Professor Sally Sambrook

Division: Business Studies


Telephone: 01248 38 2046



Professor of Human Resource Development

Sally Sambrook is Professor of Human Resource Development and Visiting Professor, Toulouse Business School, France. She joined Bangor University in 1999 as a Project Manager in the Centre for Learning Development, on a research project exploring the quality of computer based learning materials. Sally was appointed as Lecturer in Human Resource Management (HRM) in 2000, and joined the School of Nursing (now Healthcare Sciences) in 2002, where she designed the MSc in Health and Social Care Leadership. Sally was awarded a Teaching Fellowship in 2005 in recognition of her excellence in teaching and enhancing the student learning experience. She returned to the Business School in 2006, as Director of Postgraduate Studies, Business and Management, and then Deputy Head of School 2007-2011. Prior to her academic career, Sally trained as a nurse, becoming involved in training other nurses and in general personnel management.

Roles within Bangor Business School

  • Deputy Head of School (2007-2011)
  • Director of Postgraduate Studies (Business & Management) (2006-2008)
  • Bangor Business School PhD Working Group
  • Teaching Advisor and Mentor, PGCertHE
  • Programme and Examination Board member, PGCertHE
  • College Research Committee
  • College Ethics Committee
  • University’s Human Resources Task Group
  • Academy of Teaching Fellows
  • University’s Teaching and Learning Task Group (2007-2012)
  • University’s Teaching Fellows appointment panel (2006-2010)

Qualification/Memberships of Professional Bodies

ILM Level 7 qualified Executive Coach and Leadership Mentor, Registered Nurse (General), BA (Hons) Business Studies, Postgraduate Certificate in Social Science Research Methods, Postgraduate Certificate in Teaching in Higher Education, Postgraduate Diploma in Training Management, PhD, Chartered Member of the Chartered Institute of Personnel & Development (CIPD)


2013 - Erasmus Teaching Exchange to visit Rouen Business School, France (although I was unable to go!)
2012 - Joint winner of University Forum for HRD Teaching and Learning Resource prize for her work with Clair Doloriert on the psychological contract in doctoral supervision and also Highly Commended for a study with Bejan Analoui, PhD student, on group work.
2006 - awarded an Honorary Teaching Fellowship in recognition of her excellence in teaching and supporting student learning.


One of Professor Sambrook’s main research interests is the study of human resource development (HRD), particularly management learning; her research on critical HRD was voted outstanding paper of the year in Journal of European Industrial Training. With her nursing background, Sally focuses on learning and development within the British National Health Service, but also conducts research in a variety of contexts from large European learning organisations to UK-based small and medium-sized enterprises.

Sally is a founding member of the University Forum for Human Resource Development, and a member of the American Academy of Human Resource Development, elected as a Board member 2008-2011. She has led numerous Critical HRD streams at the European and American HRD conferences, as well as the Critical Management Studies conference.

Sally is a member of various external research networks, including the Employment, Skills and Training Thematic Group, Welsh Institute of Social and Economic Research, data and Methods (WISERD), led by Cardiff Business School, and the Ethnography Knowledge Platform, hosted at Liverpool University Management School. She is Visiting Professor at Toulouse Business School in their Work, Employment and Health Group (Management Research Group Travail, Emploi et Sante).

Sally is the Chair of the Board of Directors for Human Resource Development International (HRDI), having been Associate Editor 2005-2012. She is on the editorial boards of HRDI, Human Resource Development Quarterly, the European Journal of Training and Development, the International Journal of Management Education and the Journal of Organisational Ethnography. She reviews for these and other journals including: Management Learning, Human Resource Development Review, Qualitative Research in Organisations and Management, Journal of Health Organisation and Management and Journal of Advanced Nursing.

Leading the growth of qualitative research within Bangor Business School, Sally is currently interested in developing an autoethnographic approach to management and organisational research, including doctoral supervision. She has supervised and examined a range of HRD, management and leadership topics in a variety of international contexts including health, public sector and banking.

Research Funding

Professor Sambrook has been awarded around £1.5m in grant capture from various funding bodies, including WEFO, the European Social Fund, KESS, NHS, Higher Education Academy and UFHRD. She was Principal Investigator for a £1.2 million WEFO-funded project, delivering and evaluating the LEAD programme for SME managers, developed at Lancaster University, in collaboration with Swansea University (part of £5m grant). The highly successful 5-year project completed in June 2015.

