeth gelfyddydol Orllewinol o tua 1000 AD i'r cyfnod presennol. Astudir gweithiau dethol o’r cyfnod yn fanwl, a gosodir newidiadau a datblygiadau mewn arddull gerddorol yn eu cyd-destunau hanesyddol, diwylliannol, cymdeithasol, daearyddol ac esthetaidd. Yn ogystal, bydd y modiwl yn annog datblygiad amrywiaeth o sgiliau sydd eu hangen i astudio cerddoriaeth ar lefel gradd, a bydd yn sylfaen ar gyfer astudiaeth gerddolegol a wneir ym Mlynyddoedd 2 a 3 a thu hwnt.

Semester 2

  • WXM-1002: The Study of Music (jt-hnrs)
    The module surveys the history of Western art music from around 1000 AD to the present day. Selected works from the period will be studied in detail, and changes and developments in musical style will be set in their historical, cultural, social, geographical and aesthetic contexts. Furthermore, the module will encourage the development of a range of skills required for the study of music at degree level, and will form the foundation for musicological study carried out in Years 2 and 3 and beyond.
    or
    WXC-1002: Astudio Cerddoriaeth (JH)
    Mae’r modiwl yn edrych ar hanes cerddoriaeth gelfyddydol Orllewinol o tua 1000 AD i'r cyfnod presennol. Astudir gweithiau dethol o’r cyfnod yn fanwl, a gosodir newidiadau a datblygiadau mewn arddull gerddorol yn eu cyd-destunau hanesyddol, diwylliannol, cymdeithasol, daearyddol ac esthetaidd. Yn ogystal, bydd y modiwl yn annog datblygiad amrywiaeth o sgiliau sydd eu hangen i astudio cerddoriaeth ar lefel gradd, a bydd yn sylfaen ar gyfer astudiaeth gerddolegol a wneir ym Mlynyddoedd 2 a 3 a thu hwnt.

Optional Modules

40 credits from:

  • WXM-1004: Intro - Harmony & Counterpoint (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module aims to develop students’ understanding of the elements of musical language – melody, harmony, counterpoint, rhythm – through the study of compositional practice in the late Renaissance and Baroque periods. Students work through a course of study which will develop aural skills, score reading and analytical skills, creativity, and a thorough understanding of the parameters for the construction of music during the periods in question. This module is intended for those students who little or no prior knowledge of harmonic principles. Students with some prior experience (e.g. those who have done chorale harmonization as part of A-Levels or equivalent) will be encouraged to register for WXM1008. Please note: WXM1004 and 1008 both cover effectively the same material in both semesters; in semester 2, both groups are taught together; in semester 1 WXM1004 covers similar ground as WXM1008, but at a slower pace (hence the doubled contact hours).
    or
    WXC-1004: Cyflwyniad Harmoni/Gwrthbwynt (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bwriad y modiwl hwn yw datblygu dealltwriaeth myfyrwyr o elfennau ieithwedd gerddorol – alaw, harmoni, gwrthbwynt, rhythm – trwy astudio’r arfer a oedd yn gyffredin i gyfansoddwyr yn ystod cyfnod y Dadeni Hwyr a'r Baróc. Mae myfyrwyr yn gweithio trwy gwrs o astudiaeth a fydd yn datblygu medrau sain glust, darllen sgorau, a medrau dadansoddol, creadigrwydd a dealltwriaeth o’r paramedrau a osodai’r sylfeini ar gyfer creu cerddoriaeth yn ystod y cyfnod dan sylw. Bwriedir y modiwl hwn ar gyfer y myfyrwyr hynny sydd â phrofiad cyfyngedig o egwyddorion harmonig. Anogir myfyrwyr mwy profiadol (e.e. y rhai sydd wedi astudio cydgordio corâl fel rhan o Lefel-A) i gofrestru ar gyfer WXC1008 yn lle hwn.
  • WXM-1008: Higher Harmony & Counterpoint (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module aims to develop students’ understanding of the elements of musical language – melody, harmony, counterpoint, rhythm – through the study of compositional practice in the late Renaissance and Baroque periods. Students work through a course of study which will develop aural skills, score reading and analytical skills, creativity, and a thorough understanding of the parameters for the construction of music during the periods in question. This module is intended for those students who have some prior knowledge of harmonic principles (e.g. those who have done chorale harmonization as part of A-Levels or equivalent). Students with less experience will be encouraged to register for WXM1004 instead. Please note: WXM1004 and 1008 both cover effectively the same material in both semesters, in semester 2 both groups are taught together, in semester 1 WXM1004 covers similar ground as WXM1008, but at a slower pace (hence double contact hours)
    or
    WXC-1008: Harmoni a Gwrthbwynt Uwch (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Cynnwys y Modiwl Bwriad y modiwl hwn yw datblygu dealltwriaeth myfyrwyr o elfennau ieithwedd gerddorol – alaw, harmoni, gwrthbwynt, rhythm – trwy astudio’r arfer a oedd yn gyffredin i gyfansoddwyr yn ystod cyfnod y Dadeni Hwyr a'r Baróc. Mae myfyrwyr yn gweithio trwy gwrs o astudiaeth a fydd yn datblygu medrau sain glust, darllen sgorau, a medrau dadansoddol, creadigrwydd a dealltwriaeth drylwyr o’r paramedrau a osodai’r sylfeini ar gyfer creu cerddoriaeth yn ystod y cyfnod dan sylw. Mae’r modiwl hwn wedi’i anelu at y myfyrwyr hynny sydd eisoes â rhywfaint o wybodaeth o egwyddorion harmoni (e.e. y rhai sydd wedi astudio cydgordio corâl fel rhan o Lefel-A). Anogir myfyrwyr llai profiadol i gofrestru ar gyfer WXC1004 yn lle hwn.
  • WXK-1010: Sonic Art (20) (Semester 1 + 2) or
    WXC-1010: Celfyddyd Sonig (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • WXK-1011: Composition Year 1 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This course will introduce students to some of the compositional techniques used in the twentieth and twenty first centuries and show how harmony, rhythm, structure, instrumentation and pitch have evolved, presenting students with the basic tools for composition. The first half of the course will look at these techniques in relation to a number of important musical styles that evolved during the twentieth century. The course will also consider individual instruments and their particular characteristics, in addition to vocal writing. Students are then encouraged to try out these techniques in exercises and assignments, which will be set throughout the course..
    or
    WXC-1011: Cyfansoddi Blwyddyn 1 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bydd y cwrs hwn yn cyflwyno’r myfyriwr i rai o’r technegau cyfansoddi a ddefnyddiwyd yn yr 20fed ganrif, gan ddangos sut mae harmoni, rhythm, adeiledd, offeryniaeth a thraw wedi datblygu. Rhoddir y cyfryngau sylfaenol i’r myfyrwyr ar gyfer cyfansoddi. Bydd y cwrs hefyd yn ystyried offerynnau penodol a’u nodweddion arbennig, yn ogystal ag ysgrifennu ar gyfer y llais. Yna anogir y myfyrwyr i roi cynnig ar y technegau yn eu cyfansoddiadau hwy eu hunain.
  • WXP-1016: Solo Performance Year 1 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module combines a programme of individual instrumental or vocal tuition with an introduction to a range of important issues which concern performers, including preparing and delivering a recital programme, effective practice techniques, working with other musicians, and different approaches to interpretation. THIS MODULE IS NOT AVAILABLE TO STUDENTS OUTSIDE THE SCHOOL OF MUSIC. CO-REQUISITE: minimum of ABRSM 7 or equivalent.
    or
    WXC-1016: Perfformio Unawdol Blwyddyn 1 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae’r modiwl yn cyfuno rhaglen o hyfforddiant unigol ar offeryn neu lais â chyflwyniad i amrediad o faterion pwysig sy’n ymwneud â cherddorion, yn cynnwys paratoi a pherfformio rhaglen datganiad, technegau ymarfer effeithiol, gweithio â cherddorion eraill, a dulliau gwahanol o dehongli. NID YW'R MODIWL HWN AR GAEL I FYFYRWYR O'R TU ALLAN I'R YSGOL CERDDORIAETH. CYD-OFYNIAD: o leiaf ABRSM Gradd 7 neu gyfwerth.
  • Students can only choose one of the four Harmony & Counterpoint modules.

