Crime and Justice in Modern Britain
Run by School of History, Law and Social Sciences
20.000 Credits or 10.000 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Dr Bethan Loftus
Overall aims and purpose
This module aims to build on the introduction to the criminal justice system in England and Wales set in Level One. It will reinforce and advance students’ understanding of various measures of crime, and how the main criminal justice agencies operate. Thus, the role, responsibilities and levels of accountability of the main criminal justice agencies will be reviewed in the context of contemporary concerns about specific types of crimes and criminals, such as cyber crime, terrorism, white collar and organised crime; young people, and ethnic minorities. The module will focus on advancing the discussion of the most dominant debates in criminal justice and penology. It aims to introduce students to the value of comparative analysis of criminal justice practices and procedures. Source materials will be derived mainly from the discipline of criminology and criminal justice, but will also draw on sociology, law, and political science. Students will be encouraged to critically analyse criminal justice policies and procedures.
This module aims to build on the introduction to the criminal justice system in England and Wales provided in Year 1 through SXY1007. It will reinforce and advance students' understanding of various measures of crime, and how the main criminal justice agencies operate in particular circumstances and under the demands of increasing international concerns about certain types of crime. Thus, the role, responsibilities and levels of accountability of the main criminal justice agencies will be reviewed in the context of contemporary concerns about specific types of crimes and criminals, such as youth crime, terrorism and state crime, white collar, cyber and organised crime. The module will focus on advancing the discussion of the most dominant debates in criminal justice and penology. In doing so the module aims to advance students’ understanding of criminal justice statistics as well as the value of comparative analysis of criminal justice practices and procedures.
Indicative Course content:
Understanding crime and criminal justice by numbers – breaking the back of crime statistics
Controlling youth crime
Controlling ‘clean’ crime – cyber-crime, business crime and white collar crime
Controlling ‘terror’ – state crime, organised crime and terrorism
Underpinning these different topics will be an engagement with concepts of social harm and how criminal justice agencies are adapting to control the different types of crimes and criminals, nationally as well as internationally.
Show a basic understanding of crime patterns and criminal statistics; provide a coherent account of the criminal justice process; understand the key functions of the criminal justice system in Wales and England; understand the key features of youth justice; demonstrate awareness of the criminal justice system’s inherent biases; describe important legal, social and policy issues in relation to specified areas of criminal law and criminal justice.
Show a good awareness of crime patterns and the limitations of criminal statistics; provide an accurate explanation of the criminal justice process with some evaluation of the operation of one or more criminal justice agencies; show good understanding of the youth justice system; demonstrate awareness of the criminal justice system’s inherent biases and its implications; understand and provide some analysis of the key functions of the criminal justice system in Wales and England and its operation in particular circumstances.
Show a critical understanding of crime patterns and a sophisticated approach to criminal statistics; provide an account of the criminal justice process which contains substantial critical evaluation; demonstrate a good understanding of the key functions of the criminal justice system in Wales and England, and engage in critical evaluation of these systems; show a thorough and critical understanding of youth justice; demonstrate a critical appreciation of the implications of the criminal justice system’s inherent biases; give a reasoned account of relevant legal, social and policy issues which contains some critical evaluation.
Demonstrate the ability to critically evaluate and apply key criminal justice models.
Provide evidence of the ability to identify and engage in debates on legal, social and policy issues which inform and influence criminal justice procedures and practices.
Demonstrate the ability to locate, interpret, and critically evaluate relevant statistics, literature, and evidence relating to the criminal justice and penal system.
Develop an appreciation of the value of a comparative analysis of the criminal justice and penal system.
Be able to analyse critically the ways in which the criminal justice system is biased against particular crimes and criminals.
Develop an in-depth understanding of the powers, obligations and structures of accountability of the principal criminal justice agencies.
Demonstrate a thorough understanding of the way in which criminal justice agencies respond to the changing landscape of crime, criminals, and political priorities in relation to those.
Teaching and Learning Strategy
Lectures, seminars, private study.
Small- group seminars, discussion based.
