Dr Martin Skov
Senior Lecturer in Marine Biology
Room: 408 Westbury Mount Phone: 01248 383846
Web: Google Scholar
I did a BSc (1st Class Hons) in marine biology with Bangor University in 1996, which followed by a PhD in mangrove ecology with Liverpool University in 2001. My postdoctoral career took me through a two year research fellowship with Lisbon University in Portugal, studying crustacean recruitment dynamics, a one year postdoc with Bangor University on phytoplankton research, and a 3 year postdoctoral fellowship with Southampton University, in which I used intertidal snails and biofilms to test model predictions related to resource distribution and habitat fragmentation. I returned to Bangor University in 2009 for a Research Lectureship, which in January 2013 led to a permanent lectureship and later a Senior Lectureship with the School of Ocean Sciences.
I am an experimental ecologist with particular interests in the ecological functioning and ecosystem services of coastal salt marshes, mangroves and seagrasses. My research focuses particularly on regulators of landscape-scale functioning, such as examining what determines the delivery of natural coastal protection and carbon sequestration by marshes and mangroves, and explaining and predicting long- and medium-term changes in marsh and mangrove area cover. I have a strong interest in the human interactions with coastal wetlands, including wellbeing associations and how ecosystem management impacts on ecosystem service delivery. My work includes fundamental experimentation with ecosystem simulations in the field and hydrological flumes, use of historical data, records and systematic observations for understanding long-term processes in coastal systems.
- Mangrove Ecology PhD (Liverpool University)
- Marine Biology BSc
I teach a series of undergraduate and postgraduate courses and modules, and Direct the MSc in Marine Environmental Protection with Ocean Sciences. I am an External Examiner for the Marine Biology BSc course of Swansea University.
Past and present PhD students
Mr Mark Chatting (co-supervised with Prof. Lewis le Vay) researches the landscape scale functioning of arid mangroves in Qatar and addresses the question ‘What drives mangrove existence in low rainfall regions of the world’. The research focuses on mangrove production, carbon sequestration, nutrient inwelling/outwelling and faunal composition and biomass, including fish.
Ms Mollie Duggan-Edwards (co-supervised with Prof. Stuart Jenkins) is studying the patterns and changes in salt marshes in the United Kingdom and whether marsh vulnerability can be explained by physical contextual determinants, including sea-level rise. Mollie uses a variety of techniques, from flume to field based experiments, photogrammetry and historical remote sensing images.
Mr Cai Ladd (doctoral degree pending) worked on the long-term changes in the salt marshes of Great Britain, exploring existing photographic, satellite and map records to reconstruct marsh changes over 150 years, and linking these to datasets of environmental-change, to identify the long-term causes for marsh change.
Dr Elwyn Sharps (PhD 2015) was co-supervised with Prof Jan Hiddink. Elwyn studied trade-offs between livestock grazing and saltmarsh habitat provisioning for birds.
Dr Rachel Kingham Harvey (PhD 2014) examined the impacts of livestock grazing on saltmarsh carbon stocks and the carbon cycle in Welsh and English salt marshes. She detected no impact of grazing on carbon across 23 marshes, despite strong evidence of above-ground effects.
Mr Angus Garbutt. Angus studied various aspects of saltmarsh managed realignment in the UK. Angus has worked as a professional mangrove consultant and researcher for more than 20 years; he put his PhD studies on hold in 2017 for personal reasons.
External PhD Advisory for:
Ms Kate Davison, Swansea University. Kate is studying the impact of grazing management on saltmarsh functioning, including as a habitat for pollinators.
Dr Selena Gress (PhD 2016) studied carbon storing by East African mangroves.