Research Consultancy

Sally has been involved in research consultancy with the Welsh Government, NHS,Public Services Management Wales/National Leadership and Innovation Agency for Healthcare, KPMG and CIPD.

Research students


Sara Fisher, PhD, 2015, ‘Strategic planning capabilities of female entrepreneurs’ (BBS scholarship)

Charlotte Hall, PhD, 2015, ‘Nurses, Organisational Culture, and Innovation: Perspectives from the Frontline’ (KESS scholarship)

Bejan Analoui, PhD, 2015, ‘Knowledge Management and Leadership in Higher Education’ (Bangor University bursary)

Natalie Jones, PhD, 2012, Full circle: Employee engagement in the Welsh public sector’ (autoethnography) (Bangor Univ 125 bursary)

Anahita Baregheh, PhD, 2011, ‘Innovation in food sector SMEs’ (BIC scholarship)

Delia Wainwright, PhD, 2010 ‘An autoethnographic study of the psychological contracts of health and social care employees in a learning disability service’

Mary Wilcox, DBA, 2010, External Supervisor, ‘Executive coaching’, (Nottingham Business School)

Pauline Rigby, PhD, 2010, ‘Food labels: designing a new health promotion tool to enhance understanding of nutritional information’ (School of Healthcare Sciences)

Caroline Bradbury-Jones, PhD, 009, ‘Student nurses’ perceptions of empowerment’ (School of Healthcare Sciences)

Dexter James, PhD, 2008, ‘Evaluation of international health sector reform: a case study of Anguilla’ (Emerald/EFMD Outstanding Doctoral Research Awards, Highly Commended Award for the Management and Governance category in 2009)

Phil Hanlon, DBA, 2008, ‘Intuition in strategic decision-making’, (Nottingham Business School)

Clair Roberts (now Doloriert), PhD, 2007, ‘Intraprelearning within two Welsh NHS Trusts: An autoethnography’ (innovation, creativity and learning in the NHS)

Salwa Al-Sharqawi, PhD, 2004, ‘Hofstede’s cultural dimensions and work-related values in Kuwait: implications for employment policy’


Napier, UEA, Strathclyde, Leicester, Nottingham Trent, Sheffield, UI Galway, The Open University


Sally has published work on HRM and HRD, including new ways of conceptualising and researching HRD, research methodology and doctoral supervision. She has authored/co-authored around 30 book chapters, 3 edited texts and over 60 journal articles, and presented more than 100 refereed papers at international conferences. She has won awards for her articles and conference papers.

Publications (Since 2008)