60 credits from:

  • VPR-1103: Existentialism (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will begin with an overview of the meaning of existentialism, its key themes and thinkers. The module is then divided into five parts. In part one we examine the philosophical groundwork that underpins existentialism as a theory. Here students will be introduced to such ideas as Sartre’s concepts of consciousness, being, nothingness, facticity and transcendence. In part two we explore the importance of freedom to the human condition, and the meaning behind Sartre’s famous slogans, ‘we are condemned to be free’, and ‘existence precedes essence’. Here we will examine the first of our contemporary films, The Truman Show, in order to demonstrate the validity of these ideas within society today. Part three then surveys the notion of the ‘absurd’ as a philosophical concept and identifies its trace in literature, art, and film. Students will examine a variety of responses to the absurd, including those outlined by Kafka, Camus, and Kierkegaard. We will then watch the film Ground hog Day with a view to identifying how these responses can be portrayed in contemporary film. Part four examines Sartre’s notion of bad faith, and the ease in which we fail to respond adequately to the demands of existentialism. Finally, part five considers the effect that others have on our existence and in our capacity to engage our lives authentically.
  • VPR-1104: Death of God (20) (Semester 2)
    The module begins by examining how the events of Nietzsche’s life and the cultural climate of his time are reflected in his writing style and the ideas he seeks to expound. Following this introduction, the module is divided into four parts. In part one we explore the philosophical context for why God’s death is deemed a necessity for Nietzsche. Here we look at his criticism of Christianity and Platonism, and examine his concepts of will to power, slave and master morality, bad conscience and ressentiment. In part two we examine the nature of God’s death, and by looking at a variety of Nietzsche’s writings, we piece together how God ‘died’. In part three, we begin to investigate the implications of the death of God for our understanding of morality, truth, and suffering. Here students are introduced to Nietzsche’s idea of a revaluation of values, and his famous conceptions of the Übermensch (or superman), eternal recurrence, and the relevance of Dionysus. Finally, in part 4 we revisit the key ideas that have been explored within this module to entertain a controversial yet coherent reading of Nietzsche’s philosophy—one that proposes the possibility of God’s return.
  • VPR-1105: Ethics: Religious Perspectives (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will begin with a discussion of the origin of ethics and will examine some of the relevant survivng materials relevant to the subject from the great civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt (including the stories about heroes who exemplified the kind of virtues most admired, and the legal codes which defined acceptable and unacceptable conduct). The module will then examine the ethical values of the Jewish religion, as reflected in the Old Testament, and the ethical values of the Christian tradition as reflected in the New Testament. This will be followed by an overview of ethical concerns in the Buddhist tradition. The module will conclude with an examination of the ‘divine command’ theory of ethics and will consider to what extent the moral good should be identified with God’s will or God’s command.
    or
    VPC-1105: Moeseg: Agweddau Crefyddol (20) (Semester 1)
    Bydd y modiwl yn dechrau gyda thrafodaeth ar darddiad moeseg a bydd yn edrych ar beth o'r deunyddiau perthnasol i'r pwnc sydd wedi goroesi o ddiwylliannau mawr Mesopotamia a'r Aifft (yn cynnwys storïau am arwyr a ymgorfforai'r rhinweddau a edmygid fwyaf, a'r codau cyfreithiol a ddiffiniai ymddygiad derbyniol ac annerbyniol). Bydd y modiwl wedyn yn archwilio gwerthoedd moesegol y grefydd Iddewig, fel yr adlewyrchir hwynt yn yr Hen Destament, a gwerthoedd moesegol y traddodiad Cristnogol, fel yr adlewyrchir hwynt yn y Testament Newydd. Yn dilyn hynny ceir golwg gyffredinol ar faterion moesegol sy'n gysylltiedig â'r traddodiad Bwdistaidd. Daw'r modiwl i'w derfyn drwy edrych ar ddamcaniaeth foesegol 'gorchymyn dwyfol', a bydd yn ystyried i ba raddau y dylid uniaethu daioni moesol ag ewyllys Duw neu orchymyn Duw.
  • VPR-1106: Intro: Judaism & Christianity (20) (Semester 2)
    The module outlines of some of the basic tenets of the Jewish faith as reflected in the Old Testament and the Christian faith as reflected in the New Testament. Among issues considered will be the contribution to the Jewish faith by the rabbis and the controversies faced by Judaism over the centuries, culminating in a discussion of issues relating to the holocaust. Among Jewish philosophers discussed will be Maimonides and Martin Buber. The modules will then turn to the Christian faith and will examine some of the theological issues arising from the New Testament, with a particular focus on Paul’s theology and the Early Church Fathers, such as Origen and Eusebius. There will also be a discussion of a representative sample of major Christian thinkers over the centuries.
    or
    VPC-1106: Iddewiaeth a Christnogaeth (20) (Semester 2)
    Man cychwyn y modiwl fydd astudiaeth o rai syniadau yn yr Hen Destament a’r Rabiniaid cynnar; yna eir ymlaen i drafod rhai o’r pynciau dadleuol a gododd ynglyn â’r grefydd hon dros y canrifoedd gan ddiweddu gyda thrafodaeth o’r holocost a rhai o syniadau prif feddylwyr y grefydd dros y blynyddoedd. Yn troir at y Testament Newydd a chanolbwyntio ar Paul cyn mynd ymlaen i ystyried cyfraniad y Tadau Eglwysig a rhai o’r prif feddylwyr Cristnogol dros y canrifoedd.
  • VPR-1109: Introduction to Islam (20) (Semester 1)
    Islam is the world’s fastest growing religion, yet for most people its beliefs and practice remain obscure despite having close religious connection with Judaism and Christianity. For this reason, this module has been designed to provide a comprehensive introduction to Islamic faith, philosophy and practice. The module will introduce students to the study of Islamic theology by exploring the emergence and development of Islam, from its origins in the seventh century to its modern revival. Therefore, the module will guide students through the following aspects of the study of Islam: (1) Introduce students to the history and development of early and modern Islam (against the background of social and cultural contexts); (2) Examine core Islamic beliefs and practices; and (3) Investigate the wider Islamic tradition by surveying Islamic law, philosophy and mysticism.
  • VPR-1110: Themes - Eastern Religion/Phil (20) (Semester 2)
    This module offers an introduction to the philosophical and religious development of key eastern religious traditions - Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Shinto – and provides a detailed overview of their origins, histories, doctrines and scriptures. In order to explore a wide spectrum of religious and philosophical beliefs, the following will be considered teaching priorities: (1) Survey of the beliefs and practices of six Eastern religions and philosophies; (2) understand the multifaceted religious heritage of the six Eastern religions – from the pre-modern era to contemporary religious practice; (3) Examination of the mutual influences and intersections of the Eastern religions and philosophies and how they interact with other elements of Eastern culture and society; (4) Deconstruct the East and West meeting points, focusing on the spread and influence of Eastern religion and philosophy in the West.
  • VPR-1300: Intro to Philosophy of Religio (20) (Semester 2)
    The module begins by clarifying the state of the analytic philosophy of religion at the turn of the 20th century, reflecting upon its inheritance of 19th century ‘modernity’. This is contrasted with some concurrent developments in the continental tradition (German Romanticism, Dostoevsky, Nietzsche). This is the context from which, and into which, Wittgenstein speaks. We will cover the early, middle, and late eras of Wittgenstein’s thought, and show the revolutionary impact that his thought had for the philosophy of religion. We track the various directions in which Wittgenstein’s influence was felt; for example, in A. J. Ayer’s verificationism, or those overtly ‘Wittgensteinian’ philosophers of religion such as D. Z. Phillips. The ‘meta-philosophy of religion’ is introduced throughout, as we tackle the question of how best to philosophise about religion.
  • VPR-1301: Introduction to Logic (20) (Semester 1)

Year 2 Modules

Compulsory Modules

20 to 40 credits from:

