Disorders of Literacy: Diagnosis and Intervention
Rhedir gan School of Human and Behavioural Sciences
20.000 Credyd neu 10.000 Credyd ECTS
Trefnydd: Dr Marketa Caravolas
This module aims to provide theoretical knowledge and practical experience in literacy skills assessments to students with an interest in educational psychology, special needs education, and developmental psychology. The main focus of the module will be on typical and atypical literacy development in children. Students will learn about the administration of basic literacy skills assessments and about their clinical/educational interpretations.
Children’s literacy disorders can take several different forms. The most well-known of these, dyslexia, affects accurate and fluent word reading and spelling. It is primarily characterised by (oral language) phonological processing and reading fluency difficulties. Another disorder, reading comprehension impairment, involves difficulty in understanding what one has read, even when reading accurately and fluently. Reading comprehension impairment seems to arise from weak oral language skills, including poor vocabulary, grammar, and oral language comprehension. Both of these reading disorders are also associated with spelling and writing difficulties. They also often co-occur with other difficulties in areas such as motor co-ordination, mental calculation, concentration and personal organisation. If correctly diagnosed, children’s and adolescents’ literacy difficulties can be remediated with targeted, evidence-based interventions that address the specific causes of their difficulties.
In this module, we will link theory with practice in learning about developmental literacy disorders. In the theoretical sessions, students will learn about the causes of literacy disorders, their manifestations in childhood and adolescence, about methods for their diagnosis through ‘skills-based assessments’, and about effective interventions. In the practical component, students will work with a pupil experiencing literacy difficulties. Over several weeks, students will work with a pupil and will carry out an in-depth skills assessment in order to build up a profile of the pupil’s literacy strengths and weaknesses. Based on this profile, an end-goal will be for each student to write a full diagnostic report, and develop a plan for an individualised program of effective intervention for their pupil. The module comprises three strands: (1) weekly theory lectures, (2) weekly seminars and workshops focusing on the purpose, administration, and interpretation of various literacy skills-based assessments, and remediation strategies, and, (3) weekly assessment/intervention sessions with an assigned pupil in a local school. In light of the practical component, this module requires a serious commitment of attendance at all of its components. It is recommended for students with a keen interest in educational psychology, special needs education, and the psychological study of developmental disorders of learning, language and literacy.
N.B. In case of COVID-19-related restrictions on face-to-face teaching in school, adaptations will be made for remote sessions with pupils via TEAMS and other online platforms. Students may be asked to switch from one format to the other at short notice.
Essential requirement: A valid enhanced DBS certificate prior to the start of the module. In order to undertake and complete the practical component of this module, students must be in possession of a valid enhanced DBS prior to Week 1 of the semester. Without this, students will not be permitted to continue on the module.
Reasonably comprehensive coverage demonstrating good understanding of the material. Answers contain evidence of further study beyond the lecture material and demonstrate some development of arguments or critical evaluation. Work is well organised and structured. Work meeting this criteria is generally awarded a grade in the B range.
Comprehensive and accurate coverage of the area demonstrating a deep insight into the material. Answers demonstrate evidence of substantial further study. Work contains clear arguments or critical evaluation. Answers contain clarity of expression. Work meeting this criteria is generally awarded a grade in the A range.
Adequate answers, largely based on lecture material with no real development of arguments or critical evaluation. Structure and organisation of work is adequate. Work meeting this criteria is typically be awarded a grade in the C range. A grade in the D range is typically awarded if aspects of the work contains inaccuracies/misunderstandings or a failure to expand on key points. A failing grade is awarded where there are substantive inaccuracies/misunderstandings or major omissions.
Demonstrate a thorough understanding of current research and theory of the causes and manifestations of developmental disorders of literacy.
Critically evaluate relevant research articles using a psychological approach.
Understand the criteria for scientifically-sound intervention studies, and be able to critically evaluate studies reporting intervention effects in dyslexia and reading comprehension impairment.
Understand the key principles of literacy skills-based assessments in educational practice.
Competently be able to administer and evaluate tests bearing on literacy and related skills in pupils.
Be able to interpret the pupil’s performance on a variety of tests, and be able to assess the degree of severity and complexity of the child’s profile of strengths and difficulties.
Competently develop a plan for a well-founded and individualized course of intervention, based on language-based and multisensory teaching principles.
Be able to evaluate own assessment and diagnosis skills and respond to feedback.
Write a full skills assessment report, backed up by a portfolio of practical assessment sesssions/materials/observations based on direct work with pupil.
|LLYFR LOG NEU BORTFFOLIO||Practicum and Portfolio||
The portfolio is the culmination of the work completed with the pupil over eight sessions. It will include (a) description of the pupil's profile, (b) an overview of the assessments and activities completed in each session, (c) summary and interpretation of assessments of the pupil, (d) proposed outline of a relevant 20 session educational intervention.
