Professor Suzannah Linton
Professor of International Law
Room 007, Ground Floor, Athrolys
Dr Suzannah Linton is Bangor’s first Chair Professor of International Law. Since joining the Law School in 2011, she has spearheaded the study, teaching and dissemination of International Law at Bangor. She developed and introduced four Masters programmes in International Law in 2011, and founded the Bangor Centre for International Law in 2012 as a focal point for the School’s burgeoning work on International Law. She has also worked to enhance postgraduate research at the Law School, through establishing the Law Postgraduate Studies Committee, and organizing various events to support students in their studies. In 2012, Professor Linton’s students at Bangor Law School nominated her for the University’s Outstanding Postgraduate Teacher Award and a Teaching Fellowship.
Professor Linton teaches the Law School’s core courses on Public International Law at undergraduate and postgraduate level. Her teaching and research include but go beyond general International Law into several specialized areas, most notably International Criminal Law, the Law of Armed Conflict, International Human Rights Law, and the multi-disciplinary area of dealing with the past (post conflict justice). Several of Professor Linton's publications have been translated into different languages, and citations to her works appear in leading international law journals, scholarly books, litigation, judgements and United Nations reports. Some of her most significant work has been on internationalised courts and tribunals, and neglected accountability processes in Indonesia, Bangladesh and Hong Kong. Central themes of Professor Linton’s work, in practice and academically, have been the Rule of Law and Good Governance. In addition to her own research projects, Professor Linton has taken part in numerous international research collaborations such as the International Experts Framework on International Criminal Procedure (which she has co-led under the direction of Professor Goran Sluiter of Amsterdam University) and Professor Cherif Bassiouni’s EU funded global Post Conflict Justice project, and several of the International Law Association’s committees. Professor Linton is the creator of the Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials Collection website and database (2010), with technical assistance from the University of Hong Kong Libraries (see http://hkwctc.lib.hku.hk/exhibits/show/hkwctc/home). This includes a review article ‘Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials’ and 46 case notes of previously un-studied war crimes trials held in Hong Kong from 1946-1948.
Professor Linton brings to her work at Bangor a rich professional background of many years of professional experience with the United Nations and other global organisations, as well as international courts and tribunals. She has worked, inter alia, at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia in The Hague, for the OSCE in Bosnia-Herzegovina, with the United Nations in Cambodia and East Timor, and in Indonesia. Professor Linton lectures and presents regularly around the world, engages in international research projects, and has taught at international summer schools in Salzburg, Hong Kong, Bangkok and elsewhere. She maintains her interests in countries where she has worked but is always exploring new challenges.
In the academic year 2012-2013, Professor Suzannah Linton, inter alia, gave several public lectures, for example on her research into historic war crimes trials and on evolving approaches to human rights in armed conflict, at the Law Schools at Zejiang Gongshang University and Wuhan University in China. She was an invited panelist at the 30th anniversary celebrations of the Human Rights Centre at Essex University, and at the conference on the Bangladeshi Genocide at Heidelberg University. At the invitation of the International Committee of the Red Cross, she was a judge of the final round of the 6th China International Humanitarian Law moots, alongside Hon. Justice Liu Daqun of the Appeals Chamber of International Criminal Tribunals for Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia, and Mr. Richard Desgagne, Regional Legal Advisor for the ICRC. She was a Visiting Professor at the Zhejiang Gongshang University in China, and Cadiz University in Spain (lecturing at the Cadiz and Algeciras campuses).
Professor Linton’s latest publications include her co-edited book on General Principles and Rules of International Criminal Law, published by Oxford University Press in February 2013, who are also about to publish her study of Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials. She published several peer reviewed journal articles this year:
Professor Linton was also a party to the Joint Amicus Curiae on the legal status of amnesties in International Law in the European Court of Human Rights case of Marguš v. Croatia (Application no. 4455/10) (led by BCIL Advisory Board Member Professor William A Schabas).
Professor Linton’s paper on ‘The Essex Human Rights Centre: 30 years of making a difference’ is forthcoming in the Essex Human Rights Review 2013.
Professor Linton is currently part of the leadership of a new project on a Model Code of International Criminal Procedure with the Amsterdam Centre for International Law, the Hague Institute for International Law and the Hague Institute for Global Justice.
Professor Linton continues to be part of the Nuffield Foundation funded project on Amnesties in International Law, led by a team from the University of Ulster, which will shortly be publicly presented.
She is on the International Advisory Panel of the global Crimes against Humanity Initiative, a member of the International Law Association and is a founding member of the Steering Board of the Antonio Cassese Initiative for Justice, Peace and Humanity. She is also a member of the international advisory board of the Burma Legal Aid Network.
Professor Linton continues to be heavily engaged in developing International Law at Bangor Law School, most significantly through the four International Law LLM programmes and the Bangor Centre for International Law.
