Rhedir gan School of Human and Behavioural Sciences
20.000 Credyd neu 10.000 Credyd ECTS
Trefnydd: Dr Germano Gallicchio
Do you want to understand why, for example, some athletes perform better than others under pressure, why obesity is on the rise, how training and recovery influences performance or something else related to sport and physical activity? If so this module is for you! Research is fundamental to what we, as scientists, do and informs practice in the sport, health and fitness industry. Therefore, developing good research skills and being able to analyse scientific data are key skills to develop in order to support your successful career. The module is hands on and involves practical activities relating to data management, running data analyses, understanding different approaches to science, and developing your own research projects. These are real world graduate skills that will help make you more employable.
This is a fabulous hands-on opportunity to learn about research design and data analysis, skills that are critical to reading and writing research material, during your degree and beyond. It is delivered in a lively, professional, and very friendly manner by world-renowned researchers. They will help you develop the necessary skills to run your own programme of research, and to evaluate that of others. Despite possible preconceived ideas about research design and analysis, students end up loving this module!
The aims: To provide critical understanding of research design and data analysis. To prepare students to complete their Dissertation and/or Research Project Proposal module and their Dissertation and/or Project module
Delivered by active researchers and practitioners within the sport and exercise domain, this module is split into three parts:
Part A of this module covers quantitative research design. Using an experiential and flipped teaching format, students will read a series of scientific papers to develop their critical understanding of research design, including formulating a question, generating a hypothesis, study designs, sampling methods, ensuring validity and reliability, and good dissemination practices. Both original investigations and review studies will be included.
Part B of this module covers how to analyse and understand data: computational statistics.
Part C of this module covers qualitative research methods and analysis. The qualitative part of the module will address the different philosophical positions underpinning quantitative and qualitative research; qualitative research data collection methods, including interviews, focus groups and observational methods; and qualitative data analysis, including thematic content analysis, grounded theory and discourse analysis.
For Parts A & C: Basic understanding of qualitative and quantitative research design. Some ability to recognise research designs, validity and reliability threats. Inaccuracies and misconceptions evident.
For Part B: In order to obtain a threshold level in this examination, students will demonstrate a barely acceptable understanding of the analyses. The explanations will include only the most basic analyses (e.g., single-factor randomised ANOVA, simple regression). The explanations will either not include the more complex analyses or any attempt to do so will be very descriptive and confused. The student’s explanations of most analyses will be confused in places, demonstrating only a barely acceptable working knowledge of each of the analyses with some fairly serious gaps with regard to their intricacies (e.g., assumptions, follow-up analysis considerations, decisions with regard to unequal group sizes, etc.) combined with a number of errors and inconsistencies, reflecting an overall superficial understanding. The student will be heavily reliant on the portfolio and will answer questions in a largely superficial or confused manner. The verbal communication style will be somewhat unclear and unnecessarily verbose with the need for much prompting.
Parts A & C: A thorough understanding of qualitative and quantitative research design. Demonstrates a consistent ability to recognise research designs, validity and reliability threats. Be able to propose solutions to threats to research design.
Parts B: In order to obtain an excellent level in this examination, students will demonstrate an in-depth understanding of each of the analyses. These analyses will typically include at least one more complex analysis (e.g., two factor ANOVA) with the more straightforward analyses (e.g., one-way ANOVA) covered in a comprehensive manner. The student’s explanations will be concise and precise, demonstrating an integrated knowledge of the different analyses and their various intricacies (e.g., assumptions, follow-up analysis considerations, decisions with regard to unequal group sizes, etc.). The student will use the portfolio only to the extent that it supports his/her well-integrated understanding. The student will answer questions in a concise and accurate fashion. The verbal communication style will be clear and concise.
For Parts A&C: Demonstrates a good understanding of qualitative and quantitative research design. Is able to recognise research designs, validity and reliability threats. Few inaccuracies or misconceptions.
For Part B: In order to obtain a good level in this examination, students will demonstrate an acceptable understanding of the analyses. These analyses will typically include the more basic analyses (e.g., single-factor ANOVA) with perhaps an attempt at explaining one of the more complex analyses (e.g., two-factor ANOVA, multiple regression). The explanation of the more straightforward analyses will be fairly comprehensive while any coverage of more complex analyses will be largely descriptive. The student will demonstrate an acceptable working knowledge of the main analyses albeit with some gaps in the underlying intricacies (e.g., assumptions, follow-up analysis considerations, decisions with regard to unequal group sizes, etc.). The explanations will be somewhat confused at times with some errors and superficiality, most of which will be remedied with some prompting. The student will be rather reliant on the portfolio. The student will answer questions in a somewhat superficial manner at times and the verbal communication style will sometimes be somewhat unclear and unnecessarily verbose.