Books/book chapters

  • Sambrook S (forthcoming February 2016) ‘Managing the psychological contract within doctoral supervisory relationships’ in P Blessinger & D Stockley (Eds) Innovations in Higher Education Teaching and Learning, Volume 6, Emerging Directions in Doctoral Education, Emerald
  • Sambrook S (forthcoming 2016) ‘Autoethnography: a novel way to study HRM’ in K Townsend, D Lewin and R Loudoun (eds) Handbook of Qualitative Research Methods on HRM: Innovative Techniques, Edward Elgar
  • Jones N & Sambrook S (forthcoming 2015) ‘Employee engagement in the public sector’ in D Blackman, S Teo & M O’Donnell (Eds) “Human Capital Management Research: influencing practice and process,, Edward Elgar
  • Callahan J, Stewart J, Rigg C, Sambrook S & Trehan K (Eds) (forthcoming 2015) Realising Critical HRD: Stories of Reflecting, Voicing, and Enacting Critical Practice, Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Callahan J, Stewart J, Rigg C, Sambrook S & Trehan K (forthcoming 2015) ‘Introduction’ in J Callahan et al (Eds) Realising Critical HRD: Stories of Reflecting, Voicing, and Enacting Critical Practice, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2-11
  • Callahan J, Stewart J, Sambrook S, Rigg C & Trehan K (forthcoming 2015) ‘Concluding “reflexions”’ in J Callahan et al (Eds) Realising Critical HRD: Stories of Reflecting, Voicing, and Enacting Critical Practice, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 284-290
  • Sambrook S (2015) 'In (re)search of the self: Autoethnography in HRD research’ in M Saunders & P Tosey (eds) Handbook of Research Methods on Human Resource Development, Edward Elgar, 92-107
  • Doloriert C, Stewart J & Sambrook S (2014) 'Individual and Collective Learning' in J Stewart & P Cureton (Eds) Designing, Delivering and Evaluating Learning and Development: Essential for Practice, London: CIPD, pp 7-35
  • Stewart J & Sambrook S (2014) Critical perspectives on workforce development of HRD in the UK, in RM Harris & TW Short (ed) Workforce Development: Perspectives and Issues, Singapore: Springer, ISBN: 978-981-4560-57-3 (Print) 978-981-4560-58-0 (Online), pp 329-349
  • Shuck B & Sambrook S (2014) ‘Employee Engagement and HRD’ in R Poell, T Rocco & G Roth (Eds), The Routledge HRD Companion, Routledge, pp 533-541
  • Sambrook S (2014) ‘Critical HRD’ in N Chalofsky, T Rocco, M L Morris, (Eds) Handbook of HRD, Jossey Bass, pp 145-163
  • Doloriert C & Sambrook S (2013) ‘Accommodating an Autoethnographic PhD: The Tale of the Thesis, the Viva Voce, and the Traditional Business School in P Sikes (ed) Autoethnography (Four-Volume Set), Sage Publications Ltd, Series: SAGE Benchmarks in Social Research Methods, ISBN 9780857027856
  • Jones K, Henley A, Sambrook S & Norbury H (2013) ‘Learning to lead for business growth – implications for supporting SMEs in Wales, in P Chaney and E Royles, (eds) Contemporary Wales: An Annual Review of Economic, Political and Social Research, Cardiff, University of Wales Press, ISBN 978-0-7083-2683-1, ISSN 0951-4937, 1-23
  • Sambrook, S, Analoui B & Doloriert C (2012). Engaging students in group work to maximise knowledge sharing, in D Kelsey (Ed). Enhancing learning and teaching in higher education in Wales, 21-27
  • Sambrook S (2012) ‘What’s so critical about Human Resource Development?’ in M Lee (Ed) Human Resource Development as we know it, Speeches that Have Shaped the Field, Routledge Studies in Human Resource Development, London: Routledge, 21-36
  • Sambrook S (2011) ‘A "critical" time for HRD?’ in D McGuire, T Garavan & L Dooley (eds) Fundamentals of Human Resource Development, London: Sage Publications
  • Wainwright D & Sambrook S (2011) The role of the organisation in managing the psychological contract: what local policies say to practitioners’ in H Dickinson and R Mannion (Eds) The Reform of Health Care: Shaping, Adapting and Resisting Policy Developments, Organizational Behaviour in Health Care Series, Palgrave Macmillan, 21-36