  • WXM-2011: Musicology Year 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Research is a fundamental academic skill, and so too is the ability to effectively communicate the results of that research in writing. On this module, students undertake research into a musical topic of their own choice, and write up their findings in the form of a short dissertation of around 4500-5000 words. At the same time, the module introduces students to some of the conventions and methods of musicological research and presentation, through the study of various examples of academic writing. Moreover, students will continue to develop study skills taught in The Study of Music, including bibliographical skills, skills of independent thinking, and skills in oral presentation. The module will prepare students for undertaking a Dissertation in Year 3, and may also be useful to students considering undertaking an Editing Project in Year 3.
    or
    WXC-2011: Cerddoreg Blwyddyn 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae ymchwil yn fedr academaidd sylfaenol, ac felly hefyd y gallu i ysgrifennu’n effeithiol ar ganlyniad yr ymchwil honno. Ar y modiwl hwn, mae myfyrwyr yn gwneud ymchwil i bwnc o’u dewis, ac yn ysgrifennu ar eu canfyddiadau mewn traethawd o ryw 4500-5000 o eiriau. Ar yr un pryd, mae’r modiwl yn cyflwyno myfyrwyr i rai o gonfensiynau a dulliau ymchwil a chyflwyno cerddoregol, a hynny trwy astudiaeth ar wahanol enghreifftiau o ysgrifennu academaidd. Ar ben hynny, bydd myfyrwyr yn parhau i ddatblygu’r medrau astudio a ddysgir yn Astudio Cerddoriaeth, yn cynnwys medrau llyfryddiaethol, medrau meddwl yn annibynnol, a medrau cyflwyno ar lafar. Bydd y modiwl yn paratoi myfyrwyr ar gyfer ysgrifennu Traethawd Hir ym Mlwyddyn 3, a gall hefyd fod yn fuddiol i fyfyrwyr sy’n ystyried Project Golygu ym Mlwyddyn 3.
  • WXM-2205: Notation and Editing (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Students taking the course will transcribe and edit a variety of music, some vocal and some instrumental, from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries, from reproductions of original sources. Some sources will be in score, some in parts, some in tablature; some will be manuscript and some printed. Certain pieces of work will involve a single source; others will require the collation and appraisal of more than one source, with variant readings tabulated and conclusions drawn about the relationship of the sources. As the title suggests, the course is divided into two parts, which will focus on different skills: Semester 1: ‘Notation’ introduces students to the palaeography of music before 1600 and teaches the elementary skills for the understanding and transcription of white mensural notation. Semester 2: ‘Editing’ covers techniques and approaches of critical editing and philology, which will enable you to produce a scholarly edition with all the standard ingredients. Case studies for this part of the module are taken mainly from the so-called ‘common practice era’.
  • WXK-2233: Composition Year 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module seeks to build on Level 4 Composition, while at the same time introducing new ideas and techniques. Throughout, the emphasis will be on introducing students to the multiplicity of styles and techniques that have emerged during the second half of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st. This may include bold experimentation and creative innovation, including working with non-tonal styles (pre-tonal, post-tonal, atonal), or the study of post-tonal and post-minimal styles of recent decades.
    or
    WXC-2233: Cyfansoddi Blwyddyn 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Adeilada’r modiwl hwn ar astudiaethau Cyfansoddi Blwyddyn 1, ynghyd â chyflwyno syniadau a thechnegau newydd ar yr un pryd. Bydd pwyslais cyson ar arbrofi mentrus a newydd-deb creadigol, gan weithio gydag arddulliau anghyweiraidd (cyn-donyddol, ôl-donyddol ac anhonyddol), ynghyd ac ymdriniaethau newydd o ffurf. Ceir gwaith damcaniaethol (gwrando, dadansoddi a thrafod pynciau) ynghyd a gwaith ymarferol (gweithio drwy dechnegau, cyflwyno enghreifftiau, datrys problemau), gan ganolbwyntio ar dechnegau ac elfennau penodol - rhai yn newydd, a rhai yn gyfarwydd ers modiwl Cyfansoddi Lefel 1. Nid yw’r modiwl hwn yn addas ar gyfer myfyrwyr sy’n dymuno cyfansoddi mewn arddulliau hanesyddol neu pastiche.
  • WXK-2235: Acousmatic Composition (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Acousmatic music is sonic art which uses sound as its basic material and the loudspeaker as its mode of delivery. This module aims to introduce students to acousmatic composition in a more focused way than is possible in the Year 1 Practical Music Technology module, and with a more creative emphasis. It aims to equip students with the basic technological, compositional and aesthetic knowledge and understanding necessary for acousmatic composition. (This module is not intended for students wishing to compose popular music, or music using conventional approaches to harmony, melody or rhythm.)
  • WXP-2241: Solo Performance Year 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The students will be expected to build on and expand skills already established during the solo performance modules in Year 1. This will be carried out through individual instrumental or vocal tuition. The tutor will provide consultation and help construct a projected programme of stylistically-varied technical and interpretive solo repertoire for the students to explore that will benefit the individual’s technical and musical development. Please note that students may also follow a maximum of 20 credits in ensemble performance across levels 5 & 6. This module is capped at 20 students
    or
    WXC-2241: Perfformio Unawdol Blwyddyn 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bydd disgwyl i’r myfyrwyr adeiladu ar fedrau y maent eisoes wedi’u dysgu yn ystod y modiwlau perfformio unigol ar lefelau 1 neu 2 ac adeiladu arnynt. Gwneir hyn trwy hyfforddiant offerynnol neu leisiol unigol. Bydd y myfyriwr a’r tiwtor yn ymgynghori, a bydd y tiwtor yn cynorthwyo i lunio rhaglen arfaethedig o repertoire technegol a deongliadol yn dangos arddulliau amrywiol, i’r harchwilio gan y myfyriwr, ac a fydd yn fuddiol i ddatblygiad technegol a cherddorol yr unigolyn. modiwl 'cap' o 20 o fyfyrwyr
  • WXM-2269: Arts in the Community (20) (Semester 1 + 2) or
    WXC-2269: Celfyddydau yn y Gymuned (20) (Semester 1 + 2)

Optional Modules

10 to 40 credits from:

