Dr Simon P. Neill

Photograph of Dr Simon Neill

Biography, etc.

I am a reader in shelf sea modelling at the School of Ocean Sciences, specialising in simulating the wave and tidal energy resource, and understanding sediment transport processes. I was awarded a BEng in Civil Engineering from the University of Dundee (1997), and a PhD in estuarine dynamics from the University of Strathclyde (2002). I have been at the School of Ocean Sciences since 2001 where I initially worked as a research fellow on various projects. I was appointed as a research lecturer in 2006, lecturer in 2013, senior lecturer in 2014 and reader in 2017

Research Interests

I investigate a wide range of oceanographic processes at a variety of spatial and temporal scales. My research methods are a combination of numerical models and ship-based observations, and I would estimate the ratio as around 70:30 in favour of modelling. My main area of research these days tends to be marine renewable energy. I quantify the wave and tidal resource over a range of (spatial and temporal) scales, and simulate the environmental impact of extracting energy from the oceans. I couple oceanographic models with atmospheric forcing, and apply much of my modelling to the study of sediment dynamics and morphodynamics. I also simulate how shelf sea processes have varied over the recent geological past, and how inter-annual and inter-seasonal variability in the climate affects the dispersal and large-scale connectivity of marine organisms such as larvae and jellyfish.


Research Groups

Research Themes

Research Grants Awarded

Sêr Cymru NRN-LCEE (Neill, Masters, O’Doherty) QUOTIENT - Quantification, optimisation, and environmental impacts of marine renewable energy (2015-2018). £506,873

Santander Mobility Grant (Neill) Marine renewable energy visit to Instituto Superior Technico, Lisbon (2014). £857

EPSRC standard grant EP/J010200/1 (O'Doherty, Neill, et al.) The effects of realistic tidal flows on the performance and structural integrity of tidal stream turbines (2012-2015). £1,389,372

Fujitsu/HPC Wales (Neill) Feedback between tidal stream array operation and the marine environment - PhD studentship (2012-2016). £75,000

European Fishery Fund (Kaiser, LeVay, McCarthy, Hiddink, Neill) Sustainable use of fisheries resources in Welsh waters (2012-2015). £2,503,000

Fujitsu/HPC Wales (Hashemi, Neill, Robins, Jago) Simulating the impacts of climate change on estuarine dynamics using an integrated catchment-to-coast model - PhD studentship (2012-2015). £70,100

NRW - Ecosystem Resilience Fund (Davies, Neill, et al.) Drivers of change and the connectivity of Sabellaria alveolata reefs within Wales (2013-2014) £89,000

Welsh European Funding Office (Neill, Davies, et al.) Low Carbon Research Institute (LCRI) Marine (2010-2013). £538,559

Welsh Crucible (Neill, Grimstead) Simulating the impacts of climate change on the coastal zone: putting the end-user in the driving seat (2011-2012). £5,752

Welsh Crucible (Gil, Neill, et al.) Development of a new sustainable elastomeric energy harvester for marine environments (2011-2012). £9,000

Santander Mobility Grant (Neill) Marine renewable energy visit to University of Santiago de Compostela (2011). £1,000

NERC standard grant NE/G020302/1 (Jago, Baas, Kennedy, Neill). Impacts of hydrological variability on material transfers through the River-Estuary Transition Zone (2009-2012). £592,776

INTERREG IVA (Malham, Neill, et al.) Shellfish productivity in the Irish Sea: working towards a sustainable future - SUSFISH (2009-2013). £638,602

NERC directed grant NE/F001266/1 (Creer, Hiddink, Neill). Sequencing the meiofaunal metagenome of the marine/freshwater interface in key estuarine ecosystems (2008-2011). £66,581

NERC urgency grant NE/E011268/1 (Hiddink, Carvahlo, Gascoigne, Kaiser, Neill). Recovery of benthic invertebrate communities and fishery overspill effects in newly created marine reserves (2007-2008). £281,251


