Introduction to History and Heritage
Run by School of History, Law and Social Sciences
20.000 Credits or 10.000 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Prof Raimund Karl
Overall aims and purpose
This course provides an introduction to the debate about the nature of heritage; the relationship between heritage and the disciplines of history and archaeology; and the importance of heritage to popular perceptions of the past. We will examine our changing attitude to the past and its material remains; the way in which we construct our views of the past; the arenas in which those views are expressed; and the uses to which those views are put. This course will encourage you to think critically about historical and archaeological arguments and about the way the past is interpreted in a variety of contexts, from the academic disciplines of history and archaeology to the public sphere. This course will therefore offer a critique of heritage, but also attempt to develop an understanding of its increasingly important role within contemporary society. We shall examine the history of academic approaches to the past; the development of museums; the increasing role of the state in the heritage industry; the diversity of heritage sites; and finally, how the past is used to create a sense of identity, place, and belonging.
Definitions of history, heritage and archaeology; the development of museums; cabinets of curiosities; new heritage sites; heritage agencies; the state and heritage management; heritage and landscape conservation; industrial heritage; heritage and identity.
will demonstrate a basic knowledge of at least part of the relevant field, and will make partly successful attempts to frame an argument which recognises differences of historical interpretation.
will show a solid level of achievement in all the criteria listed in the paragraph above.
will show this solid achievement across the criteria combined with particularly impressive depths of knowledge and/or subtly of analysis.
Demonstrate a basic knowledge of some of the major events, concepts and problems in heritage ¿ particularly the relationship between history, heritage and archaeology.
Demonstrate a mastery of basic study skills, particularly the ability to follow a course of reading, make effective notes, and benefit from seminar discussions.
Present historical arguments in essays and back them with evidence.
Show awareness that heritage can be interpreted in different ways.
Teaching and Learning Strategy
Field trips to relevant heritage sites
11 hours of lectures, starting week 1
10 hours of seminars, starting week 2
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Numeracy - Proficiency in using numbers at appropriate levels of accuracy
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Safety-Consciousness - Having an awareness of your immediate environment, and confidence in adhering to health and safety regulations
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Teamwork - Able to constructively cooperate with others on a common task, and/or be part of a day-to-day working team
- Caring - Showing concern for others; caring for children, people with disabilities and/or the elderly
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
- Self-awareness & Reflectivity - Having an awareness of your own strengths, weaknesses, aims and objectives. Able to regularly review, evaluate and reflect upon the performance of yourself and others
Subject specific skills
- problem solving to develop solutions to understand the past
- understanding the complexity of change over time; in specific contexts and chronologies
- being sensitive to the differences, or the "otherness" of the past, and the difficulty to using it as a guide to present or future action
- being sensitive to the role of perceptions of the past in contemporary cultures
- producing logical and structured arguments supported by relevant evidence
- marshalling and critically appraising other people's arguments, including listening and questioning
- demonstrating a positive and can-do approach to practical problems
- demonstrating an innovative approach, creativity, collaboration and risk taking
- presenting effective oral presentations for different kinds of audiences, including academic and/or audiences with little knowledge of history
- making effective and appropriate use of relevant information technology
- making critical and effective use of information retrieval skills using paper-based and electronic resources
- appreciating and being sensitive to different cultures and dealing with unfamiliar situations
- critical evaluation of one's own and others' opinions
- engaging with relevant aspects of current agendas such as global perspectives, public engagement, employability, enterprise, and creativity
Resource implications for students
Entrance fee to Iron Bridge Gorge Museums (field trip 1), c. £ 10 per person
GENERAL READING LIST There is no one book that covers all the themes of this course. However, the following are all highly relevant to the issues we will be dealing with. Specifically related to Heritage: G. Ashworth and P. Howard (eds), European Heritage Planning and Management. (1999) B.M. Carbonell (ed), Museum Studies. An Anthology of Contexts. (2004) J. Cuno (ed), Whose Culture? The promise of museums and the debate about antiquities. (2009) J.M. Fladmark (ed), Heritage & Identity. Shaping the Nations of the North. (2002) B. Graham, G. J. Ashworth and J. E. Tunbridge, A Geography of Heritage. (2000) J. Hunter and I. Ralston (eds), Archaeological Resource Management in the UK. (1997) P. Howard, Heritage. Management, Interpretation, Identity. (2003) D. Lowenthal, The Past is a Foreign Country. (1985) D. Lowenthal, The Heritage Crusade and the Spoils of History. (1998) R. Lumley, The Museum Time-Machine. Putting Cultures of Display. (1988) N. Merriman (ed), Public Archaeology. (2004) R. Samuel, Theatres of Memory. (1994) J. Schofield, J. Carman and P. Belfield, Archaeological Practice in Great Britain. (2011) R. Skeates, Debating the Archaeological Heritage. (2000) J.E. Tunbridge & G.J. Ashworth, Dissonant Heritage: The Management of the Past as a Resource in Conflict (1996)
Courses including this module
Compulsory in courses:
- V103: BA History and Archaeology year 1 (BA/HA)
- VV41: BA Herit, Archae & Hist year 1 (BA/HAH)
- VV42: BA Heritage, Archaeology & History with International Exp year 1 (BA/HAHIE)
- V13P: BA History and Archaeology with Placement Year year 1 (BA/HAP)
- V1W7: BA History with Film Studies with International Experience year 1 (BA/HFSIE)
- 8S11: BA History with Journalism (with International Experience) year 1 (BA/HJIE)
Optional in courses:
- V100: BA History year 1 (BA/H)
- V1V9: BA History with Archaeology with International Experience year 1 (BA/HAIE)
- V10F: BA History [with Foundation Year] year 1 (BA/HF)
- 8B03: BA History (with International Experience) year 1 (BA/HIE)
- V10P: BA History with Placement Year year 1 (BA/HP)
- V140: BA Modern & Contemporary History year 1 (BA/MCH)
- V130: BA Mediaeval and Early Modern His year 1 (BA/MEMH)
- VV15: BA Medieval & Early Modern History with International Exp year 1 (BA/MEMHIE)
- WV33: Music & Hist & Welsh Hist (IE) year 1 (BA/MHIE)
- V102: MArts History with International Experience year 1 (MARTS/HIE)