  • WXM-2009: 20th Century Women Composers (10) (Semester 2)
    Musicology has in recent years been enriched by research that highlights the contribution made by women to Music & Music History.This module forms an introduction to some of the most important women musicians of the twentieth century, including: a. British: Ethel Smyth (1858-1944), Elisabeth Lutyens (1906-83), Grace Williams (1906-77) and Elizabeth Maconchy (1907-94). b. Europe: Cecile Chaminade (1857-1944), Germaine Tailleferre (1892-1983), Nadia (1887-1979) and Lili Boulanger (1893-1918). c. American: Amy Beach (1867-1944), Marion Bauer (1882-1955), Ruth Crawford Seeger (1901-53) and Louise Talma (1906-96). d. Established Contemporary Voices: Thea Musgrave (1928-), Sofia Gubaidulina (1931-), Kaija Saariaho (1952-) and Chen Yi (1953-).
  • WXM-2010: Zappa: the man and the music (10) (Semester 2)
    In this module, Frank Zappa’s music and life will be explored chronologically, starting from his beginnings as a young musician in Baltimore to his classical compositions towards the end of his life. The subject matter to be covered throughout the lectures and seminars will comprise: Zappa’s compositional styles and influences; his engagement in political issues (including censorship); humour and satire in his music; his classical works; his collaborations, and the legacy left by him.
  • WXM-2019: Opera: Monteverdi to Mozart (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-2020: 19th Century Symphony (10) (Semester 1)
  • WXM-2115: Minimalism (10) (Semester 2)
    This course will begin by looking at the use of the term Minimalism in art and music and trace its evolution in the early works of La Monte Young and Terry Riley. Discussion of Steve Reich's significant essay 'Music as Gradual Process', will be followed by the analysis of works by Reich, Glass, Adams and Torke, before looking at the contribution of European composers such as Pärt, Gorecki, Andriessen, Bryars, Skempton and Nyman.
    or
    WXC-2115: Minimaliaeth (10) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y cwrs hwn yn cychwyn gan edrych ar y defnydd o'r term Minimaliaeth mewn celfyddyd gain a cherddoriaeth, cyn olrhain esblygiad y term yng ngherddoriaeth La Monte Young a Terry Riley. Trafodir ysgrif arwyddocaol Steve Reich 'Cerddoriaeth fel Proses Raddol', cyn dadansoddi gweithiau Reich, Glass, Adams a Torke, ac yna edrych ar gyfraniad cyfansoddwyr Ewropeaidd megis Pärt, Gorecki, Andriessen, Bryars, Skempton a Nyman.
  • WXM-2153: From Dufay to Josquin (10) (Semester 1)
    Description: Numerous composers of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries had well-deserved reputations in their day as excellent singers or renowned choirmasters. Nevertheless it is Josquin de Prez (d. 1521) whose reputation towered over those of his contemporaries, and continues to do so today. This module considers the music of Josquin alongside that of his contemporaries, such as Antoine Brumel, Pierre de la Rue, Loyset Compère, Jacob Obrecht and Heinrich Isaac, and examines the nature of musical production and distribution during Josquin's lifetime. Method, number and frequency of classes: Normally one class of 1 hour and 15 minutes per week for nine weeks, plus up to two individual consultations by arrangement. Assessment: One essay submitted in week 12 (80%); one seminar presentation of 10 minutes' duration (20%). Learning Outcomes: On completion of the module, the student should have: 1. acquired a reasonably detailed knowledge of the main compositional genres of the period, and of selected works by Josquin and his contemporaries 2. developed an awareness of the historical and cultural contexts which gave rise to this music 3. gained an awareness of the problem of anonymous music and composer attribution during the period 4. developed an enhanced perspective of the portrayal of one of the first 'great composers'
  • WXM-2157: The Music of Stockhausen (10) (Semester 1)
    This module forms an introduction to the music of the radical German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-2007). It will consider specific works by Stockhausen, as well as the issues they raise, and will do so from both historical and analytical perspectives. It will also aim to consider the music of Stockhausen in the context of works by other composers.
  • WXM-2189: Ligeti (10) (Semester 2)
    The Hungarian born György Ligeti established himself as one of the most distinguished composers from the second half of the twentieth century. This module will focus on a selection of his most well-known compositions (which features his orchestral Atmosphères and Melodien, his Violin Concerto, the opera Le Grand Macabre, the piano Études and selected chamber and vocal pieces), assessing his artistic contribution within the European cultural developments of the time while placing their significance within the composer’s creative and historical background. Close attention will be paid in identifying his distinctive style and composition techniques, and on how they shaped his independent and uncompromising creative output.
    or
    WXC-2189: Ligeti (Cymraeg) (10) (Semester 2)
    Sefydlodd y cyfansoddwr Hwngaraidd, György Ligeti, ei hun fel un o ffigyrau mwyaf blaenllaw ail hanner yr ugeinfed ganrif. Canolbwyntia’r modiwl hwn ar astudio detholiad o’i weithiau enwocaf (sy’n cynnwys y darnau cerddorfaol Atmosphères a Melodien, ei Gonsierto i’r Ffidil, yr opera Le Grand Macabre, yr Études i’r piano ac ambell i waith siambr a lleisiol arall), gan asesu ei gyfraniad artistig o fewn datblygiadau celfyddydol Ewropeaidd ei gyfnod. Gosodir eu harwyddocâd o fewn cefndir creadigol a hanesyddol y cyfansoddwr gan fanylu ar ei arddull unigryw a’i dechnegau cyfansoddi a’r modd y dylanwadodd y rhain ar ei allbwn annibynnol a digyfaddawd.
  • WXM-2209: Brazilian Music and Culture (10) (Semester 1)
    The module will explore some important Brazilian musical genres and relate these to cultural and political developments in the country. The impact of Brazilian popular music outside Brazil will be discussed as well as the effect of foreign music on the country. The module will give students the opportunity to familiarise themselves with several musical styles and artists. Key ideas for the analysis of the issues covered will also be discussed.
  • WXC-2216: Cerdd Cymru A: 20fed-g (10) (Semester 1)
    Er amled y cyfeiriadau ar hyd y canrifoedd at Gymru-'Gwlad y gân' - dim ond yn ddiweddar iawn y rhoddwyd y sylw dyladwy i faes CERDDORIAETH YNG NGHYMRU fel rhan o gwrs gradd (Cerddoriaeth).Gwelwyd tuedd gyffredinol ymhlith cerddorion proffesiynol y gorffennol i anwybyddu'r traddodiad ar draul derbyn agweddau ar gerddoriaeth gwledydd estron. I'r perwyl hwn, fe adawyd bylchau mawr yn ein llenyddiaeth gerddorol fel cenedl, dibrisiwyd gwerth nifer o'n traddodiadau a chollwyd golwg ar rai nodweddion unigryw Cymru a'i phobl.

0 to 30 credits from:

  • WXM-2187: Music, Health and Wellbeing A (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXK-2191: Songwriting (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Students will be introduced to many basic and advanced aspects of composing in various song genres, with particular reference to the presentation of rhythmic counterpoint, harmonic vocabulary, melodic shaping, formal archetypes and lyrics in their songs. These will be illustrated with reference to a number of song styles, ranging from folk to jazz and rock genres. At the end of the module, the student will have created a small portfolio their own songs, and be able to present their work to a good standard either on audio CD or in written form. (For recordings this means that the sounds are distortion-free unless intentionally so, all elements are appropriately audible and relatively balanced in terms of level. Scores must be presented in an accepted form such as jazz lead-sheet, full score or popular piano-and-vocal sheet. They should follow the conventions of the particular style chosen and be clear, intelligible, and make sense for the harmonic language, time signature and instruments chosen.)
  • WXM-2207: Harmony & Counterpoint (Adv) (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module builds on and develops the basic analytical and (pastiche) compositional skills acquired in WXM/WXC 1004/1008. It will explore in detail a variety of vocal and instrumental music, and compositional practices and techniques from the late sixteenth to the early nineteenth centuries; students will be introduced to a range of music from analytical and compositional perspectives. The module will focus on particular genres (such as piano sonata, string quartet) and forms (such as sonata- form exposition, rondo). It will also introduce students to advanced chromaticism and modulation in a range of contexts; these aspects will also be discussed in relation to historical development.
  • WXK-2234: Composing for Film/Media (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The aim of the course is to equip students with the necessary technical and creative skills to prepare them for the world of music for film, television and the media – a field of composition that is full of challenges but very pleasurable. Instruction will be given on the use of specific software and hardware (such as Logic Pro and sibelius), as well as how to synchronise images with sound, the use of keyboards and software samples, and basic mixing techniques. Alongside this will be a series of lectures on topics relating to research, industry and criticism of musical styles and genres in the media. Examples from the work of some of the masters of the form will be analysed, such as John Williams, Alexandre Desplat and Harry Gregson-Williams, to enable the student to gain an understanding of the medium. Detailed attention will be paid to business and legal implications. CO-REQUISITES: Ideally students will have experience of Orchestration (WXK2231 or WXC2232) and Composition (WXC2233) or WXK2233) or Acousmatic Composition (WXK2235), but this is not essential.
    or
    WXC-2234: Cyfansoddi - Ffilm/Cyfryngau (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Amcan y cwrs yw rhoi'r medrau technegol a chreadigol angenrheidiol i fyfyrwyr er mwyn eu paratoi ym myd cerddoriaeth ar gyfer cerddoriaeth i ffilm, teledu a'r cyfryngau - maes o gyfansoddi sy'n llawn her ond yn bleserus iawn. Rhoddir cyfarwyddiadau ar feddalwedd a chaledwedd benodol (megis Logic Pro a sibelius), yn ogystal â sut i gydamseru delweddau â sain, defnydd allweddellau a pheiriannau samplo, a sut i gofnodi a chymysgu cerddoriaeth. Ar yr un pryd, cyflwynir darlithoedd ar bynciau sy'n ymwneud ag ymchwil, diwydiant a beirniadaeth ar arddulliau a genres cerddorol yn y cyfryngau. Dadansoddir enghreifftiau cerddorol o eiddo rhai o feistri'r ffurf, megis John Williams, Alexandre Desplat a Harry Gregson-Williams er mwyn i'r myfyrwyr gael dealltwriaeth o'r cyfrwng. Rhoddir sylw gweddol fanwl i'r goblygiadau ar fusnes a materion cyfreithiol. CO-REQUISITES: Gorau oll os oes gan fyfyrwyr brofiad o Cerddorfaeth (WXK2231 neu WXC2232) a Chyfansoddi (WXC2233 neu WXK2233) neu Gyfansoddi Acwsmatig (WXK2235), ond nid yw hynny'n orfodol.
  • WXP-2243: Ensemble performance 1 (10) (Semester 1)
    Students will be required to form small instrumental or vocal ensembles before the course commences. If students have a specific instrumental formation in mind that cannot be formed within the module, they may invite guest performers. Pianists will have the option to choose collaborative piano (accompanying) as their specialism within the module. Collective rehearsal sessions will be organised by the students with individual coaching provided by members of the School of Music staff. Ensembles are encouraged to explore the existing repertoire during weeks 1–3, and then in subsequent weeks to work on their performance of the work(s) selected by the group. Please note that students may follow a maximum of 20 credits in EnsemblePerformance across Levels 5 and 6.
  • WXP-2244: Ensemble performance 2 (10) (Semester 2)
    Students will be required to form small instrumental or vocal ensembles before the course commences. If students have a specific instrumental formation in mind that cannot be formed within the module, they may invite guest performers. Pianists will have the option to choose collaborative piano (accompanying) as their specialism within the module. Collective rehearsal sessions will be organised by the students with individual coaching provided by members of the School of Music staff. Ensembles are encouraged to explore the existing repertoire during weeks 1–3, and then in subsequent weeks to work on their performance of the work(s) selected by the group. Please note that students may follow a maximum of 20 credits in EnsemblePerformance across Levels 5 and 6.
  • WXP-2253: Fusion Ensemble 1 (10) (Semester 1)
    Students will learn approaches to improvisation and playing together from a number of musical traditions including jazz, European traditional music, and the music of other cultures such as those of China and Brazil. They will be led in workshops by a tutor where they will experiment with different techniques and develop pieces for performance. Students will work in different ensembles and with various instruments. Feedback will be provided as performance pieces are rehearsed for assessment.
  • WXP-2254: Fusion Ensemble 2 (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-2270: Music Teaching in Context (20) (Semester 1 + 2)