Peer Reviewed Journal Papers

Goward-Brown, A.J., Neill, S.P. and Lewis, M.J. (2017)
Tidal energy extraction in three-dimensional ocean models. Renewable Energy 114A, 244-257.
View website

Lewis M, Neill SP, Robins P, Hashemi MR, Ward S. (2017)
Characteristics of the velocity profile at tidal-stream energy sites, Renewable Energy 114A, 258-272.
View website

Lewis, M., Angeloudis, A., Robins, P., Evans, P. S. and Neill, S. (2017) .
Influence of storm surge on tidal range energy. Energy. 122: 25-36.
View website

Neill, S.P., Vögler, A., Goward-Brown, A.J., Baston, S., Lewis, M.J., Gillibrand, P.A., Waldman, S. and Woolf, D.K., (2017)
The wave and tidal resource of Scotland. Renewable Energy 114A, 3-17.
View website

Neill, S.P., Yang, Z. and Hashemi, M.R. (2017)
Special issue: Wave and tidal resource characterization. Renewable Energy 114A, 1-2.
View website

Piano M, Neill SP, Lewis MJ,Robins PE, Hashemi MR, Davies AG, Ward SL, Roberts MJ. (In press)
Tidal stream resource assessment uncertainty due to flow asymmetry and turbine yaw misalignment. Renewable Energy
View website

Togneri M, Lewis M, Neill S, Masters I. (2017)
Comparison of ADCP observations and 3D model simulations of turbulence at a tidal energy site, Renewable Energy 114A, 273-282.
View website

Guillou, N., Chapalain, G. and Neill, S.P. (2016)
The influence of waves on the tidal kinetic energy resource at a tidal stream energy site. Applied Energy 180, 402-415.
View website

Hashemi, M.R., Grilli, S.T. and Neill, S.P. (2016)
A simplified method to estimate tidal current effects on the ocean wave power resource. Renewable Energy 96, 257-269.
View website

Neill, S.P., Hashemi, M.R. and Lewis, M.J. (2016)
Tidal energy leasing and tidal phasing. Renewable Energy 85, 580-587. (Open access)
View website

Robins, P.E., Skov, M.W., Lewis, M.J., Giménez, L., Davies, A.G., Malham, S.K., Neill, S.P., McDonald, J.E., Whitton, T.A., Jackson, S.E. and Jago, C.F. (2016)
Impact of climate change on UK estuaries: A review of past trends and potential projections. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 169, 119-135.
View website

Roche, R.C., Walker-Springett, K., Robins, P.E., Jones, J., Veneruso, G., Whitton, T.A., Piano, M., Ward, S.L., Duce, C.E., Waggitt, J.J. and Walker-Springett, G.R., Neill S., Lewis M., King J. 2016. Research priorities for assessing potential impacts of emerging marine renewable energy technologies: Insights from developments in Wales (UK). Renewable Energy, 99, pp.1327-1341.

Ward, S.L., Neill, S.P., Scourse, J.D., Bradley, S.L. and Uehara, K., 2016.
Sensitivity of palaeotidal models of the northwest European shelf seas to Glacial Isostatic Adjustment since the Last Glacial Maximum. Journal of Quaternary Science, 151, pp 198–211.

Ghadampour, Z., Hashemi, M.R., Talebbeydokhti, N., Neill, S.P. and Nikseresht, A.H. (2015)
Some numerical aspects of modelling flow around hydraulic structures using incompressible SPH. Computers and Mathematics with Applications 69, 1470-1483.
View website

Goslin, J., Van Vliet-Lanoë, B., Spada, G., Bradley, S., Tarasov, L., Neill, S. and Suanez, S. (2015)
A new Holocene relative sea-level curve for western Brittany (France): Insights on isostatic dynamics along the Atlantic coasts of north-western Europe. Quaternary Science Reviews 129, 341-365.
View website

Hashemi, M. R., Neill, S. P., Robins, P. E., Davies, A. G., and Lewis, M. J. (2015)
Effect of waves on the tidal energy resource at a planned tidal stream array. Renewable Energy 75, 626-639
View website

