Professor John Russell Turner
B.Sc. (Bristol), D.Phil. (Oxon)

Photograph of Prof John Turner

Biography

I graduated in Joint Honours Botany and Zoology at the University of Bristol in 1981, and then progressed to doctorate research at the University of Oxford (St John's College), investigating the 'Ecology of Temperate Symbiotic Anthozoa'. In 1985 I moved to a NERC funded postdoctoral position at Bangor University, School of Animal Biology, where I investigated the 'Behavioural Ecology of Shoaling Fish' and specifically the 'Twilight Hypothesis'. In 1987, I transferred to the School of Ocean Sciences to take up a 5 year Research Demonstratorship in Marine Biology. I was Course Director of the MSc in Marine Environmental Protection for 22 years between 1989 and 2011. I developed research interests in mapping coral reef biotopes, Environmental Impact Assessment, Marine Protected Areas and Coastal Zone Management. I became a permanent member of staff in 1990, Lecturer in 1993 and appointed to Senior Lecturer in 2000. I was awarded a University Teaching Fellowship at the Graduation ceremony in 2007, and won a Bangor University Research Impact Award 2015 and received a personal Chair in 2016.

Research, Teaching and Wider Interest

John Turner is Professor in Marine Biology with expertise in temperate and tropical marine environments and the interaction between human impacts and the marine environment. He has over 30 years of experience in a wide range of projects involving coastal habitat survey, Marine Protected Areas (MPA), Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), and Integrated Coastal Zone (ICZM) in a wide range of countries and contexts. He has undertaken large scale biological surveys for UNDP-GEF Projects on Sustainable use of Biodiversity of Socotra Archipelago, and Coastal Ecosystems of the Andaman Islands, and EIAs for major industrial developments (eg. LNG terminal, Oman; effluents, Mauritius). His research advances techniques for integrating spatial biodiversity data in marine systems for the purpose of assessment of state, for establishing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), and for long-term monitoring and investigating change. John is a field biologist, experienced in undertaking manipulative experiments, survey and monitoring on coasts and underwater, and is experienced in SCUBA diving and the management of scientific diving operations.

Current interests focus on Marine Protected Areas in the UK Overseas Territories (Cayman Islands, British Indian Ocean Territory-Chagos Archipelago) and Coastal Zone Management and Sustainable Development (eg in east Africa). Collaborations have been established with organisations overseas, such as the Department of Environment Cayman, The Nature Conservancy USA, Institute of Marine Science/ University of Dar es Salaam, Seychelles Island Foundation, Zoological Society of London and University of Warwick. John is an Executive member of the Chagos Conservation Trust, a member of the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Peer Review College, and member of the steering group of NERC's National Facility for Scientific Diving.

John has grant income of £4.441m total; 3.410m in last 5 years.

Current projects include:

DEFRA Darwin Plus: Sustainable Management of Threatened Keystone Predators (2015 -2017) to Enhance Reef Resilience. Marine Conservation International (Gore & Ormond), with Department of Environment Cayman Islands (Austin & McCoy), Guy Harvey Ocean Foundation (Harvey) and Bangor University (Turner). £300, 000 TO MCI.
Satellite drifter tagging – Mixed Fish spawning aggregations on coral reefs in Grand Cayman in collaboration with Cayman Islands Government Department of Environment: Guy Harvey Foundation. $25,000 to CIG DoE.
Aldabra atoll World Heritage Site, Seychelles, Indian Ocean coral reef benthic habitat monitoring. Collaborator (+ Rebecca Klaus) on GEF grant ($69,545) to Seychelles Island Foundation Global Environmental Facility Project ID 3925: Strengthening Seychelles’ protected area system through NGO management modalities.

Recent projects include:

Darwin Initiative Assuring Engagement in Cayman's Enhanced Marine Protected Area System 2013-2014 DEFRA £190,000; Darwin Initiative to strengthen Worlds largest MPA, Chagos Archipelago 2012-2015 DEFRA £287,778; Darwin Initiative to enhance an established marine protected area system, Cayman Islands 2010-2013 DEFRA £273,914; Sustainable and Environmentally Friendly Aquaculture for the Atlantic Region of Europe 2007-2013, EU RDF (total €2.67m: Species and Ecosystem Conservation in relation to coastal aquaculture (activity lead) €801,765); Coastal Zone Management (activity co-lead) 2010-2015 EU RDF part of £9m; Marine Biology and Sustainable Development for East Africa, UNESCO / DfID-DelPHE 2009-14: £53k.

Outputs include 105 publications and 97 conference presentations, and he has supervised 20 PhD students, 134 MSc theses, been external examiner for 12 PhD/MPhil, and has been degree award external examiner at 5 other universities.