On successful completion of Part A of this module, students will: Be able to criticise and defend the experimental and quasi-experimental research designs that are often utilised in sport science studies.
On successful completion of Part C of this module, students will: Be able to critically evaluate the qualitative designs and associated analytical procedures that are used in sport science.
On successful completion of Part B of this module, students will: Demonstrate an understanding of the principles underlying variance testing (e.g., ANOVA) and regression (simple and multiple regression).
On successful completion of Part A of this module, students will: Be able to demonstrate and apply the basic concepts of sample size estimation.
On successful completion of Part B of this module, students will: Organise data in an SPSS spreadsheet and interpret the main features of SPSS computer printout from ANOVA and regression analyses.
Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu
Part B: Reading (2 hours/lecture) = 22 hours; Developing portfolio (e.g., annotating papers and outputs; 3 hours/week) = 33 hours; Examination revision and examination = 20 hours
Part B: 11 x 2 hour lectures
Part A: 5 x 2 hr flipped lectures
Part C: 3 x 4 hr workshops
Reading for each Part A flipped lecture (5 x 2 hours) = 10 hours; Preparing for each Part A flipped lecture (e.g., reading slides, papers, and completing Blackboard tasks, 5 x 2 hours/week) = 10 hours; Preparing and completing Part A assignment = 20.5 hours.
Reading for each Part C workshop (3 x 3 hours) = 9 hours; Preparing and completing Part C assignment = 20.5 hours.
|Practical classes and workshops||
Part B: 4 x 1 hour practical sessions + 1 hr online preparation session.
Part C: 3 x 1 hr shadow classes
Part A: 5 x 1 hr shadow classes
- Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
- Rhifedd - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio rhifau ar lefelau priodol o gywirdeb
- Defnyddio cyfrifiaduron - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio ystod o feddalwedd cyfrifiadurol
- Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
- Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
- Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
- Sgiliau Rhyngbersonol - Gallu gofyn cwestiynau, gwrando'n astud ar atebion a'u harchwilio
- Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
- Cyflwyniad - Gallu cyflwyno gwybodaeth ac esboniadau yn glir i gynulleidfa. Trwy gyfryngau ysgrifenedig neu ar lafar yn glir a hyderus.
- Dadl - Gallu cyflwyno, trafod a chyfiawnhau barn neu lwybr gweithredu, naill ai gydag unigolyn neu mewn grwˆp ehangach
- Hunanymwybyddiaeth & Ystyried - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch cryfderau, gwendidau, nodau ac amcanion eich hun. Gallu adolygu ,cloriannu a myfyrio'n rheolaidd ar eich perfformiad eich hun ac eraill.
Sgiliau pwnc penodol
- research and assess paradigms, theories, principles, concepts and factual information, and apply such skills in explaining and solving problems
- critically assess and evaluate data and evidence in the context of research methodologies and data sources
- describe, synthesise, interpret, analyse and evaluate information and data relevant to a professional or vocational context
- apply knowledge to the solution of familiar and unfamiliar problems
- develop a sustained reasoned argument, perhaps challenging previously held assumptions
- demonstrate effective written and/or oral communication and presentation skills
- work effectively independently and with others
- take and demonstrate responsibility for their own learning and continuing personal and professional development
- demonstrate evidence of competence in the scientific methods of enquiry, and interpretation and analysis of relevant data and statistical outputs.
- communicate succinctly at a level appropriate to different audiences.
Goblygiadau o ran adnoddau ar gyfer myfyrwyr
Ability to download GPower software
Rhestrau Darllen Bangor (Talis)http://readinglists.bangor.ac.uk/modules/jxh-4404.html
The Talis reading list includes all the reading associated with this module. Example texts include: Part A: How to design and report experiments. Book by Andy P. Field; Graham Hole, 2003; Part B: Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences. Book by Keenan A. Pituch; James Stevens, 2016; Part C: Qualitative research & evaluation methods: integrating theory and practice. Book by Michael Quinn Patton, 2015.