Lallias, D., Hiddink, J.G., Fonseca, V.G., Gaspar, J.M., Sung, W., Neill, S.P., Barnes, N., Ferrero, T., Hall, N., Lambshead, P.J.D., Packer, M., Thomas, W.K. and Creer, S. (2015)
Environmental metabarcoding reveals heterogeneous drivers of microbial eukaryote diversity in contrasting estuarine ecosystems. The ISME Journal 9, 1208-1221.
View website

Lewis, M.J., Neill, S.P., Elliott, A.J. (2015)
Inter-annual variability of two contrasting offshore sand banks in a region of extreme tidal range. Journal of Coastal Research. 31, 265-275.
View website

Lewis, M.J., Neill, S.P., Robins, P.E. and Hashemi, M.R. (2015)
Resource assessment for future generations of tidal-stream energy arrays. Energy 83, 403-415. (Open access)
View website

Robins, P.E., Neill, S.P., Lewis, M.J. and Ward, S.L. (2015)
Characterising the spatial and temporal variability of the tidal-stream energy resource over the northwest European shelf seas. Applied Energy 147, 510-522. (Open access)
View website

Ward, S.L., Neill, S.P., Van Landeghem, K.J.J. and Scourse, J.D. (2015)
Classifying seabed sediment type using simulated tidal-induced bed shear stress. Marine Geology, 367, 94-104
View website

Fonseca, V.G., Carvalho, G.R., Nichols, B., Quince, C., Johnson, H.F., Neill, S.P., Lambshead, J.D., Thomas, W.K., Power, D.M. and Creer, S. (2014)
Metagenetic analysis of patterns of distribution and diversity of marine meiobenthic eukaryotes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23, 1293-1302.
View website

Hashemi, M.R. and Neill, S.P. (2014)
The role of tides in shelf-scale simulations of the wave energy resource. Renewable Energy 69, 300-310.
View website

Hashemi, M.R., Neill, S.P. and Davies, A.G. (2014)
A coupled tide-wave model for the NW European shelf seas. Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics
View website

Lewis, M.J., Neill, S.P. and Hashemi, M.R. (2014)
Realistic wave conditions and their influence on quantifying the tidal stream energy resource. Applied Energy 136, 495-508. (Open access)
View website

Neill, S.P., Hashemi, M.R. and Lewis, M.J. (2014)
Optimal phasing of the European tidal stream resource using the greedy algorithm with penalty function. Energy 73, 997-1006.
(Open access)
View website

Neill, S.P., Hashemi, M.R. and Lewis, M.J. (2014)
The role of tidal asymmetry in characterizing the tidal energy resource of Orkney. Renewable Energy 68, 337-350
View website

Neill, S.P., Lewis, M.J., Hashemi, N.J., Slater, E., Lawrence, J. and Spall, S.A. (2014)
Inter-annual and inter-seasonal variability of the Orkney wave power resource. Applied Energy 132, 339-348.
(Open access)
View website

Robins, P.E., Neill, S.P. and Lewis, M.J. (2014)
Impact of tidal-stream arrays in relation to the natural variability of sedimentary processes. Renewable Energy, 72, 311-321.
(Open access)
View website

Goward Brown, A.J., Neill, S.P. and Lewis, M.J. (2013)
The influence of wind gustiness on estimating the wave power resource. International Journal of Marine Energy 3-4, e1-e10.
View website

Lee, P.L.M., Dawson, M.N., Neill, S.P., Robins, P.E., Houghton, J.D.R., Doyle, T.K. and Hays, G.C. (2013)
Identification of genetically and oceanographically distinct blooms of jellyfish. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 10: 20120920.
View website

Neill, S.P. and Hashemi, M.R. (2013)
Wave power variability over the northwest European shelf seas. Applied Energy 106, 31-46
View website

Robins, P.E., Neill, S.P., Giménez, L., Jenkins, S.R. and Malham, S.K. (2013)
Physical and biological controls on larval dispersal and connectivity in a highly energetic shelf sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 58, 505-524
View website

