Research opportunities in the School of Electronic Engineering


The School specialises in the areas listed below. Visit the School research pages and School academic staff pages for further details.

Candidates seeking entry onto PhD and other research degrees are encouraged to present research proposals related to these areas of specialism.

Alternatively, candidates may undertake a research degree in a topic specified by the School. Visit the ‘Research Projects’ section for details of these topics.

Electrical Materials Science with specialisations in:

  • Electronic and dielectric properties of weakly conducting materials
  • Properties of metal, semiconductor and insulating surfaces
  • Electrokinetic manipulation of bioparticles
  • Lipid films in Langmuir monolayer and bilayer forms
  • Metal dielectric and metal semiconductor interfaces
  • Interaction of ultrasound with biological materials
  • Hydrocarbon polymers
  • Microfabrication
  • Biological polymers, enzymes & cells
  • Medical applications of ultrasound
  • Lab-on-a-chip

Laser Micromachining and Laboratory-on-a-Chip with specialisations in:

  • Electronic and dielectric properties of biological materials
  • Electrokinetic manipulation of bioparticles
  • Biological polymers, enzymes and cells
  • Microfabrication of biofactory and laboratory-on-a-chip
  • Medical therapeutics and diagnostics

Optical Communications with specialisations in:

  • Advanced optical communications systems for long-haul core networks
  • Optical networking and future all-optical networks
  • Optical and electrical signal processing

Organic Electronics with specialisations in:

  • Synthesising new monomers and polymers for electronic device application
  • Fabrication of polymer MISFETs, Schottky diodes, LEDs, electrical and optical characterisation of polymers and devices, AFM/EFM/Kelvin probe studies on fabricated devices.

Research Project Opportunities

Please note the research project opportunities detailed here are NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Candidates wishing to research any of the projects listed in this section should apply as follows:

  • International candidates requiring a pre-sessional English course will be enrolled on a Combined English / Study Skills and Research Course at the University before starting the PhD degree. The research proposal will be developed and written when enrolled on this course.
  • UK nationals or European and International candidates who have already reached the level of English required for entry should present a relevant research proposal when applying for admission.

Alternatively candidates may present a research proposal related to the research expertise & specialisms within the School. Please refer to the 'Apply' section for further details.

Digital Signal Processing

Supervisor: Dr Roger Giddings

T: +44 (0) 1248 382715 / E:

Digital signal processing (DSP) has recently emerged as a highly promising technology for meeting the high demands placed on future optical networks such as high capacity, cost-efficiency, green networks and highly flexible networks. This research area is focused on the application of DSP in optical communications to solve the future network challenges. Our world-leading real-time DSP-based optical communications test bed will be fully utilised to explore areas such as: advanced modulation techniques for escalating the data capacity of a single optical wavelength, driving the improvement in power efficiency at both the optical transceiver and network level and enhancing optical network resource utilisation through network aware intelligent optical transceivers.

Please note the research project opportunity detailed here is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Laser Micromachining and Bragg based sensors

Supervisor: Dr Xianfeng Chen

T: +44 (0) 1248 382480 / E:

His research interests include advanced photonic sensors and devices, fibre grating technologies, optical biosensors, and fibre lasers. Recently, his research activities have expanded to the fields of Bio- Nano- photonics, Micro/Nanofabrication, Biosensing, and Optical communications.

Since 2000, he has authored and co-authored 2 patents (UK) and over 100 papers published in international reputable journals and the major international conferences.

Please note the research project opportunity detailed here is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Medical Microwave Engineering

Supervisor: Prof. Chris Hancock

T: +44 (0) 1248 382686 / E:

Chris Hancock received the Ph.D degree in electronic engineering from Bangor University, U.K. in 1996. From 1997 to 2002, he was senior microwave engineer at Gyrus Medical Ltd. In 2003 he founded and was the CEO of MicroOnclogy Ltd (now Creo Medical Ltd) to develop his ideas based on dynamic impedance matching techniques and integrated RADAR measurement techniques using /Ku/ band energy for the treatment of breast tumours. In 2009, he was given a personal Chair in the Medical Microwave Systems Research Group at Bangor University. He is also the CTO and founder of Creo Medical Ltd. Prof. Hancock is a Fellow of the IET and a Chartered Engineer, a Fellow of the Institute of Physics and a Chartered Physicist, and was awarded an Honorary Research Fellowship at UCL for his work on breast cancer treatment.

Please note the research project opportunity detailed here is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Microelectronic/Organic Engineering

Supervisor: Dr Mohammed Mabrook

T: +44 (0) 1248 382686 / E:

Dr Mabrook has over 15 years' experience in microelectronic engineering, conducting multidisciplinary projects in device fabrications and instrumentations. He carry out research in several areas of interest, mainly covering work on organic electronic devices, chemical sensors, food quality sensors, semiconductor thin film device fabrication and characterisation, and nanotechnology.

