Staff Profile of Lew Hardy

Image of Lew Hardy
Lew Hardy
Research Professor
(01248) 38 2823
George Building, Normal Site

Video biography

View Lew Hardy's video biography here.

Professional Qualifications:

Image of BASES logoProfessor of Health and Human Performance; BASES accredited for sport psychology research and support; BPS chartered; postgraduate certificate in education; UIAGM international mountain guide’s carnet.

Research Areas:

Pretty much anything to do with high level performance, including mental toughness and performance under pressure; personality factors; motivation for exceptionally high levels of achievement; transformational leadership and group dynamics; organisational psychology.

Current and Recent External Consultancy:

England and Wales Cricket Board; Rugby Football Union; UK Sport; English Institute for Sport; British Association of Mountain guides; Ministry of Defence, especially the British Army; Lane 4 Management Group; Twinings Global.

Research Income:

Lew has secured £1.2 million in grant capture in total. Research grants since 2008 include:

2008. £44k from the England and Wales Cricket Board to examine the development of mental toughness in high level cricketers.

2010. £75k from the England and Wales Cricket Board to examine talent selection processes in high level cricketers.

2010. £70k from the Ministry of Defence to evaluate the effectiveness of leadership and coaching training at the Army Staff Leadership School (joint with Calum Arthur).

2010. £160k from UK Sport to examine the developmental biographies of high level performers in sport.

2012. £80k from the England and Wales Cricket Board to examine the effects of psychological stress on group processes.

2013. £168k from the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory on the cognitive neuroscience of mental resilienceon (joint with Ross Roberts and Paul Downing, Principle Iinvestigator).

Selected Publications (since 2008):

Cheng, W.N.K., Hardy, L., & Markland, D. (2008).  Toward a three-dimensional conceptualization of performance anxiety: Rationale and initial measurement development.  Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 10, 271-278.

Hardy, L. & Leone, C. (2008).  Real Evidence for the Failure of the Jamesian Perspective or More Evidence in Support of It? Journal of Personality, 76, 1123-1136.

Roberts, R., Callow, N., Hardy, L., Markland, & D., Bringer, J. (2008). Movement Imagery Ability. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology 30, 200-221.

Williams, M., Hardy, L., & Mutrie, N. (2008).  Twenty Five Years of Psychology in the Journal of Sports Sciences: A historical overview.  Journal of Sports Sciences 26, 401-412.

Callow, N, Smith, M, Hardy, L, Arthur, C, & Hardy, J. (2009).  Transformational Leadership – Measurement of Transformational Leadership and its Relationship with Cohesion and Performance Level. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 21, 395-412.

Freeman, P., Rees, T., & Hardy, L. (2009).  An Intervention to Increase Social Support and
Improve Performance. Journal of Applied Sports Psychology, 21, 186-200.

Woodman, T, Davis, P A, Hardy, L, Callow, N, Glasscock, I, & Yuill-Proctor, J (2009).  Emotions and Sport Performance.  An Exploration of Happiness, Hope and Anger. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 31, 169-188.

Jones, G, Gittins, M, & Hardy, L (2009) Creating an Environment Where High Performance is Inevitable and Sustainable: The High Performance Environment Model.  Annual Review of Higher Performance Coaching & Consulting (ed. Simon Jenkins), pp. 139-149.

Hardy, J., Roberts, R., & Hardy, L. (2009). Awareness and motivation to change negative self-talk. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 435-450.

Hardy, L, Roberts, R, Thomas, P, & Murphy, S. (2010).  Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS): Instrument Refinement Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis.  Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11, 27-35.

Woodman, T., Hardy, L., Barlow, M., & Le Scanff, C. (2010). Motives for participation in prolonged engagement high-risk sports: An agentic emotional regulation perspective. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11, 345-352.

Hardy, L., Arthur, C., Jones, G., Shariff, A., Munnoch K, Isaacs I, & Allsopp A (2010).  The relationship between transformational leadership behaviors, psychological, and training outcomes in elite military recruits.  Leadership Quarterly, 21, 20-32.

Mullen, R. & Hardy, L. (2010). Conscious processing and the process goal paradox. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32, 275-297.

Roberts, R., Callow, N., Hardy, L., Woodman, T., & Thomas, L. (2010). Interactive effects of different visual imagery perspectives and narcissism on motor performance. . Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 32, 499-517.

