Dates for 2020 KiVa Anti-bullying Programme trainings are April 21st 22nd (for school)s and April 21st - 23rd( for trainers) please contact Dilys on d.williams@bangor.ac.uk or telephone 01248 383 758 for further information.

KiVa programmes

The KiVa Anti-bullying programme in Wales

(KiVa and KiVa (logo) are Registered Trademarks by the University of Turku in the European Union and certain other countries. The Centre for Evidence Based Early Intervention is the Official License Partner of the University of Turku).

Visit the KiVa International web page here: http://www.kivaprogram.net/wales

Following the undertaking of a successful pilot trial of KiVa in thirteen Welsh schools and four Cheshire schools during 2012/13,  the Centre for Evidence-based Early Intervention at Bangor University and the Children’s Early Intervention Trust, teamed up with The Social Research Unit at Dartington, to implement and evaluate the KiVa Anti-bullying programme in a randomised controlled trial in twenty primary schools in Wales with support from the programme developer, Professor Christina Salmivalli, and funding from the BIG Lottery Innovation fund.

KiVa is an evidence-based programme for children aged 7-15 that was developed at the University of Turku, Finland. It includes:

  • a whole school introductory assembly
  • a launch meeting for parents and a parents website
  • 10 monthly lessons, each lasting one and a half hours
  • online games to help pupils rehearse ways of dealing with bullying
  • playground staff wearing KiVa tops to remind children of the school commitment to the programme
  • a KiVa team – typically comprising teachers and associated staff such as school counsellors and education psychologists – to deal with incidents of bullying

The pilot trial, with years 5 and 6 pupils, showed significant reductions in bullying and victimisation as reported by pupils in the online annual questionnaire. This informed the current randomised controlled trail in which the programme is being implemented in Years 3-6 in twenty primary schools across Wales. Schools were randomly allocated to implement in the first year (2013-2014, n=11) or the second year (2014-2015, n=9).

All materials, training and coaching have been provided and all materials for children and parents have been translated and produced in Welsh as part of this project. The randomised controlled trial evaluation will assess the programme’s impact on rates of bullying and being victimised as well as pupils’ emotional well-being and school attendance.

The project also involves developing a model that would enable the programme to be rolled out across Wales by ensuring quality whilst being affordable. This entails consultation with key stakeholders, including policy makers, anti-bullying NGOs, teachers, and parents.

The project was funded by the Big Lottery Innovation Fund for Wales and ran from March 2013 to July 2015. It benefited approximately 2,000 pupils aged 7-11 years who received the programme in its entirety. It also benefited an additional 1,000 plus pupils aged 4-6 in participating schools who were exposed to the whole-school element of the programme and KiVa team activities where appropriate.

Training for KiVa

We have been licensed by the developers to offer two types of training for the KiVa Anti-bullying programme.

KiVa training for trainers

This is a three-day certified training that will license participants to train school-based staff. The training fee will include a copy of the Unit 1 and Unit 2 KiVa manuals, for KS2 pupils, plus other KiVa resources and a trainer manual to support delivery of training to schools. This training is primarily intended for Local Authority sponsored trainers such as special schools advisers, educational psychologists or representatives of other organisations with a strong interest in bullying prevention, such as Healthy Schools coordinators, etc. Prior to confirmation of attendance at training, all prospective trainers will be invited to have a conversation with us to ensure that they meet the criteria to be an accredited KiVa trainer.

KiVa trainers can train and support schools in KiVa delivery within their areas. Ongoing support for the trainers will be provided from our Centre in Bangor. The three day training plus materials will cost £1000 + VAT and the trainer’s representatives must also pay a £1,000 +VAT license fee to KiVa Finland, for the right to use this material as a trainer. This license will be renewed every two years and renewal is likely to involve an online update and a small renewal of license fee.

For further information about this training and the subsequent cost to schools of purchasing materials and registering as a KiVa school please contact Dilys Williams, KiVa administrator (d.williams@bangor.ac.uk)

KiVa training for schools

This is a two-day training. Ideally two staff from each participating school should attend the training, as there are separate workshops on the school wide universal programme and the KiVa team strategies for dealing with confirmed incidents of bullying. The two-day training will cost £600 per school (plus VAT). Training will include one copy of the Unit 1 and 2 manuals for KS2 with their detailed lesson plans and materials.

