Dr P. Cross - Staff Profile

Dr Paul Cross

Dr Paul Cross
Senior Lecturer in the Environment

Thoday Building, room S1

Email: paul.cross@bangor.ac.uk

Tel: 01248 382991 (from U.K.)
+44 1248 382991 (International)



The website of the conservation science group at Bangor (conservation@Bangor)

Research Interests

  • Beekeeping as a poverty alleviation tool
  • Bee morphometrics
  • Zoonotic disease, with a particular focus on E. coli O157 and the evaluation of interventions
  • Choice-based modelling and its application to opinion elicitation
  • Estimating disease prevalence rates, illicit or illegal behaviours and drug use through the use of socio-economic methodologies
  • Development and application of bee-tracking devices

Responsibilities within SENRGy/BU

  • Course Director for MSc Conservation and Land Management (CLM)
  • Chair of the College of Natural Sciences Marketing Committee
  • SENRGy Research Committee member

Current or Recent Projects

2014. Sources, Seasonality, Transmission and Control: Campylobacter and human behaviour in a changing environment: Identifying poultry supply chain knowledge gaps. RCUK

2014. A Systematic and Participatory Review of Research on the Impact of Agriculture on Water Quality in Ireland. Irish EPA.

2014. Glastir Efficiency Scheme (Carbon footprints of livestock farms). Welsh Govt.

2014. Glastir Efficiency Scheme (Socio-econ study of the wider benefits of GES). Welsh Govt.

2010: Estimating bird crime prevalence rates using three novel techniques. British Academy.

2009: The prevalence of non-treatment of sheep scab in Wales and the economic cost to the livestock industry, Welsh Assembly Government.

2009: Raising awareness about food-borne pathogens in Wales. Local Authority and Research Council Initiative (LARCI).

2008: Food-borne Pathogen knowledge transfer. ESRC.

2008-2010: Reducing Escherichia coli O157 risk in rural communities. RES-229-25-0012. RELU.

Research Students

Jake Shearwood: Development of a miniature vibration energy harvester for battery-less tracking of honey bees. PhD.

Kata Wagner: The impact of beekeeping in the Tanzanian Miombo; understanding the beekeeper as a forest resource user. Ph.D.

Shareefa Sultan Hamad Alsalem: Effectiveness of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).Ph.D

Deborah Ruth Amulen: Identifying barriers to honey production among the rural poor in sub-Saharan Africa: A Ugandan case study Ph.D


Recent Publications

Amulen, D.R., P. Spanoghe, M. Houbraken, A. Tamale, D.C. de Graaf, P. Cross, and G. Smagghe. 2017. Environmental contaminants of honeybee products in Uganda detected using LC-MS/MS and GC-ECD. PLOS ONE. 12:e0178546.

Amulen, D.R., D’Haese, M., Ahikiriza, E., Agea, J.G., Jacobs, F.J., de Graaf, D.C., Smagghe, G. & Cross, P. (2017) The buzz about bees and poverty alleviation: Identifying drivers and barriers of beekeeping in sub-Saharan Africa. PLOS ONE, 12, e0172820.

Utaile, Y.U. & Cross, P. 2016. Time-series analysis of variations in pesticide use and hazard from vegetable production in Great Britain. Journal of Hill Agriculture, 7, 102-109.

Taft, H.E., Cross, P.A., Edwards-Jones, G., Moorhouse, E.R. & Jones, D.L. 2017. Greenhouse gas emissions from intensively managed peat soils in an arable production system. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 237, 162-172.

Carton, O., Cross, P., Jones, A., Crosse, S., Withers, P., Augustenborg, C.,  Doody, D. 2016. A Systematic and Participatory  Review of Research on the Impact of Agriculture on Aquatic Ecosystems in Ireland. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford, Ireland.

Carton, O., Cross, P., Jones, A., Crosse, S., Withers, P., Augustenborg, C.,  Doody, D. 2016. Identifying Approaches to Improving Knowledge Exchange (KE) in the Irish Agri-Food Sector using Expert Opinion. Environmental Protection Agency, Wexford, Ireland.