60 credits from:

  • VPR-2100: Metaphysics (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-2101: Early Modern Philosophy (20) (Semester 1)
  • VPR-2200: The Problem of Evil (20) (Semester 1)
  • VPR-2206: Sex and Society (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will begin by addressing the moral permissibility of various kinds of sexual activity. Must it be heterosexual? Must sexual activity take place within the confines of the institution of marriage? What are the arguments for and against the ordination of gay bishops in the Church of England? Should the Church give its blessing to gay marriages? The module will then explore the predominant view of the Old and New Testaments concerning sex, marriage and divorce. It will then trace the rise of the concern for gender equality and the influence of the feminist movement. Finally, consideration will be given to the way in which questions about sexual morality lead to more general issues about social relationships.
    or
    VPC-2206: Crefydd, Cenedligrwydd a Rhiwi (20) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y modiwl yn dechrau drwy roi sylw i ba fathau o weithgaredd rhywiol a oddefir yn foesol. Oes raid iddo fod yn heterorywiol? A ydyw'n rhaid i ryw ddigwydd o fewn sefydliad priodas? Beth yw'r dadleuon o blaid ac yn erbyn ordeinio esgobion hoyw yn Eglwys Loegr? A ddylai’r eglwys roi ei bendith ar briodasau hoyw? Bydd y modiwl yn edrych wedyn ar y farn amlycaf yn yr Hen Destament a'r Newydd ynghylch rhyw, priodas ac ysgariad. Bydd wedyn yn olrhain cynnydd y pryder ynghylch cydraddoldeb gender a dylanwad y mudiad ffeministaidd. Yn olaf, ystyrir y ffordd y mae cwestiynau ynghylch moesoldeb rhywiol yn arwain at faterion mwy cyffredinol yn ymwneud â chysylltiadau cymdeithasol.
  • VPC-2207: Astudiaeth Annibynnol (20) (Semester 1)
    Mae’r modiwl yn rhoi cyfle i fyfyrwyr weithio ar bwnc o'u dewis eu hunain. Gall y pwnc fod yn rhyngddisgyblaethol ei natur a bydd yn gysylltiedig ag un o'r disgyblaethau a gynrychiolir yn y radd, neu'r ddwy ohonynt. Bydd yr ymchwil a wneir wedi'i seilio ar ffynonellau eilaidd a bydd yn dangos ymwybyddiaeth o wahanol ddulliau gweithredu methodolegol a'r gallu i leoli, dethol a chyfuno gwybodaeth o amrywiaeth o ffynonellau.
  • VPR-2209: Psychology of Religion: TMH&D (20) (Semester 2)
    The module will begin with a survey of the concept of madness to highlight the difficulties in its definition, and to appreciate the variety of explanations attributed to it in Western culture through the ages. Students will be introduced to the intimate relationship between psychology and religion as two different yet interrelated approaches for making sense of ‘madness’, and the problems apparent in attempts to distinguish between the two. Following this we shall explore two key psychoanalytic models that were developed early in the 20th century for making sense of ‘madness’ and religious experience: the models of Freud and C.G Jung. Students will apply these models to prominent case studies of demonic possession (both medieval and contemporary) in order to evaluate the limitations and benefits of either a psychological or religious diagnoses and possible cure.
  • VPR-2217: Fundamentalism (20) (Semester 1)
    Today people across the world are struggling to counteract the upsurge of religious fundamentalism, creating a growing interest around this phenomenon. With this in mind, the module will examine: (1) the nature of fundamentalism, detailing its historical background and manifestation in Islam, Christianity, and other world religions; (2) the relationship with scripture will be examined; and (3) The module will explore a variety of vivid case studies – from the Wahhabis in the Islamic world, the Christian coalition of the United States, to the Hindu nationalists of India - in order to provide a much-needed window into fundamentalism. These case studies will provide insight into the various social structures, cultural contexts and political environments in which fundamentalist movements have emerged around the world.
  • VPR-2220: Political Philosophy (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-2400: Buddhism in the Modern World (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-2401: God and Government (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-2402: The Holocaust: Philo & Pel Rep (20) (Semester 1)

Year 3 Modules

Compulsory Modules

30 to 60 credits from:

