Creating National Histories
Run by School of Languages, Literatures and Linguistics
20 Credits or 10 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Prof Anna Saunders
Overall aims and purpose
• To situate key events in European and Asian history so as to give students an understanding of foundational moments in the making of modernity. • To develop students’ awareness of the interconnectedness of national histories, and their ability to contextualise nation-based events in terms of the development of modern/contemporary culture, mentalities and value systems. • To give students the broad historical context through which they can begin to situate cultural representations studied in second and final year. • To equip students with critical reading and analytical skills. • To encourage students to read in their target language as appropriate to their chosen programme of study and linguistic level.
A grounding in historical knowledge is important for understanding the contexts in which texts, events, and ideas emerge. This module will introduce you to key events in European and Asian History, providing you with an understanding of some foundational moments in the making of the modern world. Through this module, you will develop their awareness of the interconnected nature of national histories. Furthermore, this module will develop your ability to contextualise nation-based events in terms of the development of modern and contemporary culture, mentalities and value systems. The module is structured around five interrelated blocks:
Block One: French Revolutions These lectures will invite students to explore why the French Revolution mattered, and how its legacy still matters over two centuries later. Since 1789, few countries in the world have not experienced a revolution, and in many cases the upheavals in late eighteenth century France have provided inspiration as well as warning. From the Declaration of the Rights of Man, to the Terror and its aftermaths, students will gain an insight into the birth pangs of modernity.
Block Two: From Italian Unification to Fascism These sessions will provide students with an insight into the major historical events that contributed to the unification of Italy in 1861, and to the rise of Fascism in the 1920s. After examining the complex nature of nationalism and nation-building in late nineteenth and early twentieth century Italy, the emphasis will be placed on how narratives of an Italian national identity continued to shape the political debate in the fascist regime under Benito Mussolini.
Block Three: End of Spanish Empire & Spanish Civil War These lectures will examine two key historical events that have shaped Spanish contemporary history. Firstly, the necessary re-assessment of Spanish national identity after the loss of the remaining overseas colonies in the 1898 Spanish-American war. The tensions generated by the end of the empire would eventually result in the military coup of 1936 that led to the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), which will be the second key historical event to be studied.
Block Four: From National Socialism to the Cold War These sessions will begin by exploring the National Socialist dictatorship in Germany and the events of the Second World War, before assessing their impact on the subsequent shape of the world and examining the divisions of the Cold War. The fall of the Berlin Wall and the dissolution of the USSR mark the end of this period, and the beginning of a new world order. The seminars will examine examples of propaganda from both national socialist Germany and socialist East Germany, and discuss representations and media reports from both sides of the Cold War.
Block Five: Xinhai Revolution – The Founding of the Republic of China and The May Fourth Movement The first lecture in this series will help students to understand and reflect on Chinese civilisation and the Founding of the Republic of China through Chinese Revolution. The second session will explore a massive scale student protest, the May Fourth Movement (1919), which functions as a point of reference for China and is seen as a catalyst for the founding of the Chinese Communist Party.
A- and above: For the award of the highest grade, students should demonstrate a detailed comprehension of the various topics studied, with a nuanced understanding of the correlations and interrelations highlighted, having also analysed and evaluated key sources thoroughly and sensitively. They will demonstrate a firm knowledge of the key historical events covered in the lecture series and have an in-depth understanding of the implications of these events for the evolution of European and Asian societies and cultures.
C- to B+: For the award of higher grades, students should demonstrate a sold comprehension of the various topics studied, with clear understanding of the correlations and interrelations highlighted, having also analysed and evaluated key sources. They will demonstrate a solid factual knowledge of the key historical events covered in the lecture series, and a good understanding of the implications of these events for the evolution of European and Asian societies and cultures.
D- to D+ : For the award of credit, students should demonstrate a satisfactory comprehension of the various topics studied, with some understanding of the correlations and interrelations highlighted. They will demonstrate a some factual knowledge of the key historical events covered in the lecture series, with limited understanding of the implications of these events for the evolution of European and Asian societies and cultures.
Students will gain introductory knowledge of key historical events and how they impacted the world.
Students will read texts in their target language of study.
Students will develop their awareness of the interconnected nature of national histories.
Students will gain an awareness of historical contexts which will enable them to situate cultural representations studied in second and final year.
Students will be introduced to the skills of critical reading and analysis.
Commentary on an extract from a historical text (written or visual), which should respond to the guiding questions set by the relevant lecturer.
