Dr G. Bird- Staff Profile

Dr Graham Bird
Reader in Physical Geography

Room F23, Thoday Building

Email g.bird@bangor.ac.uk

Tel: 01248 383222 (from U.K.)
+44 1248 383222 (International)


Responsibilities within SENRGY/BU

  • Deputy Head of School (Teaching)
  • College of Natural Sciences Director of Teaching and Learning
  • SENRGy Director of Teaching and Learning
  • Course Director for Geography programmes
  • SENRGy Admissions Tutor
  • SENRGy Publicity Officer

Qualifications and Membership of Professional Bodies

  • BSc (Hons) Geography – University of Wales, Aberystwyth (2000)
  • MSc Environmental Techniques - University of Wales, Aberystwyth (2001)
  • PhD Geochemistry - University of Wales, Aberystwyth (2005)
  • PGCTHE – Aberystwyth University (2010)
  • Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
  • Member of the Society for Environmental Geochemistry & Health
  • Associate-Editor of Applied Geochemistry


Research interests

Generally in the field of environmental geochemistry, with a particular interest in the impact of metal mining, metallurgy and mine tailings dam failures upon fluvial systems. Investigation into contaminant metal speciation using Sequential Extraction Procedures (SEPs) and the use of Pb isotopes as geochemical tracers of sediment and sediment-associated metal dispersal. Reconstruction of contaminant-dispersal and sedimentation histories using composite geochemical fingerprinting techniques and multivariate mixing models. 


Bird, G., in press. The influence of the scale of mining activity and mine site remediation on the contamination legacy of historical metal mining activity. Environmental Science and Pollution Research DOI: 10.1007/s11356-016-7400-z.

Brewer, P.A., Bird, G., Macklin, M.G., (2016) Isotopic provenancing of Pb in Mitrovica, northern Kosovo: source identification of chronic Pb enrichment in soils, house dust and scalp hair. Applied Geochemistry 64, 164-175.

Perkins, W.T., Bird, G., Jacobs, S.R., Devoy, C., (2016) Field-scale study of the influence of differing remediation strategies on trace metal geochemistry in metal mine tailings from the Irish Midlands. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 23, 5592-5608.

Byrne, P., Hudson-Edwards, K.A., Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Bird, G., Williams, R., (2015) The long-term environmental impacts of the Mount Polley mine tailings spill, British Columbia, Canada. Geophysical Research Abstracts 17, EGU2015-6241.

Boisa, N., Elom, N., Dean, J.R., Deary, M.E., Bird, G., Entwistle, J.A., (2014) Development and application of an inhalation bioaccessibility method (IBM) for lead in the PM10 size fraction of soil. Environment International 70, 132-142.

Bird, G., Bell, E., Perkins, W.T., (2014) Arsenic within the secondary environment resulting from geogenic inputs, Harlech Dome, United Kingdom. Environmental Earth Sciences 72, 3521-3530.

Boisa, N., Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Dean, J.R., Entwistle, J.A., Kemp, S.J., Macklin, M.G. (2013) Potentially harmful elements (PHEs) in scalp hair, soil and metallurgical wastes in Mitrovica, Kosovo: The role of oral bioaccessibility and mineralogy in human PHE exposure. Environment International 60, 56-70.

Bird, G. (2011) Provenancing anthropogenic Pb within the fluvial environment: Developments and challenges in the use of Pb isotopes. Environment International 37, 802-819.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G. (2010) Management of the Danube drainage basin: implications of contaminant metal dispersal for the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive. International Journal of River Basin Management 8, 63-78.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Nikolova, M., Kotsev, T., Mollov, M., Swain, C.(2010) Contaminant-metal dispersal in mining-affected river catchments of the Danube and Maritsa drainage basins, Bulgaria. Water Air and Soil Pollution 206, 105-127.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Nikolova, M., Kotsev, T., Mollov, M., Swain, C., (2010) Pb isotope evidence for contaminant-metal dispersal in an international river system: the lower Danube catchment, Eastern Europe. Applied Geochemistry 25, 1070-1084.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Nikolova, M., Kotsev, T., Mollov, M., Swain, C. (2010) Quantifying sediment-associated metal dispersal using Pb isotopes: application of binary and multivariate mixing models in the Maritsa catchment, Bulgaria. Environmental Pollution 158, 2158-2169.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Nikolova, M., Kotsev, T., Sima, M., Mollov, M. (2010) Sediment origin and dispersal dynamics in the lower Danube Basin., in: Bloesch, J., Teodorovic, I., Sandu, C. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 38th IAD Conference, Dresden, Germany.