Professor Linton currently supervises PhD students working on petroleum arbitration (Sinan Ali), the ‘reformed’ Iraqi Criminal Procedure Code (Bassim Al Moussawi), the International Criminal Court and Libya (Wedad El-Maalul), the creation of States with focus on Iraqi Kurdistan (Arsalan Al-Mizory) and Boundary Disputes Arising from Creation of States following the exercise of the right to Self-Determination (Soran Qader). She particularly welcomes PhD students in the following areas:
- The United Nations;
- The Use of Force;
- Humanitarian Intervention/Responsibility to Protect;
- State Responsibility;
- Peacekeeping and Peace Enforcement;
- International Courts and Tribunals;
- International Criminal Law;
- International Criminal Procedure;
- International Law of Armed Conflict;
- International Human Rights Law;
- International Dispute Resolution;
- Multidisciplinary issues within the broad topic of ‘Dealing with the legacies of the past’ or ‘Post conflict justice’.
Some of Professor Linton’s papers are online at SSRN: see her author page at http://ssrn.com/author=524876.
- ‘The Essex Human Rights Centre: 30 years of making a difference’, Essex Human Rights Review 2013 (forthcoming).
Creator of the Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials Collection website and database (2010), with technical assistance from the University of Hong Kong Libraries (see http://hkwctc.lib.hku.hk/exhibits/show/hkwctc/home). This includes a review article ‘Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials’ and 46 casenotes of war crimes trials held in Hong Kong from 1946-1948.
Peer reviewed Articles and Book Chapters
- “Introduction” in Suzannah Linton, Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials, (Oxford University Press, in press) (book launch expected in Hong Kong in February 2014).
- “War Crimes” in Suzannah Linton, Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials, (Oxford University Press, in press) (book launch expected in Hong Kong in February 2014).
- “Major Murray Ormsby: Prosecutor and Judge of the Hong Kong Military Courts 1946-1948”, in Suzannah Linton, Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials, (Oxford University Press, in press) (book launch expected in Hong Kong in February 2014).
- Co-author (with Firew Kebede Tiba), “Judges and Rule of Law in Times of Transition or Political Change”, in M.C. Bassiouni et al (eds), The Global Community Yearbook Of International Law And Jurisprudence, Global Trends: Law, Policy & Justice Essays in Honour of Professor Giuliana Ziccardi Capaldo (Oxford University Press, 2013).
- Co-author, “Trial Proceedings”, in Göran Sluiter, Håkan Friman,, Suzannah Linton, Sergey Vasiliev and Salvatore Zappalà & (eds), The General Rules and Principles of International Criminal Procedure, (Oxford University Press, 2013) (book launch in The Hague in March 2013).
- “Bloodlust in Bangladesh”, Fletcher Forum of World Affairs (print version forthcoming, released online 27 February 2013).
- “Rediscovering the War Crimes trials in Hong Kong, 1946-1948”, Melbourne Journal of International Law, Vol.13(2), pp. 284-359.
- “Sources of protection for the human person in armed conflict: clarifying the terminology” in Michael Crowley and the ICRC (eds.), International Humanitarian Law (Hong Kong Red Cross, 2012).
- “Evolving international approaches to human rights in armed conflict” in Michael Crowley and the ICRC (eds.), International Humanitarian Law (Hong Kong Red Cross, 2012).
- “Li Kam-moon”, in Christopher Munn & May Holdsworth (eds), Dictionary of Hong Kong Biography (Hong Kong University Press, 2011).
- “Bangladesh and the Prosecution of International Crimes from the 1971 War of Independence from Pakistan”, Criminal Law Forum, Vol. 21(2) June 2010, pp.187-190 (Editorial).
- “Completing The Circle: Accountability for the Crimes of the 1971 Bangladesh War of Liberation”, Criminal Law Forum, Vol. 21(2) June 2010, pp.191-311 (lead article), 10.1007/s10609-010-9119-8.
- Editorial, Criminal Law Forum, Vol. 21(2) June 2010.
- “The Role of Judges in Processes of Dealing with the Past”, The Global Community: Yearbook of International Law and Jurisprudence 2009, Vol.9(1), pp. 205-248.
- “Commentary On The ICTR Case Of Prosecutor v. Kamuhanda”, in Goran Sluiter & Andre Klip (eds.), Annotated Leading Cases Of International Criminal Tribunals, Vol. XXII, (Intersentia nv, 2009), pp.831-849.
- “East Timor” in Antonio Cassese et al (eds.), Oxford Companion to International Criminal Justice, (Oxford University Press, 2009), pp.307-308.
- “The International Judge in an Age of Multiple Courts and Tribunals”, Chicago Journal of International Law, Vol. 9, No. 2, Winter 2008, pp.407-470 (with Firew Kebede Tiba).
- “East Timor and Accountability for Serious Crimes”, in M. Cherif Bassiouni (ed.), International Criminal Law, Vol. III (International Enforcement), (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008, 3rd Edition), pp. 257-283.
- “Indonesia and Accountability for Serious Crimes in East Timor”, in M. Cherif Bassiouni (ed.), International Criminal Law, Vol. III (International Enforcement), (Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008, 3rd Edition), pp. 385-399.
- “ASEAN States, their reservations to human rights treaties and the proposed ASEAN Commission on Women and Children”, Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 30(2), May 2008, pp. 436-493.