John was awarded a University Teaching Fellowship in recognition of outstanding contribution to teaching and pastoral care and is a member of the Academy of Teaching Fellows. He teaches at all levels - Year 1: Tutorial, Marine Biology Practical Course 1 (Taxonomy), Year 2: Marine Ecology (Temperate and tropical reefs), Marine Biology Practical Course 2 (Echinoderms); Year 3: Marine Conservation and Exploitation, Extreme Marine Environments (Tropical Marine Biology / Coral Reefs), Research Dissertation; Year 4: Literature Review, Research Projects; MSc: Coastal Habitat Ecology and Survey, Environmental Impact Assessment, Marine Conservation and Coastal Development, and MSc Research Project. Administrative roles include: Director of Postgraduate Taught courses; Director of Postgraduate Research; School Management committee, Academic committee, Research committee, Publicity and Recruitment, University Senate, and Course Director of the MSc in Marine Environmental Protection for 22 years. John leads Coastal Zone Management in the Centre for Applied Marine Science.

Research Group

Postgraduate Research Assistants/Research Assistants:

Charli Mortimer: Darwin Initiative Project Support Officer, Cayman Islands Darwin initiative to enhance an established marine protected area system, Cayman Islands 2014 DEFRA).

Alex Prebble: Project Support Assistant, Cayman Islands Darwin initiative to enhance an established marine protected area system, Cayman Islands 2013 DEFRA.

Laura Richardson: Darwin Initiative Project Support Officer, Cayman Islands Darwin initiative to enhance an established marine protected area system, Cayman Islands 2010-2013 DEFRA:

Dr Delphine Lallas: PDRA SEAFARE Sustainable and Environmentally Friendly Aquaculture for the Atlantic Region of Europe Atlantic Area Programme 2007-2013 EU RDF Species and Ecosystem Conservation in relation to coastal aquaculture

Ronan Roach: Research and Business Development Officer SEACAMS: Coastal Zone Management

Hilmar Hinz: Research and Business Development Officers SEACAMS: Coastal Zone Management

Dr Michael O'Leary: Carbonate Sediments as Recorders of Ecological and Environmental Information, Rodrigues (with Dr C Perry, Manchester Metropolitan; Leverhulme Trust). 2007-2009

Dr Rebecca Klaus: Sustainable Use and Conservation of the Socotra Archipelago. UNDP/GEF 1997-2000

Juliet Larcombe: Royal Geographical Society Royal Society Marine Programme 1995-96

Dr Simon Davy: Algal/invertebrate symbiosis 1995

Current PhD Students:

Philip Haupt (2014-2017) Characteristics and distribution patterns of benthic biotopes and fish assemblages at Aldabra atoll, Seychelles. Co supervision with: Dr Anthony Bernard (Rhodes University & Dr Albrecht Götz (SAEON Elwandle). Hosting organisation: Rhodes. Henderson Bursary Scholar.

Alejandra Vergara Pena (2014- ) The effect of tourism boat activity on Bottlenose dolphin behaviour Special Areas of Conservation, Wales. (With Line Cordes).

Jenan Badran (Kuwait) (2013 -) Coastal marine resources assessment Kuwait (with Lewis LeVay).

Jack Egerton (Echology Ltd) (2013- ) Developing methodologies in the use of hydro-acoustics for marine ecological survey (with Lewis LeVay).

James Monnington (Xodus Ltd) (2012- ) Interactions between offshore wind farms, commercial fisheries and benthic communities, and their implications for co-location with Marine Conservation Zones (with Jan Hiddink).

Tengku Kamil, Fara (Malaysian Government Scholarship) (2009 -) Coral bleaching mechanisms.

McCoy, Croy (Cayman Islands) (Government Scholarship) (2008- Part time & Overseas). Coral reef resilience and marine protected areas in the Cayman Islands.

Past PhD Students:

Mali Mali, Siola'a (Tonga Government Scholarship) (2009-) Community Marine Protected Area (with Prof. M. J .Kaiser)

Dr Hanna Nuuttila (Finland) 2012. 125th Anniversary University Studentship (2009-) Acoustic monitoring of bottlenose dolphins and harbour porpoises in Cardigan Bay Special Area of Conservation, Wales (with Dr Peter Evans, Sea Watch Foundation). External: Prof Peter Tyack, University of St. Andrews. Now Sea Mammal Research Officer, SEACAMS, University of Swansea

Dr Simon Oliver (Canada) 2012. (NERC Studentship)The behaviour of pelagic thresher sharks in response to cleaner fishes and anthropogenic pressures on Monad Shoal, the Philippines. External Prof Rupert Ormond, Heriot Watt University. Now Cancer Research Laboratory Manager, University of Liverpool, and Director, Thresher Shark Programme

Dr Alex Tilley (UK) 2011. (Self/Wildlife Conservation Society) The behaviour and ecology of southern stingrays in The Caribbean (Glovers atoll, Belize). External Prof . Rory Wilson, Swansea University. Now Field Programme Coordinator, Turks and Caicos Marine Laboratory

Bethan Thompson (UK) 2005. NERC Studentship. Can bleaching induced mortality be predicted by understanding the life pattern of a symbiotic organism? Resigned to move to Australia and take up teaching

Dr Shakeer Alhazeem (Kuwait) 2005. Assessing the Changes on Kuwait coral reefs with particular emphasis on urchin grazing. Kuwait Government. 2005. External Prof Andrew Price, University of Warwick. Now Research Scientist, Coral Reefs, Kuwait Research Institute, Kuwait