  • WXM-3275: Diss.: Music in the Community (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The dissertation in Music in the Community is an independent piece of writing focusing on some area of music in the community. It may be the only dissertation you are writing, or it may be a second dissertation in a contrasting area to your longer main dissertation. The dissertation in Music in the Community may be a self-contained study focusing on a set topic (such as an aspect of music therapy), or it may involve a practical element, such as market research undertaken on behalf of an Arts Centre or Festival, with a view to producing a series of recommendations on policy. In many cases the project will follow on from skills learned or small-scale projects undertaken during one of the pre-requisite modules (Arts Administration and/or Music in the Community). The topic will be selected by the student in consultation with a member of staff and approved by the Board of Examiners in the normal manner. This selection and approval takes place in the summer term immediately preceding Year 3. The writing should take account of previous and current relevant research but demonstrate originality of mind in approach and argument. Credit will be given for quality of ideas, clarity and logic of argument and presentation, suitability of bibliography, and elegance of presentation.
  • WXM-3276: Dissertation (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The dissertation is an independent piece of writing on a subject selected by the candidate in consultation with a member of staff and approved by the Board of Examiners. This selection and approval takes place in the summer term immediately preceding Year 3. The writing should take account of previous relevant research but demonstrate originality of mind in approach and argument. Credit will be given for quality of ideas, clarity and logic of argument and presentation, suitability of bibliography, and elegance of presentation. The dissertation will be accompanied by seminars on the research, bibliography and methodology skills required for writing the dissertation.
    or
    WXC-3276: Traethawd Hir (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae’r traethawd hir yn ddarn o ysgrifennu annibynnol ar destun a ddewisir gan yr ymgeisydd mewn ymgynghoriad ag aelod staff ac a gymeradwyir gan y Bwrdd Arholi. Mae’r dewis a’r cymeradwyo hwn yn digwydd yn ystod tymor yr haf yn union cyn Blwyddyn 3. Dylai’r ysgrifennu gymryd i ystyriaeth ymchwil flaenorol berthnasol, ond dylai ddangos gwreiddioldeb meddwl o ran dull ymdrin a dadl. Rhoddir credyd am ansawdd syniadau, eglurder a rhesymeg dadl, addasrwydd llyfryddiaeth a mireinder y cyflwyniad. I gyd-fynd â’r traethawd hir ceir seminarau ar y sgiliau ymchwil, llyfryddiaeth a methodoleg sydd eu hangen i ysgrifennu'r traethawd hir
  • WXM-3277: Dissertation (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The dissertation is an independent piece of writing on a subject selected by the candidate in consultation with a member of staff and approved by the Board of Examiners. This selection and approval takes place in the summer term immediately preceding Year 3. The writing should take account of previous relevant research but demonstrate originality of mind in approach and argument. Credit will be given for quality of ideas, clarity and logic of argument and presentation, suitability of bibliography, and elegance of presentation. The dissertation will be accompanied by seminars on the research, bibliography and methodology skills required for writing the dissertation.
    or
    WXC-3277: Traethawd Hir (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae'r traethawd hir yn ddarn o ysgrifennu annibynnol ar destun a ddewisir gan yr ymgeisydd mewn ymgynghoriad ag aelod staff ac a gymeradwyir gan yr Bwrdd Arholi. Mae'r dewis a'r cymeradwyo hwn yn digwydd yn ystod tymor yr haf yn union cyn Blwyddyn 3. Dylai'r ysgrifennu gymryd i ystyriaeth ymchwil flaenorol berthnasol, ond dylai ddangos gwreiddioldeb meddwl o ran dull ymdrin a dadl. Rhoddir credyd am ansawdd syniadau, eglurder a rhesymeg dadl, dull cyflwyno, addasrwydd llyfryddiaeth a mireinder y cyflwyniad. I gyd-fynd a'r traethawd hir ceir seminarau bob pythefnos lle bydd y myfyrwyr yn gweithio gyda thiwtoriaid y modiwl ar y sgiliau ymchwil, llyfryddiaeth a methodoleg sydd eu hangen i ysgrifennu'r traethawd hir
  • WXM-3282: Edition (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Participants of this module will prepare a critical edition of a suitable work from original sources or photographic reproductions of such sources. The work concerned will be selected by the candidate in consultation with a member of staff; the selection approved by the Board of Examiners, during the summer term of Year 2. The length of the work will depend upon various factors, including scoring, the number and complexity of sources, and the extent and degree of editorial intervention the materials demand; but in every instance full editorial apparatus will be required, including a detailed textual commentary. The edition should show awareness of previous editions of relevant music, but also demonstrate a capacity for solving specific editorial problems. Credit will be given for the quality of presentation as well as of editorial work. The project will be accompanied by seminars on the research, bibliography and methodology skills required for preparing the edition.
  • WXM-3283: Edition (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Participants of this module will prepare a critical edition of a suitable work from original sources or photographic reproductions of such sources. The work concerned will be selected by the candidate in consultation with a member of staff; the selection approved by the Board of Examiners, during the summer term of Year 2. The length of the work will depend upon various factors, including scoring, the number and complexity of sources, and the extent and degree of editorial intervention the materials demand; but in every instance full editorial apparatus will be required, including a detailed textual commentary. The edition should show awareness of previous editions of relevant music, but also demonstrate a capacity for solving specific editorial problems. Credit will be given for the quality of presentation as well as of editorial work. The project will be accompanied by seminars on the research, bibliography and methodology skills required for preparing the edition.
  • WXK-3288: Composition (project) (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The composition project is an opportunity for students to spend a sustained period engaged in compositional activity, working towards the production of a work, or works, of significant scale and duration. Students complete a composition or portfolio of compositions for any combination of instruments, voices, electroacoustic and studio resources, with the guidance of a supervisor. Project composers meet regularly as a group to consider broad issues and to share ideas and approaches. Compositions should demonstrate a thorough understanding of their genre, facility in the relevant technical skills, clarity of creative intent, and contemporary cultural relevance in their aesthetic approach. Compositions should be submitted in the form of a notated score, recording or a combination. If the work involves music for moving image, a DVD of music synchronised to picture must also be submitted. The piece or portfolio should normally be about 18 minutes in duration, by agreement with the supervisor, and depending on the tempo, the complexity of the music and the nature of the instrumental/vocal/ electroacoustic resources used. Portfolios may contain a mix of different genres. This module is not appropriate for students wishing to compose in historical or pastiche styles.
    or
    WXC-3288: Cyfansoddi (project) (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae’r project yn gyfle i fyfyrwyr dreulio cyfnod estynedig mewn gweithgaredd yn ymwneud â chyfansoddi, gan weithio tuag at greu gwaith, neu weithiau, ar raddfa a hyd sylweddol. Mae myfyrwyr yn cwblhau cyfansoddiad neu bortffolio o gyfansoddiadau ar gyfer unrhyw gyfuniad o offerynnau, lleisiau, adnoddau electroacwstig ac adnoddau stiwdio, dan gyfarwyddyd arolygwr. Bydd y cyfansoddwyr sydd ar y project yn cwrdd yn gyson fel grŵp i ystyried materion eang ac i rannu syniadau a dulliau. Dylai cyfansoddiadau ddangos dealltwriaeth drylwyr o’u genre, meistrolaeth ar y medrau technegol perthnasol, eglurder o ran bwriad creadigol, a pherthnasedd diwylliannol cyfoes o ran eu dull esthetig. Dylai myfyrwyr gyflwyno cyfansoddiadau ar ffurf sgôr wedi’i nodiannu, recordiad neu gyfuniad. Os yw’r gwaith yn cynnwys cerddoriaeth ar gyfer delwedd symudol, dylech hefyd gyflwyno DVD o gerddoriaeth wedi’i chydamseru â’r llun. Fel rheol, dylai’r darn neu’r portffolio gymryd rhyw 18 munud, trwy gytundeb â’r arolygwr, ac yn ôl y tempo, cymhlethdod y gerddoriaeth a nodweddion yr adnoddau offerynnol/ lleisiol/ electroacwstig a ddefnyddir. Gall portffolios gynnwys cymysgedd o wahanol genres. Nid yw’r modiwl hwn yn addas i fyfyrwyr sy’n dymuno cyfansoddi mewn arddulliau hanesyddol neu pastiche.
  • WXK-3289: Composition (project) (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The composition project is an opportunity for students to spend a sustained period engaged in compositional activity, working towards the production of a work, or works, of significant scale and duration. Students complete a composition or portfolio of compositions for any combination of instruments, voices, electroacoustic and studio resources, with the guidance of a supervisor. Project composers meet regularly as a group to consider broad issues and to share ideas and approaches. Compositions should demonstrate a thorough understanding of their genre, facility in the relevant technical skills, clarity of creative intent, and contemporary cultural relevance in their aesthetic approach. Compositions should be submitted in the form of a notated score, recording or a combination. If the work involves music for moving image, a DVD of music synchronised to picture must also be submitted. The piece or portfolio should normally be about 22 minutes in duration, by agreement with the supervisor, and depending on the tempo, the complexity of the music and the nature of the instrumental/vocal/ electroacoustic resources used. Portfolios may contain a mix of different genres. This module is not appropriate for students wishing to compose in historical or pastiche styles.
    or
    WXC-3289: Cyfansoddi (project) (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae’r project yn gyfle i fyfyrwyr dreulio cyfnod estynedig mewn gweithgaredd yn ymwneud â chyfansoddi, gan weithio tuag at greu gwaith, neu weithiau, ar raddfa a hyd sylweddol. Mae myfyrwyr yn cwblhau cyfansoddiad neu bortffolio o gyfansoddiadau ar gyfer unrhyw gyfuniad o offerynnau, lleisiau, adnoddau electroacwstig ac adnoddau stiwdio, dan gyfarwyddyd arolygwr. Bydd y cyfansoddwyr sydd ar y project yn cwrdd yn gyson fel grŵp i ystyried materion eang ac i rannu syniadau a dulliau. Dylai cyfansoddiadau ddangos dealltwriaeth drylwyr o’u genre, meistrolaeth ar y medrau technegol perthnasol, eglurder o ran bwriad creadigol, a pherthnasedd diwylliannol cyfoes o ran eu dull esthetig. Dylai myfyrwyr gyflwyno cyfansoddiadau ar ffurf sgôr wedi’i nodiannu, recordiad neu gyfuniad. Os yw’r gwaith yn cynnwys cerddoriaeth ar gyfer delwedd symudol, dylech hefyd gyflwyno DVD o gerddoriaeth wedi’i chydamseru â’r llun. Fel rheol, dylai’r darn neu’r portffolio gymryd rhyw 22 munud, trwy gytundeb â’r arolygwr, ac yn ôl y tempo, cymhlethdod y gerddoriaeth a nodweddion yr adnoddau offerynnol/ lleisiol/ electroacwstig a ddefnyddir. Gall portffolios gynnwys cymysgedd o wahanol genres. Nid yw’r modiwl hwn yn addas i fyfyrwyr sy’n dymuno cyfansoddi mewn arddulliau hanesyddol neu pastiche.
  • WXP-3297: Solo Performance Project (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Participants of the module will prepare and perform a public recital of 30 minutes’ duration, featuring stylistically-diverse solo repertoire from different periods. Individual instrumental or vocal tuition will be accompanied by seminars in which the students will work on advanced questions of repertoire, rehearsal strategies, performance practice and historically-informed performance. This module is capped at 15
    or
    WXC-3297: Project Perfformio Unawdol (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bydd y rhai sy’n dilyn y modiwl yn paratoi a pherfformio datganiad cyhoeddus yn para am 30 munud, yn cynnwys repertoire unawdol mewn arddulliau amrywiol o gyfnodau gwahanol. Caiff myfyrwyr hyfforddiant offerynnol neu leisiol unigol ochr yn ochr â seminarau, lle bydd y myfyrwyr yn gweithio ar gwestiynau uwch ar repertoire, strategaethau ymarfer, ymarfer ar gyfer perfformio, a pherfformio dan ddylanwad hanesyddol. Dim ond 15 myfyriwr ar y modiwl yma
  • WXP-3298: Solo Performance Project (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Participants of the module will prepare and perform a public recital of 40 minutes’ duration, featuring stylistically-diverse solo repertoire from different periods. Individual instrumental or vocal tuition will be accompanied by seminars in which the students will work on advanced questions of repertoire, rehearsal strategies, performance practice and historically-informed performance. This module is capped at 15 students
    or
    WXC-3298: Project Perfformio Unawdol (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bydd y rhai sy’n dilyn y modiwl yn paratoi a pherfformio datganiad cyhoeddus yn para am 40 munud, yn cynnwys repertoire unawdol mewn arddulliau amrywiol o gyfnodau gwahanol. Caiff myfyrwyr hyfforddiant offerynnol neu leisiol unigol ochr yn ochr â seminarau, lle bydd y myfyrwyr yn gweithio ar gwestiynau uwch ar repertoire, strategaethau ymarfer, ymarfer ar gyfer perfformio, a pherfformio dan ddylanwad hanesyddol. Dim ond 15 o fyfyrwyr ar y modiwl yma
  • SPECIAL PROJECTS: Students must choose at least ONE Project, either in Music or in other subject. Students are welcome to choose more than one project: either two in Music or one in each School.

