Dr Martin Austin

Photograph of Dr Martin Austin

Biography

I am a lecturer in Coastal Morphodynamics and Sediment Dynamics in the School of Ocean Sciences, and specialise in the morphological evolution of the inter-tidal and shallow sub-tidal regions of the coastal ocean. I graduated from Plymouth University in 2002 with a BSc in Ocean Science and completed my PhD in gravel beach morphodynamics at Loughborough University in 2005. I have subsequently been a Post-doctoral Research Fellow at: Plymouth University (2005 - 2007, Cross-shore sediment transport on sandy beaches); Loughborough University (2007, Dust generation on an Arctic pro-glacial flood plain); before returning once again to Plymouth (2007 - 2010, Impacts of offshore wave energy arrays on seabed and shoreline processes; and 2010 - 2013, Dynamics of rip currents and implication for beach safety).

My present research at Bangor includes:
  • WASP - Waves Across Shore Platforms. EPSRC-funded grant investigating wave attenuation processes across rocky shore platforms at multiple sites across the UK and New Zealand to produce a new numerical modelling tool.
  • Nearshore inter- to sub-tidal sediment exchange caused by the interaction of wave-driven nearshore currents, tidal currents and cross-shelf currents. This is linked to the Crown Estates Anglesey Tidal Test Site, with particular interest in nearshore sub-sea cable pathways, and encompasses field measurements of the full water column velocity, turbulence and sediment profiles.
  • Rip currents around coastal structures and headlands, sponsored by the RNLI and Met Office. Combined field and numerical modelling study around groynes, breakwaters and geological features.

Research Groups

Research Themes

Current research projects

  • EPSRC - WASP project: Waves across shore platforms (with Plymouth University and Deltares)
  • WEFO: Inshore sediment transport processes linked to Crown Estates Tidal Turbine test site
  • RNLI - Met Office: Rip currents around coastal structures. Measurement and modelling of rip currents on beaches populated by coastal structures such as groynes and breakwaters
  • EU Hydralab BARDEX 2: Barrier Dynamics Experiment 2. Sediment dynamics and morphological development of a sandy barrier beach backed by a lagoon. Prototype-scale physical experiments at the Deltaflume (the Netherlands).
  • Groundwater interaction between a freshwater lagoon and the coastal ocean through a gravel barrier beach

Recent research projects

  • NERC DRIBS project: Dynamics of Rip Currents and Implications for Beach Safety Seasonal and multi-annual morphological change of a multi-barred macro-tidal beach
  • Wave Hub Impacts on Seabed and Shoreline Processes - WHISSP
  • Macro-tidal rip current experiment
  • Cross-shore sediment transport and profile evolution on natural beaches - X-Shore
  • Contemporary relationships between glacifluvial and Aeolian sediment systems in West Greenland
  • Gravel beach morphodynamics and sediment transport
  • Swash, groundwater and sediment transport processes on gravel beaches

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal Papers

Scott, T., Austin, M. J., Masselink, G., and Russell, P. (2016).
Dynamics of rip currents associated with groynes - field measurements, modelling and implications for beach safety. Coastal Engineering, 107, 53-69.

Ruju, A., Conley, D., Masselink, G., Austin, M. J., Puleo, J., Lanckriet, T., and Foster, D. (2015).
Boundary layer dynamics in the swash zone under large-scale laboratory conditions. Coastal Engineering, 1-15. doi: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2015.08.004.

Turner, I. L., Rau, G. C., Austin, M. J. and Andersen, M. S. (submitted).
Groundwater fluxes and flow paths within coastal barriers: observations from a large-scale laboratory experiment (BARDEX II). Coastal Engineering.

Austin, M J, Masselink, G., Scott, T. M., and Russell, P. E. (2014).
Water-level controls on macro-tidal rip currents. Continental Shelf Research 75, 28-40

Masselink, G., Austin, M. J., Scott, T. M., Poate, T. G. and Russell, P. E. (2014).
Role of wave forcing, storms and NAO in outer bar dynamics on a high-energy, macro-tidal beach. Geomorphology, 226, 76 - 93.

Poate, T., Masselink, G., Russell, P. and Austin, M. J. (2014).
Morphodynamic variability of high-energy macrotidal beaches, Cornwall, UK. Marine Geology, 350, 97-111.

Scott, T., Masselink, G., Austin, M. J., and Russell, P. (2014).
Controls on macrotidal rip current circulation and hazard. Geomorphology, 214, 198 - 215.

