Modules for course WR34 | BA/MUSP
BA Music/Spanish

This is a provisional list of modules to be offered on this course in the 2018–19 academic year.

The list may not be complete, and the final course content may be different.

You can also view the modules offered in the years: 2016–17; 2017–18.

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Year 1 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • WXM-1002: The Study of Music (jt-hnrs) (20) Core
    The module surveys the history of Western art music from around 1000 AD to the present day. Selected works from the period will be studied in detail, and changes and developments in musical style will be set in their historical, cultural, social, geographical and aesthetic contexts. Furthermore, the module will encourage the development of a range of skills required for the study of music at degree level, and will form the foundation for musicological study carried out in Years 2 and 3 and beyond.
    or
    WXC-1002: Astudio Cerddoriaeth (JH) (20) Core
    Mae’r modiwl yn edrych ar hanes cerddoriaeth gelfyddydol Orllewinol o tua 1000 AD i'r cyfnod presennol. Astudir gweithiau dethol o’r cyfnod yn fanwl, a gosodir newidiadau a datblygiadau mewn arddull gerddorol yn eu cyd-destunau hanesyddol, diwylliannol, cymdeithasol, daearyddol ac esthetaidd. Yn ogystal, bydd y modiwl yn annog datblygiad amrywiaeth o sgiliau sydd eu hangen i astudio cerddoriaeth ar lefel gradd, a bydd yn sylfaen ar gyfer astudiaeth gerddolegol a wneir ym Mlynyddoedd 2 a 3 a thu hwnt.

Semester 2

  • WXM-1002: The Study of Music (jt-hnrs)
    The module surveys the history of Western art music from around 1000 AD to the present day. Selected works from the period will be studied in detail, and changes and developments in musical style will be set in their historical, cultural, social, geographical and aesthetic contexts. Furthermore, the module will encourage the development of a range of skills required for the study of music at degree level, and will form the foundation for musicological study carried out in Years 2 and 3 and beyond.
    or
    WXC-1002: Astudio Cerddoriaeth (JH)
    Mae’r modiwl yn edrych ar hanes cerddoriaeth gelfyddydol Orllewinol o tua 1000 AD i'r cyfnod presennol. Astudir gweithiau dethol o’r cyfnod yn fanwl, a gosodir newidiadau a datblygiadau mewn arddull gerddorol yn eu cyd-destunau hanesyddol, diwylliannol, cymdeithasol, daearyddol ac esthetaidd. Yn ogystal, bydd y modiwl yn annog datblygiad amrywiaeth o sgiliau sydd eu hangen i astudio cerddoriaeth ar lefel gradd, a bydd yn sylfaen ar gyfer astudiaeth gerddolegol a wneir ym Mlynyddoedd 2 a 3 a thu hwnt.

40 credits from:

  • LZS-1001: Spanish for Advanced Students (20) (Semester 1 + 2) Core
    This module has been designed in order to enable post 'A' level students to develop written communicative skills in Spanish by extending linguistic competence acquired at 'A' level. It comprises a text-based class in which students have the opportunity to develop translation skills and paraphrasing techniques. Students also have the opportunity to revise and consolidate key areas of grammar in a second class which constitutes the grammatical spine of the module. The texts used in this module are chosen from a range of sources including the media and literary works in order to familiarise students with variations in tone and register. A thematic approach is used in the text-based class in order to enable students to gain an insight into particular Hispanic themes and issues while developing the various written communicative skills outlined. Spanish Practice Books: No set text is given for this language module, although students are highly encouraged to purchase a copy of the following books for self-study: Busquets, María, Ejercicios gramaticales, Niveles Intermedio y Superior (Madrid: Verbum, 1993) Howkins, Angela, Practising Spanish Grammar, (London: Hodder, 2011) Nissemberg, Gilda, Practice Makes Perfect. Complete Spanish Grammar (New York: Mc Graw-Hill, 2004) Equipo Prisma, Español para Extranjeros: Nivel Intermedio B1 (Madrid: Edinumen, 2004) Websites: Diccionario de la Real Academia de la Lengua Española: http://www.rae.es/rae.html Any other learning resources: Students are given two module dossiers at the beginning of the year containing all the necessary materials for their classes. Students have to complete the School’s Self-Study Portfolio (available from SMLC website).
    or
    LCS-1001: Sbaeneg i Fyfyrwyr Uwch (20) (Semester 1) Core
    Lluniwyd y modiwl hwn i alluogi myfyrwyr sydd wedi astudio Lefel A Sbaeneg i ddatblygu eu sgiliau cyfathrebu trwy ehangu ar y sgiliau iaith a ddysgwyd ganddynt yn eu Lefel A. Mae'n cynnwys dosbarth sy'n seiliedig ar destunau lle caiff myfyrwyr gyfle i ddatblygu eu sgiliau cyfieithu ac aralleirio. Caiff myfyrwyr hefyd y cyfle i adolygu a chyfnerthu elfennau gramadegol penodol mewn ail ddosbarth sy'n canolbwyntio ar ramadeg. Daw'r testunau a ddefnyddir yn y modiwl hwn o amrywiaeth o ffynonellau yn cynnwys y cyfryngau a darnau llenyddol er mwyn i fyfyrwyr ymgyfarwyddo ag amrywiol gyweiriau. Defnyddir dull thematig o ymdrin â'r darnau yn y dosbarth er mwyn galluogi myfyrwyr i ddod i ddeall themâu a materion Sbaenaidd penodol wrth feithrin y sgiliau ysgrifennu a amlinellwyd. Mae pynciau’n cynnwys: sinema, celf, llenyddiaeth a gwleidyddiaeth. Spanish Practice Books: No set text is given for this language module, although students are highly encouraged to purchase a copy of the following books for self-study: Busquets, María, Ejercicios gramaticales, Niveles Intermedio y Superior (Madrid: Verbum, 1993) Howkins, Angela, Practising Spanish Grammar, (London: Hodder, 2011) Nissemberg, Gilda, Practice Makes Perfect. Complete Spanish Grammar (New York: Mc Graw-Hill, 2004) Equipo Prisma, Español para Extranjeros: Nivel Intermedio B1 (Madrid: Edinumen, 2004) Websites: Diccionario de la Real Academia de la Lengua Española: http://www.rae.es/rae.html Any other learning resources: Students are given two module dossiers at the beginning of the year containing all the necessary materials for their classes. Students have to complete the School’s Self-Study Portfolio (available from SMLC website).
  • LZS-1002: Spoken Spanish Advanced (20) (Semester 1 + 2) Core
    This topic-based module complements LZS1001 by developing proficiency in spoken Spanish acquired at 'A' level. A range of audio and visual aids is used in each class in order to stimulate group discussions, debates and individual presentations on a particular theme. Aural skills are also developed through audio and video comprehension exercises. The purpose of this module is to enable students to defend themselves orally in a range of topics relating to contemporary Hispanic life and society and to improve comprehension of regional Spanish accents. Websites: YouTube channels for listening comprehension practice: http://www.youtube.com/user/rtve http://www.youtube.com/user/misextatv http://www.youtube.com/user/antena3 http://www.youtube.com/user/valemusic http://www.youtube.com/user/artehistoriacom Spanish radio stations: http://www.cadenaser.com/player_radio.html http://www.los40.com/player/ Main Spanish newspapers: http://www.elpais.com http://www.elperiodico.com/es/ http://www.lavanguardia.com/ http://www.elmundo.es/
    or
    LCS-1002: Sbaeneg Llafar Uwch (20) (Semester 1) Core
    Y modiwl hwn yw'r modiwl llafar sy'n cyfateb i LCS1001. Mae'n fodiwl dwbl sy'n anelu at ddatblygu'r sgiliau Sbaeneg llafar a ddysgwyd wrth astudio am Lefel A. Defnyddir amrywiaeth o gymhorthion clywedol a gweledol ym mhob dosbarth i sbarduno trafodaethau grŵp, dadleuon a chyflwyniadau unigol ar themâu penodol. Datblygir sgiliau gwrando hefyd trwy ymarferion gwrando a deall gyda thapiau sain a fideo. Nod y modiwl hwn yw galluogi myfyrwyr i fynegi eu hunain ar lafar wrth drafod amrywiaeth o bynciau sy'n ymwneud â bywyd cyfoes a chymdeithas Sbaenaidd a gwella eu dealltwriaeth o acenion rhanbarthol Sbaeneg. Websites: YouTube channels for listening comprehension practice: http://www.youtube.com/user/rtve http://www.youtube.com/user/misextatv http://www.youtube.com/user/antena3 http://www.youtube.com/user/valemusic http://www.youtube.com/user/artehistoriacom Spanish radio stations: http://www.cadenaser.com/player_radio.html http://www.los40.com/player/ Main Spanish newspapers: http://www.elpais.com http://www.elperiodico.com/es/ http://www.lavanguardia.com/ http://www.elmundo.es/
  • LZS-1003: Spanish Begin./Intermed. 1 (20) (Semester 1) Core
    This module is aimed at ab initio and post GCSE students of Spanish and focuses on the development of basic oral, aural and written communicative skills. The module involves an introduction to (and in the case of those with GCSE knowledge of the language), a revision of key areas of grammar (present and past tenses, the future and conditional tenses, nouns, adjectives, prepositions) and general vocabulary and key expressions relating to self, family, daily routine, hobbies, likes and dislikes and role-play situations. Through selected audio/visual aids, students will also be introduced to Spanish culture and society. Textbook: Kattán, Juan, and Angela Howkins, Spanish Grammar in Context, 3rd edn (New York: Routledge, 2014)
    or
    LCS-1003: Sbaeneg i Ddechreuwyr 1 (20) (Semester 1) Core
    Mae'r modiwl hwn wedi ei anelu at ddechreuwyr a myfyrwyr sydd wedi astudio TGAU Sbaeneg ac mae'n canolbwyntio ar ddatblygu sgiliau cyfathrebu llafar, clywedol ac ysgrifenedig sylfaenol. Mae'r modiwl yn cynnwys cyflwyniad ac (yn achos myfyrwyr sydd wedi astudio TGAU Sbaeneg) adolygiad o elfennau gramadegol allweddol (yr amser presennol a'r gorffennol, y dyfodol a'r amodol, enwau, ansoddeiriau, arddodiaid) a geirfa ac ymadroddion cyffredin sy'n ymwneud â'r hunan, y teulu, bywyd pob dydd, hobïau, hoff bethau a chas bethau a chwarae rôl. Trwy gymhorthion clywedol/gweledol cyflwynir myfyrwyr hefyd i ddiwylliant a chymdeithas Sbaenaidd. Llyfr cwrs: Kattán, Juan, and Angela Howkins, Spanish Grammar in Context, 3rd edn (New York: Routledge, 2014)
  • LZS-1004: Spanish Begin./Intermed. 2 (20) (Semester 2) Core
    This module is aimed at all first year students who have completed Spanish for Beginners and Intermediate Students 1. The module aims to develop the basic oral, aural and written communicative skills acquired in semester 1 in order to bring students up to and beyond a level of proficiency equivalent to 'A' level. Students apply the grammatical principles learned in semester 1 to extended pieces of writing and also focus on more complex grammatical structures. Aural communicative skills are developed through audio and video tape comprehension exercises and students are required to make individual presentations on more sophisticated topics. Textbook: Kattán, Juan, and Angela Howkins, Spanish Grammar in Context, 3rd edn (New York: Routledge, 2014)
    or
    LCS-1004: Sbaeneg i Ddechreuwyr 2 (20) (Semester 2) Core
    Mae'r modiwl hwn wedi ei anelu at fyfyrwyr yn y flwyddyn gyntaf sydd wedi astudio Sbaeneg i Ddechreuwyr a Myfyrwyr Canolradd 1. Nod y modiwl hwn yw datblygu'r sgiliau llafar, clywedol ac ysgrifenedig sylfaenol a ddysgwyd yn semester 1 er mwyn i fyfyrwyr ddatblygu'r hyfedredd sy'n cyfateb i safon Lefel A. Bydd myfyrwyr yn defnyddio'r egwyddorion gramadegol a ddysgwyd yn semester 1 i ysgrifennu darnau estynedig a byddant hefyd yn canolbwyntio ar strwythurau gramadegol mwy cymhleth (y goddefol, y modd dibynnol, y modd gorchmynnol). Datblygir sgiliau gwrando trwy ymarferion gwrando a deall gyda thapiau sain a fideo a bydd gofyn i fyfyrwyr roi cyflwyniadau unigol ar bynciau mwy cymhleth. Llyfr cwrs: Kattán, Juan, and Angela Howkins, Spanish Grammar in Context, 3rd edn (New York: Routledge, 2014)
  • Students with A level Spanish must take LZS-1001 and LZS-1002. Students without A level Spanish must take LZS-1003 and LZS-1004.

