Staff Profile of Dr. Gavin Lawrence

Image of Gavin Lawrence
Name
Dr. Gavin Lawrence
Position
Senior Lecturer, Motor Control and Learning
Email
g.p.lawrence@bangor.ac.uk
Phone
(01248) 38 8283
Location
George Building, Normal Site

Institute for the Psychology of Elite Performance

Video Profile

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Background:

My Main interests of research centre on Motor Control and Learning.  The primary aspects of the Motor Control line of research is to better understand the mechanisms responsible for movement integration in multiple target directed aiming tasks.  The primary aspect of my Motor Learning line of research is to better understand expertise performance and ways to accelerate individuals towards expert performance.   

Within the Motor Control context I have, and continue to, research the effects of movement perturbation, pre-cueing, affect, size and target location, number of effectors involved, limb asymmetries, and movement direction on the nature of multiple segment integration, together with investigating mediating factors (such as the role that vision plays) within these integration processes. 

Within Motor Learning, my interests reside in ascertaining how practice influences and interacts with the above together with furthering our understanding of effective skill acquisition techniques and paradigms. For example; what are the discriminating factors between those who obtain and those who don’t obtain expertise and super elite status; influence virtual reality use and transfer to real life; focus of attention during novice and expert performance; the stress-performance relationship and how anxiety related choking can be prevented together with how the training environment can be structured to optimally achieve this; the use of novel visual occlusion or visual training aids in enhancing skill development; and optimal ways to structure practice to accelerate learning.

Within both of my research domains, I also work with special populations in order to further our understanding of the motor control and learning challenges faced by individuals with Down syndrome.  

Professional Qualifications:

BSc (Hons) Sports Science, UWB.

PhD Psychomotor Control, UWB.

Teaching Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

Teaching Modules:

  • JXC/JXH1001 Research Skills
  • JXH3050 Skill Acquisition
  • JXH4022 Effective Coaching Practices

 

All Supervision modules at Undergraduate and Masters Levels

Research Interests:

Expert performance and ways to accelerate individuals towards expertise, the mechanisms responsible for movement integration in multiple target directed aiming tasks, and stress and performance. 

Selected Publications:

Journal Articles


2016

  • The interaction between practice and performance pressure on the planning and control of fast target directed movement.
    Lawrence, G. 25 Jul 2016 In : Psychological Research.
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Adults with Down syndrome demonstrate peripheral not central deficits when integrating movements during multiple target sequences
    Reilly, N., Lawrence, G., Khan, M. & Mottram, T. 5 May 2016 In : The Journal of Motor Learning and Development.
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • The integration of sequential aiming movements: Switching hand and direction at the first target
    Lawrence, G. P., Khan, M. A., Mottram, T. M., Adam, J. J. & Buckolz, E. 29 Jan 2016 In : Acta Psychologica. 164, p. 181-87
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

2015

  • Representational Momentum reveals visual anticipation differences in the upper and lower visual fields.
    Gottwald, V. M., Lawrence, G. P., Hayes, A. E. & Khan, M. A. 1 May 2015 In : Experimental Brain Research.
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Anxiety, Specificity, and training to prevent choking: The story so far
    Lawrence, G. P. 29 Apr 2015
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • Systematically increasing contextual interference is beneficial for learning, but how long for?
    Mandzuk, A. A., Mandzuk, A., Lawrence, G. P. & Gottwald, V. M. 29 Apr 2015
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper

2014

  • The influence of trial sequence on the preparation and control of sequential aiming movements
    Bested, S. R., Khan, M. A. & Lawrence, G. P. 16 Oct 2014
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • The integration of sequential movements: The interaction between switching movement direction and switching hand at the first target
    Lawrence, G. P., Khan, M. A. & Mottram, T. M. 16 Oct 2014
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • Are you maximising the effectiveness of your coaching sessions? Part 3 - Directing the performers focus of attention
    Davies, M. & Lawrence, G. P. 1 Aug 2014 In : Code for Coaches: The BCU's magazine for coaches. 177, p. 3-7
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Winning a penalty shootout takes mental toughness: luckily, that can be taught
    Beattie, S. J., Beattie, S. & Lawrence, G. P. 1 Jul 2014
    Research output: Non-textual form › Web publication/site
  • Sequential aiming with one and two limbs: Effects of target size
    Mottram, T. M., Khan, M. A., Lawrence, G. P., Adam, J. J. & Buckolz, E. 21 Jun 2014 In : Acta Psychologica. 151, p. 83-88
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Are you maximising the effectiveness of your coaching sessions? Part 2 - Conveying information
    Davies, M. & Lawrence, G. P. 1 Apr 2014 In : Code for Coaches: The BCU's magazine for coaches. 175, p. 3-5
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Coaching corner: Exploring coaching theory and practice; are you maximising the effectiveness of your coaching sessions; Conveying information??
    Davies, M. & Lawrence, G. P. 1 Feb 2014 In : Journal of Canoe Wales. 123, p. 36-40
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Coaching corner: Exploring coaching theory and practice; are you maximising the effectiveness of your coaching sessions; Structuring Practice?
    Davies, M. & Lawrence, G. P. 1 Jan 2014 In : Journal of Canoe Wales. 122, p. 34-38
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Efficacy of a Virtual Environment for Training Ball Passing Skills in Rugby
    Miles, H. C., Pop, S. R., Watt, S. J., Lawrence, G. P., John, N. W., Perrot, V., Mallet, P., Mestre, D. R., Morgan, K., Gavrilova, M. L. (ed.), Tan, C. J. (ed.) & Mao, X. H. (ed.) 1 Jan 2014 Transactions on Computational Science XXIII; Special Issue on Cyberworlds. Springer Verlag, p. 98-117
    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter

2013


  • Practice with anxiety improves performance, but only when anxious: evidence for the specificity of practice hypothesis
    Hadnett, V. E., Beattie, S. J., Woodman, J. T., Hardy, L. J., Lawrence, G. P., Cassell, V. E., Beattie, S., Woodman, T., Khan, M. A., Hardy, L. &Gottwald, V. M. 27 Oct 2013 In : Psychological Research. 78, 5
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Investigation of a Virtual Environment for Rugby Skills Training
    Miles, H. C., Pop, S. R., Watt, S. J., Lawrence, G. P., John, N. W., Perrot, V., Mallet, P. & Mestre, D. R. 21 Oct 2013 p. 56-63
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • Breaking down the One Target Advantage: The role of pressure
    Lawrence, G. P., Khan, M. A., Mottram, T. M. & Gottwald, V. M. 17 Oct 2013
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • Sequential aiming movements and the one-target advantage in individuals with Down syndrome
    Lawrence, G. P., Reilly, N. E., Mottram, T. M., Khan, M. A. & Elliott, D. 8 Sep 2013 In : Research in Developmental Disabilities. 34, 11, p. 3858-3866
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Watch me if you can: imagery ability moderates observational learning effectiveness
    Roberts, R. J., Lawrence, G. P., Callow, N. & Roberts, R. 5 Sep 2013 In : Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 7
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • The effect of state anxiety on the online and offline control of fast target-directed movements
    Hardy, L. J., Lawrence, G. P., Khan, M. A. & Hardy, L. 1 Jul 2013 In : Psychological Research. 77, 4, p. 422-433
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Internal and External Focus of Attention in a Novice Form Sport
    Lawrence, G. P., Gottwald, V. M., Hardy, J. & Khan, M. A. Jan 2013 In : Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 82, 3, p. 431-441
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article