Ghadampour Z, Talebbeydokhti N., Hashemi M. R., Nikseresht A. H. and Neill S.P., (2013) Numerical simulation of free surface mudflow using incompressible SPH, IJST, 37, 77-95

Hold, N., Murray, L.G., Hinz, H., Neill, S.P., Lass, S., Lo, M. and Kaiser, M.J. (2013)
Environmental drivers of small scale spatial variation in the reproductive schedule of a commercially important bivalve mollusc. Journal of Environmental Research 92, 144-153
View website

Neill, S.P., Jordan, J.R. and Couch, S.J. (2012)
Impact of tidal energy converter (TEC) arrays on the dynamics of headland sand banks. Renewable Energy 37, 387-397.
View website

Hamidi, M.E., Hashemi, M.R., Talebbeydokhti, N. and Neill, S.P. (2012)
Numerical modelling of the mild slope equation using localised differential quadrature method. Ocean Engineering 47, 88-103.
View website

Robins P.E., Neill S.P., Giménez L. 2012
A numerical study of marine larval dispersal in the presence of an axial convergent front. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 100, 172-185.
View website

Neill, S.P., Scourse, J.D. and Uehara, K. (2010)
Evolution of bed shear stress distribution over the northwest European shelf seas during the last 12,000 years. Ocean Dynamics 60, 1139-1156.
View website

Fonseca, V.G., Carvalho, G.R., Sung, W., Johnson, H.F., Power, D.M., Neill, S.P., Packer, M., Blaxter, M.L., Lambshead, P.J.D., Thomas, W.K., Creer, S. (2010)
Second-generation environmental sequencing unmasks marine metazoan biodiversity. Nature Communications 1, 98.
View website

Hashemi, M.R., Ghadampour, Z. and Neill, S.P. (2010)
Using an artificial neural network to model seasonal changes in beach profiles. Ocean Engineering 37, 1345-1356
View website

Neill, S.P., Litt, E.J., Couch, S.J. and Davies, A.G. (2009)
The impact of tidal stream turbines on large-scale sediment dynamics. Renewable Energy 34 2803-2812
View website

Neill, S.P., Scourse, J.D., Bigg, G.R. and Uehara, K. (2009)
Changes in wave climate over the northwest European shelf seas during the last 12,000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research 114, C06015.
View website

Hiddink JG, Davies TW, Perkins M, Machairopoulou M, Neill SP (2009)
Context dependency of relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning is different for multiple ecosystem functions. Oikos 118:1892-1900

Neill, S.P. (2009)
A numerical study of lateral grain size sorting by an estuarine front. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 81, 345-352.
View website

Neill, S.P. and Scourse, J.D. (2009)
The formation of headland/island sandbanks. Continental Shelf Research 29 2167-2177
View website

Hashemi, M.R., Abedini, M.J., Neill, S.P. and Malekzadeh, P. (2008)
Tidal and surge modelling using differential quadrature: a case study in the Bristol Channel. Coastal Engineering 55, 811-819.
View website

Neill, S.P. (2008)
The role of Coriolis in sandbank formation due to a headland/island system. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 79, 419-428.
View website

Neill, S.P., Elliott, A.J. and Hashemi, M.R. (2008)
A model of inter-annual variability in beach levels. Continental Shelf Research 28, 1769-1781.
View website

Elliott, A.J. and Neill, S.P. (2007)
Simulating storm waves in the Irish Sea. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Maritime Engineering 160, 57-64.
View website

Elliott, A.J. and Neill, S.P. (2007)
The tidal flux in the Forth estuary, Scotland. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Maritime Engineering 160, 25-32.
View website

Neill, S.P., Hashemi, M.R. and Elliott, A.J. (2007)
An enhanced depth-averaged tidal model for morphological studies in the presence of rotary currents. Continental Shelf Research 27, 82-102.
View website

