Professor Stuart Jenkins

Photograph of Prof Stuart Jenkins


I graduated in Zoology from Cambridge University in 1990 and undertook my PhD at Port Erin Marine Laboratory, University of Liverpool between 1991 and 1995. My PhD focused on plant-animal interactions on algal-dominated, sheltered rocky shores. I remained at Port Erin on the Isle of Man for a further 6 years, undertaking two post-doctoral research posts. The first, extended my interests in inter-tidal ecology over a European scale within the EUROROCK project, and the second, broadened my horizons to examine the impacts of demersal fishing techniques on benthic communities. In 2001 I was appointed a Research Fellow at the Marine Biological Association where I developed a research group in experimental benthic ecology. In 2007 I moved to the School of Ocean Sciences and in 2009 was appointed Reader in Marine Ecology. I was awarded a personal chair in October 2015.

Research Interests

I am an experimental benthic ecologist with interests in both rocky intertidal and sublittoral sedimentary habitats. My research in the past 10 years has focused on four main areas: 1) supply side ecology of benthic marine invertebrates using acorn barnacles as model organisms; 2) the consequences of biodiversity loss to the functioning of marine ecosystems; 3) the role of key herbivores in intertidal systems and the generality of their effects over large geographic scales; 4) anthropogenic impacts on benthic sedimentary communities. These areas are discussed in more detail on my personal home page:

Research Groups

Research Themes

Research Grants Awarded

Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, Portugal (Jenkins, Hawkins, Neto, Thompson, Martins) £45,000 Community structure and dynamics of the Azorean rocky intertidal: interaction of recruitment regime and exploitation of keystone species. (January 2006-December 2008)

English Nature: Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund (Jenkins and Frost) £108,759 - An environmental context to the effects of marine aggregate dredging (August 2005- March 2007)

NERC Standard grant (NE/B504649/1) (Jenkins, Thompson, Hawkins, Burrows) £230,010 Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: tests using rockpools as natural mesocosms (October 2004- September 2007)

Fundacao para a Ciencia e a Tecnologia, Portugal (Jenkins and Martins) Environmental mediation of biodiversity-ecosystem function relationships in the marine environment £13,000 (September 2004- September 2005)

The Nuffield Foundation: (Jenkins) £1450 Larval transport of meroplankton: the role of vertical migration (July 2004-September 2004)

Esmee Fairburn Foundation (Arenas and Jenkins) £20,000 ALIENS: Conserving native biodiversity by raising awareness of invasive species (April 2004-March 2007 )

NERC Small Grant (NER/B/S/2003/00266) (Jenkins, Hawkins and Arenas) £25,785 Susceptibility of marine algal communities to alien invasion: the role of functional diversity (October 2003-June 2004)

NERC New Investigators Award (NER/M/S/2002/00117) (Jenkins) £50,868 Interaction of recruitment and post-recruitment processes in controlling population dynamics of benthic marine invertebrates (February 2003- March 2005)

BES Small Ecological Project Grant (Jenkins and Boalch) £1424 Long term change in marine phytoplankton communities: extraction and analysis of forty years of data (January 2003-January 2004)


Peer Reviewed Journal Papers

Robins, PE., King, J., Tita, A and Jenkins, S. (2017)
Predicting the dispersal of wild Pacific oysters Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg, 1793) from an existing frontier population - a numerical study. Aquatic Invasions. 12.

Torres G, Giménez L, Pettersen AK, Bue M, Burrows MT, Jenkins SR (2016)
Persistent and context-dependent effects of the larval feeding environment on post-metamorphic performance through the adult stage. Marine Ecology Progress Series 545: 147-160.

Whitton, T.A., Jenkins, S.R., Richardson, C.A., Hiddink, J.G., 2016.
The effect of macrofaunal disturbance on Cerastoderma edule post-larvae. J. Sea Res. 112, 23-31. doi:10.1016/j.seares.2016.03.002
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Cusson M, Crowe TP, Araújo R, Arenas F, Aspden R, Bulleri F, Davoult D, Dyson K, Fraschetti S, Herkül K, Hubas C, Jenkins SR, Kotta J, Kraufvelin P, Migné A, Molis M, Mulholland O, Noël LMJ, Paterson DM, Saunders J, Somerfield PJ, Sousa-Pinto I, Spilmont N, Terlizzi A, Benedetti-Cecchi L In press
Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems: comparisons at a European scale using meta-analysis Journal of Sea Research