- Large-scale predictions of salt-marsh carbon stock based on simple observations of plant community and soil typeFord, H, Garbutt, A, Duggan-Edwards, M, Pages, JF, Harvey, R, Ladd, C & Skov, MW 2019, 'Large-scale predictions of salt-marsh carbon stock based on simple observations of plant community and soil type' Biogeosciences, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 425. DOI: 10.5194/bg-16-425-2019
- Opposing indirect effects of domestic herbivores on saltmarsh erosionPages Fauria, J, Jenkins, S, Bouma, T, Sharps, E & Skov, M 2018, 'Opposing indirect effects of domestic herbivores on saltmarsh erosion' Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-018-0322-5
- Climate change and marine conservation: SaltmarshLadd, C, Skov, M, Lewis, H & Leegwater, E 2018, Climate change and marine conservation: Saltmarsh. MCCIP. DOI: 10.14465.2018.ccmco.005-smr
- Livestock grazing alters multiple ecosystem properties and services in salt marshesDavidson, KE, Fowler, MS, Skov, M, Doerr, SH, Beaumont, N & Griffin, JN 2017, 'Livestock grazing alters multiple ecosystem properties and services in salt marshes: a meta-analysis' Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 1395-1405. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12892
- Nest trampling and ground nesting birdsSharps, E, Smart, J, Mason, LR, Jones, K, Skov, M, Garbutt, A & Hiddink, J 2017, 'Nest trampling and ground nesting birds: quantifying temporal and spatial overlap between cattle activity and breeding redshank' Ecology and Evolution, vol. 7, no. 16, pp. 6622-6633. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.3271
- The importance of canopy complexity in shaping seasonal spider and beetle assemblages in saltmarsh habitatsFord, H, Evans, B, van Klink, R, Skov, M & Garbutt, A 2017, 'The importance of canopy complexity in shaping seasonal spider and beetle assemblages in saltmarsh habitats' Ecological Entomology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 145-155. DOI: 10.1111/een.12373
- Light grazing of saltmarshes increases the availability of nest sites for Common Redshank Tringa totanus, but reduces their qualitySharps, E, Garbutt, A, Hiddink, JG, Smart, J & Skov, MW 2016, 'Light grazing of saltmarshes increases the availability of nest sites for Common Redshank Tringa totanus, but reduces their quality' Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 221, pp. 71-78. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.01.030
- Soil stabilization linked to plant diversity and environmental context in coastal wetlandsFord, H, Garbutt, A, Ladd, C, Malarkey, J & Skov, MW 2016, 'Soil stabilization linked to plant diversity and environmental context in coastal wetlands' Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 259-268. DOI: 10.1111/jvs.12367
- Impact of climate change on UK estuaries: A review of past trends and potential projectionsRobins, PE, Skov, MW, Lewis, MJ, Gimenez, L, Davies, AG, Malham, SK, Neill, SP, McDonald, JE, Whitton, TA, Jackson, SE & Jago, CF 2015, 'Impact of climate change on UK estuaries: A review of past trends and potential projections' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 169, pp. 119-135. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2015.12.016
- Facing the future: the importance of substratum features for ecological engineering of artificial habitats in the rocky intertidalFirth, LB, White, FJ, Schofield, M, Hanley, ME, Burrows, MT, Thompson, RC, Skov, MW, Evans, AJ, Moore, PJ & Hawkins, SJ 2015, 'Facing the future: the importance of substratum features for ecological engineering of artificial habitats in the rocky intertidal' Marine and Freshwater Research, vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 131-143. DOI: 10.1071/MF14163
- Light grazing of saltmarshes is a direct and indirect cause of nest failure in Common Redshank Tringa totanusSharps, E, Smart, J, Skov, MW, Garbutt, A & Hiddink, JG 2015, 'Light grazing of saltmarshes is a direct and indirect cause of nest failure in Common Redshank Tringa totanus' Ibis, vol. 157, no. 2, pp. 239-249. DOI: 10.1111/ibi.12249