Optional Modules

20 credits from:

  • LZF-1003: French for Beginners I (20) (Semester 1)
    The module is devised to suit 'ab initio' and post-GCSE students of French and focuses on the development of basic oral, aural and written communicative skills. The module involves an introduction to and [in the case of those with GCSE knowledge of the language] a revision of key areas of grammar (present and past tenses, the future and conditional tenses, nouns, adjectives, prepositions). Students will acquire general vocabulary and key expressions relating to self, family, daily routine, hobbies, likes and dislikes, in part through role-play situations. Using appropriate audio/visual aids, students will also be introduced to modern and contemporary French culture and society. Key texts: Action Grammaire! 3rd edition by Phil Turk & Geneviève García Vandaele (Hodder Education, 2006). The French Experience 1 Marie Therese Bougard, Daniele Bourdais (BBC Publications, 2003) Students are given the following advice about purchasing a dictionary: “You may be able to manage with a concise one (not a pocket dictionary), but you should consider a ‘proper’ translating dictionary such as the Collins-Robert or Oxford-Hachette, and learn to use it effectively and regularly.”
    or
    LCF-1003: Ffrangeg i Ddechreuwyr I (20) (Semester 1)
    Mae'r modiwl hwn yn addas ar gyfer dechreuwyr a myfyrwyr sydd wedi astudio Ffrangeg at TGAU. Mae'n canolbwyntio ar ddatblygu sgiliau llafar, gwrando ac ysgrifennu. Mae'r modiwl yn cynnwys cyflwyniad ac adolygu (yn achos rhai sydd eisoes wedi gwneud TGAU) y rhannau allweddol o ramadeg (yr amser presennol a'r gorffennol, y dyfodol a'r amodol, enwau, ansoddeiriau, arddodiaid). Bydd y myfyrwyr yn dysgu geirfa gyffredinol a'r ymadroddion allweddol sy'n ymwneud â'r hunan, y teulu, gweithgareddau bob-dydd, diddordebau, yr hyn maent yn ei hoffi/gasáu, a hynny yn rhannol trwy sefyllfaoedd chwarae rôl. Gan ddefnyddio'r cymhorthion sain/gweledol priodol, bydd y myfyrwyr yn cael eu cyflwyno i'r diwylliant a'r gymdeithas Ffrengig heddiw. Key texts The following textbooks are used: Action Grammaire! 3rd edition by Phil Turk & Geneviève García Vandaele (Hodder Education, 2006). The French Experience 1 Marie Therese Bougard, Daniele Bourdais (BBC Publications, 2003) Students are given the following advice about purchasing a dictionary: “You may be able to manage with a concise one (not a pocket dictionary), but you should consider a ‘proper’ translating dictionary such as the Collins-Robert or Oxford-Hachette, and learn to use it effectively and regularly.”
  • LZG-1003: German for Beginners I (20) (Semester 1)
    The module is devised to suit 'ab initio' and post-GCSE students of German and focuses on the development of basic oral, aural and written communicative skills. The module involves an introduction to and [in the case of those with GCSE knowledge of the language] a revision of key areas of grammar (present and past tenses, the future and conditional tenses, nouns, adjectives, prepositions). Students will acquire general vocabulary and key expressions relating to self, family, daily routine, hobbies, likes and dislikes, in part through role-play situations. Using appropriate audio/visual aids, students will also be introduced to modern and contemporary German culture and society Key Text Storz, Thomas, Jutta Müller and Hartmut Aufderstraße, Delfin (Munich: Hueber Verlag, 2014). Websites SMLC offers a link list for all language students that covers the most important resources (newspapers, TV channels, online grammar and dictionaries, etc.) in the language(s) that they study: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-german.php.en (German online resources) http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-welsh.php.en (Welsh medium resources) Additionally, students are encouraged to consult: English-German Context Dictionary: http://www.linguee.com/
  • LZI-1003: Italian for Beginners I (20) (Semester 1)
    This is a module running in semester 1 aimed at absolute beginners. This module intends to make students become familiar with the basic structures of the language in order to enable them to express themselves, both orally and in writing, on very simple topics related to everyday life situations. The textbook adopted for this course is 'Spazio Italia 1' (Loescher Editore). This particular text has been selected for its communicative approach to language teaching which, in conjunction with a more traditional approach to grammar, allows students to speed up their progress in all the four essential language learning skills of speaking, reading, listening and writing. Key Texts: Diaco, Mimma Flavia & Maria Gloria Tommasini, Spazio Italia 1, (Torino: Loescher Editore, 2011). Diaco, Mimma Flavia & Maria Gloria Tommasini, Spazio Italia 3, (Torino: Loescher Editore, 2011). Webpages: www.rainews.it www.repubblica.it Any other learning resources: Lingu exercises
  • LZF-1004: French for Beginners II (20) (Semester 2)
    This module is aimed at all first year students who have completed French for Beginners 1. The module aims to develop the basic oral, aural and written communicative skills acquired in semester 1 in order to bring students up to and beyond a level of proficiency equivalent to 'A' level. Students apply the grammatical principles learned in semester 1 to extended pieces of writing and also focus on more complex grammatical structures. Aural communicative skills are developed through audio and video tape comprehension exercises and students are required to make individual presentations on more sophisticated topics. Key texts: Action Grammaire! 3rd edition by Phil Turk & Geneviève García Vandaele (Hodder Education, 2006). The French Experience 1 Marie Therese Bougard, Daniele Bourdais (BBC Publications, 2003) Students are given the following advice about purchasing a dictionary: “You may be able to manage with a concise one (not a pocket dictionary), but you should consider a ‘proper’ translating dictionary such as the Collins-Robert or Oxford-Hachette, and learn to use it effectively and regularly.”
    or
    LCF-1004: Ffrangeg i Ddechreuwyr II (20) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y modiwl hwn, a gynhelir yn yr ail semester, yn cynnwys pedair awr o oriau cyswllt yr wythnos. Mae wedi ei anelu at fyfyrwyr yn y flwyddyn gyntaf sydd wedi cwblhau Ffrangeg i Ddechreuwyr 1 a Myfyrwyr Canolradd 1. Nod y modiwl yw datblygu'r sgiliau sylfaenol mewn siarad, gwrando ac ysgrifennu a gafwyd yn semester 1 er mwyn dod â hwy i'r lefel hyfedredd sy'n cyfateb i Lefel A. Bydd y myfyrwyr yn defnyddio'r egwyddorion gramadeg a ddysgwyd yn semester 1 wrth ysgrifennu darnau mwy estynedig, gan ganolbwyntio ar gystrawennau mwy cymhleth (Y Goddefol, y Dibynnol a'r Gorchmynnol). O ran datblygu sgiliau llafar, bydd y myfyrwyr yn trafod mwy yn yr iaith darged. Caiff sgiliau gwrando eu datblygu hefyd trwy ymarferion tâp sain a fideo. Key texts The following textbooks are used: Action Grammaire! 3rd edition by Phil Turk & Geneviève García Vandaele (Hodder Education, 2006). The French Experience 1 Marie Therese Bougard, Daniele Bourdais (BBC Publications, 2003) Students are given the following advice about purchasing a dictionary: “You may be able to manage with a concise one (not a pocket dictionary), but you should consider a ‘proper’ translating dictionary such as the Collins-Robert or Oxford-Hachette, and learn to use it effectively and regularly.”
  • LZG-1004: German for Beginners II (20) (Semester 2)
    This module is aimed at all first year students who have completed German for Beginners 1. The module aims to develop the basic oral, aural and written communicative skills acquired in semester 1 in order to bring students up to and beyond a level of proficiency equivalent to 'A' level. Students apply the grammatical principles learned in semester 1 to extended pieces of writing and also focus on more complex grammatical structures. Aural communicative skills are developed through audio and video tape comprehension exercises and students are required to make individual presentations on more sophisticated topics Course book: Storz, Thomas, Jutta Müller and Hartmut Aufderstraße, Delfin (Munich: Hueber Verlag, 2014). Websites: SMLC offers a link list for all language students that covers the most important resources (newspapers, TV channels, online grammar and dictionaries, etc.) in the language(s) that they study: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-german.php.en (German online resources) http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-welsh.php.en (Welsh medium resources) Additionally, students are encouraged to consult: English-German Context Dictionary: http://www.linguee.com/
  • LZI-1004: Italian for Beginners II (20) (Semester 2)
    This module is aimed at all first year students who have completed Italian for Beginners 1. The module aims to develop the basic oral, aural and written communicative skills acquired in semester 1 in order to bring students up to and beyond a level of proficiency equivalent to 'A' level. Students apply the grammatical principles learned in semester 1 to extended pieces of writing and also focus on more complex grammatical structures. Aural communicative skills are developed through audio and video tape comprehension exercises and students are required to make individual presentations on more sophisticated topics. Key Texts: Diaco, Mimma Flavia & Maria Gloria Tommasini, Spazio Italia 1, (Torino: Loescher Editore, 2011). Diaco, Mimma Flavia & Maria Gloria Tommasini, Spazio Italia 3, (Torino: Loescher Editore, 2011). Webpages: www.rainews.it www.repubblica.it Any other learning resources: Lingu exercises
  • QXL-1112: Language, Literature & Culture (20) (Semester 2)
    1. the relationship between language, culture and thought processes, 2. the relationship between language and identity, 3. the structures of bilingual societies, 4. the different manifestations of multilingualism, particularly in relation to the concepts of bilingualism and diglossia, 5. the cultural, political, and anthropological issues surrounding minority languages & language policy.
  • LXE-1600: Cultures in Context (20) (Semester 2)
  • LXE-1700: Creating National Histories (20) (Semester 1)
  • Students with A-levels in any of the above languages must take the intermediate options, e.g. LZ..1001/1002 (if language modules are chosen)

40 credits from:

