Estuary & Shelf Sea Processes
Rhedir gan School of Ocean Sciences
20 Credyd neu 10 Credyd ECTS
Trefnydd: Prof Thomas Rippeth
For most people, their nearest stretch of salt water is either in an estuary or a shelf sea. These relatively shallow water bodies provide us with transport links, recreation, food and mineral resources. Accordingly, they are also areas of significant human influence. They play host to a unique set of processes which determine the nature of the water column structure and hence exchange between the terrestrial environment and the ocean. This module introduces the physical, chemical and sedimentary processes occurring in shelf seas and estuaries which unlie models for the management of these important systems.
This course introduces the fundamental processes occurring in shelf seas and estuaries and examines the relationship between physics, chemistry and sediments. Topics covered include: air-sea interaction (heat, gases etc) water column structure: seasonal stratification and mixing inputs of fresh water at the coast and estuarine circulation movement of sediments in shelf seas and estuaries the behaviour of nutrients and other chemicals in the estuarine environment how these processes interact to affect water quality and influence the management of estuaries by man palaeo-oceanography of shelf seas The course is taught through lectures, laboratory and computer practicals and a field course.
Partial understanding of basic principles of shelf sea and estuarine physics Basic appreciation of the principles of estuarine and shelf sea sedimentation processes Basic knowledge of the source, cycling and fate of nutrients and other chemicals in estuaries Basic understanding of the palaeo-oceanography of shelf seas
Clear understanding of basic principles of shelf sea and estuarine physics Clear appreciation of the principles of estuarine and shelf sea sedimentation processes Comprehensive knowledge of the source, cycling and fate of nutrients and other chemicals in estuaries Good understanding of the palaeo-oceanography of shelf seas
Thorough understanding of basic principles of shelf sea and estuarine physics Highly developed appreciation of the principles of estuarine and shelf sea sedimentation processes Thorough knowledge of the source, cycling and fate of nutrients and other chemicals in estuaries Highly developed understanding of the palaeo-oceanography of shelf seas
Appreciate how physical, chemical, geological and biological processes interact to affect water quality and influence the management of estuaries by man
Demonstrate an understanding of the way that stratification forms and is destroyed in shelf seas and estuaries, and a knowledge of fronts that lie between stratified and mixed water
Demonstrate an understanding of the principal chemical processes in shelf seas and estuaries, and how these are related to physical forcing.
Demonstrate an understanding of the role of the suspended and seabed sediments in shelf seas and estuaries and the processes which control sediment suspension and transport
Appreciate sources, sinks and cycles of nutrients and other chemicals in estuaries.
Master some simple laboratory techniques to assess chemical distributions in estuaries.
|GWAITH CWRS||Heating & Stirring Numerical Modelling Exercise||
Online test to follow-up from class based introduction to numerical modelling of the positions of shelf sea fronts.
|GWAITH CWRS||Online test: Estuarine Chemistry||
Online test to follow up on lab based marine bio geochemistry exercises.
|GWAITH CWRS||Sediment transport||
Online test assessing a lab based instrumentation workshop and computer based data analysis exercise.
Exam to test full range of learning outcomes.
|GWAITH CWRS||Estuaries and Estuarine Flushing||
Online test to assess a computer based practical examining key characteristics of estuarine circulation.
Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu
Two 1 hour lectures per week
|Practical classes and workshops||
Four 3 hour practicals covering the physics, chemistry and sedimentology of estuaries and shelf seas. These include student led numerical modelling studies, numerical problem solving, lab based chemical experiments and geoscience work.
- Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
- Rhifedd - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio rhifau ar lefelau priodol o gywirdeb
- Defnyddio cyfrifiaduron - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio ystod o feddalwedd cyfrifiadurol
- Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
- Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
- Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
- Sgiliau Rhyngbersonol - Gallu gofyn cwestiynau, gwrando'n astud ar atebion a'u harchwilio
- Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
- Ymwybyddiaeth o ddiogelwch - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch amgylchedd a hyder o ran cadw at reoliadau iechyd a diogelwch
- Gwaith Tîm - Gallu cydweithio'n adeiladol ag eraill ar dasg gyffredin, ac/neu fod yn rhan o dîm gweithio o ddydd i ddydd
- Hunanymwybyddiaeth & Ystyried - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch cryfderau, gwendidau, nodau ac amcanion eich hun. Gallu adolygu ,cloriannu a myfyrio'n rheolaidd ar eich perfformiad eich hun ac eraill.
Rhagofynion a Chydofynion
Rhagofynnol ar gyfer:
Cyrsiau sy’n cynnwys y modiwl hwn
Gorfodol mewn cyrsiau:
- F650: BSC Geological Oceanography year 2 (BSC/GEO)
- 8S54: BSc Geological Oceanography (with International Experience) year 2 (BSC/GEOIE)
- F842: BSc Marine Geography year 2 (BSC/MARG)
- F710: BSC Marine Environmental Studies year 2 (BSC/MES)
- F713: BSc Marine Environmental Stud with International Experience year 2 (BSC/MESIE)
- F7F6: BSc Ocean and Geophysics year 2 (BSC/OGP)
- F700: BSC Ocean Science year 2 (BSC/OS)
- F652: MSci Geological Oceanography year 2 (MSCI/GO)
- F734: MSci Physical Oceanography year 2 (MSCI/PO)
Opsiynol mewn cyrsiau:
- C163: BSC Applied Marine Biology year 2 (BSC/AMB4)
- C166: BSc Applied Marine Biology (with International Experience) year 2 (BSC/AMB4IE)
- F900: BSC Environmental Science year 2 (BSC/ES)
- 8U71: BSc Environmental Science (with International Experience) year 2 (BSC/ESIE)
- C160: BSC Marine Biology year 2 (BSC/MB)
- C165: BSc Marine Biology (with International Experience) year 2 (BSC/MBIE)
- CF17: BSC Marine Biology/Oceanography year 2 (BSC/MBO)
- C351: BSC Marine Vertebrate Zoology year 2 (BSC/MVZ)
- 2F11: BSc Marine Vertebrate Zoology (with International Experience year 2 (BSC/MVZIE)
- F840: BSc Physical Geography and Oceanography year 2 (BSC/PGO)
- F850: Master of Environmental Science year 2 (M/ENVSCI)
- 2W79: MMBiol Marine Biology (with International Experience) year 2 (MMBIOL/MBI)
- C167: MSci Marine Biology year 2 (MSCI/MB)
- F712: MSci Marine Biology and Oceanography year 2 (MSCI/MBO)
- C168: MSci Marine Vertebrate Zoology year 2 (MSCI/MVZ)