Dr Luis Gimenez

Photograph of Dr Luis Gimenez
Marine larval and benthic ecology website


I am a senior lecturer in marine biology, specialized in larval ecology of benthic invertebrates and benthic ecology. In 1991, I graduated in Biological Sciences at Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Uruguay. I did my MSc (1996) and PhD (2000) also in Uruguay, in the context of the Uruguayan Postgraduate programme (PEDECIBA) and the German academic exchange programme (DAAD). My theses were developed in the Marine Station of Helgoland, Germany, focusing on early development of marine brachyuran crabs. From 1992 to September of 2007, I had a position as Assistente Gr. 2 at Seccion Oceanología, also at Facultad de Ciencias, Uruguay. Between 2003 and 2005 I undertook postdoctoral research also at the Marine Station of Helgoland financed by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

Research Interests

My research interests are focused towards two closely related fields: larval ecology of marine crustaceans and benthic ecology of marine invertebrates. The main topics addressed within the field of larval ecology are:
(a) Larval eco-physiology: effects of environmental conditions on larval growth, development and survival
(b) Patterns of distribution, supply and settlement in relation to oceanographic conditions and transport processes
(c) Maternal, carry-over and latent effects along the complex life cycle
(d) Recruitment: effects of larval settlement and physiological condition on juvenile survival
The environmental conditions experienced by larvae may affect recruitment through density-mediated effects, i.e. through changes in the number of larvae reaching the bottom (the settlement rate) and trait-mediated effects, i.e. through changes in larval traits (e.g. growth rate) that affect juvenile survival. Density-mediated effects have been studied extensively within the framework of supply-side ecology. However, our understanding of trait-mediated effects, especially on how they operate under field conditions, is less advanced. My work has focused on trait mediated effects through experimental determination of how environmental conditions affect early life history characteristics and how these affect juvenile survival. This framework relies on interdisciplinary research (e.g. physical oceanography, marine community ecology and developmental physiology) as it addresses effects operating at the levels of populations and individuals.

Within the field of benthic ecology I have worked on intertidal soft-bottom habitats (sandy beaches, estuarine sandflats) of the Uruguayan coast, in particular on scale-dependent patterns of community structure and on the identification of potential processes affecting the patterns. Processes affecting natural communities operate at different spatial scales, leading to a scale-dependent pattern of community structure. Hence, the scale of the sampling or experimental design determines the kind of processes under study. Conclusions may therefore be contingent upon the scale of observation. In consequence, to reach a better understanding of the structure and function of communities it is necessary to consider several scales of observation.

Research Groups

Research Themes

Research Grants Awarded

The importance of habitat morphology for the structure of benthic communities in the Uruguayan coast (Muniz, Giménez). Funding agency: CSIC I+D, Uruguay.

First trophic model of a protected area: Rocha lagoon, Uruguay (Lercari, Calliari, Conde, Bonilla, Rodríguez, Norbis, Giménez). Funding agency: PDT-DINACYT, Uruguay.

Distribution patterns of freshwater fish in Uruguay (Loureiro, Arim, Giménez). Funding agency: DT-DINACYT, Uruguay.

NERC Standard Grant NEH006702/1, £489,629, Jenkins SR, Gimenez L, Burrows MT. Towards an integrative theory of recruitment in marine benthic organisms, January 2010.


Peer Reviewed Journal Papers

Robins, P.E., Skov, M.W., Lewis, M.J., Giménez, L., Davies, A.G., Malham, S.K., Neill, S.P., McDonald, J.E., Whitton, T.A., Jackson, S.E. and Jago, C.F. (2016)
Impact of climate change on UK estuaries: A review of past trends and potential projections. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 169, 119-135.
View website

Torres G, Giménez L, Pettersen AK, Bue M, Burrows MT, Jenkins SR (2016)
Persistent and context-dependent effects of the larval feeding environment on post-metamorphic performance through the adult stage. Marine Ecology Progress Series 545: 147-160.

González-Ortegón E., L Gimánez, J Blasco and L Le Vay (2015)
Effects of food limitation and pharmaceutical compounds on the larval development and morphology of Palaemon serratus. Science of the Total Environment 503, 171-178

Giménez L, Venturini N, Kandratavicius N, Hutton M, Lanfranconi M, Rodríguez M, Brugnoli E, Muniz P (2014)
Macrofaunal patterns and animal-sediment relationships in Uruguayan estuaries and coastal lagoons (Atlantic coast of South America). Journal of Sea Research 87, 46-55.

González-Ortegón E, Giménez L(2014)
Environmentally mediated phenotypic links and performance in larvae of a marine invertebrate Marine Ecology Progress Series 502,185-195

Giménez L, Jenkins SR (2013)
Combining Traits and Density to Model Recruitment of Sessile Organisms. PLoS ONE 8(3): e57849. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057849

Krause E, Wichels A, Giménez L, Gerdts G, 2013
Marine fungi may benefit from ocean acidification. Aquat Microbial Ecol. 69, 59-67

Meerhoff E, Rodríguez-Gallego L, Giménez L, Conde D, Muniz P, 2013
Spatial patterns of macrofaunal community structure in coastal lagoons of Uruguay. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 492, 97-110

Robins, P.E., Neill, S.P., Giménez, L., Jenkins, S.R. and Malham, S.K. (2013)
Physical and biological controls on larval dispersal and connectivity in a highly energetic shelf sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 58, 505-524
View website

Clements K, Giménez L, Jones D, Wilson J, Malham S (2013)
Epizoic barnacles act as pathogen reservoirs on shellfish beds. J Shellfish Res 32, 533-538

E González-Ortegón, J Blasco, L Le Vay, L Giménez (2013)
A multiple stressor approach to study the toxicity and sub-lethal effects of pharmaceutical compounds on the larval development of a marine invertebrate. Journal of Hazardous Materials 263P (2013) 233-238

Krause E, Wichels A, Giménez L, Lunau M, Schilhabel MB, et al. (2012)
Small Changes in pH Have Direct Effects on Marine Bacterial Community Composition: A Microcosm Approach. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47035. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047035
View website

Muniz P, Hutton M, Kandratavicius N, Lanfranconi A, Brugnoli E, Venturini N, Giménez L (2012)
Performance of biotic indices in naturally stressed estuarine environments on the Southwestern Atlantic coast (Uruguay): A multiple scale approach. Ecological Indicators 19:89-97
View website

Saborowski R, Schatte J, Gimenez L (2012)
Catalytic properties and polymorphism of serine endopeptidases from the midgut gland of the brown shrimp Crangon crangon (Decapoda, Caridea). Marine Biology 159:1107-1118
View website

Robins P.E., Neill S.P., Giménez L. 2012
A numerical study of marine larval dispersal in the presence of an axial convergent front. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 100, 172-185.
View website

Giménez L, 2011.
Exploring mechanisms linking temperature increase and larval phenology: The importance of variance effects. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 400, 227-235.

Torres G, Giménez L, Anger K, 2011.
Growth, tolerance to low salinity, and osmoregulation in decapod crustacean larvae. Aquat. Biol. 12, 249-260.

Acuña-Plavan A, Passadore C, Giménez L, 2010.
Fish assemblage in a temperate estuary on the Uruguayan coast: seasonal variation and environmental influence. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography 58, 299-314.

Giménez L, 2010.
Relationships between habitat conditions, larval traits and juvenile performance in a marine invertebrate. Ecology 91, 1401-1413.

Giménez L, Borthagaray A, Rodríguez M, Brazeiro A, Carranza A, 2010.
Rocky intertidal macrobenthic communities across a large-scale estuarine gradient. Scientia Marina 74, 88-100.

Borthagaray A, Brazeiro A, Giménez L, 2009.
Connectivity and patch area in a coastal marine landscape: Disentangling their influence on local species richness and composition. Aust Ecol 34, 641-652

Giménez L, 2009.
Uncertainty relationships in the estimation of settlement rates of mobile marine organisms. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 377, 103-111.

Reichert K, Buchholz F, Bartsch I, Kersten T, Giménez L, 2008.
Scale-dependent patterns of variability in species assemblages of the rocky intertidal at Helgoland (German Bight, North Sea). J. Mar Biol Ass UK. 88, 1319-1329.

Reichert K, Buchholz F, Giménez L, 2008.
Community composition of the rocky intertidal at Helgoland (German Bight, North Sea). Helgol Mar Res 62, 357-366.

Torres G, Giménez L, Anger K, 2008.
Cumulative effects of low salinity on larval growth and biochemical composition in an estuarine crab, Neohelice granulata. Aquatic Biology 2, 37-45.

Torres G, Giménez L, Anger K, 2007.
Effects of osmotic stress on crustacean larval growth and protein and lipid levels are related to life-histories: the genus Armases as a model. Comp Biochem Physiol B, 148, 209- 224.

Giménez L, Dick S, 2007.
Settlement of shore crab Carcinus maenas on a mesotidal open habitat in the context of transport processes. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 338, 159-168.

Lischka S, Giménez L, Hagen W, Ueberschär B, 2007.
Seasonal changes in digestive enzyme (trypsin) activity of the copepods Pseudocalanus minutus (Calanoida) and Oithona similis (Cyclopoida) in the Arctic Kongsfjorden (Svalbard). Polar Biology 30, 1331-1341.

Passadore C, Giménez L, Acuña A, 2007.
Composition and intra-annual variation of the macroinfauna in the estuarine zone of the Pando Stream (Uruguay). Braz J Biol 67, 631-637.

Anger K, Torres G, Giménez L, 2006.
Metamorphosis of a sesarmid river crab, Armases roberti: stimulation by adult odours vs. inhibition by salinity stress. Marine Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 39, 269-278.

Giménez L, 2006.
Phenotypic links in complex life cycles: conclusions from studies with decapod crustaceans. Int Comp Biol 46, 615-622.

Giménez L, Dimitriadis C, Carranza A, Borthagaray A, Rodríguez M, 2006.
Unravelling the complex structure of a benthic community: A multiscale-multianalytical approach to an estuarine sandflat. Estuar Coast shelf Sci 68, 462-472.

Torres G, Anger K, Giménez L, 2006.
Effects of reduced salinities on metamorphosis of a freshwater-tolerant sesarmid crab, Armases roberti: Is upstream migration in the megalopa stage constrained by increasing osmotic stress? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 338, 134-139.

Giménez L, Anger K, 2005.
Effects of temporary food limitation on survival and development of brachyuran crab larvae. J Plankton Res 27, 485-494.

Giménez L, Borthagaray A, Rodríguez M, Brazeiro A, Dimitriadis K, 2005.
Scale-dependent patterns of macroinfaunal distribution in soft-sediment intertidal habitats along a large-scale estuarine gradient. Helgol Mar Res. 59, 224- 236.

Giménez L, 2004.
Marine community ecology: the importance of trait-mediated effects propagating through complex life cycles. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 283, 303-310.

Giménez L, Anger K, Torres G, 2004.
Linking life history traits in successive phases of a complex life cycle: effects of larval biomass on early juvenile development in an estuarine crab Chasmagnathus granulata. Oikos 104, 570-580.

Calliari D, Defeo O, Cervetto G, Gómez M, Giménez L, Scarabino F, Brazeiro A, Norbis W, 2003.
Marine Life of Uruguay: critical update and priorities for future research. Gayana 67, 341-370.

Giménez L, 2003.
Potential effects of physiological plastic responses to salinity on population networks of the estuarine crab Chasmagnathus granulata. Helgol Mar Res 56, 265-273.

Giménez L, Anger K, 2003.
Larval performance in an estuarine crab, Chasmagnathus granulata, is a consequence of both larval and embryonic experience. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 249, 251-264.

Charmantier G, Giménez L, Charmantier-Daures M, Anger K, 2002.
Ontogeny of osmoregulation, physiological plasticity, and export strategy in the grapsid crab Chasmagnathus granulata (Crustacea, Decapoda). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 229,185-194.

Giménez L, 2002.
Effects of prehatching salinity and initial larval biomass on survival and duration of development in the zoea 1 of the estuarine crab, Chasmagnathus granulata, under nutritional stress. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 270, 93-110.

Giménez L, Torres G, 2002.
Larval growth in the estuarine crab Chasmagnathus granulata: the importance of salinity experienced during embryonic development, and the initial larval biomass. Mar Biol 141, 877-885.

Torres G, Giménez L, Anger K, 2002.
Effects of reduced salinity on the biochemical composition (lipid, protein) of zoea I decapod crustacean larvae. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 277, 43-60.

Yannicelli B, Palacios R, Giménez L, 2002.
Swimming ability and burrowing time of two cirolanid isopods from different levels of exposed sandy beaches J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 273, 73-88.

Giménez L, Anger K, 2001.
Relationships among salinity, egg size, embryonic development, and larval biomass in the estuarine crab Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 260, 241-257.

Yannicelli B, Palacios R, Giménez L, 2001.
Activity rhythms of two cirolanid isopods from an exposed microtidal sandy beach in Uruguay. Mar Biol 138, 187-197.

Giménez L, Yannicelli B, 2000.
Longshore patterns of distribution of macroinfauna in a Uruguayan sandy beach: an analysis at different spatial scales and their potential causes. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 199, 111-125.

Giménez L, Yannicelli B, 1997.
Variability of zonation patterns in temperate microtidal Uruguayan sandy beaches with different morphodynamic types. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 160, 197-207.

Riestra G, Giménez L and Scarabino V, 1992.
Análisis de la comunidad macrobentónica infralitoral de fondo rocoso en la isla Gorriti e isla de Lobos. Frente Marítimo 11 Sec A, 123-127.

Book Chapters

Brazeiro A, Borthagaray A, Giménez L, 2006.
Patrones geográficos de diversidad bentónica en el litoral rocoso de Uruguay. En: Conde D, Scarabino F (Eds). Bases para la conservacicón y manejo de la costa uruguaya. Vida Silvestre, Montevideo.

Giménez L, 2006.
Comunidades bentónicas estuarinas de la costa uruguaya. En: Conde D, Scarabino F (Eds). Bases para la conservacicón y manejo de la costa uruguaya. Vida Silvestre, Montevideo.

Giménez L, Yannicelli B, 2006.
Ecología de comunidades de playas de Cabo Polonio (Rocha, Uruguay). En: Conde D, Scarabino F (Eds). Bases para la conservacicón y manejo de la costa uruguaya. Vida Silvestre, Montevideo.

PDF copies of some of these publications are available (as indicated by hyperlinks in the list) for non-commercial research and educational purposes only. You may not use the material for commercial purposes or make multiple copies without requesting permission from the copyright holder (usually the book or journal publisher).