Positive Behavioural Support I
Run by School of Psychology
20 Credits or 10 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Mrs Katy Lee
Overall aims and purpose
This module explores person-centred behavioural approaches and ordinary life outcomes for people with learning disabilities who display challenging behaviour. The module provides students with an understanding of positive behavioural interventions and systems. It provides an overview of the Positive Behavioural Support model and Active support model. The module also covers key content areas of the Behaviour Analysis Certification Board Task List 4 (soon to be 5), for those wishing to attain BCBA certification status.
The module will cover what positive behaviour support is, review the underlying theory, conceptual issues surrounding applications to a variety of settings, and an understanding of social role valorisation and the importance of person centred planning. This module will review the literature that has integrated applied behaviour analysis and humanistic principles. It will address the issues of how organisational systems can operate to protect the rights of an individual and promote personal growth. Topics covered include: positive behaviour support, Active Support Model, person-centred planning, family issues, organisational systems to support behaviour change, and pivotal response training.
Threshold 50 – 59%
• Some basic consideration of the applications of behaviourism in the real world. • Adequate knowledge of some of the key concepts in positive behaviour support only. • Weaknesses in understanding theoretical issues with multiple/major factual errors. • Limited evidence of critical analysis and evaluation of theory and research. • Arguments are presented briefly, but they are weak with no synthesis or original interpretation. • Answer only briefly focussed on question and with some irrelevant material and poor structure. • Weak presentation with disjointed structure and major APA format errors.
Excellent 70% +
• Depth of insight into the applications of behaviourism in the real world. • Comprehensive and detailed knowledge of positive behaviour support. • Excellent understanding and original interpretation of theoretical issues with no factual errors. • Clear evidence of critical analysis and insightful evaluation of theory and research. • Logically presented and defended arguments presented with coherent synthesis and original interpretation. • Answer focussed on question, with no irrelevant material and clear structure. • Well-structured presentation showing focus and clarity of argument and expression.
Good 60 - 69%
• Some insight into the applications of behaviourism in the real world. • Strong knowledge of key concepts in positive behaviour support. • Solid understanding of theoretical issues mostly free of factual errors. • Evidence of critical analysis and evaluation of theory and research. • Coherent arguments presented, with some limited synthesis and original interpretation • Answer focussed on question, but with very little irrelevant material and clear structure • Well-structured presentation showing focus of argument and expression.
- Demonstrate competency in Identification of the Problem & Assessment, Behavior Change Systems, Implementation, Management and Supervision, accompanying the BACB Fourth Task List (A08—A11; G01—G04; J-01—J15; K01—K10; I04—I07) (See BACB Fourth Task List for more detail).
- Demonstrate advanced practical skills and knowledge of the constructional behavioural approaches for supporting ordinary life outcomes through Active Support and Positive Behavioural Support
- Demonstrate advanced practical skills and knowledge of the definition and measurement of Positive Behavioural Support model.
- Demonstrate advanced practical skills and knowledge of the on-site training and supervision procedures for staff working in practice settings
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Teaching and Learning Strategy
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Numeracy - Proficiency in using numbers at appropriate levels of accuracy
- Computer Literacy - Proficiency in using a varied range of computer software
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Teamwork - Able to constructively cooperate with others on a common task, and/or be part of a day-to-day working team
- Mentoring - Able to support, help, guide, inspire and/or coach others
- Caring - Showing concern for others; caring for children, people with disabilities and/or the elderly
- Management - Able to utilise, coordinate and control resources (human, physical and/or financial)
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
- Self-awareness & Reflectivity - Having an awareness of your own strengths, weaknesses, aims and objectives. Able to regularly review, evaluate and reflect upon the performance of yourself and others
- Leadership - Able to lead and manage, develop action plans and objectives, offer guidance and direction to others, and cope with the related pressures such authority can result in
Subject specific skills
- Understand the scientific underpinnings of psychology as a discipline.
- Apply multiple perspectives to psychological issues and integrate ideas and findings across the multiple perspectives in psychology.
- Communicate psychological concepts effectively in written form.
- Communicate psychological concepts effectively in oral form.
- Be computer literate for the purpose of processing and disseminating psychological data and information.
- Retrieve and organise information effectively.
- Handle primary source material critically.
- Engage in effective teamwork for the purpose of collaborating on psychological projects.
- Use effectively personal planning and project management skills.
- Work effectively under pressure (time pressure, limited resources, etc) as independent and pragmatic learners.
- Problem-solve by clarifying questions, considering alternative solutions, making critical judgements, and evaluating outcomes.
- Reason scientifically and demonstrate the relationship between theory and evidence.
- Comprehend and use psychological data effectively, demonstrating a systematic knowledge of the application and limitations of various research paradigms and techniques.
- Employ evidence-based reasoning and examine practical, theoretical and ethical issues associated with the use of different methodologies, paradigms and methods of analysis in psychology.
- Be aware of ethical principles and approval procedures.
Core Text: Koegel, L. K., and Koegel, R,. L., and Dunlap, G. (1996) Positive Behavioral Support Cooper, J.O., Heron, T.E., & Heward, W.L. 2nd Ed. (2007) Applied Behavior Analysis. NY. MacMillan.
Carr, E. G., Dunlap, G., Horner, R.H., Koegel, R.L., Turnbull, A. P., Sailor, W., Anderson, J. L., Albin, R.W., Koegel, L. K. and Fox, L. (2002) Positive Behavior Support: Evolution of an Applied Science. Journal of Positive Behavioral Interventions. 4, 4-16.
O’Brien, C. L. and O’Brien, J. (2002) The Origins of Person-Centred Planning. In S. Holbourn and P.M. Vietze (Eds) Person-Centred Planning: Research, Practice and Future Directions. Baltimore. Brookes.
O'Neill, R. E., Horner, R. H., Albin, R. W., Storey, K. & Sprague, J. R. (1997) Functional Assessment and Program Development for Problem Behavior: A Practical Handbook. Pacific Grove, Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
Saunders, R.R. & Spradlin, J.E., (1991) A Supported Routines Approach to Active treatment for enhancing independence, competence and self-worth. Behavioural Residential Treatment. 6, 11-37.
Stancliffe, R.J., Jones, E., Mansell, J., & Lowe, K. (2008) Active Support: A critical review and commentary Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability 33, 196-214
Toogood, S. (2008) Interactive Training. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability 33 (3) 215-224
Totsika, V., Toogood, S., & Hastings, R. P. (2008). Active Support: Development, evidence base and future directions. In L. Glidden (Ed) International Review of Research in Mental Retardation. London, Elsevier Academic Press
Pre- and Co-requisite Modules
Courses including this module
Compulsory in courses:
- C8EB: PGDip Applied Behaviour Analysis year 1 (DIP/APPBA)
- C8EN: MSc Applied Behaviour Analysis with Practicum year 1 (MSC/ABAP)
- C8EC: MSc Applied Behaviour Analysis year 1 (MSC/APPBA)
- C8DY: MSc Positive Behaviour Support year 1 (MSC/PBS)
- C8EP: MSc Positive Behaviour Support with Practicum year 1 (MSC/PBSP)