  • WXM-1004: Intro - Harmony & Counterpoint (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module aims to develop students’ understanding of the elements of musical language – melody, harmony, counterpoint, rhythm – through the study of compositional practice in the late Renaissance and Baroque periods. Students work through a course of study which will develop aural skills, score reading and analytical skills, creativity, and a thorough understanding of the parameters for the construction of music during the periods in question. This module is intended for those students who little or no prior knowledge of harmonic principles. Students with some prior experience (e.g. those who have done chorale harmonization as part of A-Levels or equivalent) will be encouraged to register for WXM1008. Please note: WXM1004 and 1008 both cover effectively the same material in both semesters; in semester 2, both groups are taught together; in semester 1 WXM1004 covers similar ground as WXM1008, but at a slower pace (hence the doubled contact hours).
    or
    WXC-1004: Cyflwyniad Harmoni/Gwrthbwynt (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bwriad y modiwl hwn yw datblygu dealltwriaeth myfyrwyr o elfennau ieithwedd gerddorol – alaw, harmoni, gwrthbwynt, rhythm – trwy astudio’r arfer a oedd yn gyffredin i gyfansoddwyr yn ystod cyfnod y Dadeni Hwyr a'r Baróc. Mae myfyrwyr yn gweithio trwy gwrs o astudiaeth a fydd yn datblygu medrau sain glust, darllen sgorau, a medrau dadansoddol, creadigrwydd a dealltwriaeth o’r paramedrau a osodai’r sylfeini ar gyfer creu cerddoriaeth yn ystod y cyfnod dan sylw. Bwriedir y modiwl hwn ar gyfer y myfyrwyr hynny sydd â phrofiad cyfyngedig o egwyddorion harmonig. Anogir myfyrwyr mwy profiadol (e.e. y rhai sydd wedi astudio cydgordio corâl fel rhan o Lefel-A) i gofrestru ar gyfer WXC1008 yn lle hwn.
  • WXM-1008: Higher Harmony & Counterpoint (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module aims to develop students’ understanding of the elements of musical language – melody, harmony, counterpoint, rhythm – through the study of compositional practice in the late Renaissance and Baroque periods. Students work through a course of study which will develop aural skills, score reading and analytical skills, creativity, and a thorough understanding of the parameters for the construction of music during the periods in question. This module is intended for those students who have some prior knowledge of harmonic principles (e.g. those who have done chorale harmonization as part of A-Levels or equivalent). Students with less experience will be encouraged to register for WXM1004 instead. Please note: WXM1004 and 1008 both cover effectively the same material in both semesters, in semester 2 both groups are taught together, in semester 1 WXM1004 covers similar ground as WXM1008, but at a slower pace (hence double contact hours)
    or
    WXC-1008: Harmoni a Gwrthbwynt Uwch (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Cynnwys y Modiwl Bwriad y modiwl hwn yw datblygu dealltwriaeth myfyrwyr o elfennau ieithwedd gerddorol – alaw, harmoni, gwrthbwynt, rhythm – trwy astudio’r arfer a oedd yn gyffredin i gyfansoddwyr yn ystod cyfnod y Dadeni Hwyr a'r Baróc. Mae myfyrwyr yn gweithio trwy gwrs o astudiaeth a fydd yn datblygu medrau sain glust, darllen sgorau, a medrau dadansoddol, creadigrwydd a dealltwriaeth drylwyr o’r paramedrau a osodai’r sylfeini ar gyfer creu cerddoriaeth yn ystod y cyfnod dan sylw. Mae’r modiwl hwn wedi’i anelu at y myfyrwyr hynny sydd eisoes â rhywfaint o wybodaeth o egwyddorion harmoni (e.e. y rhai sydd wedi astudio cydgordio corâl fel rhan o Lefel-A). Anogir myfyrwyr llai profiadol i gofrestru ar gyfer WXC1004 yn lle hwn.
  • WXK-1010: Sonic Art (20) (Semester 1 + 2) or
    WXC-1010: Celfyddyd Sonig (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • WXK-1011: Composition Year 1 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This course will introduce students to some of the compositional techniques used in the twentieth and twenty first centuries and show how harmony, rhythm, structure, instrumentation and pitch have evolved, presenting students with the basic tools for composition. The first half of the course will look at these techniques in relation to a number of important musical styles that evolved during the twentieth century. The course will also consider individual instruments and their particular characteristics, in addition to vocal writing. Students are then encouraged to try out these techniques in exercises and assignments, which will be set throughout the course..
    or
    WXC-1011: Cyfansoddi Blwyddyn 1 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bydd y cwrs hwn yn cyflwyno’r myfyriwr i rai o’r technegau cyfansoddi a ddefnyddiwyd yn yr 20fed ganrif, gan ddangos sut mae harmoni, rhythm, adeiledd, offeryniaeth a thraw wedi datblygu. Rhoddir y cyfryngau sylfaenol i’r myfyrwyr ar gyfer cyfansoddi. Bydd y cwrs hefyd yn ystyried offerynnau penodol a’u nodweddion arbennig, yn ogystal ag ysgrifennu ar gyfer y llais. Yna anogir y myfyrwyr i roi cynnig ar y technegau yn eu cyfansoddiadau hwy eu hunain.
  • WXP-1016: Solo Performance Year 1 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module combines a programme of individual instrumental or vocal tuition with an introduction to a range of important issues which concern performers, including preparing and delivering a recital programme, effective practice techniques, working with other musicians, and different approaches to interpretation. THIS MODULE IS NOT AVAILABLE TO STUDENTS OUTSIDE THE SCHOOL OF MUSIC. CO-REQUISITE: minimum of ABRSM 7 or equivalent.
    or
    WXC-1016: Perfformio Unawdol Blwyddyn 1 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae’r modiwl yn cyfuno rhaglen o hyfforddiant unigol ar offeryn neu lais â chyflwyniad i amrediad o faterion pwysig sy’n ymwneud â cherddorion, yn cynnwys paratoi a pherfformio rhaglen datganiad, technegau ymarfer effeithiol, gweithio â cherddorion eraill, a dulliau gwahanol o dehongli. NID YW'R MODIWL HWN AR GAEL I FYFYRWYR O'R TU ALLAN I'R YSGOL CERDDORIAETH. CYD-OFYNIAD: o leiaf ABRSM Gradd 7 neu gyfwerth.
  • Students can only choose one of the four Harmony & Counterpoint modules.

Year 2 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • LZS-2040: Spanish Language 1 (40) Core
    This module comprises two text-based written language classes and one class which focuses on the development of oral and aural communicative skills. In the first written language class, students concentrate on translation, paraphrasing, reading comprehension exercises and report writing, while grammar revision and consolidation forms the focus of hour 2. In hour 3, students are exposed to a variety of audio visual material and are required to participate in class discussions and debates. No set text is given for this language module. Any other learning resources: Students are given two module dossiers at the beginning of the year containing all the necessary materials for their classes. Students have to complete the School’s Self-Study Portfolio (available from SMLC website).
    or
    LCS-2040: Iaith Sbaeneg 1 (40) Core
    Mae'r modiwl hwn yn cynnwys dau ddosbarth ysgrifennu sy'n seiliedig ar destunau ac un dosbarth sy'n canolbwyntio ar ddatblygu sgiliau cyfathrebu llafar a chlywedol. Yn y dosbarth ysgrifennu cyntaf, bydd myfyrwyr yn canolbwyntio ar gyfieithu, aralleirio, ymarferion darllen a deall ac ysgrifennu adroddiadau. Bydd yr ail ddosbarth yn canolbwyntio ar adolygu a chyfnerthu elfennau gramadegol. Yn y trydydd dosbarth, bydd myfyrwyr yn gwylio a gwrando ar amrywiaeth o ddeunydd clyweled ac yna bydd gofyn iddynt gymryd rhan mewn trafodaethau dosbarth. Bydd pedwerydd dosbarth i gyn-ddechreuwyr yn unig yn canolbwyntio ar sgiliau cyfathrebu ysgrifenedig a thasgau gwylio a deall tapiau fideo.

Semester 2

  • LZS-2040: Spanish Language 1
    This module comprises two text-based written language classes and one class which focuses on the development of oral and aural communicative skills. In the first written language class, students concentrate on translation, paraphrasing, reading comprehension exercises and report writing, while grammar revision and consolidation forms the focus of hour 2. In hour 3, students are exposed to a variety of audio visual material and are required to participate in class discussions and debates. No set text is given for this language module. Any other learning resources: Students are given two module dossiers at the beginning of the year containing all the necessary materials for their classes. Students have to complete the School’s Self-Study Portfolio (available from SMLC website).
    or
    LCS-2040: Iaith Sbaeneg 1
    Mae'r modiwl hwn yn cynnwys dau ddosbarth ysgrifennu sy'n seiliedig ar destunau ac un dosbarth sy'n canolbwyntio ar ddatblygu sgiliau cyfathrebu llafar a chlywedol. Yn y dosbarth ysgrifennu cyntaf, bydd myfyrwyr yn canolbwyntio ar gyfieithu, aralleirio, ymarferion darllen a deall ac ysgrifennu adroddiadau. Bydd yr ail ddosbarth yn canolbwyntio ar adolygu a chyfnerthu elfennau gramadegol. Yn y trydydd dosbarth, bydd myfyrwyr yn gwylio a gwrando ar amrywiaeth o ddeunydd clyweled ac yna bydd gofyn iddynt gymryd rhan mewn trafodaethau dosbarth. Bydd pedwerydd dosbarth i gyn-ddechreuwyr yn unig yn canolbwyntio ar sgiliau cyfathrebu ysgrifenedig a thasgau gwylio a deall tapiau fideo.

20 to 40 credits from:

  • WXM-2011: Musicology Year 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Research is a fundamental academic skill, and so too is the ability to effectively communicate the results of that research in writing. On this module, students undertake research into a musical topic of their own choice, and write up their findings in the form of a short dissertation of around 4500-5000 words. At the same time, the module introduces students to some of the conventions and methods of musicological research and presentation, through the study of various examples of academic writing. Moreover, students will continue to develop study skills taught in The Study of Music, including bibliographical skills, skills of independent thinking, and skills in oral presentation. The module will prepare students for undertaking a Dissertation in Year 3, and may also be useful to students considering undertaking an Editing Project in Year 3.
    or
    WXC-2011: Cerddoreg Blwyddyn 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae ymchwil yn fedr academaidd sylfaenol, ac felly hefyd y gallu i ysgrifennu’n effeithiol ar ganlyniad yr ymchwil honno. Ar y modiwl hwn, mae myfyrwyr yn gwneud ymchwil i bwnc o’u dewis, ac yn ysgrifennu ar eu canfyddiadau mewn traethawd o ryw 4500-5000 o eiriau. Ar yr un pryd, mae’r modiwl yn cyflwyno myfyrwyr i rai o gonfensiynau a dulliau ymchwil a chyflwyno cerddoregol, a hynny trwy astudiaeth ar wahanol enghreifftiau o ysgrifennu academaidd. Ar ben hynny, bydd myfyrwyr yn parhau i ddatblygu’r medrau astudio a ddysgir yn Astudio Cerddoriaeth, yn cynnwys medrau llyfryddiaethol, medrau meddwl yn annibynnol, a medrau cyflwyno ar lafar. Bydd y modiwl yn paratoi myfyrwyr ar gyfer ysgrifennu Traethawd Hir ym Mlwyddyn 3, a gall hefyd fod yn fuddiol i fyfyrwyr sy’n ystyried Project Golygu ym Mlwyddyn 3.
  • WXM-2205: Notation and Editing (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Students taking the course will transcribe and edit a variety of music, some vocal and some instrumental, from the fifteenth to the nineteenth centuries, from reproductions of original sources. Some sources will be in score, some in parts, some in tablature; some will be manuscript and some printed. Certain pieces of work will involve a single source; others will require the collation and appraisal of more than one source, with variant readings tabulated and conclusions drawn about the relationship of the sources. As the title suggests, the course is divided into two parts, which will focus on different skills: Semester 1: ‘Notation’ introduces students to the palaeography of music before 1600 and teaches the elementary skills for the understanding and transcription of white mensural notation. Semester 2: ‘Editing’ covers techniques and approaches of critical editing and philology, which will enable you to produce a scholarly edition with all the standard ingredients. Case studies for this part of the module are taken mainly from the so-called ‘common practice era’.
  • WXK-2233: Composition Year 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module seeks to build on Level 4 Composition, while at the same time introducing new ideas and techniques. Throughout, the emphasis will be on introducing students to the multiplicity of styles and techniques that have emerged during the second half of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st. This may include bold experimentation and creative innovation, including working with non-tonal styles (pre-tonal, post-tonal, atonal), or the study of post-tonal and post-minimal styles of recent decades.
    or
    WXC-2233: Cyfansoddi Blwyddyn 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Adeilada’r modiwl hwn ar astudiaethau Cyfansoddi Blwyddyn 1, ynghyd â chyflwyno syniadau a thechnegau newydd ar yr un pryd. Bydd pwyslais cyson ar arbrofi mentrus a newydd-deb creadigol, gan weithio gydag arddulliau anghyweiraidd (cyn-donyddol, ôl-donyddol ac anhonyddol), ynghyd ac ymdriniaethau newydd o ffurf. Ceir gwaith damcaniaethol (gwrando, dadansoddi a thrafod pynciau) ynghyd a gwaith ymarferol (gweithio drwy dechnegau, cyflwyno enghreifftiau, datrys problemau), gan ganolbwyntio ar dechnegau ac elfennau penodol - rhai yn newydd, a rhai yn gyfarwydd ers modiwl Cyfansoddi Lefel 1. Nid yw’r modiwl hwn yn addas ar gyfer myfyrwyr sy’n dymuno cyfansoddi mewn arddulliau hanesyddol neu pastiche.
  • WXK-2235: Acousmatic Composition (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Acousmatic music is sonic art which uses sound as its basic material and the loudspeaker as its mode of delivery. This module aims to introduce students to acousmatic composition in a more focused way than is possible in the Year 1 Practical Music Technology module, and with a more creative emphasis. It aims to equip students with the basic technological, compositional and aesthetic knowledge and understanding necessary for acousmatic composition. (This module is not intended for students wishing to compose popular music, or music using conventional approaches to harmony, melody or rhythm.)
  • WXP-2241: Solo Performance Year 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The students will be expected to build on and expand skills already established during the solo performance modules in Year 1. This will be carried out through individual instrumental or vocal tuition. The tutor will provide consultation and help construct a projected programme of stylistically-varied technical and interpretive solo repertoire for the students to explore that will benefit the individual’s technical and musical development. Please note that students may also follow a maximum of 20 credits in ensemble performance across levels 5 & 6. This module is capped at 20 students
    or
    WXC-2241: Perfformio Unawdol Blwyddyn 2 (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bydd disgwyl i’r myfyrwyr adeiladu ar fedrau y maent eisoes wedi’u dysgu yn ystod y modiwlau perfformio unigol ar lefelau 1 neu 2 ac adeiladu arnynt. Gwneir hyn trwy hyfforddiant offerynnol neu leisiol unigol. Bydd y myfyriwr a’r tiwtor yn ymgynghori, a bydd y tiwtor yn cynorthwyo i lunio rhaglen arfaethedig o repertoire technegol a deongliadol yn dangos arddulliau amrywiol, i’r harchwilio gan y myfyriwr, ac a fydd yn fuddiol i ddatblygiad technegol a cherddorol yr unigolyn. modiwl 'cap' o 20 o fyfyrwyr
  • WXM-2269: Arts in the Community (20) (Semester 1 + 2) or
    WXC-2269: Celfyddydau yn y Gymuned (20) (Semester 1 + 2)