Jones AK, Rigby D, Burton M, Millman C, Williams NJ, Jones TR, Wigley P, O’Brien SJ, Cross P. 2016. Restaurant cooking trends and increased risk for Campylobacter infection. Emerging Infectious Diseaseshttp://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2207.151775

Jones, A. K., D. L. Jones, and P. Cross. 2015. Developing farm-specific marginal abatement cost curves: Cost-effective greenhouse gas mitigation opportunities in sheep farming systems. Land Use Policy 49. 394-403.

Quilliam, R.S., van Niekerk, M.A., Chadwick, D.R., Cross, P., Hanley, N., Jones, D.L., Vinten, A.J.A., Willby, N. & Oliver, D.M. (2015) Can macrophyte harvesting from eutrophic water close the loop on nutrient loss from agricultural land? Journal of Environmental Management, 152, 210-217.

Jones, D. L., P. Cross, P. J. A. Withers, T. H. DeLuca, D. A. Robinson, R. S. Quilliam, I. M. Harris, D. R. Chadwick, and G. Edwards-Jones. 2013. REVIEW: Nutrient stripping: the global disparity between food security and soil nutrient stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology 50:851-862.

Keller, E. M., I. Harris, and P. Cross. 2014. Identifying  suitable queen rearing sites of Apis mellifera mellifera at a regional  scale using morphometrics. Journal of Apicultural Research53, 2, 279-287

Jones, A. K., D. L. Jones, and P. Cross. (2013). The carbon footprint of lamb: Sources of variation and opportunities for mitigation. Agricultural Systems123, 97–107

Cross, P. (2013). Pesticide hazard trends in orchard fruit production in Great Britain from 1992 to 2008: a time series analysis. Pest Management Science. 69, 768-774.

Cross, P., F.A.V. St John, S. Khan, and A. Petroczi. 2013. Innovative Techniques for Estimating Illegal Activities in a Human-Wildlife-Management Conflict. PLoS ONE. 8. 1. e53681. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053681

Davey L. Jones, Paul Cross, Paul J.A. Withers, Tom H. DeLuca, David A. Robinson, Richard S. Quilliam, Ian M. Harris, David R. Chadwick and Gareth Edwards-Jones. (2013). Nutrient stripping: the global disparity between food security and soil nutrient stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology. 50, 851–862

Jones, A.K., D.L. Jones, and P. Cross. 2014. The carbon footprint of UK sheep production: current knowledge and opportunities for reduction in temperate zones. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 152, 288–308

Jones, A.K., D.L. Jones, G. Edwards-Jones, and P. Cross. 2013. Informing decision making in agricultural greenhouse gas mitigation policy: A Best-Worst Scaling survey of expert and farmer opinion in the sheep industry. Environmental Science & Policy. 29, 46-56

Quilliam, R.S., P. Cross, A.P. Williams, G. Edwards-Jones, R.L. Salmon, D. Rigby, R.M. Chalmers, D.R. Thomas, and D.L. Jones. 2013. Subclinical infection and asymptomatic carriage of gastrointestinal zoonoses: occupational exposure, environmental pathways, and the anonymous spread of disease. Epidemiology & Infection. 141, 1-11

Wellington EMH, Boxall ABA, Cross P, Feil EJ, Gaze WH, Hawkey PM, Johnson-Rollings AS, Jones DL, Lee NM, Otten W, Thomas CM, Williams AP. 2013. The role of the natural environment in the emergence of antibiotic resistance in Gram-negative bacteria. The Lancet Infectious Diseases 13, 155-165.

Rotariu O, Ogden ID, Macritchie L, Forbes KJ, Williams AP, Cross P, Hunter CJ, Teunis PFM and Strachan NJC. 2012. Combining risk assessment and epidemiological risk factors to elucidate the sources of human E. coli O157 infection. Epidemiology and Infection 140 1414-1429.

Shah, S.A.B., N.I.K. Deshmukh, J. Barker, A. Petróczi, P. Cross, R. Archer, and D.P. Naughton. 2012. Quantitative analysis of mephedrone using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectroscopy: Application to human hair. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis. 61:64-69.