Commentary on an extract from a historical text (written or visual), which should respond to the guiding questions set by the relevant lecturer.
Students will be asked to give definitions of key terms or concepts and/or respond to questions. There will be 5 definitions/questions in total and answers will be between 200-300 words.
Teaching and Learning Strategy
One lecture per week that will introduce students to the topic.
Students will work on analysing primary sources related to the topic of the lecture for that week.
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
Subject specific skills
- Extract and synthesise key information from written and/or spoken sources in English / Welsh and/or the target language. (Benchmark statement 5.14)
- The ability to organise and present ideas within the framework of a structured and reasoned argument in written and/or oral assignments and class discussions. (Benchmark statement 5.14)
- Critical skills in the close reading, description, reasoning and analysis of primary and secondary sources in the target language and/or English or Welsh (incl. filmic, literary and other sources). (Benchmark statement 5.13, 5.14, 5.15)
- Competence in the planning and execution of essays, presentations and other written and project work; bibliographic skills, including the accurate citation of sources and consistent use of conventions and appropriate style in the presentation of scholarly work. (Benchmark statement 5.10, 5.14, 5.15)
- The ability to gather information, analyse, interpret and discuss different viewpoints and to place these in a wider socio-cultural and/or geo-historical and political and/or socio-linguistic context and to revise and re-evaluate judgements in light of those of the course leader, certain individuals or groups studied and/or fellow students. (Benchmark statement 5.13, 5.15 and 5.16)
- The ability to write and think under pressure and meet deadlines. (Benchmark statement 5.15)
- The ability to relate key historical data to the development of modern thought, fostering an understanding of the complex interrelation between various European cultures. (Benchmark statement: 5.7, 5.14)
- The ability to understand the development of European thought and key historical events that will foster an understanding of the culture of the chosen area(s) of study. This will provide a foundation for more detailed examination of specific areas at levels two and three. (Benchmark statement: 5.10, 5.15)
Resource implications for students
These books are all available in the library
Talis Reading listhttp://readinglists.bangor.ac.uk/modules/lxe-1700.html
Alter, P., 2000. The German question and Europe: a history, London: Arnold. Balfour, Sebastian (1997) The End of the Spanish Empire, Oxford: Clarendon Press. Briggs, A., Clavin, P. & Briggs, A., 2003. Modern Europe, 1789-present 2nd ed., London: Pearson/Longman. Available at: http://bangor.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=1741873. Chow, Kai-wing, Tze-ki Hon, Hung-yok Ip, and Don C. Price, (2008) (eds.) Beyond the May Fourth Paradigm: In Search of Chinese Modernity. Lanham, MD: Lexington. Clark, M., 1984. Modern Italy, 1871-1982, London: Longman. Cobban, A., 1963. A history of modern France, Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books. Dillon, Michael (2009). Contemporary China: an introduction. London: Routledge Duggan, C., 2000 (2nd edition). A concise history of Italy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Fulbrook, M., 1997. German history since 1800, London: Arnold. Ginsborg, P., 1990. A history of contemporary Italy: society and politics, 1943-1988, London, England: Penguin Books. Graham, Helen (2002) The Spanish republic at war, 1936-1939, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Graham, Helen (2005) The Spanish Civil War: a very short introduction, Oxford; Oxford University Press. Hayes, P., 1992. Themes in modern European history, 1890-1945, London: Routledge. Available at: http://bangor.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=178383. Lamberton Harper, John, The Cold War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011) Mazower, M., 1999. Dark continent: Europe’s twentieth century, London: Penguin. Miller, Frederic P. & Agnes F. Vandome, John McBrewster, (2009). Xinhai Revolution. VDM Publishing House
Mitter, Rana (2008). Modern China: a very short introduction. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press Orwell, George (1938, c2013) Homage to Catalonia, London & New York: Penguin Classics. Pilbeam, P.M., 1995. Themes in modern European history, 1780-1830, London: Routledge. Available at: http://bangor.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=178384. Polley, M., 2000. A-Z of modern Europe since 1789, London: Routledge. Available at: http://bangor.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=140442. Price, R., 2014. A concise history of France Third edition., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Romero Salvadó, F.J., 1999. Twentieth-century Spain: politics and society in Spain, 1898-1998, New York: St. Martin’s Press. Russell, Jesse & Ronald Cohn, (2012). Xinhai Revolution. VSD publisher
Shubert, A. & Alvarez Junco, J., 2000. Spanish history since 1808, London: Arnold. Waller, B., 1992. Themes in modern European history, 1830-90, London: Routledge. Available at: http://bangor.eblib.com/patron/FullRecord.aspx?p=169128. Wilkinson, Endymion Porter, (2015). Chinese history: a new manual. Massachusetts: Harvard University Asia Centre. Wright, G., 1995. France in modern times: from the Enlightenment to the present 5th ed., New York: W.W. Norton. Zhang, Dewang Xinbian (2009). wusi yundongshi. Harbin, China: Heilongjiang renmin chubanshe.