Optional Modules

20 credits from:

  • LXS-2024: History of Galicia (20) (Semester 2)
    During this course, you will be introduced to the history of Galicia, from its pre-history through to the creation of the autonomous community that it is today. While attention is paid to Galicia’s pre-history (in connection with the concept of Celtic roots and its evolution and manipulation for Galicia’s historical identity) and the Middle Ages, the module will concentrate largely on the history of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries with particular focus on the emergence of the idea of nationhood, political activism, and cultural production in Galicia. Key historical texts will be analysed for each period covered. Books: De la Granja, José Luis; Beramendi, Justo; Anguera, Pere, La España de los nacionalismos y las autonomías (Madrid: Editorial Síntesis, 2001). Gemie, Sharif, Galicia, A Concise History (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2006). King, Stewart, Beyond the periphery : narratives of identity in the Basque country, Catalonia and Galicia = Más allá de la periferia : narrativas de identidad en Cataluña, Galicia y el País Vasco. (Australia : Antípodas, 2007). Miguélez-Carballeira, Helena, Galicia, a Sentimental Nation: Gender, Culture, Politics (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2013). Romero, Eugenia R., Contemporary Galician culture in a global context: movable identities (Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books, 2012). Villares, Ramón, Historia de Galicia (Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 2004). Webpages: The research project ‘Voces e nomes’: http://www.nomesevoces.net/ Articles: Lourenzo Prieto, Lourenzo, ‘Interpreting Galician History: The Recent Construction of an Unknown Past’ in Contemporary Galician Cultural Studies: Between the Local and the Global, ed. by Hooper & Puga (New York: MLA, 2011). Cazorla-Sánchez, Antonio, ‘At Peace with the Past: Explaining the Spanish Civil War in the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia’, in Teaching Representations of the Spanish Civil War, ed. by Valis (New York: Modern Language Association, 2007). Rίos Bergantiños, Noa, ‘Contemporary Galizan Politics: The End of a Cycle?’, in A Companion to Galician Culture, ed. by Miguélez-Carballeira. (Woodbridge: Tamesis, 2014).
  • LXS-2028: Galician I (20) (Semester 1)
    This module involves an introduction to Galician through the study of key areas of grammar (verbal tenses, nouns, adjectives, prepositions, etc.), idiomatic register, and general vocabulary. Through selected in-class texts, students will also be introduced to Galician culture, literature, and sociolinguistics. The course is highly recommended for students who intend to do their year abroad (or part of it) in the historical city of Santiago de Compostela (the capital of Galicia) and its university or the cities of Vigo and A Coruña. Books: Boullón Agrelo, Ana; Monteagudo Romero, Henrique; García Cancela, Xermán, Diccionario normativo Galego-Castelán (Vigo: Galaxia, 1994). Gómez Guinovart, Xavier, Dicionario moderno inglés-galego (Vigo: 2.0 editora, 2012). Normas ortográficas e morfolóxicas do idioma galego (Vigo: Real Academia Galega & Instituto da Lingua Galega, 2004). Pérez Barreiro, Servando, Dicionario completo galego-inglés, inglés-galego (Vigo: Cardeñoso). Webpages: Dictionary English-Galician, Galego-Inglés: http://sli.uvigo.es/dicionario/index.html Galician dictionary by the Real Academia Galega: http://www.realacademiagalega.org Linguakit: https://linguakit.com/full_analysis Articles: O’Rourke, Bernadette, ‘The Galician Language in the Twenty-First Century’, in A Companion to Galician Culture, ed. by Helena Miguélez-Carballeira (London: Tamesis, 2014), pp.73-92. Thompson, John Patrick, ‘Portuguese or Spanish Orthography for the Galizan Language? An analysis of the Conflito Normativo’, in Contemporary Galician Cultural Studies: between the local and the global, ed. by Kirsty Hopper & Manuel Puga Moruxa (New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2011), pp. 143-165.
  • LXS-2029: Galician II (20) (Semester 2)
    This module aims to consolidate the students' previously acquired basic knowledge of the Galician language through the study of advanced areas of grammar (verbal tenses and moods, discursive links, etc), idiomatic register, and general vocabulary. Through selected in-class texts, students will also be introduced to Galician culture, literature, and sociolinguistics. The course is highly recommended for students who intend to do their year abroad (or part of it) in the historical city of Santiago de Compostela (the capital of Galicia) and its university. Books: Boullón Agrelo, Ana; Monteagudo Romero, Henrique; García Cancela, Xermán, Diccionario normativo Galego-Castelán (Vigo: Galaxia, 1994). Gómez Guinovart, Xavier, Dicionario moderno inglés-galego (Vigo: 2.0 editora, 2012) Miguélez-Carballeira, Helena (ed), A Companion to Galician Culture (Woodbridge: Tamesis, 2014). Normas ortográficas e morfolóxicas do idioma galego (Vigo: Real Academia Galega & Instituto da Lingua Galega, 2004). Pérez Barreiro, Servando, Dicionario completo galego-inglés, inglés-galego (Vigo: Cardeñoso). Webpages: Dictionary English-Galician, Galego-Inglés: http://sli.uvigo.es/dicionario/index.html Galician dictionary by the Real Academia Galega: http://www.realacademiagalega.org Linguakit: https://linguakit.com/full_analysis Online newspaper Novas da Galiza: http://www.novasgz.com/ Online newspaper Praza Pública: http://praza.com/ Online newspaper Sermos Galiza: http://www.sermosgaliza.com/ Online TV Ano Cero: http://galizaanocero.tv/ Online TV Irmandade TV: http://www.irmandade.tv/ Radio Televisión de Galicia: http://www.crtvg.es
  • LXS-2033: Contemporary Spanish Cinema (20) (Semester 2)
    Spanish cinema and its pioneers Neorealism and political dissent in the 1950s (Luís Buñuel, Viridiana) Art house cinema in the 1960s (Víctor Erice, El espirítu de la colmena) The cinema of the transition: the `disenchantment¿ Popular genres in post-Franco Spain The Spanish film industry in the 1980s and 1990s Gender and sexuality is post-Franco cinema (Pedro Almodóvar, Hable con ella) Catalan and Basque cinema (Julio Medem, Tierra) The internationalization of Spanish cinema (Alejandro Amenábar, Mar adentro) Social realism at the turn of the century (Fernando León, Los lunes al sol) Women in contemporary Spanish cinema (Icíar Bollaín, Te doy mis ojos) The films are available in the School of Modern Languages DVD library. Primary Films: Luis Buñuel, Viridiana (1961) Víctor Erice, El espíritu de la colmena (1973) Pedro Almodóvar, Volver (2006) Agustí Villaronga, Pa negre (2010) Icíar Bollaín, Te doy mis ojos (2003) Recommended reading: Bentley Bernard P. E., A Companion to Spanish Cinema (London: Tamesis, 2008) Caparrós Lera, José María, El cine español de la democracia: de la muerte de Franco al "cambio" socialista (1975-1989) (Barcelona: Anthropos, 1992) Deveny, Thomas, Cain on Screen: Contemporary Spanish Cinema (Lanham: Scarecrow Press, 1999) D'Lugo, Marvin, Guide to the Cinema of Spain (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1997) Fiddian, Robin W. and Peter W. Evans, Challenges to Authority: Fiction and Film in Contemporary Spain (London: Tamesis Books, 1988) Jordan, Barry and Rikki Morgan-Tamosunas, Contemporary Spanish Cinema (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998) Pavlovi, Tatjana, 100 years of Spanish Cinema (Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009) Triana-Toribio, Nuria, Spanish National Cinema (London: Routledge, 2003) Resina Joan Ramon (ed.), Burning Darkness: a Half Century of Spanish Cinema, ed. (Albany: SUNY Press, 2008)
  • LXS-2035: Barcelona: a Cultural History (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will cover the following topics: 1) Theoretical Approaches to the Urban Space; 2) Beyond the City Walls: Building Modern Barcelona; 3) Modernista architecture: the Hospital de Sant Pau; 4) Mediterranean Classicism: Noucentista ideology and concept of the city-nation; 5) Socio-political History: a City under Siege; 6) Subjectivity and Space: In Diamond Square (1962) by Mercè Rodoreda; 7) Liminal Urban Spaces: Staging El Raval neighbourhood in Hamelin (2005) by Juan Mayorga; 8) The City as a Stage: La Fura dels Baus, Els Comediants and La Cubana; 9) Urban Renewal: architecture, art and design in the Olympic era; 10) Historicity and Temporality in Barcelona, un mapa (2008) by Ventura Pons; and 11) From the Barcelona model to the Barcelona brand

10 to 40 credits from:

