Key Publications

The Geography at Bangor staff are not just engaged lecturers they are also active researchers who publish high quality outputs  including peer reviewed journals and reports.  Below are details about a selection of key publications.


MacDonald G.K, Jarvie H.P., Withers P.J.A., Doody D.G., Keeler B.L., Haygarth P.M., Johnson L.T., McDowell R.W., et al. 2016. Guiding phosphorus stewardship for multiple ecosystem services. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 2(12), e01251.

Ockenden, M.C., Deasy, C.E., Benskin, C.M.H., Beven, K.J., Burke, S., Collins, A.L., Evans, R., Falloon, P.D., Forber, K.J. Hiscock, K.M., Holloway, M.J., Kahana, R., Macleod, C.J.A., Reaney, S.M., Snell, M.A., Villamizar, M.L., Wearing, C., Withers, P.J.A., Zhou, J.G. and Haygarth, P.M. 2016. Changing climate and nutrient transfers: Evidence from high temporal resolution concentration-flow dynamics in headwater catchments. Science of the Total Environment 548–549, 325-339.

Richards, S., Withers, P.J.A., Paterson, E. McRoberts, C.W. and Stutter, M. 2016. Temporal variability in domestic point source dischrages and their associated impact in receiving waters. Science of the Total Environment 571, 1275-1283.

Richards, S., Paterson, E., Withers, P.J.A. and Stutter, M. 2016. Septic tanks discharges as multi-pollutant hotspots in catchments. Science of the Total Environment 542(A), 854-863.

Doody, D.G., Withers P.J.A., Dils, R.M., McDowell, R.W., Smith, V., McElarney, Y.R., Dunbar, M. and Daly, D. 2016 Optimising land use for the delivery of catchment ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 14(6) 325–332

Rodrigues, M., Pavinato, P.S., Withers, P.J.A., Teles, A.P.B. and Herrera, W.F.B. 2016. Legacy phosphorus and no tillage agriculture in tropical oxisols of the Brazilian savanna. Science of the Total Environment 542 (2016) 1050–1061.

Rowe, H., Withers, P.J.A., Baas, P.,  Chan, N.L., Doody, D., Holiman, J., Jacobs, B., Li, H., MacDonald, G.K., McDowell, R., Sharpley, A., Shen, J., Taheri, W., Wallenstein, M. and Weintraub, M.N. 2016. Integrating legacy soil phosphorus into sustainable nutrient
management strategies for future food, bioenergy and water security. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 104:393–412.

Talboys, P.J., Heppell, J., Roose, T., Healey, J.R., Withers, P.J.A., Jones, D.L. 2016. Struvite: a slow-release fertiliser for sustainable phosphorus management? Plant and Soil 401:109–123.

Withers, P.J.A., Flynn, N.J. and Warren, G.P. 2016. Are stabilized biosolids a eutrophication risk? Soil Use and Management 32 (Suppl. 1),138–148.

Withers, P.J.A., Flynn, N.J. and Warren, G.P. 2016. Sustainable management of biosolid phosphorus: A field study. Soil Use and Management 32 (Suppl. 1), 54–63.

Bird, G., 2016. The influence of the scale of mining activity and mine site remediation on the contamination legacy of historical metal mining activity. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 23, 23456-23466.

Perkins, W.T., Bird, G., Jacobs, S.R., Devoy, C., 2016. Field-scale study of the influence of differing remediation strategies on trace metal geochemistry in metal mine tailings from the Irish Midlands. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 23, 5592-5608.

Brewer, P.A., Bird, G., Macklin, M.G., 2016. Isotopic provenancing of Pb in Mitrovica, northern Kosovo: source identification of chronic Pb enrichment in soils, house dust and scalp hair. Applied Geochemistry 64, 164-175.



Kleinman, P.J.A., Sharpley, A.N., Withers, P.J.A., Bergstrom, L., Johnson, L.T. and Doody, D.G. 2015. Implementing agricultural phosphorus science and management to combat eutrophication. AMBIO 44(Suppl. 2), S297–S310.

Withers, P.J.A., Elser, J.J., Hilton, J., Ohtake, H., Schipper, W. and van Dijk, K.C. 2015. Greening the global phosphorus cycle: How green chemistry can help achieve planetary P sustainability. Green Chemistry 17, 2087.