Dr Leonie Salmon (UK) 2004. NERC Studentship. The reproductive and trophic dynamics of symbiotic Anthozoa on temperate shores. External Prof. John Bythell, University of Newcastle/University of West Indie (Fijji). Now working for Natural England

Dr Emily Hardman (UK) 2004. University of Wales Studentship. The impact of Anthropogenic and Natural Stresses on the Coral Reefs of Rodrigues, Western Indian Ocean. External Prof Chris Perry, Manchester Metropolitan/Exeter University. Now working for English Nature

Dr, Rebecca Klaus (UK) 2004. Coral bleaching indices in theory and in practice: A comparative Assessment of the 1997/1988 Indian Ocean Coral Bleaching Event. University of Warwick with field support from University Wales Bangor. International Marine consultant, Oxford

Dr Louise Squire (UK) 2000. Natural variations in temperate symbiotic Anthozoa. University of Wales Studentship. External Dr Elaine Robson, University of Reading. Now Marine Consultant, Pembrokeshire

Jeff Kim Seng Tang (Singapore) 1999. Classification of marine habitats using a multi-media database. British Council. External Dr Bob Foster Smith, University of Newcastle. Now Project manager for PDPA (personal data Protection Act) Framework implementation, Automobile Association, Singapore

Assoc. Prof. Daby, Deolall (Mauritius) 1999. Structure and Function of Mauritian Lagoons. TEC Mauritius. External Prof Alistair Edwards, University of Newcastle. Now Associate Professor, University of Mauritius

Prof. Davy, Simon (UK) 1994. SERC Studentship. The Specificity of Temperate Anthozoan Dinoflagellate Symbiosis. External Prof Sir David Smith FRS. Now Associate Professor, University of Victoria, Wellington, New Zealand

Potential postgraduate research students should write to Dr Turner with a covering letter explaining their experience and motivation, and a CV. Supervision will be considered in the following areas: Research Discipline: Marine Science: Marine Biology and Ecology Research Field: Coastal Ecology and Management, especially Tropical Marine Ecosystems

Research Themes:

  1. Coral reef biology, ecology and conservation, including associated shallow tropical marine ecosystems and algal symbiosis, resilience to climate change
  2. Coastal zone management, including marine protected areas and environmental impact assessment
  3. Elasmobranch and small cetacean ecology and conservation

Research Specialisms:
Ecology and physiology of shallow tropical marine ecosystems such as coral reefs, sea grass beds and mangroves; algal invertebrate symbiosis, coral bleaching and coral reef resilience; coastal survey, species, habitat, community and biotope survey; Scientific diving and underwater techniques; Marine Protected Areas and strict nature reserves, Environmental Impact Assessment, Monitoring and surveillance, Integrated Coastal Zone Management.

Research interests are further described in the overlapping themes linked from the box at the top of this page.

Links

Research Groups

Research Themes

Recent Projects (pdf format)

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal Papers

Curnick, D., Head, C., Huang, G., Crabbe, C., Gollock, Hoeksema, B.W., Johnson, K.G., M., Jones, R.; Koldewey, H. Obura, D.O., Rosen, B.R., Smith, D.J., Taylor, M.L., Turner, J.R., Wren, S., Redding, D. W., (2015).
Setting evolutionary-based conservation priorities for a phylogenetically data-poor taxonomic group (Scleractinia). Animal Conservation, 18 (4) 303-312. DOI: 10.1111/acv.12185

Lallias, D., Boudry, P., Batista, F., Beaumont, A., King, J., TURNER, J.R, Lapègue, S. (2015)
Invasion genetics of the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas in the British Isles inferred from microsatellite and mitochondrial markers. Biological Invasions. 17:2581-2595. DOI:10.1007/s10530-015-0896-1.
View website

Redding, D.W., Curnick, D., Head, C., Huang, G., Crabbe, C., Gollock, Hoeksema, B.W., Johnson, K.G., M., Jones, R.; Koldewey, H. Obura, D.O., Rosen, B.R., Smith, D.J., Taylor, M.L., Turner, J.R., Wren, S., (2015).
Setting evolutionary-based conservation priorities for a phylogenetically data poor taxonomic group (Scleractinia): Response to the commentaries. Animal Conservation. 18 (4) : 320-321. DOI:10.1111/acv.12228.

Roche, R.C., Pratchett, M.S., Carr, P., Turner, J.R. Wagner, D., Head, C., Sheppard, C.R.C. (2015)
Localized outbreaks of Acanthaster planci at an isolated and unpopulated reef atoll in the Chagos Archipelago. Marine Biology 162 (8) Ms. No. MABI-D-15-00124R2, 14/07/15.

Oliver, S., Cadwallader, H.F., Turner, J. R. (2014).
Cleaner wrasse forage on ectoparasitic digeneans (phylum Platyhelminthes) that infect pelagic thresher sharks (Alopias pelagicus). Marine Biodiversity. DOI:10.1007/s12526-014-0290-8.