  • WXM-2009: 20th Century Women Composers (10) (Semester 2)
    Musicology has in recent years been enriched by research that highlights the contribution made by women to Music & Music History.This module forms an introduction to some of the most important women musicians of the twentieth century, including: a. British: Ethel Smyth (1858-1944), Elisabeth Lutyens (1906-83), Grace Williams (1906-77) and Elizabeth Maconchy (1907-94). b. Europe: Cecile Chaminade (1857-1944), Germaine Tailleferre (1892-1983), Nadia (1887-1979) and Lili Boulanger (1893-1918). c. American: Amy Beach (1867-1944), Marion Bauer (1882-1955), Ruth Crawford Seeger (1901-53) and Louise Talma (1906-96). d. Established Contemporary Voices: Thea Musgrave (1928-), Sofia Gubaidulina (1931-), Kaija Saariaho (1952-) and Chen Yi (1953-).
  • WXM-2010: Zappa: the man and the music (10) (Semester 2)
    In this module, Frank Zappa’s music and life will be explored chronologically, starting from his beginnings as a young musician in Baltimore to his classical compositions towards the end of his life. The subject matter to be covered throughout the lectures and seminars will comprise: Zappa’s compositional styles and influences; his engagement in political issues (including censorship); humour and satire in his music; his classical works; his collaborations, and the legacy left by him.
  • WXM-2019: Opera: Monteverdi to Mozart (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-2020: 19th Century Symphony (10) (Semester 1)
  • WXM-2115: Minimalism (10) (Semester 2)
    This course will begin by looking at the use of the term Minimalism in art and music and trace its evolution in the early works of La Monte Young and Terry Riley. Discussion of Steve Reich's significant essay 'Music as Gradual Process', will be followed by the analysis of works by Reich, Glass, Adams and Torke, before looking at the contribution of European composers such as Pärt, Gorecki, Andriessen, Bryars, Skempton and Nyman.
    or
    WXC-2115: Minimaliaeth (10) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y cwrs hwn yn cychwyn gan edrych ar y defnydd o'r term Minimaliaeth mewn celfyddyd gain a cherddoriaeth, cyn olrhain esblygiad y term yng ngherddoriaeth La Monte Young a Terry Riley. Trafodir ysgrif arwyddocaol Steve Reich 'Cerddoriaeth fel Proses Raddol', cyn dadansoddi gweithiau Reich, Glass, Adams a Torke, ac yna edrych ar gyfraniad cyfansoddwyr Ewropeaidd megis Pärt, Gorecki, Andriessen, Bryars, Skempton a Nyman.
  • WXM-2153: From Dufay to Josquin (10) (Semester 1)
    Description: Numerous composers of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries had well-deserved reputations in their day as excellent singers or renowned choirmasters. Nevertheless it is Josquin de Prez (d. 1521) whose reputation towered over those of his contemporaries, and continues to do so today. This module considers the music of Josquin alongside that of his contemporaries, such as Antoine Brumel, Pierre de la Rue, Loyset Compère, Jacob Obrecht and Heinrich Isaac, and examines the nature of musical production and distribution during Josquin's lifetime. Method, number and frequency of classes: Normally one class of 1 hour and 15 minutes per week for nine weeks, plus up to two individual consultations by arrangement. Assessment: One essay submitted in week 12 (80%); one seminar presentation of 10 minutes' duration (20%). Learning Outcomes: On completion of the module, the student should have: 1. acquired a reasonably detailed knowledge of the main compositional genres of the period, and of selected works by Josquin and his contemporaries 2. developed an awareness of the historical and cultural contexts which gave rise to this music 3. gained an awareness of the problem of anonymous music and composer attribution during the period 4. developed an enhanced perspective of the portrayal of one of the first 'great composers'
  • WXM-2157: The Music of Stockhausen (10) (Semester 1)
    This module forms an introduction to the music of the radical German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-2007). It will consider specific works by Stockhausen, as well as the issues they raise, and will do so from both historical and analytical perspectives. It will also aim to consider the music of Stockhausen in the context of works by other composers.
  • WXM-2189: Ligeti (10) (Semester 2)
    The Hungarian born György Ligeti established himself as one of the most distinguished composers from the second half of the twentieth century. This module will focus on a selection of his most well-known compositions (which features his orchestral Atmosphères and Melodien, his Violin Concerto, the opera Le Grand Macabre, the piano Études and selected chamber and vocal pieces), assessing his artistic contribution within the European cultural developments of the time while placing their significance within the composer’s creative and historical background. Close attention will be paid in identifying his distinctive style and composition techniques, and on how they shaped his independent and uncompromising creative output.
    or
    WXC-2189: Ligeti (Cymraeg) (10) (Semester 2)
    Sefydlodd y cyfansoddwr Hwngaraidd, György Ligeti, ei hun fel un o ffigyrau mwyaf blaenllaw ail hanner yr ugeinfed ganrif. Canolbwyntia’r modiwl hwn ar astudio detholiad o’i weithiau enwocaf (sy’n cynnwys y darnau cerddorfaol Atmosphères a Melodien, ei Gonsierto i’r Ffidil, yr opera Le Grand Macabre, yr Études i’r piano ac ambell i waith siambr a lleisiol arall), gan asesu ei gyfraniad artistig o fewn datblygiadau celfyddydol Ewropeaidd ei gyfnod. Gosodir eu harwyddocâd o fewn cefndir creadigol a hanesyddol y cyfansoddwr gan fanylu ar ei arddull unigryw a’i dechnegau cyfansoddi a’r modd y dylanwadodd y rhain ar ei allbwn annibynnol a digyfaddawd.
  • WXM-2209: Brazilian Music and Culture (10) (Semester 1)
    The module will explore some important Brazilian musical genres and relate these to cultural and political developments in the country. The impact of Brazilian popular music outside Brazil will be discussed as well as the effect of foreign music on the country. The module will give students the opportunity to familiarise themselves with several musical styles and artists. Key ideas for the analysis of the issues covered will also be discussed.
  • WXC-2216: Cerdd Cymru A: 20fed-g (10) (Semester 1)
    Er amled y cyfeiriadau ar hyd y canrifoedd at Gymru-'Gwlad y gân' - dim ond yn ddiweddar iawn y rhoddwyd y sylw dyladwy i faes CERDDORIAETH YNG NGHYMRU fel rhan o gwrs gradd (Cerddoriaeth).Gwelwyd tuedd gyffredinol ymhlith cerddorion proffesiynol y gorffennol i anwybyddu'r traddodiad ar draul derbyn agweddau ar gerddoriaeth gwledydd estron. I'r perwyl hwn, fe adawyd bylchau mawr yn ein llenyddiaeth gerddorol fel cenedl, dibrisiwyd gwerth nifer o'n traddodiadau a chollwyd golwg ar rai nodweddion unigryw Cymru a'i phobl.

0 to 30 credits from:

  • WXM-2187: Music, Health and Wellbeing A (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXK-2191: Songwriting (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Students will be introduced to many basic and advanced aspects of composing in various song genres, with particular reference to the presentation of rhythmic counterpoint, harmonic vocabulary, melodic shaping, formal archetypes and lyrics in their songs. These will be illustrated with reference to a number of song styles, ranging from folk to jazz and rock genres. At the end of the module, the student will have created a small portfolio their own songs, and be able to present their work to a good standard either on audio CD or in written form. (For recordings this means that the sounds are distortion-free unless intentionally so, all elements are appropriately audible and relatively balanced in terms of level. Scores must be presented in an accepted form such as jazz lead-sheet, full score or popular piano-and-vocal sheet. They should follow the conventions of the particular style chosen and be clear, intelligible, and make sense for the harmonic language, time signature and instruments chosen.)
  • WXM-2207: Harmony & Counterpoint (Adv) (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module builds on and develops the basic analytical and (pastiche) compositional skills acquired in WXM/WXC 1004/1008. It will explore in detail a variety of vocal and instrumental music, and compositional practices and techniques from the late sixteenth to the early nineteenth centuries; students will be introduced to a range of music from analytical and compositional perspectives. The module will focus on particular genres (such as piano sonata, string quartet) and forms (such as sonata- form exposition, rondo). It will also introduce students to advanced chromaticism and modulation in a range of contexts; these aspects will also be discussed in relation to historical development.
  • WXK-2234: Composing for Film/Media (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The aim of the course is to equip students with the necessary technical and creative skills to prepare them for the world of music for film, television and the media – a field of composition that is full of challenges but very pleasurable. Instruction will be given on the use of specific software and hardware (such as Logic Pro and sibelius), as well as how to synchronise images with sound, the use of keyboards and software samples, and basic mixing techniques. Alongside this will be a series of lectures on topics relating to research, industry and criticism of musical styles and genres in the media. Examples from the work of some of the masters of the form will be analysed, such as John Williams, Alexandre Desplat and Harry Gregson-Williams, to enable the student to gain an understanding of the medium. Detailed attention will be paid to business and legal implications. CO-REQUISITES: Ideally students will have experience of Orchestration (WXK2231 or WXC2232) and Composition (WXC2233) or WXK2233) or Acousmatic Composition (WXK2235), but this is not essential.
    or
    WXC-2234: Cyfansoddi - Ffilm/Cyfryngau (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Amcan y cwrs yw rhoi'r medrau technegol a chreadigol angenrheidiol i fyfyrwyr er mwyn eu paratoi ym myd cerddoriaeth ar gyfer cerddoriaeth i ffilm, teledu a'r cyfryngau - maes o gyfansoddi sy'n llawn her ond yn bleserus iawn. Rhoddir cyfarwyddiadau ar feddalwedd a chaledwedd benodol (megis Logic Pro a sibelius), yn ogystal â sut i gydamseru delweddau â sain, defnydd allweddellau a pheiriannau samplo, a sut i gofnodi a chymysgu cerddoriaeth. Ar yr un pryd, cyflwynir darlithoedd ar bynciau sy'n ymwneud ag ymchwil, diwydiant a beirniadaeth ar arddulliau a genres cerddorol yn y cyfryngau. Dadansoddir enghreifftiau cerddorol o eiddo rhai o feistri'r ffurf, megis John Williams, Alexandre Desplat a Harry Gregson-Williams er mwyn i'r myfyrwyr gael dealltwriaeth o'r cyfrwng. Rhoddir sylw gweddol fanwl i'r goblygiadau ar fusnes a materion cyfreithiol. CO-REQUISITES: Gorau oll os oes gan fyfyrwyr brofiad o Cerddorfaeth (WXK2231 neu WXC2232) a Chyfansoddi (WXC2233 neu WXK2233) neu Gyfansoddi Acwsmatig (WXK2235), ond nid yw hynny'n orfodol.
  • WXP-2243: Ensemble performance 1 (10) (Semester 1)
    Students will be required to form small instrumental or vocal ensembles before the course commences. If students have a specific instrumental formation in mind that cannot be formed within the module, they may invite guest performers. Pianists will have the option to choose collaborative piano (accompanying) as their specialism within the module. Collective rehearsal sessions will be organised by the students with individual coaching provided by members of the School of Music staff. Ensembles are encouraged to explore the existing repertoire during weeks 1–3, and then in subsequent weeks to work on their performance of the work(s) selected by the group. Please note that students may follow a maximum of 20 credits in EnsemblePerformance across Levels 5 and 6.
  • WXP-2244: Ensemble performance 2 (10) (Semester 2)
    Students will be required to form small instrumental or vocal ensembles before the course commences. If students have a specific instrumental formation in mind that cannot be formed within the module, they may invite guest performers. Pianists will have the option to choose collaborative piano (accompanying) as their specialism within the module. Collective rehearsal sessions will be organised by the students with individual coaching provided by members of the School of Music staff. Ensembles are encouraged to explore the existing repertoire during weeks 1–3, and then in subsequent weeks to work on their performance of the work(s) selected by the group. Please note that students may follow a maximum of 20 credits in EnsemblePerformance across Levels 5 and 6.
  • WXP-2253: Fusion Ensemble 1 (10) (Semester 1)
    Students will learn approaches to improvisation and playing together from a number of musical traditions including jazz, European traditional music, and the music of other cultures such as those of China and Brazil. They will be led in workshops by a tutor where they will experiment with different techniques and develop pieces for performance. Students will work in different ensembles and with various instruments. Feedback will be provided as performance pieces are rehearsed for assessment.
  • WXP-2254: Fusion Ensemble 2 (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-2270: Music Teaching in Context (20) (Semester 1 + 2)

Year 4 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • LZS-3030: Spanish Language 2 (30) Core
    This 30 credit module running throughout the year promotes appropriate use of style and register in all written and oral work and ensures that students can deal with variations in register and idiomatic expression in a confident and accurate manner. Through exposure to selected texts, complex grammatical structures and audiovisual materials, students acquire reading, writing, aural and oral skills which match the required standard of final year linguists. No set text is given for this language module, although students are highly encouraged to purchase a copy of the following books for self-study: Butt, John and Carmen Benjamin (2011) A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish, London and Oxford: Arnold. Pountain, Christopher, Teresa de Carlos and Angela Howkins (2011) Practicing Spanish Grammar: A Workbook, London & Oxford: Arnold. Any other learning resources: Students are given two module dossiers at the beginning of the year containing all the necessary materials for their classes. Students are encouraged to complete the School’s Self-Study Portfolio (available from SMLC website)
    or
    LCS-3030: Iaith Sbaeneg 2 (30) Core
    Nod y modiwl 30 credyd hwn sy'n para trwy'r flwyddyn yw hyrwyddo defnydd priodol o arddull a chywair ym mhob darn o waith ysgrifenedig a sicrhau bod myfyrwyr yn gallu ymdrin ag amrywiadau cywair a mynegiant idiomatig mewn modd hyderus a chywir. Trwy ddarllen testunau amrywiol a gweld strwythurau gramadegol cymhleth, disgwylir i fyfyrwyr feithrin sgiliau darllen ac ysgrifennu sy'n cyfateb i safon myfyrwyr yn eu blwyddyn olaf.

Semester 2

  • LZS-3030: Spanish Language 2
    This 30 credit module running throughout the year promotes appropriate use of style and register in all written and oral work and ensures that students can deal with variations in register and idiomatic expression in a confident and accurate manner. Through exposure to selected texts, complex grammatical structures and audiovisual materials, students acquire reading, writing, aural and oral skills which match the required standard of final year linguists. No set text is given for this language module, although students are highly encouraged to purchase a copy of the following books for self-study: Butt, John and Carmen Benjamin (2011) A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish, London and Oxford: Arnold. Pountain, Christopher, Teresa de Carlos and Angela Howkins (2011) Practicing Spanish Grammar: A Workbook, London & Oxford: Arnold. Any other learning resources: Students are given two module dossiers at the beginning of the year containing all the necessary materials for their classes. Students are encouraged to complete the School’s Self-Study Portfolio (available from SMLC website)
    or
    LCS-3030: Iaith Sbaeneg 2
    Nod y modiwl 30 credyd hwn sy'n para trwy'r flwyddyn yw hyrwyddo defnydd priodol o arddull a chywair ym mhob darn o waith ysgrifenedig a sicrhau bod myfyrwyr yn gallu ymdrin ag amrywiadau cywair a mynegiant idiomatig mewn modd hyderus a chywir. Trwy ddarllen testunau amrywiol a gweld strwythurau gramadegol cymhleth, disgwylir i fyfyrwyr feithrin sgiliau darllen ac ysgrifennu sy'n cyfateb i safon myfyrwyr yn eu blwyddyn olaf.