Prior to the training, schools will need to register, through our Centre, with KiVa Finland in order to access the additional teacher material, the KiVa online games and activities, and to enable the children to participate in the online pupil survey. The annual cost of KiVa registration for a school is 1st Year - £2.50 per KS2 pupil  (minimum of £200); 2nd and subsequent years - £2.00 per KS2 pupil (minimum £150). This gives the teachers access to online resources and the child survey and enables children to play the on-line games at home or in school. Schools also need to purchase a manual for each KS2 class teacher and associated resources.

For further information about this training and the subsequent cost to schools of purchasing materials and registering as a KiVa school please contact Dilys Williams, KiVa administrator (d.williams@bangor.ac.uk)

 

NIHR grant of £1.85 million to evaluate KiVa across the UK

We have been successful in obtaining a £1.85 million public health related grant from the National Institute for Health Research to evaluate KiVa in a randomised controlled study across four areas, working with Cardiff, Oxford, Warwick and Exeter Universities. The grant is led from Bangor with Lucy Bowes funded as a Co-Chief Investigator with Judy. Suzy Clarkson did much of the work in putting together the successful application and will be employed full time for the 33 month duration of the project. Dr. Richard Watkins of the Welsh Government funded Regional Educational Collaborative, GwE, will work with us and lead on the patient and public involvement

 

Background

Bullying is an extremely important public mental health risk. Over 25% of UK children report being bullied at least weekly and are more likely to experience depression and anxiety, do less well academically, and be at heightened risk of health-related problems in adolescence and adulthood including smoking, drinking, drug abuse, and self-harm compared to children who do not experience bullying. Approximately 9% of children self-report that they are perpetrators of bullying. These children are more likely to have future elevated levels of health-risk behaviour including excessive drinking and substance abuse, and involvement in anti-social behaviour and interpersonal hostility. The Finnish KiVa school–based anti-bullying programme was highly effective in reducing several types of bullying including cyberbullying and was consequently widely implemented in Finland. KiVa is now being disseminated in 14 countries including undergoing further evaluation in eight countries.  

 

What we will do

We will test whether KiVa reduces the number of both bullied children, and bullies, improves child mental health, school attendance and enjoyment, and reduces teacher stress levels and increases their skills in dealing with bullying. Family- and school-level deprivation in the UK is associated with an increased risk of experiencing bullying and we will see whether KiVa works as well in disadvantaged schools, as indicated by the percentage of pupils eligible for free school meals, and particularly for children from disadvantaged backgrounds. This is something that has not been evaluated to date in Finnish studies where disparity is not as marked. We will also report the cost of introducing KiVa and explore whether any gains achieved represent value for money.

 

KiVa has dedicated 45-minute fortnightly lessons for pupils in years 3-6 (ages 7-11), posters, on-line games to play at home and/or school, whole school assemblies, parent information, designated trained

staff to deal with confirmed bullying incidents and set procedures for use when bullying occurs. Class lessons teach an understanding of children’s own and others’ emotions and how to stand up against

bullying and support victims.

 

We will work with 116 primary schools in four areas in a thirty-three month study; i) North Wales and Cheshire, ii) the West Midlands, iii) South East and iv) South West England. Half of the schools

will be randomly allocated to use the KiVa programme, the remaining 58 schools continue with usual practice and will not access the programme during that school year. This study will follow and link data

from pupils in school years 3-5 (ages 7-10 year at baseline in May with the same children providing data the following May in years 4-6), an anticipated 12,828 children. Schools allocated to intervention

will deliver KiVa as part of the personal social curriculum. We will measure the levels of bullying (perpetrator and victim), children’s mental wellbeing, attendance and academic attainment at baseline

and again 12 months later. We will compare results for children in KiVa schools with those not in KiVa schools. We will also ask teachers how effective they consider themselves to be at dealing with

bullying.

 

Data from our two UK pilot studies shows intervention acceptability. Two advisory groups will meet six times during the life of the project. One group will comprise teachers, head teachers, and parents; and the other children from different primary schools. These groups will advise on all aspects of the research with particular focus on study information, recruitment, retention and the methods of dissemination of results.

 

Trial findings will be disseminated through policy briefings, in press-releases, social media updates, and via the creation of short audio-visual clips for schools and children and published in peer-reviewed

academic journals and conference presentations.

 

Member of the Anti-Bullying Alliance