Cross, P., Digby, D. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2011. Eliciting expert opinion on the effectiveness and practicality of interventions in the farm and rural environment to reduce human exposure to Escherichia coli O157. Epidemiology and Infection 140: 643-654.

Cross, P. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2011. Variation in pesticide hazard from arable crop production in Great Britain from 1992 to 2008: an extended time-series analysis. Crop Protection 30: 1579-1585.

Edwards-Jones, G., Cross, P., Harris, I., Le Vay, L., Rayment, M., Scowen, M. and Waller, P. 2011. Provisioning services. In The UK National Ecosystems Assessment Technical Report. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge

Jones, C.D.R., Hunter, C., Williams, A.P., Strachan, N.J.C. and Cross, P. 2011. Escherichia coli O157: comparing awareness of rural residents and visitors in livestock farming areas. Epidemiology and Infection 139: 1522-1530.

Petroczi, A., Nepusz, T., Cross, P., Taft, H., Shah, S., Deshmukh, N., Schaffer, J., Shane, M., Adesanwo, C., Barker, J. and Naughton, D.P. (2011) New non-ramdomised model to assess the prevalence of discriminating behaviour: a pilot study on Mephedrone. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 6: 20.

Strachan, N.J.C., Hunter, C.J., Jones, C.D.R., Wilson, R.S., Ethelberg, S., Cross, P., Williams, A.P., MacRitchie, L., Rotariu, O. and Chadwick, D. 2011. The relationship between lay and technical views of Escherichia coli O157 risk. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B 366: 1999-2009.

Cross, P., Edwards-Jones, G., Omed, H. and Williams, A.P. 2010. Use of a Randomized Response Technique to obtain sensitive information on animal disease prevalence. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 96: 252-262.

Cross, P., Edwards, R.T., Nyeko, P. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2009. The potential impact on farmer health of enhanced export horticultural trade between the UK and Uganda. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 6: 1539-1556.

Cross, P., Edwards, R.T., Opondo, M., Nyeko, P. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2009. Does farm worker health vary between localised and globalised food supply systems? Environment International 35: 1004-1014.

Cross, P., Williams, P. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2009. Differences in the perceptions of farmers and veterinary surgeons about the efficacy of mitigation strategies for controlling bluetongue. Veterinary Record165: 397-403.

Cross, P., Williams, P. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2009. Communication of bluetongue mitigation techniques (response to Carpenter and Nomikou). Veterinary Record 165: 636.

Cross, P., Edwards, R.T., Hounsome, B. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2008. Comparative assessment of migrant farm worker health in conventional and organic horticultural systems in the United Kingdom. Science of the Total Environment 391: 55-65.

Edwards-Jones, G., Milà i Canals, L., Hounsome, N., Truninger, M., Koerber, G., Hounsome, B., Cross, P., York, E.H., Hospido, A., Plassmann, K., Harris, I.M., Edwards, R.T., Day, G.A.S., Tomos, A.D., Cowell, S.J. and Jones, D.L. 2008. Testing the assertion that 'local food is best': the challenges of an evidence-based approach. Trends in Food Science & Technology 19: 265-274.

Gordon, H., Edwards-Jones, G., Roberts, J., Wossink, A., Hunter, C., Chadwick, D., Ogden, I., Jones, D., Strachan, N., Rigby, D., Farrington, J., Teunis, P., Kosmider, R., Williams, P., Cross, P. and Killham, K. 2008. Reducing Escherichia coli O157 risk in rural communities. In Crighton, K. and Audsley, R. (eds.), Agriculture and the Environment VII Land Management in a Changing Environment: Proceedings of the SAC and SEPA Biennial Conference, Edinburgh, pp. 298-301.

Cross, P. and Edwards-Jones, G2006 Variation in pesticide hazard from arable crop production in Great Britain from 1992 to 2002: pesticide risk indices and policy analysis. Crop Protection 25: 1101-1108.

Cross, P. and Edwards-Jones, G. 2006. Variation in pesticide hazard from vegetable production in Great Britain from 1991 to 2003. Pest Management Science 62: 1058-1064.