30 to 60 credits from:

  • WXM-3275: Diss.: Music in the Community (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The dissertation in Music in the Community is an independent piece of writing focusing on some area of music in the community. It may be the only dissertation you are writing, or it may be a second dissertation in a contrasting area to your longer main dissertation. The dissertation in Music in the Community may be a self-contained study focusing on a set topic (such as an aspect of music therapy), or it may involve a practical element, such as market research undertaken on behalf of an Arts Centre or Festival, with a view to producing a series of recommendations on policy. In many cases the project will follow on from skills learned or small-scale projects undertaken during one of the pre-requisite modules (Arts Administration and/or Music in the Community). The topic will be selected by the student in consultation with a member of staff and approved by the Board of Examiners in the normal manner. This selection and approval takes place in the summer term immediately preceding Year 3. The writing should take account of previous and current relevant research but demonstrate originality of mind in approach and argument. Credit will be given for quality of ideas, clarity and logic of argument and presentation, suitability of bibliography, and elegance of presentation.
  • WXM-3276: Dissertation (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The dissertation is an independent piece of writing on a subject selected by the candidate in consultation with a member of staff and approved by the Board of Examiners. This selection and approval takes place in the summer term immediately preceding Year 3. The writing should take account of previous relevant research but demonstrate originality of mind in approach and argument. Credit will be given for quality of ideas, clarity and logic of argument and presentation, suitability of bibliography, and elegance of presentation. The dissertation will be accompanied by seminars on the research, bibliography and methodology skills required for writing the dissertation.
    or
    WXC-3276: Traethawd Hir (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae’r traethawd hir yn ddarn o ysgrifennu annibynnol ar destun a ddewisir gan yr ymgeisydd mewn ymgynghoriad ag aelod staff ac a gymeradwyir gan y Bwrdd Arholi. Mae’r dewis a’r cymeradwyo hwn yn digwydd yn ystod tymor yr haf yn union cyn Blwyddyn 3. Dylai’r ysgrifennu gymryd i ystyriaeth ymchwil flaenorol berthnasol, ond dylai ddangos gwreiddioldeb meddwl o ran dull ymdrin a dadl. Rhoddir credyd am ansawdd syniadau, eglurder a rhesymeg dadl, addasrwydd llyfryddiaeth a mireinder y cyflwyniad. I gyd-fynd â’r traethawd hir ceir seminarau ar y sgiliau ymchwil, llyfryddiaeth a methodoleg sydd eu hangen i ysgrifennu'r traethawd hir
  • WXM-3277: Dissertation (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The dissertation is an independent piece of writing on a subject selected by the candidate in consultation with a member of staff and approved by the Board of Examiners. This selection and approval takes place in the summer term immediately preceding Year 3. The writing should take account of previous relevant research but demonstrate originality of mind in approach and argument. Credit will be given for quality of ideas, clarity and logic of argument and presentation, suitability of bibliography, and elegance of presentation. The dissertation will be accompanied by seminars on the research, bibliography and methodology skills required for writing the dissertation.
    or
    WXC-3277: Traethawd Hir (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae'r traethawd hir yn ddarn o ysgrifennu annibynnol ar destun a ddewisir gan yr ymgeisydd mewn ymgynghoriad ag aelod staff ac a gymeradwyir gan yr Bwrdd Arholi. Mae'r dewis a'r cymeradwyo hwn yn digwydd yn ystod tymor yr haf yn union cyn Blwyddyn 3. Dylai'r ysgrifennu gymryd i ystyriaeth ymchwil flaenorol berthnasol, ond dylai ddangos gwreiddioldeb meddwl o ran dull ymdrin a dadl. Rhoddir credyd am ansawdd syniadau, eglurder a rhesymeg dadl, dull cyflwyno, addasrwydd llyfryddiaeth a mireinder y cyflwyniad. I gyd-fynd a'r traethawd hir ceir seminarau bob pythefnos lle bydd y myfyrwyr yn gweithio gyda thiwtoriaid y modiwl ar y sgiliau ymchwil, llyfryddiaeth a methodoleg sydd eu hangen i ysgrifennu'r traethawd hir
  • WXM-3282: Edition (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Participants of this module will prepare a critical edition of a suitable work from original sources or photographic reproductions of such sources. The work concerned will be selected by the candidate in consultation with a member of staff; the selection approved by the Board of Examiners, during the summer term of Year 2. The length of the work will depend upon various factors, including scoring, the number and complexity of sources, and the extent and degree of editorial intervention the materials demand; but in every instance full editorial apparatus will be required, including a detailed textual commentary. The edition should show awareness of previous editions of relevant music, but also demonstrate a capacity for solving specific editorial problems. Credit will be given for the quality of presentation as well as of editorial work. The project will be accompanied by seminars on the research, bibliography and methodology skills required for preparing the edition.
  • WXM-3283: Edition (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Participants of this module will prepare a critical edition of a suitable work from original sources or photographic reproductions of such sources. The work concerned will be selected by the candidate in consultation with a member of staff; the selection approved by the Board of Examiners, during the summer term of Year 2. The length of the work will depend upon various factors, including scoring, the number and complexity of sources, and the extent and degree of editorial intervention the materials demand; but in every instance full editorial apparatus will be required, including a detailed textual commentary. The edition should show awareness of previous editions of relevant music, but also demonstrate a capacity for solving specific editorial problems. Credit will be given for the quality of presentation as well as of editorial work. The project will be accompanied by seminars on the research, bibliography and methodology skills required for preparing the edition.
  • WXK-3288: Composition (project) (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The composition project is an opportunity for students to spend a sustained period engaged in compositional activity, working towards the production of a work, or works, of significant scale and duration. Students complete a composition or portfolio of compositions for any combination of instruments, voices, electroacoustic and studio resources, with the guidance of a supervisor. Project composers meet regularly as a group to consider broad issues and to share ideas and approaches. Compositions should demonstrate a thorough understanding of their genre, facility in the relevant technical skills, clarity of creative intent, and contemporary cultural relevance in their aesthetic approach. Compositions should be submitted in the form of a notated score, recording or a combination. If the work involves music for moving image, a DVD of music synchronised to picture must also be submitted. The piece or portfolio should normally be about 18 minutes in duration, by agreement with the supervisor, and depending on the tempo, the complexity of the music and the nature of the instrumental/vocal/ electroacoustic resources used. Portfolios may contain a mix of different genres. This module is not appropriate for students wishing to compose in historical or pastiche styles.
    or
    WXC-3288: Cyfansoddi (project) (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae’r project yn gyfle i fyfyrwyr dreulio cyfnod estynedig mewn gweithgaredd yn ymwneud â chyfansoddi, gan weithio tuag at greu gwaith, neu weithiau, ar raddfa a hyd sylweddol. Mae myfyrwyr yn cwblhau cyfansoddiad neu bortffolio o gyfansoddiadau ar gyfer unrhyw gyfuniad o offerynnau, lleisiau, adnoddau electroacwstig ac adnoddau stiwdio, dan gyfarwyddyd arolygwr. Bydd y cyfansoddwyr sydd ar y project yn cwrdd yn gyson fel grŵp i ystyried materion eang ac i rannu syniadau a dulliau. Dylai cyfansoddiadau ddangos dealltwriaeth drylwyr o’u genre, meistrolaeth ar y medrau technegol perthnasol, eglurder o ran bwriad creadigol, a pherthnasedd diwylliannol cyfoes o ran eu dull esthetig. Dylai myfyrwyr gyflwyno cyfansoddiadau ar ffurf sgôr wedi’i nodiannu, recordiad neu gyfuniad. Os yw’r gwaith yn cynnwys cerddoriaeth ar gyfer delwedd symudol, dylech hefyd gyflwyno DVD o gerddoriaeth wedi’i chydamseru â’r llun. Fel rheol, dylai’r darn neu’r portffolio gymryd rhyw 18 munud, trwy gytundeb â’r arolygwr, ac yn ôl y tempo, cymhlethdod y gerddoriaeth a nodweddion yr adnoddau offerynnol/ lleisiol/ electroacwstig a ddefnyddir. Gall portffolios gynnwys cymysgedd o wahanol genres. Nid yw’r modiwl hwn yn addas i fyfyrwyr sy’n dymuno cyfansoddi mewn arddulliau hanesyddol neu pastiche.
  • WXK-3289: Composition (project) (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The composition project is an opportunity for students to spend a sustained period engaged in compositional activity, working towards the production of a work, or works, of significant scale and duration. Students complete a composition or portfolio of compositions for any combination of instruments, voices, electroacoustic and studio resources, with the guidance of a supervisor. Project composers meet regularly as a group to consider broad issues and to share ideas and approaches. Compositions should demonstrate a thorough understanding of their genre, facility in the relevant technical skills, clarity of creative intent, and contemporary cultural relevance in their aesthetic approach. Compositions should be submitted in the form of a notated score, recording or a combination. If the work involves music for moving image, a DVD of music synchronised to picture must also be submitted. The piece or portfolio should normally be about 22 minutes in duration, by agreement with the supervisor, and depending on the tempo, the complexity of the music and the nature of the instrumental/vocal/ electroacoustic resources used. Portfolios may contain a mix of different genres. This module is not appropriate for students wishing to compose in historical or pastiche styles.
    or
    WXC-3289: Cyfansoddi (project) (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Mae’r project yn gyfle i fyfyrwyr dreulio cyfnod estynedig mewn gweithgaredd yn ymwneud â chyfansoddi, gan weithio tuag at greu gwaith, neu weithiau, ar raddfa a hyd sylweddol. Mae myfyrwyr yn cwblhau cyfansoddiad neu bortffolio o gyfansoddiadau ar gyfer unrhyw gyfuniad o offerynnau, lleisiau, adnoddau electroacwstig ac adnoddau stiwdio, dan gyfarwyddyd arolygwr. Bydd y cyfansoddwyr sydd ar y project yn cwrdd yn gyson fel grŵp i ystyried materion eang ac i rannu syniadau a dulliau. Dylai cyfansoddiadau ddangos dealltwriaeth drylwyr o’u genre, meistrolaeth ar y medrau technegol perthnasol, eglurder o ran bwriad creadigol, a pherthnasedd diwylliannol cyfoes o ran eu dull esthetig. Dylai myfyrwyr gyflwyno cyfansoddiadau ar ffurf sgôr wedi’i nodiannu, recordiad neu gyfuniad. Os yw’r gwaith yn cynnwys cerddoriaeth ar gyfer delwedd symudol, dylech hefyd gyflwyno DVD o gerddoriaeth wedi’i chydamseru â’r llun. Fel rheol, dylai’r darn neu’r portffolio gymryd rhyw 22 munud, trwy gytundeb â’r arolygwr, ac yn ôl y tempo, cymhlethdod y gerddoriaeth a nodweddion yr adnoddau offerynnol/ lleisiol/ electroacwstig a ddefnyddir. Gall portffolios gynnwys cymysgedd o wahanol genres. Nid yw’r modiwl hwn yn addas i fyfyrwyr sy’n dymuno cyfansoddi mewn arddulliau hanesyddol neu pastiche.
  • WXP-3297: Solo Performance Project (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Participants of the module will prepare and perform a public recital of 30 minutes’ duration, featuring stylistically-diverse solo repertoire from different periods. Individual instrumental or vocal tuition will be accompanied by seminars in which the students will work on advanced questions of repertoire, rehearsal strategies, performance practice and historically-informed performance. This module is capped at 15
    or
    WXC-3297: Project Perfformio Unawdol (30) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bydd y rhai sy’n dilyn y modiwl yn paratoi a pherfformio datganiad cyhoeddus yn para am 30 munud, yn cynnwys repertoire unawdol mewn arddulliau amrywiol o gyfnodau gwahanol. Caiff myfyrwyr hyfforddiant offerynnol neu leisiol unigol ochr yn ochr â seminarau, lle bydd y myfyrwyr yn gweithio ar gwestiynau uwch ar repertoire, strategaethau ymarfer, ymarfer ar gyfer perfformio, a pherfformio dan ddylanwad hanesyddol. Dim ond 15 myfyriwr ar y modiwl yma
  • WXP-3298: Solo Performance Project (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Participants of the module will prepare and perform a public recital of 40 minutes’ duration, featuring stylistically-diverse solo repertoire from different periods. Individual instrumental or vocal tuition will be accompanied by seminars in which the students will work on advanced questions of repertoire, rehearsal strategies, performance practice and historically-informed performance. This module is capped at 15 students
    or
    WXC-3298: Project Perfformio Unawdol (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Bydd y rhai sy’n dilyn y modiwl yn paratoi a pherfformio datganiad cyhoeddus yn para am 40 munud, yn cynnwys repertoire unawdol mewn arddulliau amrywiol o gyfnodau gwahanol. Caiff myfyrwyr hyfforddiant offerynnol neu leisiol unigol ochr yn ochr â seminarau, lle bydd y myfyrwyr yn gweithio ar gwestiynau uwch ar repertoire, strategaethau ymarfer, ymarfer ar gyfer perfformio, a pherfformio dan ddylanwad hanesyddol. Dim ond 15 o fyfyrwyr ar y modiwl yma
  • SPECIAL PROJECTS: Students must choose at least ONE Project, either in Music or in other subject. Students are welcome to choose more than one project: either two in Music or one in each School.

