Foundation of Chemistry 1
Run by School of Natural Sciences
10 Credits or 5 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Dr Lorrie Murphy
Overall aims and purpose
The aims of this module are:-
(i) to provide a balanced integrated introduction to Chemistry at a first year undergraduate level for students studying all chemistry programmes,
(ii) to provide a suitable introductory chemistry service module for students (with A2 level or equivalent chemistry background) taking cognate science degree programmes.
Structure and bonding (12 lectures) - - Breakdown of classical mechanics, Bohr model of the atom, problems with Bohr's model, wave nature of particles, L de Broglie wave/particle duality, particle in a 1D box, extension to 2D, 3D. Born interpretation of the wavefunction, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. Hydrogen atom (3 quantum numbers) and inclusion of spin, multi-electron atoms, radial distribution function. Pauli exclusion principle, bonding in diatomics, evaluating dipole moments.
Electronic configuration, Covalent and Ionic bonding, Periodic Table and periodicity, shapes of molecules, and (12 workshops plus pre-workshop self study) -: Electronic configuration, covalent and ionic bonding overview. Periodic properties including atomic and ionic radli, ionization energies, electron gain energies and electronegativities. Review of s, p and d-block chemistry. Shapes of molecules by VSEPR.
Organic chemistry (12 lectures). Nomenclature and functional groups. The structure of organic molecules (chains, rings and three dimensional shapes), Drawing organic structures. Bonding theory and its relationship to the shape of molecules, hybridisation and bonding of alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Organic acids and bases, Nucleophiles and electrophiles. Synthesis: the nature of a synthetic reaction. Linking theory to practice, maths in organic chemistry. Extractions and separations. An introduction to the chemistry of alkanes, alkenes, polyalkenes, benzene and alkynes.
Course Team: Dr Dr K Hughes (12 lectures), Dr L Murphy (12 lectures), Dr P Murphy (12 lectures), (Employability x 1hr - non credit bearing). RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS ESSENTIAL READING 1. Chemistry3 Burrows et al. Publisher Open University Press (OUP) RECOMMENDED READING 1. Inorganic Chemistry, Housecroft and Sharpe, Publisher: Pearson 2. Physical Chemistry P.W. Atkins, and J. De Paula, Publisher: OUP,. 3. Organic Chemistry, J. Claydon, N. Greeves, S. Warren and P. Wothers, Publisher: OUP, 4. Periodic Table at a Glance, M.A. Beckett and A.W.G. Platt, Publishes: Blackwell, 2006 Most Recent editions of these as they are regularly updated. SPECIFIC RESOURCE IMPLICATIONS FOR STUDENTS It is expected that students purchase essential textbooks.
Excellent (>70%). Knowledge base is extensive and extends well beyond the work covered in the module. Conceptual understanding is outstanding. Problems of a familiar and unfamiliar nature are solved with efficiency and accuracy; problem-solving procedures are adjusted to the nature of the problem. Performance in transferable skills is generally very good.
Threshold (40%). Knowledge and understanding of the content covered in the course is basic; Problems of a routine nature are generally adequately solved; Transferable skills are at a basic level.
Good (~60%). Knowledge base covers all essential aspects of subject matter dealt with in the module and shows good evidence of enquiry beyond this. Conceptual understanding is good. Problems of a familiar and unfamiliar nature are solved in a logical manner; solutions are generally correct and acceptable. Performance in transferable skills is sound and shows no significant deficiencies.
The student should be able to demonstrate a preliminary understanding of the principles of quantum mechanics in the context of atoms, molecules, and elementary understanding of modern molecular orbital theory.
The student should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the difference between covalent and ionic bonding, bonding theory, hybridization and the shapes of simple inorganic and organic covalent molecules.
The student should be able to demonstrate an understanding of trends in chemical and physical properties in relation to the position of the element within the Periodic Table
The student should be able to demonstrate a basic understanding of nomenclature, functional groups, the structure and chemistry of simple organic molecules and simple synthetic principles.
Teaching and Learning Strategy
The module has 36 hours total contact time (3 hrs per week) plus Employability 2 hrs (non credit bearing). 24 hours are lectures (Physical and organic chemistry),
Flipped Lecture workshops (inorganic chemistry section only)- students are expected to do specified pre-workshop activities via Blackboard before participating in workshops.
Subject specific skills
- CC4 The ability to recognise and analyse problems and plan strategies for their solution
- PS3 Problem-solving skills, relating to qualitative and quantitative information
- SK2 Demonstrate a systematic understanding of fundamental physicochemical principles with the ability to apply that knowledge to the solution of theoretical and practical problems
- SK3 Gain knowledge of a range of inorganic and organic materials
- PS16 The ability to work in multi-disciplinary and multi-skilled teams
- CC1 the ability to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of essential facts,concepts,principles and theories relating to theSubject areasCovered in theirProgramme
Talis Reading listhttp://readinglists.bangor.ac.uk/modules/fxx-1101.html
Pre- and Co-requisite Modules
Courses including this module
Compulsory in courses:
- F100: BSC Chemistry year 1 (BSC/C)
- F102: Chem with Europ Exper year 1 (BSC/CEE)
- F103: BSC Chem with Ind Exper year 1 (BSC/CIE)
- F7F6: BSc Ocean and Geophysics year 1 (BSC/OGP)
- F104: MChem Chemistry year 1 (MCHEM/CH)
- F101: MChem Chemistry with Industrial Experience year 1 (MCHEM/CIND)
Optional in courses:
- F650: BSC Geological Oceanography year 1 (BSC/GEO)
- 8S54: BSc Geological Oceanography (with International Experience) year 1 (BSC/GEOIE)
- F842: BSc Marine Geography year 1 (BSC/MARG)
- F710: BSC Marine Environmental Studies year 1 (BSC/MES)
- F713: BSc Marine Environmental Stud with International Experience year 1 (BSC/MESIE)
- F700: BSC Ocean Science year 1 (BSC/OS)
- F652: MSci Geological Oceanography year 1 (MSCI/GO)
- F734: MSci Physical Oceanography year 1 (MSCI/PO)