A manuscript illustration  og knights in mail and a king in a boat

How J.R.R. Tolkien’s novels were inspired by Medieval poems of ‘northern bravery’

In a moment of distraction from the laborious work of marking an “enormous pile of examination papers”, J.R.R. Tolkien flipped to a blank page on a student essay and scribbled, “in a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit”.

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