Optional Modules

30 credits from:

  • LXI-3011: Adaptations in European Cinema (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    During this course you will be introduced to issues relating to the re-use of tradition through the study of adaptations and/or recreations of literary texts, historical events or historical figures in Spanish and Italian cinema. You will thus become familiar with the socio-historical and ideological concerns that characterise contemporary Spain and Italy and you will reflect on the importance of film as a cultural medium. Primary sources: Films - Bernardo Bertolucci, 'Spider's Stratagem' (1969) - Vittorio De Sica, 'The Garden of the Finzi-Continis' (1970) - Francesco Rosi, 'Carmen' (1984) - Carlos Saura, 'Carmen' (1983) - Film and literary adaptions of the myth of Pygmalion - David Trueba, 'Soldados de Salamina' (2003) Primary sources: Texts ** A Dossier with all compulsory reading material (including short primary sources and required critical reading for seminars) will be made available from SMLC office in week 1. - Borges, Jorge Luis, "Theme of the Traitor and the Hero" in 'Labyrinths' (Penguin Books, 1970) [in dossier] - Bassani, Giorgio, 'The Garden of the Finzi-Continis' (Quartet Books, 1997) or Bassani, Giorgio 'Il Giardino dei Finzi-Contini' (Einaudi, 1999) - Bizet, Georges, 'Carmen', libretto by Henri Meilhac and Ludovic Halévy with English [in dossier] - Mérimée, Prosper, 'Carmen' trans. by Nicholas Jotcham (Oxford: Oxford UP, 1998) [in dossier] - Quim Monzó, ‘Pigmalió’, in El perquè de toto plegat (Quaderns Crema, 1993). - Javier Cercas, 'Soldados de Salamina' (Tusqusts Editores, 2003); 'Soldiers of Salamis' (Bloomsbury, 2003)
  • LXS-3018: Reading Contemporary Galician (20) (Semester 1)
    During this course, you will be introduced to the different 20th-Century literary texts (both narrative and poetic) originally written in the Galician language (which you will read in either Galician, Spanish or English). You will also be introduced to a set of cultural specificities of contemporary Galician culture (language conflict, the relevance of the Lusophone framework, hybridity and urban/rural studies). The authors studied will include key figures in Galician culture and politics such as Alfonso Castelao, the poets Luz Pichel and Lupe Gómez, Lois Pereiro and Manuel Rivas. Attention will be paid to both the cultural and stylistic specificity of the texts, and to the way they encompassed the main historical events of Galician and Spanish recent history. Luz Pichel: Casa pechada/Cativa en su lughar. Lupe Gómez: Selected poems. Lois Pereiro: Collected Poems. Manuel Rivas: Selected passages from Books Burn Badly.
  • LXS-3034: Spain through its Writers (20) (Semester 1)
    This module will explore how images of Spain as seen through its writers have changed over the past 100 years, by focusing on the genre of Travel Writing. It will start by providing an overview on the conventions of the genre, both in general and with a particular focus on travelogues by Spanish writers. Subsequently, students will read a series of selected extracts from different texts, which will be commented and analysed in the classroom. Although a selection of extracts will be provided, some of them will constitute compulsory reading. The first section will focus on the pre-Civil War period through the following indicative themes: the use of landscape in the construction of national identity (Azorín), travel writing as an initiation into literature (García Lorca) and the contrast between Spain and Europe (Julio Camba). The second part of the module will focus on the literary representations of Spain during the Francoist period, starting with the view of Catalunya, Galicia and Andalucía provided by Falangist writer Ernesto Giménez Caballero. This period also saw the publication of one of the milestones of the genre in Spanish literature, Viaje a la Alcarria by Nobel Prize winner Camilo José Cela, in which the author provides a personal account of rural Spain. By contrast, Ignacio Aldecoa’s travel writing aims to show a more realistic view of the situation of Spain during the dictatorship. Finally, the module will explore representations of Spain during the democratic period, starting with Julio Llamazares’ use of memory politics in his travel writing and Alfonso Armada’s texts on the touristification of Spain. Finally, Luisa Castro’s Viajes con mi padre will be studied as an example of travel writing as confessional journey.
  • LXS-3041: Catalan Identity on the Screen (20) (Semester 2)
    The module will cover the following topics: 1) Theorising national cinema: key concepts; 2) Challenging the hegemonic gaze: the Barcelona School of Film; 3) Staging Identity: Adaptations of theatre and the novel 4) Re-mapping the urban landscape: the films of Ventura Pons; 5) Female Subjectivity and Authorship in Sílvia Munt’s Gala (2003); 6) Monstrous Identities: containing illness and sexual deviance in El mar by Agustí Villaronga; 7) Trauma in Elisa K by Judith Colell and Jordi Cadena; 8) The New Documentary: Memory and Reconstruction; 9) Beyond National Boundaries: Transnationalism and Multilingualism in Els nens salvatges by Patricia Ferreira ; 10) New Directions: science fiction and the horror genre; and 11) Scene-Analysis (one-hour in-class assessment) & Revision and Essay Preparation. Core films: Delete Nedar by Carla Subirana
  • LXE-3101: Approaching Translation (10) (Semester 2)
    This module aims to further develop and consolidate translation skills students have acquired in their language courses. By approaching translation as a process, it examines translation at different textual levels, from the lexico-grammatical level such as words and grammar, to the textual-pragmatic level such as cohesion, register and text types. It provides students with a framework to reflect on the translational difficulties in their chosen language pairs and explore strategies and their implications. Key texts Baker, Mona. In Other Words: A Coursebook on Translation, 2nd edition (London: Routledge, 2011). Hatim, Basil and Munday, Jeremy. Translation: an Advanced Resource Book (London: Routledge, 2004). Students will also require language specific resources such as a bilingual and monolingual dictionaries.
    or
    LCE-3101: Trin a Thrafod Cyfieithu (10) (Semester 2)
    Bwriad y modiwl hwn yw datblygu ac atgyfnerthu ymhellach sgiliau cyfieithu a enillwyd gan fyfyrwyr yn eu cyrsiau iaith. Trwy ystyried cyfieithu fel proses, mae'n craffu ar gyfieithu ar wahanol lefelau testunol, o lefel geiriau a gramadeg, i'r lefel destunol a phragmataidd sy'n ystyried cydlyniad, cywair a mathau o destun. Mae'n rhoi fframwaith i'r myfyrwyr i ystyried yr anawsterau cyfieithu yn y parau iaith a ddewiswyd ganddynt ac i ymchwilio i strategaethau a'u goblygiadau. Key texts Baker, Mona. In Other Words: A Coursebook on Translation, 2nd edition (London: Routledge, 2011). Hatim, Basil and Munday, Jeremy. Translation: an Advanced Resource Book (London: Routledge, 2004). Students will also require language specific resources such as a bilingual and monolingual dictionaries.
  • LXE-3102: Culture and the Body (10) (Semester 1)
  • LXE-3210: Press Dossier (10) (10) (Semester 1)
    This module provides students with the opportunity to examine a topical issue relevant to one or more countries/regions in which the target language is spoken. The chosen issue will be examined through the prism of the press and media, in order to develop an understanding not only of the specific issue in question, but also of the media landscape of the relevant society. The resulting dossier will comprise the analysis of contrasting media and press types in their coverage of the chosen topic, as well as an assessment of their importance in influencing public opinion. The dossier will be written in the target language, and should contain an appendix of materials which have been examined. Busà, M. Grazia, Introducing the Language of the News: a Student's Guide (London: Routledge, 2014) Stevenson, Nick, Understanding Media Cultures: Social Theory and Mass Communication (London; Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1995) Harrison, Martin, TV news, Whose Bias? : a Casebook Analysis of Strikes, Television and Media Studies (Hermitage, Berks.: Policy Journals, 1985) Stocchetti Matteo and Karin Kukkonen, Critical Media Analysis: an Introduction for Media Professionals (Frankfurt am Main ; New York: Peter Lang, 2011) Van Dijk, Teun A., Discourse and Communication: New Approaches to the Analysis of Mass Media Discourse and Communication (Berlin; New York: W. de Gruyter, 1985) Websites: This section of SMLC website lists some of the major newspaper, TV and radio sites in German, French, Spanish and Italian media: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/uglinks.php
    or
    LCE-3210: Astudio'r Cyfryngau (S1) (10) (Semester 1)
    Mae'r modiwl hwn yn rhoi cyfle i fyfyrwyr astudio pwnc cyfoes sy'n berthnasol i un neu fwy o wledydd/rhanbarthau lle y siaredir yr iaith darged. Gwyntyllir y pwnc a ddewisir drwy brism y wasg a'r cyfryngau, er mwyn magu dealltwriaeth o'r pwnc penodol ond hefyd o'r cyhoeddiadau a chyfryngau sydd ar gael yn y gymdeithas dan sylw. Bydd yr adroddiad terfynol yn cynnwys dadansoddiad o sut y mae mathau cyferbyniol o gyhoeddiadau a chyfryngau yn ymdrin â'r pwnc, yn ogystal ag asesiad o'u pwysigrwydd wrth ddylanwadu ar farn y cyhoedd. Ysgrifennir yr adroddiad yn yr iaith darged, ac atodir y deunyddiau a drafodir wrtho. Busà, M. Grazia, Introducing the Language of the News: a Student's Guide (London: Routledge, 2014) Stevenson, Nick, Understanding Media Cultures: Social Theory and Mass Communication (London; Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1995) Harrison, Martin, TV news, Whose Bias? : a Casebook Analysis of Strikes, Television and Media Studies (Hermitage, Berks.: Policy Journals, 1985) Stocchetti Matteo and Karin Kukkonen, Critical Media Analysis: an Introduction for Media Professionals (Frankfurt am Main ; New York: Peter Lang, 2011) Van Dijk, Teun A., Discourse and Communication: New Approaches to the Analysis of Mass Media Discourse and Communication (Berlin; New York: W. de Gruyter, 1985) Websites: This section of SMLC website lists some of the major newspaper, TV and radio sites in German, French, Spanish and Italian media: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/uglinks.php
  • LXE-3400: Joint Hons Diss (English) (10) (Semester 1 + 2) or
    LCE-3400: Traethawd Hir Cyd-A (Cym) (10) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • LXE-3444: Joint Hons Diss (Target Lang) (10) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • Joint Hons. Students may only take ONE LXE module (does not include dissertation). A dissertation must be taken in ONE Joint Honours subject.