The portfolio must be submitted by 4pm. A complete hard copy must be submitted to the Brigantia reception. In addition, sections of the portfolio must be submitted electronically via Blackboard. Further details will be given in class.
|GWAITH CWRS||Brief Assessment Report||
The Brief Assessment Report describes the pupil's assessment results from the first few sessions, completed up to half-term. The Report contains two main sections. The first contains a description of the child's performance on the initial assessments, given in the first lesson, as well as he pupil's performance (scores) on the language and literacy tests you will have administered up to the half-term. The second section of the report includes a brief (600 - 1,000 words) synopsis and interpretation of the findings from these assessments. The report must be submitted electronically by 4 pm via Blackboard.
The final exam focuses on the theoretical components of the course. Students must answer three out of a possible six essay questions in three hours.
|CYFRANOGIAD DOSBARTH||In-class Workshop Participation||
In-class workshop sessions are dedicated to the scoring up and reporting of pupil’s performance on literacy and related skills. Participation in these workshops will contribute cumulatively up to 10% of the final grade.
Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu
Weekly 1 hour session with an allocated pupil in a local primary school. Work will consist of literacy assessments, and related literacy activity. For example, when assessing spelling, the associated teaching activity will also focus on spelling.
Weekly lecture on theory and methodologies in literacy development and assessment of literacy difficulties.
Workshops will be used to prepare for upcoming literacy assessment components and for training in test administration and interpretation.
- Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
- Rhifedd - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio rhifau ar lefelau priodol o gywirdeb
- Defnyddio cyfrifiaduron - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio ystod o feddalwedd cyfrifiadurol
- Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
- Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
- Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
- Sgiliau Rhyngbersonol - Gallu gofyn cwestiynau, gwrando'n astud ar atebion a'u harchwilio
- Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
- Ymwybyddiaeth o ddiogelwch - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch amgylchedd a hyder o ran cadw at reoliadau iechyd a diogelwch
- Cyflwyniad - Gallu cyflwyno gwybodaeth ac esboniadau yn glir i gynulleidfa. Trwy gyfryngau ysgrifenedig neu ar lafar yn glir a hyderus.
- Gwaith Tîm - Gallu cydweithio'n adeiladol ag eraill ar dasg gyffredin, ac/neu fod yn rhan o dîm gweithio o ddydd i ddydd
- Mentora - Gallu cefnogi, helpu, arwain, ysbrydoli ac/neu hyfforddi eraill
- Gofalu - Dangos consyrn am eraill; gofalu am blant, pobl ag anableddau ac/neu'r henoed
- Rheloaeth - Gallu defnyddio, cydlynu a rheoli adnoddau (dynol, ffisegol ac/neu ariannol)
- Dadl - Gallu cyflwyno, trafod a chyfiawnhau barn neu lwybr gweithredu, naill ai gydag unigolyn neu mewn grwˆp ehangach
- Hunanymwybyddiaeth & Ystyried - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch cryfderau, gwendidau, nodau ac amcanion eich hun. Gallu adolygu ,cloriannu a myfyrio'n rheolaidd ar eich perfformiad eich hun ac eraill.
- Arweinyddiaeth - Gallu arwain a rheoli, datblygu cynlluniau gweithredu ac amcanion, cynnig arweiniad a chyfarwyddyd i eraill, ac ymdopi â'r pwysau sy'n gysylltiedig ag awdurdod o'r fath
Sgiliau pwnc penodol
- Understand the scientific underpinnings of psychology as a discipline.
- Apply multiple perspectives to psychological issues and integrate ideas and findings across the multiple perspectives in psychology.
- Communicate psychological concepts effectively in written form.
- Communicate psychological concepts effectively in oral form.
- Retrieve and organise information effectively.
- Handle primary source material critically.
- Engage in effective teamwork for the purpose of collaborating on psychological projects.
- Be sensitive and react appropriately to contextual and interpersonal psychological factors.
- Use effectively personal planning and project management skills.
- Work effectively under pressure (time pressure, limited resources, etc) as independent and pragmatic learners.
- Problem-solve by clarifying questions, considering alternative solutions, making critical judgements, and evaluating outcomes.
- Reason scientifically and demonstrate the relationship between theory and evidence.
- Comprehend and use psychological data effectively, demonstrating a systematic knowledge of the application and limitations of various research paradigms and techniques.
- Employ evidence-based reasoning and examine practical, theoretical and ethical issues associated with the use of different methodologies, paradigms and methods of analysis in psychology.
- Use a variety of psychological tools, including specialist software, laboratory equipment and psychometric instruments.
- Be aware of ethical principles and approval procedures.
Goblygiadau o ran adnoddau ar gyfer myfyrwyr
Core texts and journal articles are available to read online for free via Bangor University Library (see Talis Reading List).
Rhestrau Darllen Bangor (Talis)http://readinglists.bangor.ac.uk/modules/plp-3005.html
Cyrsiau sy’n cynnwys y modiwl hwn
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