Austin, M. J., T. M. Scott, P. E. Russell, and G Masselink (2013).
Rip current prediction: development, validation and evaluation of an operational tool. Journal of Coastal Research 29(2), 283-300.

Austin, M. J., G Masselink, R. T. McCall, and T. G. Poate (2013).
Groundwater dynamics in coastal gravel barriers backed by freshwater lagoons and the potential for saline intrusion: two cases from the UK. Journal of Marine Systems 123-124, 19-32.

Austin, M. J., G Masselink, P. E. Russell, I. L. Turner, and C. E. Blenkinsopp (2011).
Alongshore fluid motions in the swash zone of a sandy and gravel beach. Coastal Engineering 58(8), 690-705.

Bullard, J. E. and M. J. Austin (2011).
Dust generation on a proglacial floodplain, West Greenland. Aeolian Research 3(1), 43-54.

Austin, M. J., T. M. Scott, J. W. Brown, J. A. Brown, J. H. MacMahan, G Masselink, and P. E. Russell (2010).
Temporal observations of rip current circulation on a macro-tidal beach. Continental Shelf Research 30(9), 1149-1165.

MacMahan, J. H., J. W. Brown, J. A. Brown, E. B. Thornton, A. J. H. M. Reniers, T. P. Stanton, M Henriquez, E. L. Gallagher, J Morrison, M. J. Austin, T. M. Scott, and N Senechal (2010).
Mean Lagrangian flow behavior on an open coast rip-channeled beach: A new perspective. Marine Geology 268(1-4), 1-15.

Austin, M. J., G. Masselink, T. O'Hare, and P. Russell (2009).
Onshore sediment transport on a sandy beach under varied wave conditions: Flow velocity skewness, wave asymmetry or bed ventilation? Marine Geology 259(1-4), 86-101.

Austin, M. J., T. M. Scott, J. W. Brown, J. A. Brown, and J. H. Macmahan (2009).
Macrotidal rip current experiment : circulation and dynamics. Journal of Coastal Research 2009(56).

Austin, M. J. and D. Buscombe (2008).
Morphological change and sediment dynamics of the beach step on a macrotidal gravel beach. Marine Geology 249(3-4), 167-183.

Austin, M. J. and G Masselink (2008).
The effect of bedform dynamics on computing suspended sediment fluxes using optical backscatter sensors and current meters. Coastal Engineering 55(3), 251-260.

Masselink, G, M Austin, J Tinker, T O'Hare, and P Russell (2008).
Cross-shore sediment transport and morphological response on a macrotidal beach with intertidal bar morphology, Truc Vert, France. Marine Geology 251(3-4), 141-155.

Masselink, G., D. Buscombe, M. Austin, T. O'Hare, and P. Russell (2008).
Sediment trend models fail to reproduce small-scale sediment transport patterns on an intertidal beach. Sedimentology 55(3), 667-687.

Austin, M. J., G. Masselink, T. J. O'Hare, and P. E. Russell (2007).
Relaxation time effects of wave ripples on tidal beaches. Geophysical Research Letters 34(16), 1-5.

Masselink, G., M. J. Austin, T. J. O'Hare, and P. E. Russell (2007).
Geometry and dynamics of wave ripples in the nearshore zone of a coarse sandy beach. Journal of Geophysical Research 112(C10).

Austin, M. J. and G Masselink (2006).
Observations of morphological change and sediment transport on a steep gravel beach. Marine Geology 229(1-2), 59-77.

Austin, M. J. and G Masselink (2006).
Swash - groundwater interaction on a steep gravel beach. Continental Shelf Research 26(20), 2503-2519.

Book Chapters

Scott, T. M., Russell, P. E., Masselink, G., Austin, M. J., Wills, S., and Wooler, A. (2011).
"Rip current hazards on large-tidal beaches in the United Kingdom". In Rip Currents: Beach Safety, Physical Oceanogaphy, and Wave Modeling (pp. 225-242).

Austin, M. J. (2006).
"Near real-time scientific data from video imaging". In: Kultur und Informatic - Entwickler, Architekten und Gestalter. Ed. by J Sieck and M. A. Herzog. Franfurt am Main: Peter Lang - Europaeischer Verlag der Wissenschaften, p. 113.

Additional Publications

Austin, M. J., T. M. Scott, P. E. Russell, and G Masselink (2013).
Dynamics of rip currents of macro-tidal beaches. In: 12th International Coastal Symposium. CERC. Plymouth, UK.