Identifying and reading relevant literature
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Numeracy - Proficiency in using numbers at appropriate levels of accuracy
- Computer Literacy - Proficiency in using a varied range of computer software
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Teamwork - Able to constructively cooperate with others on a common task, and/or be part of a day-to-day working team
- Caring - Showing concern for others; caring for children, people with disabilities and/or the elderly
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
- Self-awareness & Reflectivity - Having an awareness of your own strengths, weaknesses, aims and objectives. Able to regularly review, evaluate and reflect upon the performance of yourself and others
Pre- and Co-requisite Modules
Courses including this module
Compulsory in courses:
- LM3Y: BA Cymdeithaseg&CriminologyCrimJ year 2 (BA/CCCJ)
- M93B: BA Criminology & Criminal Just (4yr with Incorp Foundation) year 2 (BA/CCJ1)
- LC31: BA Criminology & Crim Justice & Psychology (with Int Exp) year 2 (BA/CCJPIE)
- L34L: BA Criminology and Criminal Justice and Social Policy year 2 (BA/CCJSP)
- M931: BA Criminology & Criminal Justice with International Exp year 2 (BA/CJIE)
- M930: BA Criminology & Criminal Justice year 2 (BA/CRIM)
- M93P: BA Criminology and Criminal Justice with Placement Year year 2 (BA/CRIMP)
- MR95: BA Criminology&Criml Just/Italian year 2 (BA/CRIT)
- MC98: BA Criminology/Psychology year 2 (BA/CRP)
- MR94: BA Criminology/Spanish year 2 (BA/CRSP)
- M3Q9: BA English Literature and Criminology and Criminal Justice year 2 (BA/ENC)
- MR91: BA French/Criminology&Crim'l Just year 2 (BA/FRCR)
- MR92: BA Criminology&CrimJustice/German year 2 (BA/GCR)
- MVX1: BA History/Criminology year 2 (BA/HCR)
- R807: BA Mod Languages & Crim & Crim Justice (Subj to Validation) year 2 (BA/MLCCJ)
- LM4X: BA Polisi Cymdeithasol & Criminology and Criminal Justice year 2 (BA/PCCCJ)
- LM40: BA Sociology & Criminology & Crim Just with International Ex year 2 (BA/SCJIE)
- LM39: BA Sociology and Criminology & Criminal Justice year 2 (BA/SCR)
- LM50: BA Social Policy and Criminology and Criminal Justice (IE) year 2 (BA/SPCIE)
- LM49: BA Social Policy/Criminology year 2 (BA/SPCR)
- M113: LLB Law with Criminology (Intl Exp) year 2 (LLB/LIK)
- M1M9: LLB Law with Criminology year 2 (LLB/LWCR)
- M1MB: LLB Law with Criminology (4 yr with Incorporated Foundation) year 2 (LLB/LWCR1)
- M1MP: LLB Law with Criminology with Placement Year year 2 (LLB/LWCRP)
Optional in courses:
- X315: BA Childhood and Youth Studies and Sociology year 2 (BA/CYSS)
- LL13: BA Sociology/Economics year 2 (BA/ECS)
- LL2B: BA Sociology & Economics (4 yr with Incorporated Foundation) year 2 (BA/ECS1)
- LQ3J: BA English Lang. & Sociology year 2 (BA/ELSOC)
- V100: BA History year 2 (BA/H)
- V1V9: BA History with Archaeology with International Experience year 2 (BA/HAIE)
- V1V4: BA History with Archaeology year 2 (BA/HAR)
- V10F: BA History [with Foundation Year] year 2 (BA/HF)
- 8B03: BA History (with International Experience) year 2 (BA/HIE)
- V10P: BA History with Placement Year year 2 (BA/HP)
- V140: BA Modern & Contemporary History year 2 (BA/MCH)
- V130: BA Mediaeval and Early Modern His year 2 (BA/MEMH)
- VV15: BA Medieval & Early Modern History with International Exp year 2 (BA/MEMHIE)
- LP33: BA Media Studies and Sociology year 2 (BA/MSSOC)
- L200: BA Politics year 2 (BA/POL)
- L202: BA Politics and Economics year 2 (BA/POLEC)
- L20F: BA Politics [with Foundation Year] year 2 (BA/POLF)
- L201: BA Politics with Placement Year year 2 (BA/POLP)
- CL83: BA Sociology/Psychology year 2 (BA/PS)
- L300: BA Sociology year 2 (BA/S)
- L31B: BA Sociology (4 year with Incorporated Foundation) year 2 (BA/S1)
- 3L3Q: BA Sociology and English Literature year 2 (BA/SEL)
- L30F: BA Sociology [with Foundation Year] year 2 (BA/SF)
- LV31: BA Sociology/History year 2 (BA/SH)
- 8Y70: BA Sociology (with International Experience) year 2 (BA/SIE)
- LQ31: BA Sociology/Linguistics year 2 (BA/SL)
- L30P: BA Sociology with Placement Year year 2 (BA/SOP)
- LVH2: BA Welsh History/Sociology year 2 (BA/WHS)
- M212: LLB Criminal Law (Subject to Validation) year 2 (LLB/CL)
- M21P: LLB Criminal Law with Placement Year (Subject to Validation) year 2 (LLB/CLP)
- V102: MArts History with International Experience year 2 (MARTS/HIE)
- V101: MArts History year 2 (MARTS/HIST)