Dr Mattias Green

Photograph of Dr Mattias Green

Biography

I did my MSc and PhD at the Earth Sciences Centre, Göteborg University in Gothenburg Sweden, for Professor Anders Stigebrandt. The thesis focused on the interaction between inshore areas and the coastal ocean, with special attention to the dynamics of strait flows and how we can use physical oceanography to combat eutrophication. After finishing my PhD I worked as a lecturer and director of undergraduate studies at Göteborg University before moving to Wales for a postdoc position working with John Simpson and Tom Rippeth on the structure of turbulence in shelf seas using Autosub. I was then awarded and advanced NERC Fellow on the effects of sea-level change on the dissipation of tidal energy in the past, present and future and how that may impact on climate.
From 2013 I held a position as senior lecturer, then Reader from 2016, in physical oceanography at School of Ocean Sciences.

Research Interests

My primary research is on modelling changes in the global and regional tides in the past, present, and future oceans. This includes looking at how the tidal energy is lost and how the subsequent mixing generated by the tides is distributed in the ocean. As an application I investigate how changes of the global tides affect the climate controlling overturning circulation under different scenarios, and how changes in the shelf-sea tides can affect the open ocean tides. I also work with observations and theoretical analysis on ocean turbulence, internal waves, and mixing in shelf seas in order to improve our understanding of how the ocean is mixed, and how we can improve ocean models to better replicate the mixing. One connection of this work is to investigate how the physics control biogeochemical processes, especially primary production at the shelf break, and how these have changed as the tides change over long time-scales. My previous research includes the dynamics of strait flows, especially flow resistance mechanisms and hydraulic controls, and the coupling between strait flows and basin water dynamics in fjords and semi-enclosed seas.

Research Groups

Research Themes

Research grants awarded

Fluxes Across Steep Topography in the North East Atlantic (FASTNEt): NERC directed consortium, PI for Bangor's component and lead scientist for Work Package 3 (Tides).

2008-2013: NERC Advanced Fellowship: Mattias Green
Mixing in the open ocean from the last glacial maximum to the present: tidal dissipation and ocean resonance

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal Papers

A. Schmittner, J.A.M. Green, and S-B. Wilmes, 2015
Large acceleration of the ocean's meridional overturning circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum due to enhanced tidal mixing. Geophysical Research Letters, doi:10.1002/2015GL063561.
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Buijsman, M.C., Arbic, B.K., Green, J.A.M., Helber, R.W. , Richman, J.G., Shriver, J.F. , Timko, P.G., Wallcraft, A., (2015)
Optimizing internal wave drag in a forward barotropic model with semidiurnal tides, Ocean Modelling, 85, 42-55, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.11.003

Palmer, M.R., Stephenson, G. R., Inall, M.E., Balfour, C., Dusterhus, A. and Green, J.A.M. 2015
Turbulence and Mixing by Internal Waves In The Celtic Sea Determined From Ocean Glider Microstructure Measurements. Journal of Marine Systems, 144, 7-69.

Rippeth, Tom P., Ben J. Lincoln, Yueng-Djern Lenn, J. A. Mattias Green, Arild Sundfjord and Sheldon Bacon (2015).
Tide-mediated warming of Arctic halocline by Atlantic heat fluxes over rough topography. Nature Geoscience, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2350

S.H.R. Rosier, H.G. Gudmundsson, and J.A.M. Green, 2015
Temporal variations in the flow of a large Antarctic ice-stream controlled by tidally induced changes in the subglacial water system. The Cryosphere, 9, 1649-1661.
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Stephenson, Gordon R. Jr., Joanne E. Hopkins, J. A. Mattias Green, Mark E. Inall and Matthew R. Palmer (2015).
Wind-mixing by storms modifies baroclinic energy flux on the Celtic Sea shelf. Geophysical Research Letters, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062627

Herold N., J. Buzan, M. Seton, A. Goldner, J. A. M. Green, R. D. Müller, P. Markwick, and M. Huber (2014)
A suite of early Eocene (55 Ma) climate model boundary conditions, Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 2077-2090, 2014

Hopkins, J. E., Stephenson, G., Green, J. A. M., et al. 2014
Storms modify baroclinic energy fluxes in a seasonally stratified shelf sea: inertial-tidal interaction. Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, doi:10.1002/ 2014JC010011.
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Pelling H. and Green M., (2014).
Impact of flood defences and sea-level rise on the European Shelf tidal regime. Continental Shelf Research 85, pp. 96-105.

Rosier, S. H. R., Green, J. A. M., Scourse, J. D., and Winkelmann, R. 2014
Modeling Antarctic tides in response to ice shelf thinning and retreat. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 119. DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009240.
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Rosier, S.H.R., Gudmundsson, H.G. and Green, J.A.M. 2014
Insights into ice stream dynamics through modelling their response to tidal forcing. The Cryosphere, 8, 1763-1775, doi:10.5194/tc-8-1763-2014
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Stammer D., R. D. Ray, O. B. Andersen, B. K. Arbic,W. Bosch, L. Carràre, Y. Cheng,, D. S. Chinn, B. D. Dushaw, G.D. Egbert, S. Y. Erofeeva, H. S. Fok, J. A. M. Green, S. Griffiths, M. A. King, V. Lapin, F. G. Lemoine, S. B. Luthcke, F. Lyard, J. Morison, M. Müller, L. Padman, J. G. Richman, J. F. Shriver, C. K. Shum,, E. Taguchi, and Y. Yi (2014)
Accuracy Assessment of Global Ocean Tide Models. Reviews of Geophysics 52, doi:10.1002/2014RG000450.

Wilmes. S. B. and Green, J. A. M. 2014
The evolution of tides and tidal dissipation over the past 21,000 years, Journal of Geophysical Research, 119(7), 4083-4100. DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009605

Green, J. A. M. and David, T. W. 2013
Modelling the tides in the South China Sea without assimilation. Deep-Sea Research 78, 42-48.

Green, J. A. M. and Huber, M. 2013
Tidal dissipation in the early Eocene and implications for ocean mixing. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, doi:10.1002/grl.50510.

Green, J.A.M. and Nycander, J. 2013
A comparison of internal wave-drag parameterizations for tidal models. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 104-119.

Palmer, M. R., Polton, J., Inall, M. E., Rippeth, T. P., Green, J. A. M, Sharples, J. and Simpson, J. H. 2013
Variable behavior in pycnocline mixing over shelf seas. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, doi:10.1029/2012GL054638.

Pelling, H. E. and Green, J. A. M., 2013
Sea-level rise, tidal power, and tides in the Bay of Fundy. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1-11.

Pelling, H. E., Green, J. A. M. and Ward, S. L. 2013
Tides and sea-level rise: to flood or not to flood. Ocean Modelling, 60, 21-29.

Pelling, H. E., Uehara, K., and Green, J. A. M. 2013
The impact of rapid coastline changes on the tides in the Bohai Sea, China. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 3462-3472.

Williams, C. A. J., Sharples, J., Green, J. A. M., Mahaffey, C., and Rippeth, T. P. 2013
Mixing-driven nutrient fluxes and new production in a seasonally stratified shelf sea. L&O Fluids and Environment, 3, 61-73.

Pickering, M.D., Wells, N.C., Horsburgh, K.J. and Green, J.A.M. 2012
The impact of future sea-level rise on the European Shelf tides. Continental Shelf Research, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2011.11.011
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Ward, S.L., Green, J.A.M., Pelling, H.E. 2012
Tides, sea-level rise and tidal power extraction on the European shelf. Ocean Dynamics, 62, 1153-1167. DOI 10.1007/s10236-012-0552-6.

Green, C. L., Green, J. A. M., and Bigg, G. R, (2011)
Deep draft icebergs from the Barents Ice Sheet during MIS 6 are consistent with erosional evidence from the Lomonosov Ridge, central Arctic. Geophysical research Letters 37, L23606, doi:10.1029/2010GL045299, 2010

Green, C. L., Green, J. A. M., and Bigg, G. R, (2011)
Simulating the impact of freshwater surges and deep-draft icebergs from the MIS 6 Barents Ice Sheet Collapse. Paleoceanography, 26, PA2211, doi:10.1029/2010PA002088. Selected for AGU Research Spotlight.

Green, J. A. M. and Bigg, G. R., 2011
Impacts on the global ocean circulation from vertical mixing and a collapsing Ice Sheet. Journal of Marine Research, 69, 221-244.

Green, J.A.M. (2010)
Ocean tides and resonance. Ocean Dynamics 60, 1243-1253. doi: 10.1007/s10236-010-0331-1

Green, J. A. M., J.H.Simpson, S.A.Thorpe and T.P.Rippeth (2009).
Observations of internal tidal waves in the isolated seasonally stratified region of the western Irish Sea. Continental Shelf Research, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2009.11.004

Green, J.A.M., Green, C.L., Bigg, G.R., Rippeth, T.P., Scourse, J.D. and Uehara, K. 2009.
Tidal mixing and the strength of the Meridional Overturning Circulation from the Last Glacial Maximum. Geophysical Research Letters 36, L15603
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J. H. Simpson, J. A. M. Green, T. P. Rippeth, T. R. Osborn, W. A. M. Nimmo-Smith (2009).
The structure of dissipation in the western Irish Sea front. Journal of Marine Systems, 77, 428-440.

Green, J. A. M., Simpson, J. H., Legg, S., Palmer, M. R., 2008
Internal waves, baroclinic energy fluxes, and mixing at the European shelf edge. Continental Shelf Research 28, 937-950, doi: 10.1016/j.csr.2008.01.014

S. A. Thorpe, J. A. M. Green, J. H. Simpson, T. R. Osborn, and W. A. M. Nimmo-Smith, 2008
Boils and turbulence in a weakly stratified shallow tidal sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 38, 1711-1730.

J. Sharples, J. F. Tweddle, J. A. M. Green, M. R. Palmer, Y-N. Kim, A. E. Hickman, P. M. Holligan, C. M. Moore, T. P. Rippeth, J. H. Simpson, and V. Krivtsov, 2007
Spring-Neap modulation of internal tide mixing and vertical nutrient fluxes at a shelf edge in summer. Limnology and Oceanography 52, 1735-1757.

M. Johnsson, J. A. M. Green, and A. Stigebrandt (2007)
Baroclinic wave drag from two closely spaced sills in a narrow fjord as inferred from basin water mixing. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, 10.1029/2006JC003694.

Green, J.A.M., Liljebladh, B. and Omstedt, T. (2006)
Physical oceanography and water exchange in the Northern Kvark Strait. Continental Shelf Research, 26, 721-732.

J. A. M. Green, J. Molvaer, and A. Stigebrandt, 2004
Hydrographic response of Holandsfjord to changed freshwater runoff. Journal of Geophysical Research 109:C7. C07021.

C. Humborg, Å. Danielsson, B. Sjöberg and M. Green, 2003
Nutrient land-sea fluxes in oligotrophic and pristine estuaries of the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 56, 781-793.

J. A. M. Green and A. Stigebrandt, 2003
Statistical models and distributions of current velocities with application to the prediction of extreme events. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf science 58, 601-609.

M. Green and A. Stigebrandt, 2002
Instrument-induced linear flow resistance in Öresund. Continental Shelf Research 22, 435-444

Additional Publications

Green, J. A. M., Davies, A.G. , Bowers, D.G. , Zhu, F. , Ward, S.L. and Porter, K. 2013
Briefing: Young Coastal Scientists and Engineers Conference 2012. Maritime Engineering, DOI: 10.1680/maen.2012.28.

T. P. Rippeth, J. C. Gascoigne, J. A. M. Green, M. E. Inall, M. R. Palmer, J. H. Simpson, and P. J. Wiles 2008
Comment on 'Observations of biologically generated turbulence in a coastal inlet' by Kunze et al. Science Online
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TP Rippeth, JC Gascoigne, M Green, ME Inall, MR Palmer, JH Simpson and PJ Wiles (2007)
Turbulent Dissipation of Coastal Seas, E-Letter posted on Science Online 7 June 2007.
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H. Andersson and M. Green, 1999
Tidal Dynamics and Water Exchange in a Shallow Bay at Inhaca Island, Mocambique. SWEDMAR Working Papers SWP 23/99.

PDF copies of some of these publications are available (as indicated by hyperlinks in the list) for non-commercial research and educational purposes only. You may not use the material for commercial purposes or make multiple copies without requesting permission from the copyright holder (usually the book or journal publisher).