Ferreira JG, Hawkins SJ and Jenkins SR In press
Physical and biological control of fucoid recruitment in range edge and range centre populations Marine Ecology Progress Series

Whitton TA, Jenkins SR, Richardson CA and Hiddink JG (2015)
Changes in small scale spatial structure of cockle Cerastoderma edule (L.) post-larvae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 468, 1-10.
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Ferreira JG, Arenas F, Martínez B, Hawkins SJ, Jenkins SR 2014
Physiological response of fucoid algae to environmental stress: comparing range centre and southern populations New Phytologist 202: 1157-1172

King, N.G., Duncan P.F., Kennington, K., Wootton, E. and Jenkins, S.R. (2014)
Characterisation of shell disease syndrome in the brown crab, Cancer pagurus, in a Discrete Irish Sea Fishery. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 34(1), 40-46

Murua J, Burrows MT, Hughes RN, Hawkins SJ, Thompson RC, Jenkins SR. 2014
Phenotypic variation in shell form in the intertidal acorn barnacle Chthamalus montagui: distribution, response to predators and life history trade offs. Marine Biology 161(11) 2609-2619

Roche, RC, Monnington, JM, Newstead, RG, Sambrook, K, Griffith, K, Holt, RHF, Jenkins, SR (2014).
Recreational vessels as a vector for marine non-natives: developing biosecurity measures and managing risk through an in-water encapsulation system. Hydrobiologia 12/2014; 750(1). DOI:10.1007/s10750-014-2131-y

Sambrook K, Holt RHF, Griffith KM, Roche RC, Newstead R, Wyn G, Jenkins SR 2014
Capacity, capability and cross-border challenges associated with marine eradication programmes in Europe: the attempted eradication of an invasive non-native ascidian, Didemnum vexillum. Marine Policy 48: 51-58

Bohn K, Richardson CA, Jenkins SR 2013
Larval microhabitat associations of the non-native gastropod Crepidula fornicata and effects on recruitment success in the intertidal zone. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 448: 289-297

Bohn K, Richardson CA, Jenkins SR 2013
The importance of larval supply, larval habitat selection and post-settlement mortality in determining intertidal adult abundance of the invasive gastropod Crepidula fornicate. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 440: 132-140

Giménez L, Jenkins SR (2013)
Combining Traits and Density to Model Recruitment of Sessile Organisms. PLoS ONE 8(3): e57849. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057849

Hawkins SJ, Firth LB, McHugh, M, Poloczanska E, Herbert R, Burrows MT, Kendall M, Moore P, Thompson RC, Jenkins SR, Genner MJ, Sims DW, Mieszkowska N (2013)
Data archaeology: recycling old information for new concerns. Marine Policy 42: 91-98

Johnson, A. F., Jenkins, S., Hiddink, J. G. and Hinz, H. (2013).
Linking temperate demersal fish species to habitat: scales, patterns and future directions. Fish and Fisheries, 14: 256-280 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2012.00466.x.

Laming SR, Jenkins SR, McCarthy ID (2013)
Repeatability of escape response performance in the queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis). Journal of Experimental Biology 216, 3264-3272, doi:10.1242/jeb.080416.

Robins, P.E., Neill, S.P., Giménez, L., Jenkins, S.R. and Malham, S.K. (2013)
Physical and biological controls on larval dispersal and connectivity in a highly energetic shelf sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 58, 505-524
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Sciberras M, Hinz H, Bennell J, Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Kaiser MJ 2013
Benthic community response to a scallop dredging closure within a dynamic seabed habitat. Marine Ecology Progress Series 480:83-98

Sciberras M, Jenkins SR, Kaiser MJ, Hawkins SJ and Pullin AS. 2013
Evaluating the relative conservation value of fully and partially protected marine areas. Fish and Fisheries, 16 (1), 58-77. DOI: 10.1111/faf.12044

Crowe TP, Cusson M, Bulleri F, Davoult D, Arenas F, Aspden R, Benedetti-Cecchi L, Bevilacqua S, Davidson I, Defew E, Fraschetti S, Golléty C, Griffin JN, Herkül K, Kotta J, Migné A, Molis M, Nicol SK, Noël L, Sousa Pinto I, Valdivia N, Vaselli S, Jenkins SR. 2013
Large-scale variation in combined impacts of canopy loss and disturbance on community structure and ecosystem functioning. PLoS ONE 8(6): e66238. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066238