Tilley A, López-Angarita J, Turner JR (2013)
Diet Reconstruction and Resource Partitioning of a Caribbean Marine Mesopredator Using Stable Isotope Bayesian Modelling. PLoS ONE 8(11): e79560. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079560

Nuuttila, H., Thomas, L., Hiddink, J., Meier, R., Turner, J., Bennell, J., Tregenza, N., and Evans, P. 2013
Acoustic detection probability of bottlenose dolphins, Tursiops truncatus, with static acoustic dataloggers in Cardigan Bay, Wales. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 134(3):2596-609. doi: 10.1121/1.4816586.

Nuuttila,H.K, Meier, R., Evans ,P.G.H., Turner, J.R., Bennell, J.D. and Hiddink, J.G. (2013).
Identifying foraging behaviour of wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncates) and Harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocena) with static acoustic dataloggers. Aquatic Mammal 39 (2): 147-161

Oliver, S.P, Turner, J.R., Gann, K., Silvosa, Jackson, T. (2013)
Thresher sharks use tail slaps as a hunting strategy. PLoSONE. 8(7): e67380. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0067380

Tilley, A., López Angarita, Juliana, Turner, J.R. (2013) .
Diet Reconstruction and Resource Partitioning of a Caribbean Marine Mesopredator Using Stable Isotope Bayesian Modelling. PLoSONE. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079560

Tilley, A., Lopez-Angarita, J, Turner, J.R. (2013).
Effects of scale and habitat distribution on the movement of the southern stingray Dasyatis americana on a Caribbean atoll. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 482: 169-179.

Sheppard, C. R. C., Ateweberhan, M., Bowen, B. W., Carr, P., Chen, C. A., Clubbe, C., Craig, M. T., Ebinghaus, R., Eble, J., Fitzsimmons, N., Gaither, M. R., Gan, C.-H., Gollock, M., Guzman, N., Graham, N. A. J., Harris, A., Jones, R., Keshavmurthy, S., Koldewey, H., Lundin, C. G., Mortimer, J. A., Obura, D., Pfeiffer, M., Price, A. R. G., Purkis, S., Raines, P., Readman, J. W., Riegl, B., Rogers, A., Schleyer, M., Seaward, M. R. D., Sheppard, A. L. S., Tamelander, J., Turner, J. R., Visram, S., Vogler, C., Vogt, S., Wolschke, H., Yang, J. M.-C., Yang, S.-Y. and Yesson, C. (2012)
Reefs and islands of the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean: why it is the world's largest no-take marine protected area. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems. 22:232-261. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.1248
View website

Oliver SP, Hussey NE, Turner JR, Beckett AJ, 2011
Oceanic Sharks Clean at Coastal Seamount. PLoS ONE 6(3): e14755. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014755

O'Leary, M.J.,Perry, C.T., Beavington-Penney, S.J. Turner, J.R. (2009).
The significant role of sediment bio-retexturing within a contemporary carbonate platform system: implications for carbonate microfacies development. Sedimentary Geology 219: 169-179.

Sheppard, C, Tamelander, J and Turner, J.R. (2009).
The Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territory): Legal Black Hole or Environmental Bright Spot. Journal of Environmental Law. 21(2):291-293; doi:10.1093/jel/eqp013.

Hardman, E.R. and Turner, J.R. (in press).
The impacts of sediment on coral growth and settlement rates in Rodrigues. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science.

Williams, G., Cameron, M.J., Turner, J.R. and Ford, R.B. (2008)
Quantitative characterisation of reef fish diversity among nearshore habitats in a north eastern New Zealand marine reserve. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 42: 33-46.

Bell, J.J., Shaw, C. and Turner, J.R. (2006)
Factors controlling the tentacle and polyp expansion behaviour of selected temperate Anthozoa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 86, 977-992.

Turner, J. and Klaus, R. (2005)
Coral Reefs of the Mascarenes, Western Indian Ocean. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London, Series A, 363, 229-250.

Chapman, B. and Turner, J.R. (2004)
Development of a Geographical Information System for the marine resources of Rodrigues. Journal of Natural History, 38, 2937-2957.

Fenner, D., Clark, T.H., Turner, J.R. and Chapman, B. (2004)
A checklist of the corals of the island state of Rodrigues, Mauritius. Journal of Natural History, 38, 3091-3102.

Hardman, E., Meunier, S., Turner, J.R., Lynch, T., Taylor, M. and Klaus, R. (2004)
The extent of coral bleaching in Rodrigues, 2002. Journal of Natural History, 38, 3077-3089 C:5, I:0.6

Klaus, R. and Turner, J.R. (2004)
The marine biotopes of the Socotra Archipelago. Fauna of Arabia, 20, 45-115.

Alonzo-Perez, F., Ruiz-Luna, A., Turner, J.R., Berlanga-Robles, C.A. and Mitchelson-Jacob, G. (2003)
Land cover changes and impact of shrimp aquaculture on the landscape in the Ceuta coastal lagoon system, Sinaloa, Mexico. Ocean and Coastal Management, 46, 583-600. C:9, I:1.0

Bell, J, J and Turner, J.R. (2003).
Temporal and spatial variability of mobile fauna on a submarine cliff and boulder scree complex : a community in flux. Hydrobiologia 503: 171-182.