- Biodiversity in intertidal rock pools: Informing engineering criteria for artificial habitat enhancement in the built environmentFirth, LB, Schofield, M, White, FJ, Skov, MW & Hawkins, SJ 2014, 'Biodiversity in intertidal rock pools: Informing engineering criteria for artificial habitat enhancement in the built environment' Marine Environmental Research, vol. 102, no. December, pp. 122-130. DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.03.016
- Rapid losses of surface elevation following tree girdling and cutting in tropical mangrovesKipkorir, J, Lang'at, S, Kairo, JG, Mencuccini, M, Bouillon, S, Skov, MW, Waldron, S & Huxham, M 2014, 'Rapid losses of surface elevation following tree girdling and cutting in tropical mangroves' PLoS ONE, vol. 9, no. 9. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0107868
- Outwelling from arid mangrove systems is sustained by inwelling of seagrass productivityWalton, ME, Al-Maslamani, I, Skov, MW, Al-Shaikh, I, Al-Ansari, IS, Kennedy, HA & Le Vay, L 2014, 'Outwelling from arid mangrove systems is sustained by inwelling of seagrass productivity' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 507, pp. 125-137. DOI: 10.3354/meps10827
- Between a rock and a hard place: Environmental and engineering considerations when designing coastal defence structuresFirth, LB, Thompson, RC, Bohn, K, Abbiati, M, Airoldi, L, Bouma, TJ, Bozzeda, F, Ceccherelli, VU, Colangelo, MA, Evans, A, Ferrario, F, Hanley, ME, Hinz, H, Hoggart, SP, Jackson, JE, Moore, P, Morgan, EH, Perkol-Finkel, S, Skov, MW, Strain, EM, van Belzen, J & Hawkins, SJ 2014, 'Between a rock and a hard place: Environmental and engineering considerations when designing coastal defence structures' Coastal Engineering, vol. 87, pp. 122-135. DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.10.015
- Identifying knowledge gaps hampering application of intertidal habitats in coastal protection: Opportunities & steps to takeBouma, TJ, van Belzen, J, Balke, T, Zhu, Z, Airoldi, L, Blight, AJ, Davies, AJ, Galvan, C, Hawkins, SJ, Hoggart, SP, Lara, JL, Losada, IJ, Maza, M, Ondiviela, B, Skov, MW, Strain, EM, Thompson, RC, Yang, S, Zanuttigh, B, Zhang, L & Herman, PM 2014, 'Identifying knowledge gaps hampering application of intertidal habitats in coastal protection: Opportunities & steps to take' Coastal Engineering, vol. 87, pp. 147-157. DOI: 10.1016/j.coastaleng.2013.11.014
- Species mixing boosts root yield in mangrove treesLang’at, JK, Kirui, BK, Skov, MW, Kairo, JG, Mencuccini, M & Huxham, M 2012, 'Species mixing boosts root yield in mangrove trees' Oecologia. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-012-2490-x
- Patchiness in resource distribution mitigates habitat loss: insights from high-shore grazers.Skov, MW, Hawkins, SJ, Volkelt-Igoe, M, Pike, J, Thompson, RC & Doncaster, CP 2011, 'Patchiness in resource distribution mitigates habitat loss: insights from high-shore grazers.' Ecosphere, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 60. DOI: 10.1890/ES11-00017.1
- Intra- and inter-specific facilitation in mangroves may increase resilience to climate change threats.Huxham, M, Kumara, MP, Jayatissa, LP, Krauss, KW, Kairo, J, Langat, J, Mencuccini, M, Skov, MW & Kirui, B 2010, 'Intra- and inter-specific facilitation in mangroves may increase resilience to climate change threats.' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, vol. 365, no. 1549, pp. 2127-2135. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2010.0094
- Decomposition of mangrove roots: effects of location, nutrients, species identity and mix in a Kenyan forest.Huxham, M, Langat, J, Tamooh, F, Kennedy, H, Mencuccini, M, Skov, MW & Kairo, JG 2010, 'Decomposition of mangrove roots: effects of location, nutrients, species identity and mix in a Kenyan forest.' Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 135-142. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2010.03.021
- Past and present grazing boosts the photo-autotrophic biomass of biofilms.Skov, MW, Volkelt-Igoe, M, Hawkins, SJ, Jesus, B, Thompson, RC & Doncaster, CP 2010, 'Past and present grazing boosts the photo-autotrophic biomass of biofilms.' Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 401, pp. 101-111. DOI: 10.3354/meps08481