Optional Modules

0 to 30 credits from:

  • WXM-3009: 20th Century Women Composers (10) (Semester 2)
    Musicology has in recent years been enriched by research that highlights the contribution made by women to Music & Music History.This module forms an introduction to some of the most important women musicians of the twentieth century, including: a. British: Ethel Smyth (1858-1944), Elisabeth Lutyens (1906-83), Grace Williams (1906-77) and Elizabeth Maconchy (1907-94). b. Europe: Cecile Chaminade (1857-1944), Germaine Tailleferre (1892-1983), Nadia (1887-1979) and Lili Boulanger (1893-1918). c. American: Amy Beach (1867-1944), Marion Bauer (1882-1955), Ruth Crawford Seeger (1901-53) and Louise Talma (1906-96). d. Established Contemporary Voices: Thea Musgrave (1928-), Sofia Gubaidulina (1931-), Kaija Saariaho (1952-) and Chen Yi (1953-).
  • WXM-3010: Zappa: the man and the music (10) (Semester 2)
    In this module, Frank Zappa’s music and life will be explored chronologically, starting from his beginnings as a young musician in Baltimore to his classical compositions towards the end of his life. The subject matter to be covered throughout the lectures and seminars will comprise: Zappa’s compositional styles and influences; his engagement in political issues (including censorship); humour and satire in his music; his classical works; his collaborations, and the legacy left by him.
  • WXM-3019: Opera: Moteverdi to Mozart (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-3020: 19th Century Symphony (10) (Semester 1)
  • WXM-3115: Minimalism (10) (Semester 2)
    This course will begin by looking at the use of the term Minimalism in art and music and trace its evolution in the early works of La Monte Young and Terry Riley. Discussion of Steve Reich's significant essay 'Music as Gradual Process', will be followed by the analysis of works by Reich, Glass, Adams and Torke, before looking at the contribution of European composers such as Pärt, Gorecki, Andriessen, Bryars, Skempton and Nyman.
    or
    WXC-3115: Minimaliaeth (10) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y cwrs hwn yn cychwyn gan edrych ar y defnydd o'r term Minimaliaeth mewn celfyddyd gain a cherddoriaeth, cyn olrhain esblygiad y term yng ngherddoriaeth La Monte Young a Terry Riley. Trafodir ysgrif arwyddocaol Steve Reich 'Cerddoriaeth fel Proses Raddol', cyn dadansoddi gweithiau Reich, Glass, Adams a Torke, ac yna edrych ar gyfraniad cyfansoddwyr Ewropeaidd megis Pärt, Gorecki, Andriessen, Bryars, Skempton a Nyman.
  • WXM-3153: From Dufay to Josquin (10) (Semester 1)
    Description: Numerous composers of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries had well-deserved reputations in their day as excellent singers or renowned choirmasters. Nevertheless it is Josquin de Prez (d. 1521) whose reputation towered over those of his contemporaries, and continues to do so today. This module considers the music of Josquin alongside that of his contemporaries, such as Antoine Brumel, Pierre de la Rue, Loyset Compère, Jacob Obrecht and Heinrich Isaac, and examines the nature of musical production and distribution during Josquin's lifetime. Method, number and frequency of classes: Normally one class of 1 hour and 15 minutes per week for nine weeks, plus up to two individual consultations by arrangement. Assessment: One essay submitted in week 12 (80%); one seminar presentation of 10 minutes' duration (20%). Learning Outcomes: On completion of the module, the student should have: 1. acquired a reasonably detailed knowledge of the main compositional genres of the period, and of selected works by Josquin and his contemporaries 2. developed an awareness of the historical and cultural contexts which gave rise to this music 3. gained an awareness of the problem of anonymous music and composer attribution during the period 4. developed an enhanced perspective of the portrayal of one of the first 'great composers'
  • WXM-3157: The Music of Stockhausen (10) (Semester 1)
    This module forms an introduction to the music of the radical German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-2007). It will consider specific works by Stockhausen, as well as the issues they raise, and will do so from both historical and analytical perspectives. It will also aim to consider the music of Stockhausen in the context of works by other composers.
  • WXM-3187: Music, Health and Wellbeing A (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-3189: Ligeti (10) (Semester 2)
    The Hungarian born György Ligeti established himself as one of the most distinguished composers from the second half of the twentieth century. This module will focus on a selection of his most well-known compositions (which features his orchestral Atmosphères and Melodien, his Violin Concerto, the opera Le Grand Macabre, the piano Études and selected chamber and vocal pieces), assessing his artistic contribution within the European cultural developments of the time while placing their significance within the composer’s creative and historical background. Close attention will be paid in identifying his distinctive style and composition techniques, and on how they shaped his independent and uncompromising creative output.
    or
    WXC-3189: Ligeti (Cymraeg) (10) (Semester 2)
    Sefydlodd y cyfansoddwr Hwngaraidd, György Ligeti, ei hun fel un o ffigyrau mwyaf blaenllaw ail hanner yr ugeinfed ganrif. Canolbwyntia’r modiwl hwn ar astudio detholiad o’i weithiau enwocaf (sy’n cynnwys y darnau cerddorfaol Atmosphères a Melodien, ei Gonsierto i’r Ffidil, yr opera Le Grand Macabre, yr Études i’r piano ac ambell i waith siambr a lleisiol arall), gan asesu ei gyfraniad artistig o fewn datblygiadau celfyddydol Ewropeaidd ei gyfnod. Gosodir eu harwyddocâd o fewn cefndir creadigol a hanesyddol y cyfansoddwr gan fanylu ar ei arddull unigryw a’i dechnegau cyfansoddi a’r modd y dylanwadodd y rhain ar ei allbwn annibynnol a digyfaddawd.
  • WXK-3191: Songwriting (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Students will be introduced to many basic and advanced aspects of composing in various song genres, with particular reference to the presentation of rhythmic counterpoint, harmonic vocabulary, melodic shaping, formal archetypes and lyrics in their songs. These will be illustrated with reference to a number of song styles, ranging from folk to jazz and rock genres. At the end of the module, the student will have created a small portfolio their own songs, and be able to present their work to a good standard either on audio CD or in written form. (For recordings this means that the sounds are distortion-free unless intentionally so, all elements are appropriately audible and relatively balanced in terms of level. Scores must be presented in an accepted form such as jazz lead-sheet, full score or popular piano-and-vocal sheet. They should follow the conventions of the particular style chosen and be clear, intelligible, and make sense for the harmonic language, time signature and instruments chosen.) Pre-requisites: Satisfactory completion of Year 1 Music (single or joint honours), or satisfactory completion of Year 1 English with Songwriting. It is assumed that students will be able to record or computer-notate their own songs to a good standard for this module; therefore it is recommended that they have completed a music technology module or equivalent. For recordings ‘good’ means that the sounds are distortion-free, all elements are appropriately audible and relatively balanced in terms of level. Scores must be presented in an accepted form such as jazz lead-sheet, full score or popular piano-and-vocal sheet, and preferably computer-notated. They should follow the conventions of the particular style chosen and be clear, intelligible, and make sense for the harmonic language, time signature and instruments chosen.
  • WXM-3207: Harmony & Counterpoint (Adv) (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This course looks at the music of the baroque and classical periods in some depth. The first semester is given over to a study of Baroque harmonic and contrapuntal practice, with particular emphasis on the trio sonata. During the second semester, string quartet writing will form the basis of a close investigation of Classical procedures. Specially written course-books provide the basis for instruction in both semesters.
  • WXM-3209: Brazilian Music and Culture (10) (Semester 1)
    The module will explore some important Brazilian musical genres and relate these to cultural and political developments in the country. The impact of Brazilian popular music outside Brazil will be discussed as well as the effect of foreign music on the country. The module will give students the opportunity to familiarise themselves with several musical styles and artists. Key ideas for the analysis of the issues covered will also be discussed.
  • WXK-3234: Composing for Film/Media (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The aim of the course is to equip students with the necessary technical and creative skills to prepare them for the world of music for film, television and the media – a field of composition that is full of challenges but very pleasurable. Instruction will be given on the use of specific software and hardware (such as Logic Pro and sibelius), as well as how to synchronise images with sound, the use of keyboards and software samples, and basic mixing techniques . Alongside this will be a series of lectures on topics relating to research, industry and criticism of musical styles and genres in the media. Examples from the work of some of the masters of the form will be analysed, such as John Williams, Alexandre Desplat and Harry Gregson-Williams, to enable the student to gain an understanding of the medium. Detailed attention will be paid to business and legal implications. CO-REQUISITES: Ideally students will have experience of Orchestration (WXK2231 or WXC2232) and Composition (WXC2233 or WXK2233) or Acousmatic Composition (WXK2235), but this is not essential.
    or
    WXC-3234: Cyfansoddi - Ffilm/Cyfryngau (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Amcan y cwrs yw rhoi'r medrau technegol a chreadigol angenrheidiol i fyfyrwyr er mwyn eu paratoi ym myd cerddoriaeth ar gyfer cerddoriaeth i ffilm, teledu a'r cyfryngau - maes o gyfansoddi sy'n llawn her ond yn bleserus iawn. Rhoddir cyfarwyddiadau ar feddalwedd a chaledwedd benodol (megis Logic Pro a sibelius.), yn ogystal â sut i gydamseru delweddau â sain, defnydd allweddellau a pheiriannau samplo, a sut i gofnodi a chymysgu cerddoriaeth. Ar yr un pryd, cyflwynir darlithoedd ar bynciau sy'n ymwneud ag ymchwil, diwydiant a beirniadaeth ar arddulliau a genres cerddorol yn y cyfryngau. Dadansoddir enghreifftiau cerddorol o eiddo rhai o feistri'r ffurf, megis John Williams, Alexandre Desplat a Harry Gregson-Williams er mwyn i'r myfyrwyr gael dealltwriaeth o'r cyfrwng. Rhoddir sylw gweddol fanwl i'r goblygiadau ar fusnes a materion cyfreithiol. CYDOFYNION: Gorau oll os oes gan fyfyrwyr brofiad o Cerddorfaeth (WXK2231 neu WXC2232) a Chyfansoddi (WXC2233 new WXK2233) neu Gyfansoddi Acwsmatig (WXK2235), ond nid yr hynny'n orfodol.
  • WXP-3243: Advanced Ensemble Performance1 (10) (Semester 1)
    Students will be required to form small instrumental or vocal ensembles before the course commences. If students have a specific instrumental formation in mind that cannot be formed within the module, they may invite guest performers. Pianists will have the option to choose collaborative piano (accompanying) as their specialism within the module. Collective rehearsal sessions will be organised by the students with individual coaching provided by members of the School of Music staff. Ensembles are encouraged to explore the existing repertoire during weeks 1–3, and then in subsequent weeks to work on their performance of the work(s) selected by the group. Please note that students may follow a maximum of 20 credits in EnsemblePerformance across Levels 5 and 6.
  • WXP-3244: Advanced Ensemble Performance2 (10) (Semester 2)
    Students will be required to form small instrumental or vocal ensembles before the course commences. If students have a specific instrumental formation in mind that cannot be formed within the module, they may invite guest performers. Pianists will have the option to choose collaborative piano (accompanying) as their specialism within the module. Collective rehearsal sessions will be organised by the students with individual coaching provided by members of the School of Music staff. Ensembles are encouraged to explore the existing repertoire during weeks 1–3, and then in subsequent weeks to work on their performance of the work(s) selected by the group. Please note that students may follow a maximum of 20 credits in EnsemblePerformance across Levels 5 and 6.
  • WXP-3249: Conducting (10) (Semester 2)
    This module will equip students with the essential skills for conducting and rehearsing, and related musical and organisational skills. Work will be mostly practical and will include study of gesture, beating time, the detailed preparation of a score, rehearsal technique, and psychological skills required by a conductor.
  • WXP-3253: Fusion Ensemble 1 (10) (Semester 1)
  • WXP-3254: Fusion Ensemble 2 (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-3268: Studio Techniques (10) (Semester 1)
    To introduce students to digital sound recording and editing techniques. The various equipment found in a recording studio will be introduced and explained, and practical skills in its uses will be developed.
  • WXM-3270: Music Teaching in Context (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • WXM-3302: Fugue (10) (Semester 2)
    Fugue, in one form or another, has been a prominent aspect of Western art music since the late Middle Ages. It can perhaps best be described as a contrapuntal compositional procedure, in two or more voices, in which a short theme (the subject) is introduced in imitation (based on tonal principles); this subject then recurs throughout the rest of the composition. Fugues typically have three sections, using terminology shared with sonata-form: exposition, development, recapitulation. Fugue is not a fixed form, however: it is best understood as a compositional procedure. By the end of the 17th century, fugue was widely regarded as the fullest expression of imitative polyphony. The fugues of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750) represent the apex of the style, particularly his Die Kunst der Fuge (The Art of Fugue). The status of the fugue waned in the late 18th century, though we still find it cultivated in the works of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. This module will examine theories about fugue and its characteristics; the primary musical focus will be on the fugal style of JS Bach. Students will learn how to analyse and assess fugal compositions, and learn how to compose a fugal exposition.