Please note the research project opportunity detailed here is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Microelectronic/Organic Engineering

Supervisor: Dr Jeff Kettle

T: +44 (0) 1248 382471 / E:

Jeff's expertise lies in key several areas: organic and inorganic semiconductor device fabrication, characterisation and modeling, both in industrial and academic environments. He has a particular interest in the reliability of Organic devices and photovoltaic devices. He published over 20 articles in peer review journals and has been invited to present at several major international conferences.

Please note the research project opportunity detailed here is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Optical Communications

Supervisor: Prof. Jianming Tang

T: +44 (0) 1248 382697/ E:

The students will be integrated into a highly productive optical communications research team with word-wide reputation. The students may undertake cutting-edge researches in the following subjects: high-speed optical communications system designs and experimental demonstrations, advanced digital signal processing and its' implementation using FPGA, future optical network architectures and corresponding MAC layer protocols, dynamic optical networking, as well as ultrafast optical dynamics of semiconductor laser devices.

Please note the research project opportunity detailed here is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Optical Communications Networks

Supervisor: Dr Saad Mansoor

T: +44 (0) 1248 382716 / E:

This research involves using extensive numerical simulations to explore the transmission performance and other characteristics of optical networks. These models have been used to rigorously verify experimental results carried out by the Optical Electronic research group in the School of Electronic Engineering at Bangor University. Models have also been developed to investigate schemes for adaptive dynamic bandwidth allocation in optical orthogonal frequency division multiple access and passive optical networks.

Please note the research project opportunity detailed here is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Optical Nanoscopy and Imaging

Supervisor: Dr Zengbo Wang

T: +44 (0) 1248 382474 / E:

His expertise lies in the fields of optical nanoscopy and imaging, nano-fabrication, nano-plasmonics/electronics, laser micro nano processing, laser cleaning and the applications. He has author/co-authored more than 90 publications (WOS H-index: 13), including high-impact papers in Nature and Physics Review Journals, and has delivered more than 20 invited talks in major international conferences. He is the main inventor of the world's first 50-nm resolution white-light nanoscope that could be potentially used for virus imaging in real time. The work, published in Nature Communications, has attracted huge public interests and media coverage including BBC, New York Times, Daily Mail, etc. It was awarded a first prize in a Royal Academy of Engineering (RAEng) poster competition event in nano-engineering, invited as a feature article in Laser Focus World, and honored by the RCUK as one of '50 big ideas for the future' in year 2011.

Please note the research project opportunity detailed here is NOT funded by the University. Candidates must secure their own funding to meet the costs of PhD study

Entry requirements

For information and further detailed guidance on entry requirements for International Students, including the minimum English Language entry requirement, please visit the Entry Requirements by Country pages on the International Education Centre section of our website.

Ask the IEC for assistance...

If you want advice or a general chat about what’s available contact the International Education Centre on +44 (0) 1248 382028 or email

Fees & Scholarships

Please take a look at our Fees & Scholarships pages for details.

How to apply

Step 1 – Select your research topic

You have three options with regards the selection of your research topic;

Option 1

Prepare your Research Proposal, based on the research expertise at the School.

Option 2

Select a research project from the Directory for PhD opportunities (Also available as a PDF document). Enter the name of the project and the name of the supervisor on the application form. The ‘Research Project’ route is delivered in two parts:

  • Part 1: A Combined English / Study Skills and Research Proposal course. This is when you will write a research proposal based on the selected research project. Duration is up to 1 year, dependent on the English language level.
  • Part 2: The PhD programme.

Option 3

Occasionally, the University advertises PhD Studentships. Studentships are funded / sponsored PhD placements which cover tuition fees and sometimes living costs, usually for a period of 3 years. They are offered for specific research projects. Studentships are advertised on the University website and Academic Schools’ websites and there is normally a deadline for submitting applications. The terms and conditions of Studentships vary and may become available at different times of the year.

If you are applying for a Studentship, enter the name of the studentship on the application form

Step 2 – Prepare your documentation

You will need to gather the following documentation to present with your application:

  • Bachelor degree certificate and transcript
  • Masters degree certificate and transcript (if undertaken)
  • English language test certificate (if undertaken)
  • Academic reference / support letter
  • Confirmation of funding / sponsorship (if applicable)
  • Passport
  • Research Proposal (if you are NOT selecting a project from the Directory of PhD opportunities or applying for a Studentship). Click here for guidance about how to write a good research proposal.

Step 3 – Apply Online

International students have two options when applying;

Apply online

Option 1 – Apply online yourself

Option 2 – Apply online with the help of a recruitment agent

  • If you would like help in completing and managing your application you may seek help from one of our authorised representatives or agents. To see a list of our representatives for your country please visit the Country pages.

Application advice

Applications for research degrees differ substantially from applications for taught courses such as Masters degrees. Although the application form is the same, the way in which you approach your application can make all the difference.

Applying for a self-funded or externally-funded Research Degree

As with all of our courses, you can apply to fund yourself through a PhD/MPhil at Bangor, or you may already have sourced external funding (e.g. from your employer or government), and we warmly welcome all expressions of interest in so doing. However, rather than simply filling in an application form, there are a few steps that you can take in order that your application stands a greater chance of being successful.