2012

  • The movement kinematics and learning strategies associated with adopting different foci of attention during both acquisition and anxious performance
    Lawrence, G. P., Gottwald, V., Khan, M. A. & Kramer, R. 2 Nov 2012 In : Frontiers in Pschology: Movement Science and Sport Psychology. 3, 468
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Performance pressure adheres to specificity of learning principles and impacts response programming more than response execution
    Cassell, V. E., Lawrence, G. P. & Beattie, S. J. 1 Nov 2012
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • The effect of state anxiety on the online and offline control of fast target directed movements
    Hardy, L. J., Lawrence, G. P., Khan, M. A. & Hardy, L. 1 Nov 2012
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • A review of virtual environments for training in ball sports
    Miles, H. C., Pop, S. R., Watt, S. J., Lawrence, G. P. & John, N. W. 1 Oct 2012 In : Computers and Graphics. 36, 6, p. 714-726
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
  • Sequential aiming movements and the one-target advantage in individuals with Down syndrome
    Reilly, N. E. & Lawrence, G. P. 14 Aug 2012
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • Practice with anxiety improves performance, but only when anxious: Evidence for the specificity of practice hypothesis
    Hardy, L. J., Lawrence, G. P., Beattie, S., Woodman, T., Gottwald, V. M., Khan, M. A., Hardy, L. & Cassell, V. 7 Jun 2012
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • The influence of prepared response features on decision making processes using a free choice paradigm
    Mourton, S. E., Khan, M. A. & Lawrence, G. P. 7 Jun 2012
    Research output: Contribution to conference › Paper
  • The influence of target size on the integration of sequential movements for single and dual limb actions
    Mottram, T. M., Khan, M. A. & Lawrence, G. P. Jun 2012 In : Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 34, p. S111-S111
    Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

Book Chapters

Skill acquisition for coaches.
Lawrence, G. P., Kingston, K., Gottwald, V. M. & Jones, R. L. (ed.) 4 Mar 2013 An Introduction to Sports Coaching: Connecting Theory to Practice: 2nd edition. Routledge, p. 31-48
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter

Skill acquisition for coaches.
Lawrence, G. P., Kingtson, K.(ed.), Hughes M., . N. V. (ed.) & Kingston K., . N. V. (ed.) 1 Jan 2008 An introduction to sports coaching: from science and theory to practice. 2008 ed. Routledge, p. 16-27
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter

Editorships and Editorial Board Membership: 

 

Editorial Board member of Journal of Sports Science (ISSN 2332-7839).

Key note and Invited addresses:

  • Invited Training with anxiety; the story so far.  Midcareer Researcher lecture delivered at the Expertise and Skill Acquisition Network (ESAN). Sheffield institute of Sport (EIS) April, 2015.
  • Invited presenter at the Welsh Yachting Associations annual Big Weekend for elite and squad coaches. ‘Effective coaching; the role of practice structure in obtaining expertise.’ Plas Menai Centre of Excellence for Sailing (February 2014).
  • Invited discussion panelist at the Expertise and Skill Acquisition Network.  ‘Skill Acquisition interventions’ – Biz Price (GB performance director for synchronised swimming). English Institute of Sport (High Performance Centre) Bisham Abbey. April 2013. 
  • Invited presenter at the Health and Well Being public lecture series part funded by the Higher Education Funding Council for Wales (hefcw) and The National Leadership and Innovation Agency for Healthcare. Title: ‘Performance pressure is like chocolate: some people can devour as much as they want without any negatives whilst others suffer at the mere mention of the word!’.  Venue Cymru, Llandudno, November 2012.
  • Invited presenter at the International Convention on Science, Education and Medicine in Sport (ICSEMIS).  Pre Olympic symposium ‘Elite performance: Anticipation skill in Olympic sports: advances in theory and practice’.  Glasgow, July 2012
  • Invited presenter at the Expertise and Skill Acquisition Network (ESAN). ‘The positive effects of practicing with anxiety.’  Loughborough, April 2011.
  • Invited presenter at Ninewells Hospital and Medical Centre, Dundee. Workshop delivered to health professionals focusing on applying Motor Control and Learning research within the rehabilitation and medical settings. November 2008.
  • Invited Data presentation at the first annual Western Association of Neuromechanical Kinesiology meeting, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.  June 2004.