Courses including this module
Optional in courses:
- NR43: BA Accounting/Italian year 1 (BA/AIT)
- NR44: BA Accounting/Spanish year 1 (BA/ASP)
- NR33: BA Banking/Italian year 1 (BA/BIT)
- NR34: BA Banking/Spanish year 1 (BA/BSP)
- N1T1: BA Business Studies and Chinese year 1 (BA/BUSCH)
- NR1C: BA Business Studies/French year 1 (BA/BUSSF)
- NR1F: BA Business Studies and German year 1 (BA/BUSSG)
- NR1H: BA Business Studies and Italian year 1 (BA/BUSSI)
- NR1K: BA Business Studies and Spanish year 1 (BA/BUSSS)
- T103: BA Chinese and Creative Studies year 1 (BA/CHCS)
- T102: BA Chinese and Cymraeg year 1 (BA/CHCY)
- T104: BA Chinese and French year 1 (BA/CHFR)
- T105: BA Chinese and German year 1 (BA/CHG)
- T106: BA Chinese and Italian year 1 (BA/CHIT)
- T101: BA Chinese and Linguistics year 1 (BA/CHL)
- T107: BA Chinese and Spanish year 1 (BA/CHSP)
- MR95: BA Criminology&Criml Just/Italian year 1 (BA/CRIT)
- MR94: BA Criminology/Spanish year 1 (BA/CRSP)
- WR91: BA French and Creative Studies year 1 (BA/CSTFR)
- WR92: BA German and Creative Studies year 1 (BA/CSTG)
- WR93: BA Italian and Creative Studies year 1 (BA/CSTITAL)
- WR94: BA Spanish & Creative Studies year 1 (BA/CSTSP)
- L1T1: BA Economics and Chinese year 1 (BA/ECCH)
- LR13: BA Economics/Italian year 1 (BA/ECIT)
- LR14: BA Economics/Spanish year 1 (BA/ECSP)
- T123: BA English Language and Chinese year 1 (BA/ELCH)
- QR3C: BA English Language and French year 1 (BA/ELFR)
- QR3F: BA English Language and German year 1 (BA/ELG)
- 09V3: BA English Literature and Italian year 1 (BA/ELI)
- 3YT5: BA English Literature and Spanish year 1 (BA/ELIS)
- QR3H: BA English Language and Italian year 1 (BA/ELIT)
- QR3K: BA English Language and Spanish year 1 (BA/ELSP)
- R101: BA French year 1 (BA/F4)
- R1NC: BA French with Business Studies year 1 (BA/FBS)
- 06CD: BA French and English Literature year 1 (BA/FEL)
- RR13: BA French/Italian(4 years) year 1 (BA/FI)
- R1R3: BA French with Italian year 1 (BA/FI4)
- R181: BA French with Psychology (with International Experience) year 1 (BA/FPIE)
- R1C8: BA French with Psychology year 1 (BA/FPSY)
- NR41: BA French/Accounting year 1 (BA/FRA)
- NR31: BA French/Banking year 1 (BA/FRB)
- T108: BA French with Chinese year 1 (BA/FRCH)
- MR91: BA French/Criminology&Crim'l Just year 1 (BA/FRCR)
- R1W8: BA French with Creative Writing year 1 (BA/FRCW)
- LR11: BA French/Economics year 1 (BA/FREC)
- R1P5: BA French with Journalism year 1 (BA/FRJO)
- R1N1: BA French with Marketing year 1 (BA/FRMKT)
- R1P3: BA French with Media Studies year 1 (BA/FRMS)
- R1R2: BA French with German year 1 (BA/FRWGER)
- R1R4: BA French with Spanish year 1 (BA/FS4)
- RR14: BA French and Spanish year 1 (BA/FS4#)
- T125: BA Film Studies and Chinese year 1 (BA/FSCH)
- PR31: BA Film Studies and French year 1 (BA/FSFR4)
- PR32: BA Film Studies and German year 1 (BA/FSGER)
- P0R3: BA Film Studies and Italian year 1 (BA/FSI)
- R1R5: BA French with Spanish (with International Experience) year 1 (BA/FSPIE)