Sciberras M, Jenkins SR, Kaiser MJ, Hawkins SJ and Pullin AS. 2013
Evaluating the biological effectiveness of fully and partially protected marine areas. Environmental Evidence 2:4 doi:10.1186/2047-2382-2-4

Bohn K, Richardson CA, Jenkins SR 2012
The invasive gastropod Crepidula fornicata: reproduction and recruitment in the intertidal at its northern most range in Wales, U.K. and implications for its secondary spread. Marine Biology 159: 2091-2103

Bulleri F, Benedetti-Cecchi L, Cusson M, Maggi E, Arenas F, Aspden R, Bertocci I, Crowe TP, Davoult D, Eriksson BK, Fraschetti S, Golléty C, Griffin J, Jenkins SR, Kotta J, Kraufvelin P, , Molis M, Sousa Pinto I, Terlizzi A, Valdivia N, Paterson DM (2012)
The temporal stability of European rocky shore assemblages: variation across a latitudinal gradient and the role of habitat-formers. Oikos 121:1801-1809

Davies, T. W., Jenkins, S. R., Kingham, R., Hawkins, S. J. and Hiddink, J. G. (2012)
Extirpation-resistant species do not always compensate for declines in ecosystem processes associated with biodiversity loss. Journal of Ecology, 100, 1475-1481.

Fenberg P, Caselle J, Claudet J, Clemence M, Gaines S, Garcia-Charton JA, Goncalves E, Grorud-Colvert K, Guidetti P, Jenkins SR, Jones P, Lester S, McAllen R, Moland E, Planes S, Sorensen T 2012
The science of European marine reserves: status, efficacy, and future needs. Marine Policy 36, 1012-1021

Johnson, A.F., Valls Mir, M., Moranta, J., Jenkins, S., Hiddink, J., Hinz, H. (2012)
Effect of prey abundance and size on the distribution of demersal fishes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 69: 191-200

Whitton, T., Richardson, C. A., Jenkins, S. R. and Hiddink, J. G. (2012)
The effect of prey aggregation on predation rates: juvenile shore crabs (Carcinus maenas) foraging on post-larval cockles (Cerastoderma edule). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 432-433, 29-36.
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Martins GM, Arenas F, Neto AI, Jenkins SR 2012
Effects of fishing and regional species pool on the functional diversity of fish communities PLoS ONE 7(8): e44297. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044297

Davies TW, Jenkins SR, Kingham R, Kenworthy J, Hawkins SJ, and Hiddink, JG 2011
Dominance, biomass and extinction resistance determine the consequences of biodiversity loss for multiple coastal ecosystem processes. PLoS ONE 6(12): e28362
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Gröner F, Lenz M, Wahl M, Jenkins SR 2011
Stress resistance in two colonial ascidians from the Irish Sea: the recent invader Didemnum vexillum is more tolerant to hypo-salinity than the cosmopolitan Diplosoma listerianum. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 409:48-52

Lenz M, da Gama BAP, Gerner NV, Gobin J, Groener F, Harry A, Jenkins SR, Kraufvelin P, Mummelthei C, Sareyka J, Xavier EA, Wahl M 2011 Non-native marine invertebrates are more tolerant towards environmental stress than taxonomically related native species. Results from a globally replicated study. Environmental Research 111: 943-952

Hinz H, Capasso E, Lilley M, Frost M, Jenkins JR. (2011)
Temporal differences across a bio-geographical boundary reveals slow response of sub-littoral benthos to climate change. Marine Ecology Progress Series 432: 69-82

Martins GM, Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Neto AI, Medeiros AR, Thompson RC, 2011
Illegal harvesting affects the success of fishing closure areas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association 91: 929-937

Burrows MT, Jenkins SR, Robb L, Harvey R, 2010
Spatial variation in size and density of adult and post-settlement Semibalanus balanoides: disentangling effects of oceanography and local conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 398: 207-219

Capasso, E., Jenkins, SR., Frost, M., Hinz, H. (2010)
Investigation of benthic community change over a century-wide scale in the Western English Channel. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 90(6):1161-1172

Griffin JN, Noel L, Crowe T, Burrows MT, Hawkins SJ, Thompson RC, Jenkins SR 2010
Consumer effects on ecosystem functioning in rockpools: roles of species richness and composition Marine Ecology Progress Series 420: 45-56

Konar B, Iken, K, Cruz-Motta, J, Benedetti-Cecchi L, Knowlton A, Pohle G, Miloslavich P, Edwards M, Trott T, Kimani E, Riosmena-Rodriguez R, Wong M, Jenkins SR, Angelica S, Sousa Pinto I, Shirayama Y. 2010
Current patterns of macroalgal diversity and biomass in northern hemisphere rocky shores PLOSOne 5: 1-8.

