Retrieval Medicine 2
Rhedir gan School of Medical and Health Sciences
20.000 Credyd neu 10.000 Credyd ECTS
Semester 1 a 2
Trefnydd: Mrs Heather Bloodworth
The aim of this module is to provide the HEMS practitioner with the skills required to be proficient in assisting with the management of level 3 patients, which means a need to demonstrate knowledge and skills in invasive ventilation and transfer of the ventilated, inotrope-dependent patient. The module is intended for experienced healthcare professionals who wish to formalise and develop their practice, and will require learners to develop within credible practice settings.
Topics may include:
Procedural sedation and analgesia including; Risk/benefit assessment
Respiratory Support including; Arterial or capillary blood gas interpretation and use to guide ventilation decisions Respiratory management failure and indications for ECMO Relevant anatomy, physiology and pathology underpinning the history and examination of the respiratory system Indications for oxygen therapy Knowledge of oxygen delivery devices Interpretation of P/V loops, FV loops and other ventilator data Lung protective strategies and management of acute lung injury/ARDS
Gastrointestinal support including; Indications for and use of terlipressin Awareness of nutritional considerations during transfer
Metabolic support including; Electrolyte interpretation including acid/base balance Understanding of common poisons, mechanisms of harm and antidotes
Sepsis management including; Rationale for approach to sepsis management Pharmacology and use of antibiotics Understanding of common pathogens and sources Understanding of hospital-acquired and multi-resistant pathogens
General Management of multiorgan failure states
Ventilator setup: all ages, all modes Non-invasive ventilation setup and management (Biphasic; CPAP including neonatal)
Open thoracostomy including chest drain insertion and management NG tube insertion and management (all age groups)
Cadrivascular support including; Invasive monitoring/transducer setup Arterial line insertion and management Assistance with central vascular access Setup and management of infusions of vasoactive substances Arrythmia management including pacing
Renal Support including; Renal (dialysis) line management and safety Identification and support of renal failure
Gastrointestinal support including; Insertion of nasogastric tubes for gastric decompression in all ages groups. Maintaining safety of intestinal tubes (NG, OG, percutaneous) for transfer including feeding tubes Maintaining safety of indwelling devices (eg drains) during transfer Insertion and management of Sengstaken tubes
Adverse events in ventilation
Transfer of the ventilated, inotrope-dependent patient.
Basic understanding of the facts and principles specific to the topics covered in this module. Students will be required to achieve a minimum of C- grade in the assignment to pass the theory component of the module.
Excellent understanding of the facts and principles specific to the topics covered in this module and evidence of additional evidence gained by the student. Very good understanding of professional accountability issues. This equates to a minimum mark of Grade A- in the Grading Criteria
Very good understanding of the facts and principles specific to the topics covered in this module. Good understanding of professional accountability issues. This equates to a minimum mark of Grade B- in the Grading Criteria.
Develop comprehensive and systematic knowledge and skills in key aspects of advanced prehospital critical care, retrieval and transportation
Analyse the pharmacology of the key drugs / agents used in the critical care management of patients and special patient groups and evaluate their effectiveness.
A critical understanding of decision making theory used to make clinical decisions in critical care management.
Critically evaluate advanced assessment and management plans for a wide variety of critically ill or injured patients, encountered within a pre-hospital environment.
Critically evaluate information from and about critical care patients in order to determine timely interventions and appropriate care pathways.
Critically review the aetiology, physiology and pathophysiology of key body systems relevant to the module.
45 minutes oral examination which will focus on clinical emergencies and the care and treatment of the patient. The student will be required to learn about 5 emergencies, 2 of which will be picked for the assessment.
|LLYFR LOG NEU BORTFFOLIO||Clinical competencies||
Successful achievement of clinical competencies that relate to advanced pre hospital critical care retrieval and transportation. All competencies will need to be successfully completed in order to pass the module. (LO: 1-6). All relevant work based competencies should be fully evidenced and the work based assessment form completed and signed by the Doctor or Practitioner conducting the assessment prior to submission at the end of the module.
Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu
28 hours Distance learning lectures, this will include panoptos, recorded power points and SWAY's.
|Practical classes and workshops||
8 hours Workshops 6 hrs in practice with Consultant – Case of the day / SOP of the day 6 hrs engaging in Clinical Governance discussions with Consultant – RSI or Transfer audits
21 hours - working towards assessments 50 hours - directed reading 32 hours developing personal knowledge
7x7 hours MINIMUM time in Critical Care unit gaining practical skills
- Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
- Rhifedd - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio rhifau ar lefelau priodol o gywirdeb
- Defnyddio cyfrifiaduron - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio ystod o feddalwedd cyfrifiadurol
- Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
- Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
- Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
- Sgiliau Rhyngbersonol - Gallu gofyn cwestiynau, gwrando'n astud ar atebion a'u harchwilio
- Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
- Ymwybyddiaeth o ddiogelwch - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch amgylchedd a hyder o ran cadw at reoliadau iechyd a diogelwch
- Cyflwyniad - Gallu cyflwyno gwybodaeth ac esboniadau yn glir i gynulleidfa. Trwy gyfryngau ysgrifenedig neu ar lafar yn glir a hyderus.
- Gwaith Tîm - Gallu cydweithio'n adeiladol ag eraill ar dasg gyffredin, ac/neu fod yn rhan o dîm gweithio o ddydd i ddydd
- Mentora - Gallu cefnogi, helpu, arwain, ysbrydoli ac/neu hyfforddi eraill
- Gofalu - Dangos consyrn am eraill; gofalu am blant, pobl ag anableddau ac/neu'r henoed
- Rheloaeth - Gallu defnyddio, cydlynu a rheoli adnoddau (dynol, ffisegol ac/neu ariannol)
- Dadl - Gallu cyflwyno, trafod a chyfiawnhau barn neu lwybr gweithredu, naill ai gydag unigolyn neu mewn grwˆp ehangach
- Hunanymwybyddiaeth & Ystyried - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch cryfderau, gwendidau, nodau ac amcanion eich hun. Gallu adolygu ,cloriannu a myfyrio'n rheolaidd ar eich perfformiad eich hun ac eraill.
- Arweinyddiaeth - Gallu arwain a rheoli, datblygu cynlluniau gweithredu ac amcanion, cynnig arweiniad a chyfarwyddyd i eraill, ac ymdopi â'r pwysau sy'n gysylltiedig ag awdurdod o'r fath
Goblygiadau o ran adnoddau ar gyfer myfyrwyr
None, apart from funding to complete the module and access to IT and word processing equipment.
Benditt, Joshua O (2006) The neuromuscular respiratory system: physiology, pathophysiology, and a respiratory care approach to patients. National Library of Medicine. Respiratory care Vol. 51, Iss. 8: 829-37.
Buerke, M; Lemm, H; Dietz, S; Werdan, K. (2011) Pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of infarction-related cardiogenic shock. National Library of Medicine, Herz Vol. 36, Iss. 2: 73-83.
Bond, Mary; Crathorne, Louise; Peters, Jaime; Coelho, Helen; Haasova, Marcela. (2016) First do no harm: pain relief for the peripheral venous cannulation of adults, a systematic review and network meta-analysis. BMC anesthesiology Vol. 16, Iss. 1: 81.
Dijkstra, B. M.; Berben, S. A. A.; van Dongen, R. T. M.; Schoonhoven, L. (2014) Review on pharmacological pain management in trauma patients in (pre‐hospital) emergency medicine in the Netherlands. European Journal of Pain Vol. 18, Iss. 1: 3-19.
Gando, Satoshi; Hayakawa, Mineji. (2016) Pathophysiology of Trauma-Induced Coagulopathy and Management of Critical Bleeding Requiring Massive Transfusion. National Library of Medicine. Seminars in thrombosis and hemostasis Vol. 42, Iss. 2: 155-165.
Hollenberg, Steven M (2011) Vasoactive drugs in circulatory shock. National Library of Medicine. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine Vol. 183, Iss. 7: 847-855.
Jones, Jeannine G; Smith, Sandra L. (2009) Shock in the critically ill neonate. National Library of Medicine. The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing Vol. 23, Iss. 4: 346-54; quiz 355-6.
Nduka, O Okorie; Parrillo, Joseph (2011) The pathophysiology of septic shock. National Library of Medicine. Critical care nursing clinics of North America Vol. 23, Iss. 1: 41-66.
Russell, James A; Rush, Barret; Boyd, John. (2018) Pathophysiology of Septic Shock. National Library of Medicine. Critical care clinics Vol. 34, Iss. 1: 43-61.
Reyentovich, Alex; Barghash, Maya H; Hochman, Judith S. (2016) Management of refractory cardiogenic shock. National Library of Medicine. Nature reviews. Cardiology Vol. 13, Iss. 8: 481-492.
Yuki, Koichi; Murakami, Naoka (2015) Sepsis pathophysiology and anesthetic consideration. National Library of Medicine. Cardiovascular & hematological disorders drug targets Vol. 15, Iss. 1): 57-69.