Ferrier, G., Macklin, J.T., Neill, S.P. , Folkard, A.M., Copeland, G.J.M. and Anderson, J.M. (2005)
Observing estuarine currents and fronts in the Tay Estuary, Scotland, using an airborne SAR with along-track interferometry (ATI). International Journal of Remote Sensing 26, 4399-4404.
View website

Neill, S.P. and Elliott, A.J. (2004)
In situ measurements of spring-neap variations to unsteady island wake development in the Firth of Forth, Scotland. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 60, 229-239.
View website

Neill, S.P. and Elliott, A.J. (2004)
Observations and simulations of an unsteady island wake in the Firth of Forth, Scotland. Ocean Dynamics 54, 324-332.
View website

Neill, S.P., Copeland, G.J.M., Ferrier, G. and Folkard, A.M. (2004)
Observations and numerical modelling of a non-buoyant front in the Tay Estuary, Scotland. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 59, 173-184.
View website

Additional Publications

Hashemi M. R, Estanislao G. Pascual-Ahuir, Simon P. Neill, Michael J. Roberts.,
Recent developments in characterizing the tidal stream resource of South Wales, UK, World Renewable Energy Conference, Kingston-London, Aug. 2014

Hashemi M. R, Neill Simon, Davies, Alan G., 2014
The implications of wave-tide interactions in marine renewables within the UK shelf seas. EIMR conference, Stornoway, April-May 2014.

Hashemi, M.R., Neill S.P. and Davies, A.G. 2012
A numerical study of wave and current fields around Ramsey Island - tidal energy resource assessment, In: XIXth TELEMAC-MASCARET User Conference, October 2012, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Robins, P.E., Neill, S.P. and Davies, A.G. 2012.
The impact of tidal energy extraction on the morphodynamics of the Irish Sea. 4th International Conference on Ocean Energy, 17 October, Dublin. pp. 6.

Neill, S.P. (2011)
Green light for marine renewables? NERC Planet Earth, Autumn 2011, pp. 14-15.

Neill, S.P. (2008)
Tidal and wave modelling of mean and extreme oceanographic conditions at west Constable Bank, Liverpool Bay. Centre for Applied Marine Sciences Report 2008-4, April 2008, 37pp.

Neill, S.P. and Kaiser, M.J. (2008)
Sources and sinks of scallops (Pecten maximus) in the waters of the Isle of Man as predicted by particle tracking models. Centre for Applied Marine Sciences Report 2008-11, May 2008, 23pp.

Macklin, T., Wolf, J., Wakelin, S., Gommenginger, C., Ferrier, G., Elliott, A.J. and Neill, S.P. (2006)
The benefits of combining coupled wave-current models with SAR observations for the interpretation of ocean-surface currents. Advances in SAR Oceanography from Envisat and ERS Missions, European Space Agency, ESA SP -613.

Macklin, T., Wolf, J., Wakelin, S., Elliott, A.J. and Neill, S.P. (2005)
Modelling of SAR signatures of bathymetric features in the Bristol Channel using a coupled wave-current model, Proceedings of the 2004 Envisat and ERS Symposium (ESA SP-572), European Space Agency, pp. 611-618.

Neill, S.P. and Elliott, A.J. (2005)
Estimates of the extreme meteorological and oceanographic conditions near Amlwch. Centre for Applied Marine Sciences Report 2005-1, April 2005, 31pp.

Elliott, A.J. and Neill, S.P. (2004)
Oceanographic observations in the Savick Brook. Centre for Applied Marine Sciences Report 2004-1, May 2004, 37pp.

Gejadze, I., Copeland, G., Neill, S.P., Fang, F. and Pain, C. (2004)
A progress report on the control of the free surface in a 3D Navier Stokes solver for coastal applications. Proceedings of the International Conference on Estuarine and Coastal Modeling, pp. 681-694.

PDF copies of some of these publications are available (as indicated by hyperlinks in the list) for non-commercial research and educational purposes only. You may not use the material for commercial purposes or make multiple copies without requesting permission from the copyright holder (usually the book or journal publisher).