Refereed journals

  • Stewart J, Mills S & Sambrook S (May 2015) HRD education in the UK, in (eds) Yonjoo Cho and K. Peter Kuchinke, HRD Education Research and Practice, Advances in Developing Human Resources, 17 (2), 162-79
  • Stewart J, Callahan J, Rigg C, Sambrook S, Trehan K (2014) Realising the critical in HRD: strategies for research and practice, Human Resource Development International, 17 (4), 379-83
  • Analoui B, Sambrook S & Doloriert C (2014) Engaging students in group work to maximise tacit knowledge sharing and use, International Journal of Management Education, 12 (1), 35-43,
  • Sambrook S & Willmott H, (2014) 'The Rigor of Management Education and the Relevance of Human Resource Development - Natural Partners or Uneasy Bedfellows in Management Practice?' Management Learning, 45 (1), pp 39-56
  • Sambrook S, Jones N & Doloriert C (2014) Employee engagement and autoethnography: being and studying self, in Special Issue on Employee Engagement, Journal of Workplace Learning, 26 (3/4), 172-187
  • Sambrook S & Poell R (2014) International Critical Perspectives, in (eds) Julie Gedro, Joshua C. Collins, & Tonette S. Rocco, Critical Perspectives and the Advancement of HRD, Advances in Developing Human Resources, 16 (4), 471-480
  • McCabe T J & Sambrook S, (2014) An exploration of the antecedents, attributes and consequences of trust amongst nurses and nurse managers: A concept analysis, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 51 (5), 815-827
  • Roberts G & Sambrook S (2014) Social Networking and HRD, Human Resource Development International, 17 (5), 577-587
  • Analoui B D, Doloriert C H, Sambrook S, (2013) Leadership and knowledge management in UK ICT organisations, Journal of Management Development, 32 (1), 4–17
  • McCabe T J & Sambrook S (2013) Psychological contracts and commitment amongst nurses and nurse managers: A discourse Analysis, International Journal of Nursing Studies, July, 50 (7), 954-967, Impact factor 2.178
  • Jones K & Sambrook S (2012) Ambiguity, Ambivalence and Ambition! ISBE Enterprising Matter e-magazine, Entrepreneurial Learning in Organisations, Spring 12 [online] Available at (invited contribution)
  • Jones K, Sambrook S, Henley A & Norbury H (2012) Higher Education Engagement in SME Leadership Development: using autobiographical narrative to understand potential impact, Industry and Higher Education, Special Issue, 26 (6), 461-472
  • Stewart J & Sambrook S (2012) The historical development of HRD in the UK, Human Resource Development Review, 11 (4) 443-462
  • Rowley J, Baregheh A & Sambrook S, Davies D (2012) Food Sector SMEs and innovation types, British Food Journal, 114 (11) 1640-1653
  • Doloriert C, Sambrook S, Stewart J (2012) The power and emotion of doctoral supervision: Implications for HRD, European Journal of Training and Development, 36 (7), 732 - 750
  • Lawless A, Sambrook S and Stewart J (2012) Critical human resource development: enabling alternative subject positions within a masters of arts in human resource development educational programme Human Resource Development International, 15 (3) 321-336
  • Rowley J, Baregheh A & Sambrook S, (2012) Innovation in food and drink sector SMEs, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development 19 (2) 300 - 321
  • Doloriert C & Sambrook S (2012) ‘Organisational Autoethnography’, Journal of Organisational Ethnography, inaugural issue, 1 (1), 83-95
  • Doloriert D & Sambrook S (2011) ‘Accommodating an Autoethnographic PhD: The Tale of the Thesis, the Viva Voce, and the Traditional Business School, Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 40 (5), 582-615
  • Stewart J, Harte V, & Sambrook S (2011) What is theory? Journal of European Industrial Training, Special Issue, 35 (3), 221-229
  • Lawless A, Sambrook S, Garavan T & Valentin C (2011) A discourse approach to theorising HRD: opening up a discursive space, Journal of European Industrial Training, Special Issue, 35 (3), 264-275
  • Rowley J, Baregheh A, & Sambrook S (2011) ‘Towards an innovation-type mapping tool’ Management Decision, 49 (1), 73 – 86
  • Bradbury-Jones C, Sambrook S & Irvine F, (2011) Nursing Students and the Issue of Voice: A Qualitative Study, Nurse Education Today, 31 (6) 628-632
  • Bradbury-Jones C, Sambrook S & Irvine F (2011) Empowerment and being valued: a phenomenological study of nursing students’ experiences of clinical practice, Nurse Education Today, 31 (4), 368-372
  • Bradbury-Jones C, Stewart S, Irvine F. & Sambrook S (2011) Nursing students' experiences of being a research participant: findings from a longitudinal study Nurse Education Today, 31 (1), 107-111
  • Jones, AE & Sambrook S (2010) Psychological contracts of hospice nurses, International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 16 (12), 599-606
  • Sambrook S & Stewart J (2010) ‘Teaching, Learning and Assessing HRD’ Journal of European Industrial Training, Special Issue, 34 (8/9), 710-734
  • Bradbury-Jones C, Irvine F.& Sambrook S (2010) Empowerment of nursing students in clinical practice: spheres of influence, Journal of Advanced Nursing 66 (9), 2061-2070
  • Wainwright D & Sambrook S (2010) The ethics of data collection: unintended consequences? Journal of Health Organisation and Management, 24 (3) 277-287
  • Sambrook S & Rowley J (2010) What’s the use of webnotes? Student and staff perceptions" Journal of Further and Higher Education, 34 (1), 119–134
  • Rowley J & Sambrook S (2010) ‘Student attitudes towards and use of webnotes’ International Journal of Management Education, 8, (2), 31-41
  • Sambrook S (2010) ‘Critical pedagogy in a health service management development programme: can ‘critically thinking’ managers change the NHS management culture?" Journal of Health Organisation and Management, 23 (6), 656-671
  • Bradbury-Jones C., Sambrook S. & Irvine F. (2010) Phenomenology and participant feedback: convention or contention? Nurse Researcher, 17 (2), 25-33
  • Rowley J, Baregheh A, & Sambrook S (2009) Towards a multidisciplinary definition of Innovation" Management Decision, 47 (8), 1323-1339
  • Rowley J & Sambrook S (2009) "Towards the effective use of web notes" British Journal of Educational Technology, 41 (2), E22-E24
  • Doloriert C & Sambrook S (2009) ‘Ethical confessions of the ‘I’ of Autoethnography: the student’s dilemma,’ Journal of Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management, 4 (1), 27-45
  • Sambrook S (2009) ‘Critical HRD: A concept analysis’ Personnel Review Vol. 38 (1), 61-73
  • Bradbury-Jones C, Sambrook S, Irvine F (2009) ‘The phenomenological focus group: an oxymoron? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65, (3) 663-671
  • Sambrook S & Stewart J (2008) Developing critical reflection in professional focused doctorates: a facilitator’s perspective, Journal of European Industrial Training, 32 (5), 359-373
  • Bradbury-Jones C, Sambrook S, Irvine F, (2008) ‘Power and Empowerment in Nursing: a fourth theoretical approach,’ Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62 (2), 258-266
  • Sambrook S, Stewart J & Roberts C (2008) ‘Doctoral Supervision: a view from above, below and the middle’ Journal of Further & Higher Education, 32 (1), 71-84