- “The Democracy Debate in Hong Kong”, in Gerd Kaminski & Barbara Kreissl (eds.), China: Human Rights And Harmony In Society, (Berichte des Oesterreichen Instituts fuer China-und-Suedostasienforschung, Nr. 53, 2008), pp. 89-120.
- “Putting Cambodia’s Extraordinary Chambers into Context”, Singapore Year Book of International Law, Vol. XI, 2007, pp.195-259.
- “Accounting for Atrocities in Indonesia”, Singapore Year Book of International Law, Volume X, 2006, pp.199-231.
- “Safeguarding the independence and integrity of the Cambodian Extraordinary Chambers”, Journal of International Criminal Justice, Volume 4(2) 2006, pp.327-341 [translated into Khmer]
- “Unravelling The First Three Trials at Indonesia’s Ad Hoc Court for Human Rights Violations in East Timor”, Leiden Journal of International Law, Volume 17(2), 2004, pp.303-361 [translated into Khmer].
- “New Approaches to International Justice in Cambodia and East Timor”, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 845, 31 March 2002, pp.93-119.
- “Cambodia, East Timor And Sierra Leone: Experiments In International Justice”, Criminal Law Forum, Volume 12(2) 2001, pp.185-246[translated into Khmer].
- “The Evolving Jurisprudence of East Timor’s Special Panel for Serious Crimes on Admissions of Guilt, Duress and Superior Orders”, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. IV, 2001, pp.167-213 (co-authored with Caitlin Reiger).
- “Prosecuting Atrocities at the District Court of Dili”, Melbourne Journal of International Law, Volume 2(2), 2001, pp.414-458.
- “Rising From The Ashes: The Creation of a Viable Criminal Justice System in East Timor”, Melbourne University Law Review, Volume 25(1), 2001, p.122-180 [translated into Khmer].
- Correspondent’s commentary on East Timor, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Volume IV, 2001, pp.492-497.
- Correspondent’s commentary on Indonesia, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Volume IV, 2001, pp.534-544.
- Correspondent’s commentary on the USA, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Volume IV, 2001, pp.637-639.
- Correspondent’s commentary on East Timor, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Volume III, 2000, pp.471-483.
- Correspondent’s commentary on Croatia, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Volume III, 2000, pp.462-466.
- Correspondent’s commentary on Indonesia, Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Volume III, 2000, pp.520-527.
- “Righting a Wrong or Prolonging the Agony? The Work of the Claims Resolution Tribunal for Dormant Accounts in Switzerland”, Leiden Journal of International Law, Volume 12(2) 1999, pp.373-389.
- "The Case Of Drazen Erdemovic: Unchartered Waters at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia”, Leiden Journal of International Law, Volume 12(1) 1999, pp.251-270.
Books and Monographs
Hong Kong’s War Crimes Trials, (Oxford University Press, 2013) (book launch expected in Hong Kong in February 2014).
Göran Sluiter, Håkan Friman,, Suzannah Linton, Sergey Vasiliev and Salvatore Zappalà & (eds), The General Rules and Principles of International Criminal Procedure (Oxford University Press, 2013) (book launched in The Hague in March 2013).
- Post Conflict Justice in Asia, in M. Cherif Bassiouni (ed.), The Pursuit of International Criminal Justice: A World Study on Conflicts, Victimisation and Post-Conflict Justice, (Brussels: Intersentia NV, 2010), Vol. 2, Part III (pp.515-753 – 238 pages).
- Mempertanggungjawabkan kekejaman-kekejaman di Indonesia, Paper No. 1/2010 (Series Editor: Eddie Sius Riyadi), (Jakarta: ELSAM, 2010) (94 pages) [in Bahasa Indonesia].
- Putting Things Into Perspective: The Realities of Accountability in East Timor, Indonesia and Cambodia, (Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies Vol. 3, 2005) (entire volume, 90 pages).
- Reconciliation In Cambodia, (Phnom Penh: Documentation Centre of Cambodia, 2004) (256 pages). [translated into Khmer].
- “Dealing with the Legacies of the Past: Thoughts on the Way Forward” in Mofidul Hoque (Ed.), Bangladesh Genocide 1971 and the Quest for Justice: Papers Presented at the Second International Conference on Genocide, Truth and Justice, 30-31 July 2009 (Liberation War Museum, 2009), pp.155-163.
- Member, Editorial Board, Criminal Law Forum (Kluwer), 2011-present.
- Guest Editor of Special Edition on Bangladesh, Criminal Law Forum, Vol. 21 (2) June 2010, including Editorial.
Professor Linton regularly reviews grant applications for funding institutions in the UK such as the Economic and Social Research Council, and from abroad such as the Volkswagen Foundation in Germany, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, and the Irish Research Council. She is regularly invited to review manuscripts for Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Hart Publishing, Edward Elgar Press, Notre Dame Press, Routledge, the University of Pennsylvania Press and the United Nations University Press. Likewise, Professor Linton regularly reviews scholarly articles for leading international law journals, such as the International & Comparative Law Quarterly, the Journal of International Criminal Justice, the Leiden Journal of International Law, the International Journal of Refugee Law and the Human Rights Journal. She also reviews interdisciplinary works, for publications such the International Journal of Transitional Justice and the South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal.