The Problem of Evil
Rhedir gan School of History, Law and Social Sciences
20.000 Credyd neu 10.000 Credyd ECTS
Trefnydd: Dr Toby Betenson
The problem of evil is the most significant challenge to religious belief. How can belief in a good and powerful God be reconciled with the terrible evil in the world? If God is good, He must need or want to prevent evil; if He is powerful, then He has the power to do so; yet He does not. Is there a contradiction here? This module will introduce the problem, discuss the various solutions that have been offered to it (called ‘theodicies’), and discuss the contemporary development of ‘anti-theodicy’.
This module will outline the problem of evil, both in its historical forms (Epicurus, Hume) and its more modern presentations (J. L. Mackie, William Rowe). It will discuss the major solutions that have been offered to the problem of evil (free will defence, soul-making theodicy), along with the major thinkers who have contributed to the contemporary discussion of these solutions (Alvin Plantinga, John Hick, Marilyn Adams). Finally, it will discuss the recent development of ‘anti-theodicy’, through the work of Kenneth Surin, D. Z. Phillips, Nick Trakakis, and Toby Betenson (i.e., the convener of this course).
(C- to B+) Work in this band will demonstrate good knowledge and understanding of the philosophical debate concerning the problem of evil, and (for the higher grades) will be able to apply that knowledge and understanding to the construction of an argument relevant to the content of this course. This argument might show some minor misunderstandings, or might not be presented with impeccable structure, but will nonetheless demonstrate the student's knowledge and understanding of the subject area, and will show that they are capable of constructing a logical and coherent argument.
(A- to A*) Work in this band will demonstrate comprehensive and very detailed understanding of the philosophical debate concerning the problem of evil, based on extensive background reading, and will demonstrate an outstanding ability to construct a logical and coherent argument relevant to the content of this course.
(D- to D+) Work in this band will demonstrate a cursory knowledge of the philosophical debate concerning the problem of evil, but might show a lack of understanding, and will not demonstrate an ability to analyse or evaluate the arguments within this debate. Work in this band will fail to develop a successful argument relevant to the content of this course.
To demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the proposed solutions to the problem of evil.
To demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the problem of evil.
To analyse, research, and construct a sustained argument applicable to the content of this course.
Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu
- Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
- Defnyddio cyfrifiaduron - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio ystod o feddalwedd cyfrifiadurol
- Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
- Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
- Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
- Sgiliau Rhyngbersonol - Gallu gofyn cwestiynau, gwrando'n astud ar atebion a'u harchwilio
- Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
- Cyflwyniad - Gallu cyflwyno gwybodaeth ac esboniadau yn glir i gynulleidfa. Trwy gyfryngau ysgrifenedig neu ar lafar yn glir a hyderus.
- Dadl - Gallu cyflwyno, trafod a chyfiawnhau barn neu lwybr gweithredu, naill ai gydag unigolyn neu mewn grwˆp ehangach
- Hunanymwybyddiaeth & Ystyried - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch cryfderau, gwendidau, nodau ac amcanion eich hun. Gallu adolygu ,cloriannu a myfyrio'n rheolaidd ar eich perfformiad eich hun ac eraill.
Sgiliau pwnc penodol
- Articulacy in identifying underlying issues in a wide variety of debates.
- Precision of thought and expression in the analysis and formulation of complex and controversial problems.
- Sensitivity in interpretation of religious and philosophical texts drawn from a variety of ages and/or traditions.
- Clarity and rigour in the critical assessment of arguments presented in such texts.
- The ability to use and criticise specialised religious and philosophical terminology.
- The ability to abstract and analyse arguments, and to identify flaws in them, such as false premises and invalid reasoning.
- The ability to construct rationally persuasive arguments for or against specific religious and philosophical claims.
- The ability to move between generalisation and appropriately detailed discussion, inventing or discovering examples to support or challenge a position, and distinguishing relevant and irrelevant considerations.
- The ability to consider unfamiliar ideas and ways of thinking, and to examine critically presuppositions and methods within the disciplines of philosophy and religion.
Rhestrau Darllen Bangor (Talis)http://readinglists.bangor.ac.uk/modules/vpr-2200.html
(1) D. Z. Phillips, The Problem of Evil and the Existence of God (2) Kenneth Surin, Theology and the Problem of Evil (3) Alvin Plantinga, God, Freedom, and Evil (4) John Hick, Evil and the God of Love (5) J. L. Mackie, The Miracle of Theism (6) Nick Trakakis, The End of Philosophy of Religion
Cyrsiau sy’n cynnwys y modiwl hwn
Opsiynol mewn cyrsiau:
- V100: BA History year 2 (BA/H)
- VV41: BA Herit, Archae & Hist year 2 (BA/HAH)
- VV42: BA Heritage, Archaeology & History with International Exp year 2 (BA/HAHIE)
- V10F: BA History [with Foundation Year] year 2 (BA/HF)
- 8B03: BA History (with International Experience) year 2 (BA/HIE)
- V140: BA Modern & Contemporary History year 2 (BA/MCH)
- V130: BA Mediaeval and Early Modern His year 2 (BA/MEMH)
- VV56: BA Philosophy and Religion year 2 (BA/PHRE)
- VV5P: BA Philosophy and Religion with Placement Year year 2 (BA/PHREP)
- 3VQV: BA Philosophy and Religion and English Literature year 2 (BA/PREN)
- VVR1: BA Philosophy and Religion and French year 2 (BA/PRF)
- VVR2: BA Philosophy and Religion and German year 2 (BA/PRG)
- VVV1: BA Philosophy and Religion and History year 2 (BA/PRH)
- VVR3: BA Philosophy and Religion and Italian year 2 (BA/PRI)
- VV57: BA Philosophy and Religion with International Experience year 2 (BA/PRIE)
- VVW3: BA Philosophy and Religion and Music year 2 (BA/PRM)
- VVR4: BA Philosophy and Religion and Spanish year 2 (BA/PRS)
- VVQ5: BA Philosophy and Religion and Welsh year 2 (BA/PRW)
- VVV2: BA Philosophy and Religion and Welsh History year 2 (BA/PRWH)
- VV12: BA Welsh History/History year 2 (BA/WHH)
- M1V5: LLB Law with Philosophy and Religion year 2 (LLB/LPR)
- V102: MArts History with International Experience year 2 (MARTS/HIE)
- V101: MArts History year 2 (MARTS/HIST)