Richards, S., Paterson, E., Withers, P.J.A. and Stutter, M. 2015. Impacts of household chemicals on water quality through effluent discharges: combining chemical and behavioural data. Journal of Environmental Management 150, 427-434.

Withers, P.J.A., van Dijk, K.C., Neset, T-S.S., Nesme, T., Oenema, O., Rubæk, G.H., Schoumans, O.F., Smit, B. and Pellerin, S. 2015. Stewardship to tackle global phosphorus inefficiency: The case of Europe. AMBIO 44 (Suppl.), S193-S206.

Byrne, P., Hudson-Edwards, K.A., Macklin, M.G., Brewer, P.A., Bird, G., Williams, R., 2015. The long-term environmental impacts of the Mount Polley mine tailings spill, British Columbia, Canada. Geophysical Research Abstracts 17, EGU2015-6241.



Owen, D., Williams, A.P., Griffith, G.W. and Withers, P.J.A. 2014. Use of commercial bio-inoculants to increase agricultural production through improved phosphorus acquisition. Applied Soil Ecology 86, 41-54.

Withers, P.J.A., Jordan, P., May, L., Jarvie, H.P. and Deal, N.E. 2014. Do septic tanks pose a hidden threat to water quality? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12(2), 123-130.

Withers, P.J.A., Neal, C., Jarvie, H.P. and Doody, D.G. 2014. Agriculture and eutrophication: Where do we go from here? Sustainability 6, 5853-5875.

Withers, P.J.A., Sylvester-Bradley, R., Jones, D.L., Healey, J.R. and Talboys, P.J. 2014. Feed the crop not the soil: rethinking phosphorus management in the food chain. Environmental Science and Technology 48, 6523-6530.

Talboys, P.J., Healey, J.R., Withers, P.J.A., Jones, D.L. 2014. Phosphate depletion modulates auxin transport in Triticum aestivium leading to altered root branching. Journal of Experimental Botany 65(17), 5023-5032.

Talboys, P.J., Owen, D.W., Healey, J.R., Withers, P.J.A., Jones, D.L. 2014. Auxin secretion by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 both stimulates root exudation and limits phosphorus uptake in Triticum aestivium. BioMed Central Plant Biology 14, 51.

Boisa, N., Elom, N., Dean, J.R., Deary, M.E., Bird, G., Entwistle, J.A., 2014. Development and application of an inhalation bioaccessibility method (IBM) for lead in the PM10 size fraction of soil. Environment International 70, 132-142.

Bird, G., Bell, E., Perkins, W.T.. (2014). Arsenic within the secondary environment resulting from geogenic inputs, Harlech Dome, United Kingdom. Environmental Earth Sciences. DOI: 10.1007/s12665-014-3261-2.

Patil, S. and Stieglitz, M. (2014), Modelling daily streamflow at ungauged catchments: what information is necessary?. Hydrological Processes, 28: 1159–1169. doi: 10.1002/hyp.9660.


Withers, P.J.A., Jordan, P., May, L., Jarvie, H.P. and Deal, N.E. (2013). Do septic tanks pose a hidden threat to water quality? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (In press).

Jones, D.L., Cross, P., Withers, P.J.A., DeLuca, T.H., Robinson, D.A., Quilliam, R.S., Harris, I.M., Chadwick D.R. and Edwards-Jones, G. (2013). Nutrient stripping: the global disparity between food security and soil nutrient stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology 50, 851-862.

Jarvie, H.P., Sharpley, A.N., Withers, P.J.A., Scott, J.T., Haggard, B.E. and Neal, C. (2013). Phosphorus mitigation to control river eutrophication: Murky waters, inconvenient truths and ‘post-normal’ science. Journal of Environmental Quality 42: 295-304.

Sylvester-Bradley, R. and Withers, P.J.A. (2013). Innovation in Crop Nutrition. Proceedings of the International Fertiliser Society No. 700. IFS, Peterborough.

Boisa, N., Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Dean, J.R., Entwistle, J.A., Kemp, S.J., Macklin, M.G., 2013. Potentially harmful elements (PHEs) in scalp hair, soil and metallurgical wastes in Mitrovica, Kosovo: The role of oral bioaccessibility and mineralogy in human PHE exposure. Environment International 60, 56-70.

