Dr Julia Wardhaugh

BA PhD Stirling

Julia Wardhaugh
Senior Lecturer in Criminology and Criminal Justice
01248 382007
Room 202, Neuadd Ogwen


Julia Wardhaugh is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Bangor University, United Kingdom. Her research interests include rural and urban crime and deviance in South Asia, deviance and social regulartion in North Africa and the criminalization of street homelessness in urban and rural Britain.

She teaches on the undergraduate programme in Criminology and Criminal Justice, and on the MA in Comparative Criminology and Criminal Justice. She has supervised a number of doctoral students in the field of comparative criminology.


My research interests in recent years have been focused around the regulation of urban and rural spaces. Past research projects have included the criminalization of urban and rural homelessness in Britain, and an ethnographic study of crime and deviance in an Indian village.

My current research focus is on the regulation of urban spaces in South Asia and North Africa, and specific concerns include begging and other deviant social identities and activities. Research methods adopted are qualitative and ethnographic, including unobtrusive observation of begging encounters in urban space and a visual ethnographic approach to studying the regulation of sexuality .

Research Projects

2007 Grant Holder

Preventing Ani-social Behaviour in North West Wales: research with the Gwynedd-Mon Youth Offending Team
Funded by the Youth Justice Board
2004 Grant Holder

Regulating city spaces: begging interactions in Delhi, India.
Funded by the British Academy
Research focused on socio-spatial interactions between marginal - and often criminalized - street people, and their more 'respectable' fellow citizens.

2002 Grant Holder

Rural Self-governance and Community Justice: A Study of Panchayati Raj in Rural North India
Funded by Research Committee, University of Wales Bangor.

2002 Grant Holder

Regulating Rural Space: the Case of North Wales
Piolet project funded by the Research Centre Wales.

2000-01 Grant Holder

User perspectives on drug and alcohol issues in Conwy
Funded by National Assembly for Wales
This project involved an investigation into community and user perpsectives on drug and alcohol issues and services. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methodology was used in this study, which is based in several communities in North Wales. The research was conducted through the medium of Welsh and English, and the final report is available in both languages. The report will be used to inform policy and service provision within the drug and alcohol agencies.

Research Report
2008 Young People and Youth Justice

Preventing Anti-social Behaviour in North-west Wales / Pobl Ifanc a Chyfiawnder Ieunctid: Atal Ymddygiad Gwrthgymdeithasol yng Ngogledd Orllewin Cymru
Bangor University. Co-author: Christine Lovell. February


2012    British Academy award (£1,000) Doing the Bezness: Spatial aspects of prostitution in Tunisia

2007 Youth Justice Board (Gwynedd/Môn Youth Offending Team) Prevention of anti-social behaviour in Gwynedd and Anglesey(£10,000)

2004 British Academy Small Research Grant to support fieldwork in North India: The social and spatial regulation of begging in Delhi, India. (£1,296)

2003; British Academy Travel Grant to attend International Convention of Asian Scholars conference, Singapore, August 2003. Paper: ‘Community, consensus and conflict in rural India’ (£643).

2002 University of Wales, Bangor, Research Committee grant Rural Self-governance and Community Justice: A Study of Panchayati Raj in Rural North India Grant made to develop fieldwork in North India (£400)

2002 Research Centre Wales Regulating Rural Space: the Case of North Wales Grant made to prepare a research bid to Joseph Rowntree Foundation (£298). 

2000-01 National Assembly for Wales Community and User Perspectives on Drug and Alcohol Services in Conwy County (₤15,000)


Journal Articles

2011    'Beyond the workhouse: regulating vagrancy in Goa, India'.  Asian Journal of Criminology Online First, March 2011.