- Influence of species richness and environmental context on early survival of replanted mangroves at Gazi bay, Kenya.Kirui, BY, Huxham, M, Kairo, J & Skov, MW 2008, 'Influence of species richness and environmental context on early survival of replanted mangroves at Gazi bay, Kenya.' Hydrobiologia, vol. 603, pp. 171-181. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-007-9270-3
- Growth of Crassostrea gigas spat and juveniles under differing environmental conditions at two sites in WalesKing, JW, Malham, SK, Skov, MW, Cotter, E, Latchford, JW, Culloty, SC & Beaumont, AR 2006, 'Growth of Crassostrea gigas spat and juveniles under differing environmental conditions at two sites in Wales' Aquatic Living Resources, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 289-297. DOI: 10.1051/alr:2006030
- Carbon storage in intertidal environments (C-SIDE)
- Saltmarsh-NET workshop
- Workshop to review current paradigms on saltmarsh ecosystem functioning and ecosystem services
- Examine relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem service flows
- Examine relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem service flows
- Swahili Seas
- Researcher Exchange Programme - Bruno Jesus
C-SIDE - Carbon Storage in Intertidal Environments (2018-2021). Research grant (£784,112). Funding body: NERC: NE/RO10846/1. Team: Austin W (lead), Skov MW, Barlow N, Payne R, Gehrels W, Paterson D, Burden, A, Garbutt AR, Jones ML
CoastWEB - Valuing the contribution which coastal habitats make to human health and Wellbeing, with a focus on the alleviation of natural hazards (2016-2019). Research grant (£1,077,209). Funding body: NERC: NE/N013573/1. Team: Beaumont N (lead), Skov MW, Garbutt A, and others.
RESILCOAST - Integrating ecosystem resilience into coastal planning for the persistence of natural flood protection and wetland ecosystem services (2014-2018). Research Consortia grant (£568,000). Funding body: NRN-LCEE (National Research Network for Low carbon Energy and the Environment, Wales. http://www.nrn-lcee.ac.uk/). Team involves 7 research institutions in UK and Netherlands: Skov MW (lead), Ballinger R, Beaumont N, Bouma T, Emmer L, Fowler M, Garbutt A, Griffin J, Jenkins SJ, and Lazarus E.
Arid Mangroves - Ecological function of arid mangroves (2014-2018). Research grant (£157,276 to Bangor). Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF). NPRP 7-1302-1-242. Team: le Vay L (lead), Walton MEM, Skov MW, Kennedy H, Al-Maslamani IAMJ.
CESEA - Governance, trading and stores of carbon in seagrass to mangrove systems (2013-2016). Research grant (£235,000). Funding body: NERC-ESPA programme: NE/L001535/1Team: Huxham M, Skov MW, Kairo JG et al.
CBESS - A hierarchical approach to the examination of the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem service flows across coastal margins (2012-2016). Consortia grant (£401,869). Funding body: NERC-BESS programme: NE/J015350/1. Team: Paterson D (lead), Skov MW, Garbutt A, Hockley N, and others.
Swahili Seas - Payment for Ecosystem services involving mangroves (2010-2014). - This project set up the world’s first carbon-trading project involving mangroves, called Mikoko Pamoja – it was the first to do this for ‘blue-carbon’ ecosystems. Research grant (£250,000). Funding body: NERC-ESPA programme: NE/I003401/1. Team: Huxham M (lead), Skov MW, Kairo JG and others.
THESEUS - Innovative technologies for safer European coasts in a changing climate (2009-2014). This project had a strong emphasis on researching natural coastal protection. Zanuttigh B (lead), Hawkins SJ, Bouma TJ, and others.
CAMARV - Capacity Building for Mangrove Assessment, Restoration and Valuation in East Africa (2009-2010). Capacity-building grant with a focus on Payment for Ecosystem Services, PES (£85,000). NERC ESPA programme: NE/G008078/1. Team: Huxham M (lead), Skov MW and Kairo JG.
WINKLES - Consumer responses to habitat depletion: food-refuge interactions in periwinkles. (2004-2008). I was a postdoc on this project. We examined how resource distribution would affect populations threatened by extinction. Team: Doncaster P, Hawkins SJ, Thompson RG.
PUMPSEA - Peri-Urban Mangrove forests as filters and potential Phyto-remediators of domestic Sewage in East Africa (2004-2008). Research grant (£1.2 mill). Funding body: EU FP-6. Team: Skov MW (composed grant), Guerreiro J (lead), Paula J, et al.