Research reports

  • Henley, A., Jones, K., Norbury, H. and Sambrook, S. (2012) ‘Leading Small Businesses in Wales: The LEAD Wales Programme 2010-2012’, Swansea and Bangor Universities. (Web link)
  • Sambrook S, Analoui B & Doloriert C (2011) Engaging students in group work to maximise knowledge sharing, The Higher Education Academy, Learning & Teaching Enhancement Fund, Wales
  • Sambrook S, Doloriert C & Stewart J (2009) Doctoral supervision: Towards a typology of supervisory relationships, The University Forum for Human Resource Development (UFHRD)
  • Sambrook S & Stewart (2008) Teaching, Learning and Assessing HRD, The University Forum for Human Resource Development (UFHRD) and Higher Education Academy (HEA) Business, Management, Accounting and Finance (BMAF) Subject Group

Recent media work

Interviewed and contributed to article by Else H (2015) ‘Sabbaticals: no longer so open-ended or available?’ Times Higher Education, 16 April, available at

BBC Radio Wales (2014) ‘Feature interview’ on Wales@Work following Sir Richard Branson’s announcement of an unlimited vacation non-policy at Virgin, 2 October

Please click here for a comprehensive list of Sally's academic publications.

Invited Speaker and Keynote addresses

(2015) Keynote speaker,‘Realising the potential of Insider Research,’ Insider Research: Realising the potential through connecting communities Workshop, Liverpool John Moores University, 28 October

(2014) Keynote speaker, ‘Organisational Autoethnography – reflections on doing, writing and publishing this form of insider research’, Insider Research Workshop, Liverpool John Moores University, 27 November

(2012) Keynote speaker, ‘Learning, research and impact in HRD: rigour and relevance for whom?’ University Forum for HRD, Portsmouth University, 26 October

(2011) Invited speaker, ‘What’s so critical about Human Resource Development? Cardiff Business School Human Resources Seminar Series, 5 October

Conference organisation

Sally has regularly led and co-led streams on 'Critical, Theoretical and Methodological issues in HRD' at the annual International HRD Research and Practice across Europe conference, and 'Critical HRD' at the international Critical Management Studies (CMS) conference. She has also co-led a stream on 'Critical HRD' at the American Academy of HRD conference and a stream on 'Ethnography and Practice-Based Research’ at the annual Ethnography Symposium.