Scott, T. M., M. J. Austin, P. E. Russell, and G Masselink (2013).
Lagrangian rip current behaviour on a macro-tidal beach. In: 12th International Coastal Symposium. CERC. Plymouth, UK.

Turner, I. L., G. C. Rau, M. S. Andersen, M. J. Austin, J. A. Puelo, and G Masselink (2013).
Coastal sand barrier hydrology - observations from the BARDEX II prototype-scale laboratory experiment. In: 12th International Coastal Symposium. CERC. Plymouth, UK.

van Dongeren, A, L Sembiring, R Sasso, M. J. Austin, J. A. Roelvink, M van Ormondt, and J van Thiel de Vires (2013).
Rip current prediction through model-data assimilation on two distinct beaches. In: Coastal Dynamics 2013. Bordeaux, France: ASCE.

Thorpe, A, J Miles, G Masselink, P. E. Russell, T. M. Scott, and M. J. Austin (2012).
Field measurements of bedforms in a rip channel on a macro-tidal beach. In: 33rd International Conference on Coastal Engineering. ACSE. Santander, Spain.

Conley, D. C. and M. J. Austin (2011).
The use of HF radar for resource assessment. In: EGU General Assembly 2011. EGU. Vienna, Austria.

Masselink, G, T. M. Scott, M. J. Austin, and P. E. Russell (2011).
Experience the power of rip currents. Bang Goes The Theory, Episode 2. Television broadcast, BBC1. London.

Poate, T, M. J. Austin, P. E. Russell, G Masselink, and K Kingston (2011).
3D Beach response to seasonal wave climate, Cornwall, UK. In: Coastal Sediments. ASCE. Florida, USA.

Austin, M. J. and D. A. Huntley (2010).
Analysis of inshore wave scenarios along the Sizewell region of East Anglia in the southern North Sea, UK. Tech. rep. Geomorphology work package of the EDF-Energy BEEMS Project, Cefas, Lowestoft. Coastal Processes Research Group, School of Marine Science and Engineering, Plymouth University, Plymouth PL4 8AA: Plymouth University.

Austin, M. J., T. M. Scott, J. W. Brown, J. A. Brown, and J. H. Macmahan (2009).
Macrotidal rip current experiment: circulation and dynamics. In: 10th International Coastal Symposium. CERC. Lisbon, Portugal.

Austin, M. J., G Masselink, I. L. Turner, D Buscombe, and J. Williams (2008).
Groundwater seepage between a gravel barrier beach and a freshwater lagoon. In: 31st International Conference on Coastal Engineering. ASCE. Hamburg, Germany.

Masselink, G, M. J. Austin, P. E. Russell, and T. J. O'Hare (2008).
Field investigations of wave ripple dynamics in the shallow nearshore of two sandy beaches. In: 31st International Conference on Coastal Engineering. ASCE. Hamburg, Germany.

Austin, M. J. and J. E. Bullard (2007).
Variation and distribution of sediments in a mixed glacifluvial- aeolian system in West Greenland. In: AGU Fall Meeting. San Francisco, USA.

Bullard, J. E. and M. J. Austin (2007).
Contemporary proglacial aeolian sediment transport in West Greenland. In: AGU Fall Meeting. Vol. 1. San Francisco, USA, pp.1385.

Buscombe, D., M. Austin, and G. Masselink (2007).
Field Observations of Step Dynamics on a Macrotidal Gravel Beach. In: Coastal Sediments. ASCE.

Austin, M. J. (2006).
Wireless data transfer in scientific applications. In: Wireless communication and Information Conference 2006. E-Learning-Zentum der FHTW Berlin. Berlin, Germany.

Tinker, J, P. E. Russell, G Masselink, T. J. O'Hare, T Butt, and M. J. Austin (2006).
Cross-shore sediment transport and profile evolution on natural beaches: the X-Shore Project. In: 30th International Conference on Coastal Engineering. ASCE. San Diego, USA.

Tinker, J, P. R. Russell, G Masselink, T. J. O'Hare, T Butt, M. J. Austin, P Ganderton, and E. L. Gallagher (2006).
Field measurements of velocity moment shape functions. In: Coastal Sediments, pp.1-13.

Austin, M. and G. Masselink (2005).
Infiltration and exfiltration on a steep gravel beach: implications for sediment transport. In: Proceeding Coastal Dynamics '05. Barcelona, Spain: ASCE.

PDF copies of some of these publications are available (as indicated by hyperlinks in the list) for non-commercial research and educational purposes only. You may not use the material for commercial purposes or make multiple copies without requesting permission from the copyright holder (usually the book or journal publisher).