0 to 30 credits from:

  • WXM-3009: 20th Century Women Composers (10) (Semester 2)
    Musicology has in recent years been enriched by research that highlights the contribution made by women to Music & Music History.This module forms an introduction to some of the most important women musicians of the twentieth century, including: a. British: Ethel Smyth (1858-1944), Elisabeth Lutyens (1906-83), Grace Williams (1906-77) and Elizabeth Maconchy (1907-94). b. Europe: Cecile Chaminade (1857-1944), Germaine Tailleferre (1892-1983), Nadia (1887-1979) and Lili Boulanger (1893-1918). c. American: Amy Beach (1867-1944), Marion Bauer (1882-1955), Ruth Crawford Seeger (1901-53) and Louise Talma (1906-96). d. Established Contemporary Voices: Thea Musgrave (1928-), Sofia Gubaidulina (1931-), Kaija Saariaho (1952-) and Chen Yi (1953-).
  • WXM-3010: Zappa: the man and the music (10) (Semester 2)
    In this module, Frank Zappa’s music and life will be explored chronologically, starting from his beginnings as a young musician in Baltimore to his classical compositions towards the end of his life. The subject matter to be covered throughout the lectures and seminars will comprise: Zappa’s compositional styles and influences; his engagement in political issues (including censorship); humour and satire in his music; his classical works; his collaborations, and the legacy left by him.
  • WXM-3019: Opera: Moteverdi to Mozart (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-3020: 19th Century Symphony (10) (Semester 1)
  • WXM-3115: Minimalism (10) (Semester 2)
    This course will begin by looking at the use of the term Minimalism in art and music and trace its evolution in the early works of La Monte Young and Terry Riley. Discussion of Steve Reich's significant essay 'Music as Gradual Process', will be followed by the analysis of works by Reich, Glass, Adams and Torke, before looking at the contribution of European composers such as Pärt, Gorecki, Andriessen, Bryars, Skempton and Nyman.
    or
    WXC-3115: Minimaliaeth (10) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y cwrs hwn yn cychwyn gan edrych ar y defnydd o'r term Minimaliaeth mewn celfyddyd gain a cherddoriaeth, cyn olrhain esblygiad y term yng ngherddoriaeth La Monte Young a Terry Riley. Trafodir ysgrif arwyddocaol Steve Reich 'Cerddoriaeth fel Proses Raddol', cyn dadansoddi gweithiau Reich, Glass, Adams a Torke, ac yna edrych ar gyfraniad cyfansoddwyr Ewropeaidd megis Pärt, Gorecki, Andriessen, Bryars, Skempton a Nyman.
  • WXM-3153: From Dufay to Josquin (10) (Semester 1)
    Description: Numerous composers of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries had well-deserved reputations in their day as excellent singers or renowned choirmasters. Nevertheless it is Josquin de Prez (d. 1521) whose reputation towered over those of his contemporaries, and continues to do so today. This module considers the music of Josquin alongside that of his contemporaries, such as Antoine Brumel, Pierre de la Rue, Loyset Compère, Jacob Obrecht and Heinrich Isaac, and examines the nature of musical production and distribution during Josquin's lifetime. Method, number and frequency of classes: Normally one class of 1 hour and 15 minutes per week for nine weeks, plus up to two individual consultations by arrangement. Assessment: One essay submitted in week 12 (80%); one seminar presentation of 10 minutes' duration (20%). Learning Outcomes: On completion of the module, the student should have: 1. acquired a reasonably detailed knowledge of the main compositional genres of the period, and of selected works by Josquin and his contemporaries 2. developed an awareness of the historical and cultural contexts which gave rise to this music 3. gained an awareness of the problem of anonymous music and composer attribution during the period 4. developed an enhanced perspective of the portrayal of one of the first 'great composers'
  • WXM-3157: The Music of Stockhausen (10) (Semester 1)
    This module forms an introduction to the music of the radical German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-2007). It will consider specific works by Stockhausen, as well as the issues they raise, and will do so from both historical and analytical perspectives. It will also aim to consider the music of Stockhausen in the context of works by other composers.
  • WXM-3187: Music, Health and Wellbeing A (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-3189: Ligeti (10) (Semester 2)
    The Hungarian born György Ligeti established himself as one of the most distinguished composers from the second half of the twentieth century. This module will focus on a selection of his most well-known compositions (which features his orchestral Atmosphères and Melodien, his Violin Concerto, the opera Le Grand Macabre, the piano Études and selected chamber and vocal pieces), assessing his artistic contribution within the European cultural developments of the time while placing their significance within the composer’s creative and historical background. Close attention will be paid in identifying his distinctive style and composition techniques, and on how they shaped his independent and uncompromising creative output.
    or
    WXC-3189: Ligeti (Cymraeg) (10) (Semester 2)
    Sefydlodd y cyfansoddwr Hwngaraidd, György Ligeti, ei hun fel un o ffigyrau mwyaf blaenllaw ail hanner yr ugeinfed ganrif. Canolbwyntia’r modiwl hwn ar astudio detholiad o’i weithiau enwocaf (sy’n cynnwys y darnau cerddorfaol Atmosphères a Melodien, ei Gonsierto i’r Ffidil, yr opera Le Grand Macabre, yr Études i’r piano ac ambell i waith siambr a lleisiol arall), gan asesu ei gyfraniad artistig o fewn datblygiadau celfyddydol Ewropeaidd ei gyfnod. Gosodir eu harwyddocâd o fewn cefndir creadigol a hanesyddol y cyfansoddwr gan fanylu ar ei arddull unigryw a’i dechnegau cyfansoddi a’r modd y dylanwadodd y rhain ar ei allbwn annibynnol a digyfaddawd.
  • WXK-3191: Songwriting (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Students will be introduced to many basic and advanced aspects of composing in various song genres, with particular reference to the presentation of rhythmic counterpoint, harmonic vocabulary, melodic shaping, formal archetypes and lyrics in their songs. These will be illustrated with reference to a number of song styles, ranging from folk to jazz and rock genres. At the end of the module, the student will have created a small portfolio their own songs, and be able to present their work to a good standard either on audio CD or in written form. (For recordings this means that the sounds are distortion-free unless intentionally so, all elements are appropriately audible and relatively balanced in terms of level. Scores must be presented in an accepted form such as jazz lead-sheet, full score or popular piano-and-vocal sheet. They should follow the conventions of the particular style chosen and be clear, intelligible, and make sense for the harmonic language, time signature and instruments chosen.) Pre-requisites: Satisfactory completion of Year 1 Music (single or joint honours), or satisfactory completion of Year 1 English with Songwriting. It is assumed that students will be able to record or computer-notate their own songs to a good standard for this module; therefore it is recommended that they have completed a music technology module or equivalent. For recordings ‘good’ means that the sounds are distortion-free, all elements are appropriately audible and relatively balanced in terms of level. Scores must be presented in an accepted form such as jazz lead-sheet, full score or popular piano-and-vocal sheet, and preferably computer-notated. They should follow the conventions of the particular style chosen and be clear, intelligible, and make sense for the harmonic language, time signature and instruments chosen.
  • WXM-3207: Harmony & Counterpoint (Adv) (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This course looks at the music of the baroque and classical periods in some depth. The first semester is given over to a study of Baroque harmonic and contrapuntal practice, with particular emphasis on the trio sonata. During the second semester, string quartet writing will form the basis of a close investigation of Classical procedures. Specially written course-books provide the basis for instruction in both semesters.
  • WXM-3209: Brazilian Music and Culture (10) (Semester 1)
    The module will explore some important Brazilian musical genres and relate these to cultural and political developments in the country. The impact of Brazilian popular music outside Brazil will be discussed as well as the effect of foreign music on the country. The module will give students the opportunity to familiarise themselves with several musical styles and artists. Key ideas for the analysis of the issues covered will also be discussed.
  • WXK-3234: Composing for Film/Media (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The aim of the course is to equip students with the necessary technical and creative skills to prepare them for the world of music for film, television and the media – a field of composition that is full of challenges but very pleasurable. Instruction will be given on the use of specific software and hardware (such as Logic Pro and sibelius), as well as how to synchronise images with sound, the use of keyboards and software samples, and basic mixing techniques . Alongside this will be a series of lectures on topics relating to research, industry and criticism of musical styles and genres in the media. Examples from the work of some of the masters of the form will be analysed, such as John Williams, Alexandre Desplat and Harry Gregson-Williams, to enable the student to gain an understanding of the medium. Detailed attention will be paid to business and legal implications. CO-REQUISITES: Ideally students will have experience of Orchestration (WXK2231 or WXC2232) and Composition (WXC2233 or WXK2233) or Acousmatic Composition (WXK2235), but this is not essential.
    or
    WXC-3234: Cyfansoddi - Ffilm/Cyfryngau (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Amcan y cwrs yw rhoi'r medrau technegol a chreadigol angenrheidiol i fyfyrwyr er mwyn eu paratoi ym myd cerddoriaeth ar gyfer cerddoriaeth i ffilm, teledu a'r cyfryngau - maes o gyfansoddi sy'n llawn her ond yn bleserus iawn. Rhoddir cyfarwyddiadau ar feddalwedd a chaledwedd benodol (megis Logic Pro a sibelius.), yn ogystal â sut i gydamseru delweddau â sain, defnydd allweddellau a pheiriannau samplo, a sut i gofnodi a chymysgu cerddoriaeth. Ar yr un pryd, cyflwynir darlithoedd ar bynciau sy'n ymwneud ag ymchwil, diwydiant a beirniadaeth ar arddulliau a genres cerddorol yn y cyfryngau. Dadansoddir enghreifftiau cerddorol o eiddo rhai o feistri'r ffurf, megis John Williams, Alexandre Desplat a Harry Gregson-Williams er mwyn i'r myfyrwyr gael dealltwriaeth o'r cyfrwng. Rhoddir sylw gweddol fanwl i'r goblygiadau ar fusnes a materion cyfreithiol. CYDOFYNION: Gorau oll os oes gan fyfyrwyr brofiad o Cerddorfaeth (WXK2231 neu WXC2232) a Chyfansoddi (WXC2233 new WXK2233) neu Gyfansoddi Acwsmatig (WXK2235), ond nid yr hynny'n orfodol.
  • WXP-3243: Advanced Ensemble Performance1 (10) (Semester 1)
    Students will be required to form small instrumental or vocal ensembles before the course commences. If students have a specific instrumental formation in mind that cannot be formed within the module, they may invite guest performers. Pianists will have the option to choose collaborative piano (accompanying) as their specialism within the module. Collective rehearsal sessions will be organised by the students with individual coaching provided by members of the School of Music staff. Ensembles are encouraged to explore the existing repertoire during weeks 1–3, and then in subsequent weeks to work on their performance of the work(s) selected by the group. Please note that students may follow a maximum of 20 credits in EnsemblePerformance across Levels 5 and 6.
  • WXP-3244: Advanced Ensemble Performance2 (10) (Semester 2)
    Students will be required to form small instrumental or vocal ensembles before the course commences. If students have a specific instrumental formation in mind that cannot be formed within the module, they may invite guest performers. Pianists will have the option to choose collaborative piano (accompanying) as their specialism within the module. Collective rehearsal sessions will be organised by the students with individual coaching provided by members of the School of Music staff. Ensembles are encouraged to explore the existing repertoire during weeks 1–3, and then in subsequent weeks to work on their performance of the work(s) selected by the group. Please note that students may follow a maximum of 20 credits in EnsemblePerformance across Levels 5 and 6.
  • WXP-3249: Conducting (10) (Semester 2)
    This module will equip students with the essential skills for conducting and rehearsing, and related musical and organisational skills. Work will be mostly practical and will include study of gesture, beating time, the detailed preparation of a score, rehearsal technique, and psychological skills required by a conductor.
  • WXP-3253: Fusion Ensemble 1 (10) (Semester 1)
  • WXP-3254: Fusion Ensemble 2 (10) (Semester 2)
  • WXM-3268: Studio Techniques (10) (Semester 1)
    To introduce students to digital sound recording and editing techniques. The various equipment found in a recording studio will be introduced and explained, and practical skills in its uses will be developed.
  • WXM-3270: Music Teaching in Context (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • WXM-3302: Fugue (10) (Semester 2)
    Fugue, in one form or another, has been a prominent aspect of Western art music since the late Middle Ages. It can perhaps best be described as a contrapuntal compositional procedure, in two or more voices, in which a short theme (the subject) is introduced in imitation (based on tonal principles); this subject then recurs throughout the rest of the composition. Fugues typically have three sections, using terminology shared with sonata-form: exposition, development, recapitulation. Fugue is not a fixed form, however: it is best understood as a compositional procedure. By the end of the 17th century, fugue was widely regarded as the fullest expression of imitative polyphony. The fugues of Johann Sebastian Bach (1685–1750) represent the apex of the style, particularly his Die Kunst der Fuge (The Art of Fugue). The status of the fugue waned in the late 18th century, though we still find it cultivated in the works of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. This module will examine theories about fugue and its characteristics; the primary musical focus will be on the fugal style of JS Bach. Students will learn how to analyse and assess fugal compositions, and learn how to compose a fugal exposition.