Esteem indicators:

Peer review service

Guest reviewer for:

  • Disability and Rehabilitation
  • Human Movement Science
  • Journal of Applied Sports Psychology
  • Journal of Motor Behaviour
  • Psychology of Sport and Exercise.

Funding:

Apr 2016

Lawrence, G.P. (PI), & Gottwald, V.M.

European Social Fund; Knowledge Economy Skill Scholarship II (KESS II); Welsh Weightlifting

PhD research programme designed to investigate the Talent Identification of Weightlifting.

£48,537.00

 

Sep 2015

Lawrence, G.P. (PI), & Oliver, S.O.

 

European Social Fund; Knowledge Economy Skill Scholarship II (KESS II): Surf Snowdonia

MRes research programme designed to investigate effective skill acquisition interventions within inland surfing facilities.

£15,233.00

 

Apr 2014

Lawrence, G.P (PI), & Roberts, R.

 

European Social Fund; Access to Masters (ATM): SurfLines

1 of 4 separate research project ATMs.  Investigated the effects of contextual interference in the learning of outdoor activity skills

£63,325.00

 

Mar 2014

Hardy, L., & Lawrence, G.P. (C-PI)

England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB)

 

4 year PhD research programme designed to investigate the practice and training histories of elite and super elite cricketers

£79,199.00

 

Jun 2013

Lawrence, G.P. (PI)

 

European Social Fund; Access to Masters (ATM): MENCAP

1 of 3 3 separate ATMs. Investigated the effects of contextual interference in the Down syndrome population

£47,120.00

 

Jun 2012

Lawrence, G.P. (PI) & Hardy, J.T.

European Social Fund; Access to Masters (ATM): MENCAP

1 of 4 separate research project ATMs. Investigated the effects of varying foci of attention in the acquisition and learning of motor skill in the Down syndrome population.

£63,325.00

Nov 2011

Lawrence, G.P. (PI), & Hayes, A.

European Social Fund; Access to Masters (ATM): MENCAP

to investigate the barriers to sports club participation for individuals with learning disabilities; 2) to investigate the effects of performance pressure on the motor control of individuals with Down syndrome.

£21,782.00

 

Aug 2011

Smeeton, N., Ford, P., Lawrence, G.P. (CI), Jackson, R., & Williams, M.A.

BASES and ICSEMIS

 

Successful pre-Olympic symposium. Anticipation in Sport

 

£1,500.00

 

Apr 2011

Laing, S.L., & Lawrence, G.P (C-PI).

 

‘Polar’ Electro Oy Professorintie, 5, 90440 Kempele, Finland

 

Research program focused on whether psychomotor speed tracks increases in training stress similarly to orthostatic heart rate profiles, R-R interval heart rate variability and blood parameters

£21,733.00

 

Nov 2010

John, N., Lawrence, G.P. (CI), & S. Watt

European Social Fund; Knowledge Economy Skill Scholarship: Rugby Innovations

PhD: An Advanced Virtual Environment for Rugby Skills Training

 

£59,469.00

 

Nov 2009

Lawrence, G.P. (PI), & Khan, M.A.

 

European Social Fund; Knowledge Economy Skill Scholarship: MENCAP

PhD: Enhancing the motor skills of individuals with a learning disability; increasing functional independence. 

£58,963.00

 

PhD Students/Supervision:

Five PhD students successfully completed (2009- 2014)

Five current PhD students under supervision and areas of current research programmes include;

  • Talent identification
  • Expertise attainment and 'super elite' discriminators
  • Stress and perfromance
  • Optimal focus of attention and psychophysiological measures
  • Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

Membership of professional organisations:

Member of the British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences (BASES).
Member of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA).
Member of the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology  (SCAPPS).

Hobbies and interests:

Tae kwon-do
Rugby (watching more than playing these days….)
Fell Running
Outdoor activities
Playing the Guitar and Drums (not together….although I have been known to try on the odd alcohol fuelled occasion).