Davy, S.K. and Turner, J.R. (2003)
Early development and acquisition of zooxanthellae in the temperate symbiotic sea anemone Anthopleura ballii (Cocks). Biological Bulletin, 205, 66-72. C:9, I:1.95

Klaus, R., Jones, D.A., Turner, J.R., Simoes, N. and Vousden, D. (2003)
Integrated marine and coastal management: a strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological resources in the Socotra Archipelago, Yemen. Journal of Arid Environments, 54, 71-80.

Bell, J.J , Barnes, D.K.A., Turner, J.R. (2002).
The importance of micro and macro morphological variation in adaptation of a sublittoral demosponge to current extremes. Marine Biology. 140: 75-81

Daby, D., Turner, J. and Jago, C. (2002).
Microbial and nutrient pollution of coastal bathing waters in Mauritius. Environment International: 27: 555-566.

Bell, J. and Turner, J.R. (2000)
Factors influencing the density and morphometrics of the cup coral Caryophyllia smithii in Lough Hyne. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 80, 437–441.

Ramsay, K., Turner, J.R., Vize, S.J. and Richardson, C.A. (2000)
A link between predator density and arm loss in the starfish Marthasterias glacialis and Asterias rubens. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 80, 565–566.

Fagoonee, I., Wilson, H.B., Hassell, M.P. and Turner, J.R. (1999)
The Dynamics of Zooxanthellae Populations: A Long Term Study in the Field. Science, 283, 843–845.

Davy, S.K, Lucas, I.A.N., and Turner, J.R. (1997).
Symbiosis specificity and the selection of symbionts by the temperate sea anemone Cereus pedunculatus (Pennant). Biological Bulletin. 192 no.2: 208-216.

De Grave, S. and Turner, J.R. (1997).
Activity rhythms of the squat lobsters, Galathea squamifera and G. strigosa (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura) in south west Ireland. J. .Mar Biol. Ass. UK 77: 273-276.

Davy, S.K, Lucas, I.A.N., and Turner, J.R. (1996).
Carbon Budgets in Temperate Symbiotic Anthozoa. Marine Biology 126: 773- 783.

Pitcher, T.J., Lang, S.H. and Turner, J.R. (1988)
A risk-balancing trade-off between foraging rewards and predation hazard in shoaling fish. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 22
: 225-228.

Pitcher, T.J. and Turner, J.R. (1986).
Danger at dawn: experimental support for the twilight hypothesis in shoaling minnows. J. Fish Biol. 29 (supplement A) P. 59-70.

Thompson, T.E. and Turner, J.R. (1983).
Presence of the rare chromodorid nudibranch, Hypselodoris webbi (Orbigny, 1893) in the Mediterranean Sea. J. Moll. Stud. 49(1) P.83 - 85.

Book Chapters

Sheppard, C.R.C., Atweberhan, M., Chen, A.C., Harris, A., Jones, R., Keshavmurthy, S., Lindin, C., Obura, D., Purkis, S., Raines, P., Riegl,B., Schleyer, M.H., Sheppard, A., Tamelander, J., Turner, J.R., Visram, S., Yang, S. (2013).
Coral Reefs of the Chagos Archipelago, Indian Ocean. Chapter 18, P. 241-252. In Sheppard, C.R.C. (ed). Coral reefs of the United Kingdom Overseas Territories. No.4 Coral Reefs of the World. Springer

Turner, J.R., McCoy, C., Cottam, M, Olynik,J., Austin, T, Blumenthal,J. Bothwell, J., Burton, F.J., Bush, P., Chin, P., Dubock, O., Godbeer, K.D., Gibb, J., Hurlston, L., Johnson, B.J., Longan, A., Parsons, G., Ebanks-Petrie, G. (2013).
Biology and ecology of the coral reefs of the Cayman Islands. Chapter 7, P. 69-88 in Sheppard, C.R.C., (ed). Coral reefs of the United Kingdom Overseas Territories. No.4 Coral Reefs of the World. Springer.

Turner, J.R., Boak, R., Klaus, R., Daby, D. and Hardman, E. (2006)
Environmental Impact Assessment for coral reefs: advocating direct protective approaches. In: Coral Reef Conservation, [Eds. I. Cote and J. Reynolds], Cambridge University Press, pp.643-697.

Kotb, M., Abdulaziz, M., Al-Agwan, Z., Al-Shaikh, K., Al-Yami, H., Banajah, A., DeVantier,L., Esinger, M., Eltayeb, M., Hassan, M., Heiss, G., Howe, S., Kemp, J., Klaus,R., Krupp, F., Mohamed, N., Rouphael, T., Turner, J. and Zajonz, U. (2004)
Status of Coral Reefs in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden in 2004. p. 137-154, in: C.Wilkinson [Ed.], Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, Volume 1. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville.

Turner, J.R and Klaus, R. (2003)
Remote sensing of coastal habitats. P. 44-47 in Richmond, M (ed) A field guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa. SIDA- SAREC- UDSM.

Chapman, B. and Turner, J.R. (2001c)
Development of a Geographical Information System (GIS) for the Marine Resources of Rodrigues. In: [Eds.] Burnett, J.C., Kavanagh,J.S. and Spencer, T., Shoals of Capricorn Programme Field Report 1998–2001: Marine science, training and education in the western Indian Ocean. Royal Society and Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers), pp. 31–34.