- PR34: BA Film Studies and Spanish year 1 (BA/FSSPAN4)
- RR12: BA German/French year 1 (BA/G4F)
- NR42: BA German/Accounting year 1 (BA/GA)
- NR32: BA German/Banking year 1 (BA/GB)
- R2NC: BA German with Business Studies year 1 (BA/GBS)
- T109: BA German with Chinese year 1 (BA/GCH)
- MR92: BA Criminology&CrimJustice/German year 1 (BA/GCR)
- LR12: BA German/Economics year 1 (BA/GEC)
- 3N7S: BA German and English Literature year 1 (BA/GEL)
- R200: BA German year 1 (BA/GER)
- R2W8: BA German with Creative Writing year 1 (BA/GERCW)
- R2N1: BA German with Marketing year 1 (BA/GERMKT)
- R2R1: BA German with French year 1 (BA/GERWFR)
- RR23: BA German/Italian year 1 (BA/GI)
- R2R3: BA German with Italian year 1 (BA/GI4)
- R2P5: BA German with Journalism year 1 (BA/GJO)
- R2P4: BA German with Media Studies year 1 (BA/GMST)
- R2C8: BA German with Psychology year 1 (BA/GPSY)
- RR24: BA German/Spanish (4 years) year 1 (BA/GS)
- R2R4: BA German with Spanish year 1 (BA/GS4)
- 8Y64: BA German and Spanish (with International Experience) year 1 (BA/GSIE)
- RV11: BA History/French year 1 (BA/HFR)
- RV21: BA History/German year 1 (BA/HG)
- RV31: BA History/Italian year 1 (BA/HIT)
- RV41: BA History/Spanish year 1 (BA/HSP)
- QR53: BA Italian/Cymraeg year 1 (BA/ITCY)
- QR13: BA Italian/Linguistics year 1 (BA/ITL)
- QR11: BA Linguistics/French year 1 (BA/LFR)
- QR12: BA Linguistics/German year 1 (BA/LG)
- T124: BA English Literature & Chinese year 1 (BA/LITCH)
- QR14: BA Linguistics/Spanish year 1 (BA/LSP)
- NR51: BA Marketing and French (4 year) year 1 (BA/MKTFR#)
- NR52: BA Marketing and German (4 year) year 1 (BA/MKTGER4)
- NR53: BA Marketing and Italian (4 year) year 1 (BA/MKTITAL)
- NR54: BA Marketing and Spanish (4 year) year 1 (BA/MKTSP)
- RW13: BA Music/French year 1 (BA/MUFR)
- WR32: BA Music/German year 1 (BA/MUGE)
- WR33: BA Music/Italian year 1 (BA/MUIT)
- WR34: BA Music/Spanish year 1 (BA/MUSP)
- VVR1: BA Philosophy and Religion and French year 1 (BA/PRF)
- VVR2: BA Philosophy and Religion and German year 1 (BA/PRG)
- VVR3: BA Philosophy and Religion and Italian year 1 (BA/PRI)
- VVR4: BA Philosophy and Religion and Spanish year 1 (BA/PRS)
- RR43: BA Spanish/Italian year 1 (BA/SI)
- R400: BA Spanish year 1 (BA/SP4)
- R4N1: BA Spanish with Business Studies year 1 (BA/SPBS)
- T110: BA Spanish with Chinese year 1 (BA/SPCH)
- R4W8: BA Spanish with Creative Writing year 1 (BA/SPCW)
- QR54: BA Spanish/Cymraeg year 1 (BA/SPCY)
- R4R1: BA Spanish with French year 1 (BA/SPFR)
- R4R2: BA Spanish with German year 1 (BA/SPG)
- R4R3: BA Spanish with Italian year 1 (BA/SPI)
- R4P5: BA Spanish with Journalism year 1 (BA/SPJO)
- R4N5: BA Spanish with Marketing year 1 (BA/SPMKT)
- R4P3: BA Spanish with Media Studies year 1 (BA/SPMS)
- CR61: BA Sports Science/French year 1 (BA/SPSFR)
- CR62: BA Sports Science/German year 1 (BA/SPSG)
- CR6K: BA Spanish/Sports Science year 1 (BA/SPSSC)
- QR51: BA Cymraeg/French year 1 (BA/WFR)
- QR52: BA Cymraeg/German year 1 (BA/WG)