60 credits from:

  • VPR-3100: Metaphysics (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-3101: Early Modern Philosophy (20) (Semester 1)
  • VPR-3200: The Problem of Evil (20) (Semester 1)
  • VPR-3206: Sex and Society (20) (Semester 1) or
    VPC-3306: Crefydd, Cenedligrwydd a Rhiwi (20) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y modiwl yn dechrau drwy roi sylw i ba fathau o weithgaredd rhywiol a oddefir yn foesol. Oes raid iddo fod yn heterorywiol? A ydyw'n rhaid i ryw ddigwydd o fewn sefydliad priodas? Beth yw'r dadleuon o blaid ac yn erbyn ordeinio esgobion hoyw yn Eglwys Loegr? A ddylai’r eglwys roi ei bendith ar briodasau hoyw? Bydd y modiwl yn edrych wedyn ar y farn amlycaf yn yr Hen Destament a'r Newydd ynghylch rhyw, priodas ac ysgariad. Bydd wedyn yn olrhain cynnydd y pryder ynghylch cydraddoldeb gender a dylanwad y mudiad ffeministaidd. Yn olaf, ystyrir y ffordd y mae cwestiynau ynghylch moesoldeb rhywiol yn arwain at faterion mwy cyffredinol yn ymwneud â chysylltiadau cymdeithasol.
  • VPR-3209: Psychology of Religion (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-3217: Fundamentalism (20) (Semester 1)
  • VPR-3220: Political Philosophy (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-3300: Undergraduate Dissertation (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    In this final level dissertation students will mainly be working alone to produce a dissertation of approximately 10,000 words. The content of the dissertation will be determined by the students in conjunction with their supervisor. As students may choose to undertake project which involves research in both philosophy and religion, they may consult other members of the teaching team in addition to their supervisor. Students will also be asked to produce a 20 minute assessed oral presentation on their dissertation.
    or
    VPC-3300: Traethawd Hir (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Yn y traethawd hir lefel derfynol hwn bydd myfyrwyr yn gweithio'n bennaf ar eu pennau eu hunain i lunio traethawd hir o tua 10,000 o eiriau. Y myfyrwyr, mewn cydweithrediad â'u goruchwyliwr, fydd yn penderfynu ar gynnwys y traethawd hir. Oherwydd y gall myfyrwyr ddewis gwneud project sy'n cynnwys ymchwil mewn athroniaeth a chrefydd, gallant ymgynghori ag aelodau eraill y tîm addysgu yn ogystal â'u goruchwyliwr eu hunain. Gofynnir i fyfyrwyr hefyd ddarparu cyflwyniad llafar 20 munud ar eu traethawd hir a chaiff ei asesu.
  • VPR-3400: Buddhism in the Modern World (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-3401: God and Government (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPR-3402: The Holocaust: Philo & Rel Res (20) (Semester 1)
  • Students may choose whether to take the dissertation in Philosophy/Religion or their other subject