Chapman, B., Turner, J.R., Hardman, E. and West, F. (2001)
Rodrigues Marine Biotope Classification and Mapping. In: [Eds.] Burnett, J.C., Kavanagh,J.S. and Spencer, T., Shoals of Capricorn Programme Field Report 1998–2001: Marine science, training and education in the western Indian Ocean. Royal Society and Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers), pp. 29–30.

Genave, J.T., Turner, J.R. and Latchford, J. (2001)
Abundance and distribution of Octopus cyanea in the Rodrigues Lagoon. In: [Eds.] Burnett, J.C., Kavanagh,J.S. and Spencer, T., Shoals of Capricorn Programme Field Report 1998–2001: Marine science, training and education in the western Indian Ocean. Royal Society and Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers), p. 65.

Spencer, T. and Turner, J.R. (2001)
An introduction to the Mascarene Plateau and its Region. In: [Eds.] Burnett, J.C., Kavanagh,J.S. and Spencer, T., Shoals of Capricorn Programme Field Report 1998–2001: Marine science, training and education in the western Indian Ocean. Royal Society and Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers), pp. xxxii–xxxvi.

Sheppard, C., Teleki, K. and Turner, J. (2000)
Measuring change and recovery in reef ecosystems. In: Souter, D., Obura,D. and Linden, O. (eds.) Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean, pp. 138–140, CORDIO/SAREC.

Turner, J. (2000)
Initial considerations on methods to survey reef status and recovery. In: Souter, D., Obura,D. and Linden, O. (eds.) Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean, pp. 134–137, CORDIO/SAREC.

Turner, J., Hardman, E., Klaus, R., Fagoonee, I., Daby, D., Baghooli, R. and Persands, S. (2000)
The reefs of Mauritius. In: Souter, D., Obura, D. and Linden, O. (eds.) Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean, pp. 94–107, CORDIO/SAREC.

Turner, J., Klaus, R. and Engelhardt, U. (2000)
The reefs of the granitic islands of the Seychelles. In: Souter, D., Obura, D. and Linden, O. (eds.) Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean, pp. 77–86, CORDIO/SAREC.

Turner, J.R., Jago, C., Daby, D. and Klaus, R. (2000)
The Mascarene Region, In:Seas at The Millennium, An Environmental Assessment, [Ed.]Sheppard, C.R.C., Elsevier Science, Chapter 70, pp. 243–258.

Turner, J.R., Jago, C., Daby, D. and Klaus, R. (2000)
The Mascarene Region. In: Sheppard, C.R.C. (ed.) Seas at The Millennium, An Environmental Assessment, chapter 70, pp. 243–258, Pergamon – Elsevier Science.

Barnes, D.J., Turner, J.R., Maguire, D. and Steele, S. (1999)
The population dynamics of Paraentrotus lividus in Lough Hyne Marine Reserve, Ireland. Echinoderm Research 1998 [eds. Carnevali, M.D.C. and Bonasoro, F], Proceedings of the Fifth European Conference on Echinoderms, Milan, Italy, September 1998. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp.427–431.

Turner, J.R. (1999a)
Status report Mauritius. In:Linden, O. and Sporrong, N. (eds.) Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean. CORDIO/SAREC, Stockholm, 60–63.

Turner, J.R. (1999b)
Status report Socotra Archipelago. In:Linden, O. and Sporrong, N. (eds.) Coral Reef Degradation in the Indian Ocean. CORDIO/SAREC, Stockholm, 63–64.

Turner, J.R. and Dykes, R. (1998)
Remote Sensing of Coral Reefs. In:The Guide to the Seashores of East Africa and Western Indian Ocean Islands [ed. M. Richmond], SAREC Marine Science Programme, Stockholm, pp.44–45.

Davy, S.K., Turner, J.R. (1997).
The nature of temperate Anthozoan-Dinoflagellate Symbioses. Proc 8th Int Coral Reef Symp 2: 1307-1312.

Breen, M. (1996).
Field observations of the cleaning of ballan wrasse and torment feeding. Chapter 4, p. 55-60 in Sayer, M.J.D., Treasurer, J.W. and Costello, M.J. (eds). Wrasse: Biology and use in aquaculture. Fishing News Books. 283p. (Book chapter from undergraduate project I supervised).

Turner, J.R. (1994).
The Royal Geographical Society Marine Programme: Bab el Mandab, Southern Red Sea, and Mascarene Plateau, Indian Ocean. Proceedings of The Society for Underwater Technology Underwater Science Group Symposium, 12th and 13th March, Bristol. SUT. P. 34 - 43.

Turner, J.R. and Warman, C.G. (1991).
The mobile fauna of sublittoral cliffs. P.127-138 in C. Little and A. Myers (eds). The Ecology of Lough Hyne. Roy. Irish Acad. Dublin.