Woodman, T., Hardy, L., Zourbanos, N., Beattie, S., & McQuillan, A. (2010). Do performance strategies moderate the relationship between personality and training behaviours? An exploratory study. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22, 183-197.

Woodman, T., Akehurst, S., Hardy, L., & Beattie, S. (2010), Self-confidence and performance: a little self-doubt helps., Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11 (6), 467-470.

Beattie, S., Hardy, L., Savage, J., Woodman, T., & Callow, N. (2011). Development and validation of a trait measure of robustness of self-confidence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 184-191.

Arthur, C.A., Woodman, T., Ong, C.W., Hardy, L., & Ntoumanis, N. (2011). The role of athlete narcissism in moderating the relationship between coaches’ transformational leader behaviours and athlete motivation. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33, 3-19.

Cheng, W.N.K., Hardy, L., & Woodman, T., (2011). Predictive validity of a three dimensional model of performance anxiety in the context of tae-kwan-do. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 33, 40-53.

Woodman, T.; Roberts, R.; Hardy, L.; Callow, N.; & Rogers, C.H. (2011), There Is an “I“ in TEAM: Narcissism and Social Loafing, Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82 (2), 285-290.

Cheng, W.N.K., Hardy, L., & Markland, D.A. (2012). Cross cultural validation of a three dimensional model of performance anxiety in the context of Chinese sports. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 43, 417-435.

Arthur, C.A., Hardy, L., & Woodman, T. (2012). Realising the Olympic Dream: Vision, Support and Challenge. Reflective Practice Journal : International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives, 1-8.

Lawrence, G.P., Cassell, V.E., Beattie, S.J., Woodman, T., Khan, M.A., Hardy, L., & Gottwald, V.M. (2013). Practice with anxiety improves performance, but only when anxious: Evidence for the specificity of practice hypothesis. Psychological Research, in press.

Arthur, C.A., & Hardy, L. (2013). Transformational Leadership: A Quasi-Experimental study. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, in press.

Bell, J.J, Hardy, L., & Beattie, S.J. (2013). Enhancing mental toughness in elite young cricketers: a 2 year longitudinal intervention. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, 2, 281-297,  doi: 10.1037/a0033129.

Hardy, L. Bell, J.J., & Beattie, S.J. (2013). A neuropsychological model of mentally tough behavior. Journal of Personality, in press. Advance online publication doi: 10.1111/jopy.12034

Roberts, R., Woodman, L., Hardy, L., Davis, L., & Wallace, H. (2013).  One size does not fit all: Narcissism, Psychological Skills and Performance.  Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 25, 316-325.

Callow, N, Roberts, R., Hardy, L., Jiang, D., & Edwards, M. (2013). Performance improvements from imagery: Evidence that internal visual imagery is superior to external visual imagery for slalom performance. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, advance online publication doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00697.

Barlow, M., Woodman, T., & Hardy, L. (2013). Great Expectations: Different High-Risk Activities Satisfy Different Motives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, in press.

Keynote and Invited Addresses:

2008. The German Sports Medicine Society meeting, Gemmi Pass, Switzerland.

2008. The Army Recruitment and Training Division’s Leadership in Training Seminar, Pirbright.

2008. The Defence Centre of Training and Support symposium on Training Support and Delivery, RAF Halton.

2008 and 2010. The British Infantry Battle School’s Cross Brief, Brecon.

2010. The British Army’s Initial Training Group annual conference, Pirbright.

2010. Venue Cymru Health Lectures.

2011. The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) annual conference in Burlington, Vermont.

2011. The Army Staff Leadership School Commanding Officer’s Conference.

2012. The Annual conference of the British Psychological Society

2012. The British Infantry Battle School’s Cross Brief, Brecon.

Editorships and Editorial Board Membership:

1998 – 2009. Editorial Board member of the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

2009 – present. Associate editor for the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

2011 – present. Associate Editor for the European Journal of Sport Science.

2011 – present. Member of the Scientific Committee of Science & Motricité.


2010. Appointed to the Higher Education Funding Council’s Sport Science, Leisure and Tourism sub-panel for the Research Evaluation Framework 2014.

2011. Received the British Psychological Society’s Distinguished Contribution to Sport and Exercise Psychology Award.