Wardhaugh, J. (2009) Regulating social space: begging in two South Asian cities Crime, Media Culture 5(3), 1-9 ISSN: 1741-6590. 333-341

Wardhaugh, J (2007) Lost in translation: doing (and not doing) ethnographic research in village India, Asian Journal of Criminology2 (1), 57-69, ISSN 187101J (2005) The jungle and the village: discourses on crime and deviance in rural North India, South Asia Research, 25(2):129-40, ISSN 02627280

Wardhaugh, J (2002) Community, consensus and conflict in rural India, International Journal of Rural Studies,Volume 9 (1), 7-10. ISSN 1023-2001 

Chapters in edited works (forthcoming - 2010-11)

2012 'Policies to address homelessness: criminalization and control of public space’, in Susan J. Smith (ed.)  International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home

2012 'Rural homelessness in India' in Susan J. Smith (ed.) International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home

2012    'Feminist perspectives on homelessness' in Susan J. Smith (ed.) International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home

Book Reviews

Wardhaugh, J (2004)  Book review of Landscapes of Urban Memory: The Sacred and the Civic in India's High-Tech City by Smriti Srinivas (2001) Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, forthcoming in ContemporarySouth Asia

Wardhaugh, J (2001)  Book review of Children on the Streets in the UK London, The Children's Society. In Urban Studies 38(7):1197-8.


Wardhaugh, J (2004) Homelessness and ethnicity, in E Cashmore (ed.) Encyclopedia of Race and Ethnic StudiesLondon, Routledge, 183-185 ISBN 9780415286749

Wardhaugh, J and Roberts, C (2001)  Community and User Perspectives on Drug and Alcohol Issues inConwyCounty University of Wales, Bangor. Also published in Welsh as: Safbwyntiau Cymuned a DefnyddwyrFaterion yn ymwneud â Chyffuriau ac Alcohol yn Sir Conwy Bangor, University of Wales

Research Students

Research Students - Current Supervision

Rebecca Woolford (PhD)
Hate crime and hate speech in North Wales 

Sumaya Farewan
Women and crime in Libya

Awarded PhDs

Amey Fagg,
Substance use and homelessness among prison leavers.

Hillery Anderson, Criminological Research in a Developing Country Malawi: Youth, Crime & Justice

Stacy BanwellFrom Unspeakable to Unsayable to Talked About: Women's Subjective Accounts of their Violent Behaviour

Jane Jones, Young people, crime and social exclusion in a small Welsh rural town

Muzammil Quraishi, A comparative criminological study of South Asian Muslim communities in Britain and Pakistan

Awarded Masters by Research

Henry Ngaihte (MPhil) 
Trends of Youth Homelessness 


Teaching and Administration

Undergraduate Teaching

SXU2002 Contemporary Social Debates
SXY3012 Regulating Society
SXY3015 Crime and Power

Administrative Responsibilities

Deputy Head of School

Director of Postgraduate research studies


Other activities

Professional interests

Article Editor for Sage Open

Member of organising committee for the British Society of Criminology annual conference The Challenge of Comparative Crime and Justice, held at Bangor University in 2003

Member of editorial board of International Journal of Rural Studies. ISSN 1023-2001

Validator of the BA (Hons) Criminal Justice and BA Youth Justice programmes at North East Wales Institute of Higher Education, Wrexham.

Validator of the BA (Hons) Criminology at University of Wales Aberystwyth.

Referee for book proposals for Palgrave Macmillan.

Referee for research proposals to the Economic and Social Research Council

Rapporteur for End of Award reports for the Economic and Social Research Council.

Referee for papers submitted to Sociological Review

Conferences and seminars

2008   ‘Begging and marginality in the Mediterranean: Spain and Tunisia’ XV World Congress of the International Society for Criminology Barcelona, July

2005 Spatial regulation of begging in South Asia American Society of Criminology annual conference, Toronto.

2003 Community, consensus and conflict in rural India, presentation made at the Third International Convention of Asia Scholars, Singapore (British Academy conference grant, £643).

2003 British Society of Criminology annual conference, University of Wales Bangor, UK. 

Presentation: ‘Indian discourses on crime and deviance’. Chair of two sessions: ‘Tackling anti-social behaviour’ and ‘Fear of crime

2002American Society of Criminology annual conference, Chicago, USA. Presentation: ‘Law and order in North India: perspectives on village and jungle’

2002 Association of Asian Studies annual conference, Washington DC, USA. Poster presentation entitled: ‘Keeping the jungle out’.