Additional Publications

Head, C; Curnick, D; Crabbe, J; Bennzoni, F; Gollock, M; Hoeksema, B.W; Koldewey,H; Obura, D; Redding,W; Rosen, B; D; Smith, D; Turner, J.R. and others (to be submitted).
Evolutionary Distinctiveness: a consideration for the conservation of coral species in a world experiencing accelerated environmental change. Global Change Biology (invited opinion paper)

Richardson, L., Bothwell, J., Ebanks-Petrie, G., Austin, T., McCoy, C., Olynik, J. Byrne, J. Schill, S. and Turner, J.R. (2013).
Darwin Initiative Marine Parks Review: Public consultation summary. Report to Minister of the Environment, Cayman Islands Government. 88p.

Dromard, D., McCoy, C and Turner, J.R. (2011)
Measuring the performance of Marine Protected Areas: The case of Little Cayman and Cayman Brac, Cayman Islands. Proceedings of Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute: 63 1-8.

Meier, R.E., McCoy, C., Richardson, L. and Turner, J.R. (2011).
Quantifying the impact of recreational and artisanal fisheries in the Cayman Islands, through the use of socio-economic questionnaires. Darwin Initiative Report. 104p.

McCoy, C, Dromard, C., and Turner, J. (2010).
An evaluation of Grand Cayman MPA performance: a comparative study of coral reef fish communities. Proceedings of Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute 62:345-353.

Rogers, A. et al including Turner, J.R, (2009)
The coral reef crisis: scientific justification for critical CO2 threshold levels of <350 ppm. Coral Reef Crisis meeting at Royal Society, 6 July 2009. Royal Society Scientific report.

Sheppard C.R.C., A, Harris, A., Hillman, Hillton, G., C., Graham, NAJ., Jones, R., Price, A.R.G., Purkis, S., Raines, P., Riegl,B., Sheppard, A.L.S., Spalding, M., Tamelander, J., Topp, J.M.W., Turner, J. (2009).
Objectives for scientific work in Chagos. Chagos Conservation Trust. Chagos News. 12-14.
View website

Sheppard C.R.C., Chen, A, Harris, A., Hillman, C., Graham, NAJ., Marx,D., McGowan, A., Mortimer,J., Pfeiffer,M., Price, A.R.G., Purkis, S., Raines, P., Riegl,B., Schleyer, M. Sheppard, A.L.S., Smith, S., Tamelander, J., Topp, J.M.W., Turner, J., Yang, SY. (2009).
Science in Chagos. What we know and what we need to know. Chagos Conservation Trust. 24pp.
View website

Sheppard, C.R.C. and Turner, J.R. (2009).
Eco-Imperialism. Letters. New Scientist. 8th March 2009. Issue 2700.

Turner, J.R. and Marsden, W. (2009).
The Benefits of the Chagos Marine Protected Area. Chagos Conservation Trust. 4pp.
View website

Cocks, D, King, JW, Oliver, S, Turner, J and Roberts, G (2008)
A software package for Environmental Impact Assessments. Centre for Applied Marine Sciences. Report 2008-06.

Petite, J. (eds) and 98 others including Turner, J.R. (2008).
The Beacons of Europe. Impacts of climate change on the biodiversity of European Union overseas entities. IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Natural Resources) . 183p.

Sheppard, C.R.C, Smith, S. ,Turner , J.R., Marx, D. (2008).
Corals and sediments in the lagoon in Diego Garcia and effects of ship anchoring. Confidential Report to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office British Indian Ocean Administration and US Navy. 23p plus technical appendices.

Turner, J.R; Sheppard, C.R.C; Morris, T.A; Jones, R; and Raines, P. (2008).
Evaluation of 'Returning Home' - A proposal for the resettlement of the Chagos Islands by Dr John Howell QC. Report published by Chagos Conservation Trust. 35p.
Download PDF

Sheppard, C.R.C., Spalding, M. Turner, J.R. (2007).
A GIS system for British Indian Ocean Territory: Improved conservation management of BIOT using revised zone boundaries. Overseas Territories Environmental Programme.

Boak, R., Turner, J.R., Klaus, R., Hardman, E. and Daby, D. (2004)
Montagne Jacquot Environmental Sewerage and Sanitation Project: Baseline Survey of the marine environment. Final Report to Wastewater Management Authority, Republic of Mauritius. Water Management Consultants, 104pp + 3Appendices and 1 DVD.

Turner, J.R., Boak, R., Klaus, R., Hardman, E. and Daby, D. (2004)
Feedback Monitoring in Environmental Impact Assessment on Coral Reefs. 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa, Japan, 28th June – 2nd July (Abs. P.152).

Turner, J.R., Klaus, R. and Hardman, E. (2004)
Reefs of the Mascarenes – Changes in Space and Time. 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, Okinawa, Japan, 28th June – 2nd July. (Abs. P.262).

Boak, R. Turner, J.R and Daby, D. (2002).
Montagne Jacquot environmental monitoring. Report to Wastewater management Authority. Republic of Mauritius. 44p. + 4 appendices

Chapman, B. and Turner, J.R. (2001a)
Development of a Geographical Information System (GIS) for the Marine Resources of Rodrigues. Royal Society and Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) Shoals of Capricorn Report No. R029, 68pp.