Corner, A. J., Parkhill, K., Pidgeon, N. F. and Vaughan, N. E. 2013. Messing with nature? Exploring public perceptions of geoengineering in the UK. Global Environmental Change, 23(5), 938-947.  [upload pdf ‘Messing with Nature’]

Davies, B.J, Yorke, L., Bridgland, D.R., Roberts, D.H. 2013.  The Quaternary of Northumberland, Durham and North Yorkshire. Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London.

Jones D.L., Cross P., Withers P.J.A. DeLuca T.H., Robinson D.A., Quilliam R.S., Harris I.M., Chadwick D.R. and Edwards-Jones G. (2013). Nutrient stripping: the global disparity between food security and soil nutrient stocks. Journal of Applied Ecology. 50 (4), 851-863.

Keller, E.M., Harris, I.M. and Cross, P. Identifying suitable queen rearing sites of Apis mellifera mellifera at a regional scale using morphometrics. Journal of Apicultural Research  (article accepted 2013).

McNabola, A., Coughlan, C., Corcoran, L., Power, C., Williams, A.P., Harris, I.M., Gallagher, J., Styles, D. Energy Recovery in the Water Industry using Micro-hydropower: An Opportunity to Improve Sustainability. Water Policy. (article accepted 2013).

Parkhill, K., Demski, C. C., Butler, C., Spence, A. and Pidgeon, N. F. 2013. Transforming the UK Energy System: Public Values, Attitudes and Acceptability - Synthesis Report. [Online]. London: UKERC. [upload pdf]

Patil, S., T. P. Covino, A. I. Packman, B. L. McGlynn, J. D. Drummond, R. A. Payn and R. Schumer 2013 Intra-stream variability in solute transport: Hydrologic and geomorphic controls on solute retention, Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 118(2), 413-422, doi: 10.1029/2012JF002455.

Yorke, L. BBC One Wales: Week In Week out – Holding back the floods


Patil, S., M. Sivapalan, M. A. Hassan, S. Ye, C. J. Harman, and X. Xu  2012  A network model for prediction and diagnosis of sediment dynamics at the watershed scale, Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 117, F00A04, doi:10.1029/2012JF002400.

Yorke, L., Rumsby, B.T., Chiverrell, R.C. 2012 Depositional history of the Tyne valley associated with retreat and stagnation of Late Devensian Ice Streams.  Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association. Volume 123, Issue 4, pp. 608 – 625

Dungait, JAJ, Cardenas, L., Blackwell, M., Wu, L., Withers, P.J.A., Bol, R., Chadwick, D., Murray, P.J., Macdonald, A., Whitmore, A.P., and Goulding, K. (2012). Advances in the understanding of nutrient dynamics and management in UK agriculture. Science of the Total Environment 434, 39-50.

Withers, P.J.A., May, L., Jordan, P., Doody, D., Foy, R.H., Bechmann, M., Orback, C. and Cooksley, S. (2012). Nutrient emissions from septic tank systems in catchments: Uncertainties and implications for policy. Environmental Science and Policy 24, 71-82.

Jarvie, H.P., Jickells, T.D., Skeffington, R. A. and Withers, P.J.A. (2012). Climate change and coupling of macronutrient cycles along the atmospheric, terrestrial, freshwater and estuarine continuum. Science of the Total Environment 434, 252-258. 


Bird, G., 2011. Provenancing anthropogenic Pb within the fluvial environment: Developments and challenges in the use of Pb isotopes. Environment International 37, 802-819.

Withers, P.J.A., Jarvie, H.P. and Stoate, C. (2011). Quantifying the impact of septic tank systems on eutrophication risk in rural headwaters. Environment International 37, 644-653.


Bird, G., Brewer, P.A., Macklin, M.G., Nikolova, M., Kotsev, T., Mollov, M., Swain, C., 2010. Quantifying sediment-associated metal dispersal using Pb isotopes: application of binary and multivariate mixing models in the Maritsa catchment, Bulgaria. Environmental Pollution 158, 2158-2169.

Parkhill, K., Pidgeon, N., Henwood, K. L., Simmons, P. and Venables, D. 2010. From the familiar to the extraordinary: local residents’ perceptions of risk when living with nuclear power in the UK.  Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 35(1), 39-58.