Kotsev, T., Nikolova, M., Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Bird, G., Mollov, M. (2010) River water and river sediment contamination with As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn, in: Momchilova, A. (Ed.), Bulgaria Geographic Atlas. TANGRA TanNakRa, Sofia, pp. 201-203.

Bird, G., Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Zaharia, S., Balteanu, D., Driga, B., Serban, M. (2009) Heavy metals in potable groundwater of mining-affected river catchments, northwestern Romania. Environmental Geochemistry and Health 31, 741-758.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Serban, M., Balteanu, D., Driga, B., Zaharia, S. (2008) River system recovery following the Novaţ-Roşu tailings dam failure, Maramureş County, Romania. Applied Geochemistry 23, 3498-3518.

Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Hudson-Edwards, K.A., Bird, G., Coulthard, T.J., Dennis, I., Lechler, P.J., Miller, J.R., Turner, J.N. (2006) A geomorphological approach to the management of rivers contaminated by metal mining. Geomorphology 79, 423-447.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Serban, M., Balteanu, D., Driga, B. (2005) The magnitude, spatial extent and environmental significance of heavy metal contamination in the Aries river catchment, western Romania: implications for development of the Rosia Montana gold deposit. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 86, 26-48.

Brewer, P.A., Nikolova, M., Bird, G., Kotsev, T., Macklin, M.G., Mollov, M., Swain, C. (2005) Source to sink river pollution assessment in northern Bulgaria: preliminary results on contaminant delivery in the lower Danube basin, Proceedings of the 5th International SGEM Scientific Conference: Modern Management of Mine Producing, Geology and Environment Protection, pp. 387-396.

Serban, M., Balteanu, D., Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Bird, G. (2004) Mining activities and heavy metal river pollution in the Apuseni Mountains, Romania, in: Morell, M., Todorovik, O., Dimitrov, D., Selenica, A., Spirkovsky, Z. (Eds.), BALWOIS 2004: Conference on Water Observation and Information System for Decision Support. Ministry of Education and Science, Republic of Macedonia, Ohrid; Republic of Macedonia, pp. 1-11.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Balteanu, D., Driga, B., Serban, M., Zaharia, S. (2003) The solid-state partitioning of contaminant metals and As in river channel sediments of the mining affected Tisa drainage basin, northwestern Romania and eastern Hungary. Applied Geochemistry 18, 1583-1595.

Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Balteanu, D., Driga, B., Serban, M., Zaharia, S. (2003) The impact and significance of metal mining activities on the environmental quality of Romanian river systems, in: CCMESI (Ed.), Proceedings of the First International Conference on Environmental Research and Assessment. University of Bucharest, Bucharest; Romania, pp. 316-332.

Bird, G., Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Balteanu, D., Driga, B., Zaharia, S., Serban, M. (2003) Environmental impacts of metal mining activities in Romania, in: Josan, N., Balteanu, D., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G. (Eds.), The Environmental and Socio-Economic Impact of Industrial Tailings Ponds. University of Oradea, Oradea, Romania, pp. 87-96.

Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Balteanu, D., Coulthard, T.J., Driga, B., Howard, A.J., Bird, G., Zaharia, S., Serban, M. (2003) The tailings dam failures in Maramures County, Romania and their transboundary impacts on the river systems, in: Filho, W.L., Butorina, I. (Eds.), Approaches to Handling Environmental Problems in the Mining and Metallurgical Regions. Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 73-83.

Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Coulthard, T.J., Turner, J.N., Bird, G., Hudson-Edwards, K.A. (2002) The chemical and physical impacts of recent mine tailings dam failures on river systems: key issues for sustainable catchment management in former and present metal mining areas, Proceedings of a Seminar on Proposed EU Directive on Mining Waste. Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, London, pp. 18-24.