All PhD/MPhil students require supervision from at least one academic member of staff at the University, and if you are considering a PhD/MPhil, you will already have a good idea of the specific area or theme that you want to research. In order to ascertain that we hold sufficient expertise in your chosen topic to provide supervision, you should first look at our staff pages. This will provide you with a breakdown of each staff member’s area of academic focus.

Once you have found a member of staff whose research interests broadly accord with your own, you should contact them directly with a concise research ‘brief’ that outlines your proposal and ask whether s/he would consider supervising your project. If the academic expresses his/her interest, you may then further discuss your ideas and develop a full PhD/MPhil research proposal.

At this stage, you should formally apply online for the PhD/MPhil programme. You should fill the form out thoroughly, including academic references, your research proposal and the name of the academic member of staff under whose supervision you intend the research to be conducted.

Your research proposal

A good research proposal is essential if you are applying for a PhD or MPhil. The proposal should include:

  1. Overview – give a brief abstract of the subject area you wish to research and include information on the key theoretical, policy or empirical debates that will be addressed.
  2. Planning – you need to demonstrate that you are aware of the research timescales and have a plan in place to conduct your work. You need to demonstrate that the research is manageable in the given time period.
  3. Literature references – you need to show that your planned area of research has not been studied before. Provide references to key articles and texts relevant to your area of study.
  4. Methodology – you need to show that you are aware of the methodological tools available and have identified which ones would be suitable for your research.

When do I Apply?

You can apply at any time of the year.

It is possible to start a PhD degree at any point in the year at most academic Schools, subject to agreement with the supervisor.

We advise that you submit your application in enough time to:

  • organise funding
  • undertake an English course
  • obtain documents such as transcripts and references required for meeting the conditions of the offer
  • apply for a visa
  • make accommodation arrangements

Further information

Admission related queries

If you need any assitance in completing your application, contact the International Admissions Team on +44 (0) 1248 382028 or email

Bangor University Researchers Pioneer Superfast Broadband Download Capability

Partner: University of Electronic Science & Technology China

Principal Investigator: Prof. Jianming Tang, School of Electronic Engineering, Bangor University; email:

Consumer demand is driving the need for ever-faster download speeds from their internet providers: from HD and 3D TV, to streaming films, cloud computing, on-line gaming and shopping, the requirement for greater bandwidth has increased 70% year-on-year. The copper cables which make up the current networks cannot cope with this rising demand, and solutions to the blockages in the system are urgently required. Optical modems combined with additional digital signal processing intelligent features could be a key enabler for the realization of future smart optical networks.

Pioneering research at Bangor on the advanced communications technology termed Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OOFDM) has global implications. Using current optical internet cabling, OOFDM has proven its ability to increase broadband transmission by up to two thousand times the current speed and capacity: equivalent to downloading 20 feature length films in one second.

With the potential to be highly-cost effective and flexible, Bangor’s world-leading research into OOFDM has received significant international attention, and this has led to a number of collaborations with Universities and industry.

Collaboration with the University of Electronic Science & Technology

The University of Electronic Science & Technology China (UESTC) was established in 1956 in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China. UESTC is world-renowned for its research into electronics and in 2001 it was selected as one of the leading 34 ‘Project 985’ institutions in China.

The highly successful research collaboration between Bangor University and UESTC has resulted in significant advances in both key optical access transmission techniques and network architectures, and the findings have been presented at the major international conference OFC2014, and published in academic journals.

Academic staff from both institutions have undertaken exchange visits, and in 2013 Bangor University provided training to visiting young researchers from UESTC.
Bangor University and UESTC will continue to collaborate, exploiting cutting-edge technology to address the key technical challenges faced by current optical access networks.

Professor Jianming Tang, Principal Investigator of the project said,

The fantastic technical achievements obtained through the research collaboration between Bangor and UESTC indicate that the considerably increased transmission performance of the OOFDM technique is practically feasible utilizing low-cost optical and electrical components in extremely simple network infrastructures. These achievements have significant value for practical implementation in next generation Passive Optical Networks.

Following on from this very successful first phase of the collaboration with UESTC, joint research funding has recently been awarded to the partners by the National Natural Science Foundation of China. This new project will focus on exploiting the cutting-edge technologies developed by BU and UESTC to answer the sector challenges of inefficiency and inflexibility within optical networks. This joint research programme will continue for at least another five years, working towards a cost-effective solution to further increase network capacity.

PhD student Mingliang Deng said:

I really appreciate that I have such a precious opportunity to undertake research under the guidance of Prof. Tang and Dr. Giddings. I have studied how to be an excellent researcher whilst working with them at Bangor. This experience at Bangor offers me a fantastic chance to get in touch with the world’s top scientists and research in optical communications. On the other hand, it enriches my educational experience and social knowledge. I believe that this visit will also benefit my future career significantly.

Dr Roger Giddings and PhD Student Mingliang Deng in the Optical Communications Research Laboratory at Bangor University

This project was funded by the Sino-UK Higher Education Research Partnership for PhD studies, managed by the British Council China on behalf of the Welsh Government.

For more information about optoelectronics research at Bangor University, please visit the Optoelectronic Devices Research page on the School of Electronic Engineering website.