Chapman, B. and Turner, J.R. (2001b) Geographical Information System for the Marine Resources of Rodrigues:User Guide. Royal Society and Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers) Shoals of Capricorn Report No. R030, 37pp. + CD ROM.

Klaus, R. and Turner, J.R. and West, F. (2001).
Marine Biotopes of the Islands of Socotra. Phase III. Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Socotra Archipelago. UNOPS YEM/96/G32 Contract C-972248. xx p. + CD ROM.

Turner, J.R., Vousden, D., Klaus, R., Satyanarayana, C., Fenner, D., Venkataraman, K., Rajan,P.T. and Subba Rao, N.V. (2001)
Remote Sensing and Rapid Site Assessment Survey April 2001:Coral Reef systems of the Andaman Islands. Government of India and United Nations Development Programme Global Environment Facility IND/95/G41:Conservation of the Coral Reef Ecosystem in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, 76 pp., 8 Appendices, 55 Figures and Plates + CD ROM.

Wilson, R., Edworthy, K., Turner, J., Daby, D., Sherwin, T., Boak R. and Speece, R. (2000)
Environmental Impact Assessment of Treated Wastewater Disposal via Borehole Injection, Mauritius. Envirionmental Sewerage and Sanitation Project. Final Report to Republic of Mauritius, Ministry of Public Utilities, 157pp. + 7 Appendices.

Turner, J.R. Klaus, R., Simoes, N., Jones, D. (1999).
Littoral and Sublittoral groundtruthing survey of the Socotra Archipelago. P. 35- 138 and 3 CD Roms. In Krupp, F and Hariri, K.I . (eds) Report Phase 1 Marine Habitat, Biodiversity and Fisheries Surveys and Management. UNOPS YEM/96/G32 Contract C-972248. (A)

Turner, J.R., Coppock, J, and Pearce, A. (1999).
Ecology and Nature Conservation. In Gallows Point Marina, Beaumaris. Environmental Impact Assessment. CES Environment management Consultancy.

Turner, J.R., Klaus, R., Simoes, N., and Jones, D.A., (1999).
Intertidal and Subtidal Ground Truthing Survey of the Socotra Archipelago. UNDP/GEF UNOPS/YEM/96/G32 Project Report. 83p. + 99 classification maps .

Turner, J.R., Klaus, R., Simoes, N., and Jones, D.A., (1999).
Intertidal and Subtidal Survey Training Manual. UNDP/GEF UNOPS/YEM/96/G32 Project Report.

Turner, J.R., Male, C., Palaganas, V., Arcamo, S.V., (eds) (1999).
Integrated Coastal Resource Management Plan for Murcielagos Bay, Mindano, Philippines. Report to Department of Environment and Natural Resources. British Council Integrated Coastal Resource Management Workshop, Macatan, Philippines, 18-21st January, 1999.

Turner, J, R. (1997).
The Shoals of Capricorn Scientific Programme and Geographical and Logistical Phases of the Shoals Scientific Programme. Working Paper for the Royal Geographical Society and Institute of British Geographers and Royal Society. 7p.

Turner, J.R (1997).
Habitat classification by remote sensing and ground truth surveys. In Krupp, F (ed). Marine habitat, Biodiversity and Fisheries Surveys and Management. Proposal to UNOPs. 87p.

Turner, J.R. (1997).
South Jeddah Waterside Development: A biological survey of marine life of the coral reef during the pre-construction, construction, and operational phases of the development. Preliminary survey protocol for Buro Happold Ltd. 12.p.

Turner, J.R. (1995).
A review of current methodologies employed in Belize to classify subtidal marine habitats, their validity for coastal zone management and coral reef monitoring. Sustainable development and management of biologically diverse coastal resources - Belize. Project no. BZE/92/G31. Published Report United. Nations Development Programme and Global Environmental Facility. New York. 27p

Turner, J.R and Hough, A. (1994).
Marine Biological Survey Report for Environmental Assessement of an LNG Plant at Sur, Sultanate of Oman. Report for SGS Environmental, Aug 1994.

Turner, J.R. (1994).
Shoals of Capricorn Expedition. Proposed marine science research expedition in the vicinity of the Mascarene Plateau, Indian Ocean, 1996/7. Report to the Royal Geographical Society.

Earll, R.C., Turner, J.R. (1993).
A review of Methods and Results from a Sighting Scheme and Field Research on the Basking Shark in 1987-92. Report published by Marine Conservation Society. 74p.

Tang, K.S. and Turner, J. R. (1993).
Basking Shark Database Update, 1993. Report to Joint Nature Conservancy Council following the reanalysis of the Marine Conservation Society Basking Shark Database. 36p.

Turner, J.R. (1992)
Information and feasibility notes for Royal Geographical Society Marine Programme research expedition in the vicinity of the Mascarene Plateau, Indian Ocean. P14-36 in N. Flemming (ed). RGS Marine Programme Planning Consultation Document. Royal Geographical Society. London.

PDF copies of some of these publications are available (as indicated by hyperlinks in the list) for non-commercial research and educational purposes only. You may not use the material for commercial purposes or make multiple copies without requesting permission from the copyright holder (usually the book or journal publisher).