Modiwl XAE-1035:
Children and Society

Ffeithiau’r Modiwl

Rhedir gan School of Education and Human Development

20 Credyd neu 10 Credyd ECTS

Semester 1

Trefnydd: Dr Anne-Marie Smith

Amcanion cyffredinol

The module introduces students to the sociological study of childhood and youth via and exploration of socio-cultural and historical constructions and discourses. Students will consider the ways in which historical ideas continue to influence the ways in which society perceives, portrays and understands children and young people. Adult anxieties about contemporary childhood & youth are considered and addressed via discussions of factors such as the media, education, technology, social networking, families and peer groups.In Semester 2 we will consider the idea of 'childhood in crisis', exploring contrasting debates in relation to children and play, technology and gender. Students will become familiar with key themes and areas of debate, controversy, and interest relating to children’s lives by engaging with cutting-edge national and international research across the field of childhood and youth studies.

Cynnwys cwrs

The module will encourage students to challenge and debate dominant ideas about childhood and youth, and may include an exploration of the following questions and topics:

How are meanings of childhood and youth constructed in society? How have ideas about childhood and youth changed over time? How are children and young people portrayed (in the media, within educational contexts) Risk and resilience Gender stereotyping Childhood and youth as times of innocence or deviance Commercialization of childhood and youth How do ideas about gender shape and influence children and young people’s identities? Disney and the portrayal of gender roles Has technology liberated or ruined young people? Are children and young people victims of consumerism or are they empowered by it?

Meini Prawf


Threshold: D-, D, D+ A satisfactory knowledge and understanding of the key historical and social ideas relevant to the study of childhood and youth. An adequate ability to discuss key areas of influence (such as technology or advertising) on children and young people's lives in contemporary society


Good: C-, C, C+ A significant knowledge and understanding of the key historical and social ideas relevant to the study of childhood and youth. A good ability to discuss key areas of influence on children and young people's lives in contemporary society. Work at this level shows some reasonably good engagement with wider research.


Excellent: A- to A* A comprehensive knowledge and understanding of the key historical and social ideas relevant to the study of childhood and youth. An exceptional ability to discuss key spheres of influence on children and young people's lives in contemporary society. Work at this level engages deeply with research and offers some independent thought and reflection based on such engagement.

Canlyniad dysgu

  1. demonstrate an insight into social attitudes and portrayals of children and young people in contemporary society (in relation to key areas such as technology, gender, play)

  2. show an informed understanding of the key social and historical discourses of childhood

  3. Show an informed understanding of factors that have shaped childhood and youth in historical and contemporary contexts

  4. demonstrate the ability to make connections between theoretical ideas about childhood and youth with contemporary experiences in the lives of children and young people

Dulliau asesu

Math Enw Disgrifiad Pwysau

Essay on 'Childhood/Youth in Crisis' With reference to some of the ideas explored during our lectures, write a response to the idea that childhood/youth is 'in crisis' by focusing on one specific topic: for example: technology, gender, play, consumerism/branding. Your discussion should begin by exploring the notion of 'childhood/youth in crisis', and then offer an argument in response, which engages with ideas from relevant research. The discussion should also include evidence from research about the ways in which society portrays children and/or young people. This assignment helps you develop your ability to argue a point of view, based on informed evidence from wider research.

GWAITH CWRS Reflection on social and historical ideas of childhood

The ‘Reflection’ is an opportunity for you to explain your own ideas about childhood and make links with some of the key ideas explored in the lectures. You are presenting your views on childhood; whilst this stems from personal reflections, your assignment should make use of the key discourses and concepts to help you explain your ideas and views. A full reference list must be provided (this is not included in the word count). This assignment gives you the opportunity to begin exploring how our ideas and views of childhood are shaped, to consider the role of history, culture and social context as a way of making sense of dominant perceptions of children and childhood.


Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu


2hr lectures every fortnight

Private study

Private/independent Study (167 hours)


1hr seminars to follow each lecture (fortnightly)


Sgiliau Trosglwyddadwy

  • Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
  • Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
  • Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
  • Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
  • Sgiliau Rhyngbersonol - Gallu gofyn cwestiynau, gwrando'n astud ar atebion a'u harchwilio
  • Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
  • Cyflwyniad - Gallu cyflwyno gwybodaeth ac esboniadau yn glir i gynulleidfa. Trwy gyfryngau ysgrifenedig neu ar lafar yn glir a hyderus.
  • Gwaith Tîm - Gallu cydweithio'n adeiladol ag eraill ar dasg gyffredin, ac/neu fod yn rhan o dîm gweithio o ddydd i ddydd
  • Gofalu - Dangos consyrn am eraill; gofalu am blant, pobl ag anableddau ac/neu'r henoed
  • Dadl - Gallu cyflwyno, trafod a chyfiawnhau barn neu lwybr gweithredu, naill ai gydag unigolyn neu mewn grwˆp ehangach
  • Hunanymwybyddiaeth & Ystyried - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch cryfderau, gwendidau, nodau ac amcanion eich hun. Gallu adolygu ,cloriannu a myfyrio'n rheolaidd ar eich perfformiad eich hun ac eraill.

Sgiliau pwnc penodol

  • reflect upon a range of psychological sociological health historical and philosophical perspectives and consider how these underpin different understandings of babies and young children and childhood
  • evaluate competing positions in relation to the construction of babies and young children and childhood by different subjects societal agents and time place and culture
  • critically explore examine and evaluate the significance of the cultural historical and contemporary features of various policies institutions and agencies in regard to babies young children and childhood


Rhestrau Darllen Bangor (Talis)

Rhestr ddarllen

  • *requires updating in TALIS

Key texts: Kehily, M.J.(2013) Understanding Childhood: a cross disciplinary approach, 2nd edition, Bristol: Policy Press Kehily, M.J. (2007) (ed) Understanding Youth: perspectives, identities and practices

James, A. and James, A. (2012) Key Concepts in Childhood Studies, 2nd edition, London: Sage

Recommended texts: Alanen, L &Mayall,B., (eds), (2001), Conceptualising Child-Adult Relationships, London: Routledge/Falmer. Archard, D., (2004), Children: Rights and Childhood, Routledge. Foley, P. and Leverett, S. (2011) (eds) Children and Young People’s Spaces – Developing Practice, Palgrave/Open University Press Furlong, A. & Cartmel , F. (2007) Young people and social change, Open University Press General Assembly of the United Nations (1989), The Conventions of the Rights of the Child (http://www.unicef/org/CVC. Gill, T.(2007) No Fear: Growing up in a risk averse society, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation Goldson, B., Lavalette, M. and McKechnie, J. (ed) (2002) Children, Welfare and the State. London: Sage Kasseem et al (2010) Key issues in childhood and youth studies, Sage Loreman, T, (2009), Respecting Childhood, Continuum Madge, N. (2006) Children these days, Policy Press Postman, N. (1994) The Disappearance of Childhood, New York: Random Books Prout, A., (2005), The future of Childhood, London: Routledge/Falmer. Sambell, K., Gibson, M. and Miller, S. (2010) Studying Childhood and Early Childhood: A guide for students, 2nd edition, Sage Study guides Smith, R. (2010) A Universal Child?, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan Wyness, M., (2008), Childhood & Society: An Introduction to the Sociology of Childhood, 2nd edition, Basingstoke, Macmillan/Palgrave. KEY JOURNALS Childhood Children’s Geographies Children & Society International Journal of Children’s Rights Youth & Society (Sage) Youth Justice

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