Martins GM, Thompson RC, Neto AI, Hawkins SJ, Jenkins SR 2010
Enhancing stocks of the exploited limpet Patella candei via modifications in coastal engineering. Biological Conservation 143: 203-211

Martins GM, Thompson RC, Neto AI, Hawkins SJ, Jenkins SR. 2010
Exploitation of intertidal grazers as a driver of community divergence. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 1282-1289

Noel LM-LJ, Griffin JN, Thompson RC, Hawkins SJ, Burrows MT, Crowe TP, Jenkins SR. 2010
Assessment of a field incubation method estimating primary productivity in rockpool communities. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 88: 153-159

Sundelöf A, Jenkins SR, Svensson CJ, Delany J, Hawkins SJ Åberg P 2010
Determinants of reproductive potential and population size in open populations of Patella vulgata Marine Biology 157: 779

Amaral V, Cabral HN, Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Paula J 2009
Comparing quality of estuarine and nearshore intertidal habitats for Carcinus maenas Estuarine, coastal and shelf science 83: 219-226

Griffith K, Mowatt S, Holt RHF, Ramsay K, Bishop J, Lambert G, Jenkins SR 2009
First records in Great Britain of the invasive colonial ascidian Didemnum vexillum. Aquatic Invasions 4: 581-590

Amaral V, Paula J, Hawkins SJ, Jenkins SR 2009
Cannibalistic interactions in two co-occurring decapod species:effects of density, food, alternative prey and habitat. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 368 88-93

Griffin JN, Méndez V, Johnson A, Jenkins SR, Foggo A. 2009
Functional diversity predicts overyielding effect of species combination on primary productivity Oikos 118: 37-44

Griffin, JN, Jenkins, SR, Gamfeldt, L, Jones, D, Hawkins, SJ, Thompson, RC 2009
Spatial heterogeneity increases the importance of species richness for an ecosystem process. Oikos 118,: 1335-1342
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Griffin JN, De La Haye KL, Hawkins SJ, Thompson RC, Jenkins SR 2008
Predator diversity and ecosystem functioning: density modifies the effect of resource partitioning. Ecology 89: 298-305

Jenkins SR, Moore P, Burrows MT, Garbary DJ, Hawkins SJ, Ingólffson A, Sebens KP, Snelgrove PVR, Wethey DS, Woodin SA 2008
Comparative ecology of North Atlantic shores: do differences in players matter for process? Ecology 89 S3-S23

Jenkins SR, Murua J, Burrows MT, 2008
Temporal changes in the strength of density-dependent mortality and growth in intertidal barnacles Journal of Animal Ecology 77: 573-584

Martins GM, Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Neto AI, Thompson RC 2008
Exploitation of rocky intertidal grazers: population status and potential impacts on community structure and functioning. Aquatic Biology 3:1-10

Martins GM, Neto A, Thompson RC, Hawkins SJ, Jenkins SR 2008
Rocky intertidal community structure in oceanic islands: scales of spatial variability Marine Ecology Progress Series 356: 15-24

Masterson PE, Arenas F, Thompson RC, Jenkins SR 2008
Interaction of top down and bottom up factors in the rocky intertidal: effects on early successional macroalgal community composition, abundance and productivity. Journal of Experimental Biology and Ecology 363 12-20

Martins GM, Hawkins SJ, Thompson RC, Jenkins SR 2007
Community structure and functioning in intertidal rockpools: effects of pool size and shore height at different successional stages. Marine Ecology Progress Series 329:43-55
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Arenas F, Sanchez I, Hawkins SJ, Jenkins SR 2006
The invasibility of marine algal assemblages:role of functional diversity and identity. Ecology 87: 2851-2861
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Coleman, R.A., Underwood, A.J., Benedetti-Cecchi, L., Aberg, P., Arenas, F., Arrontes, J., Castro, J., Hartnoll, R.G., Jenkins, S.R., Paula, J., Della Santina P. and Hawkins, S.J. (2006)
A continental scale evaluation of the role of limpet grazing on rocky shores. Oecologia, 147, 556-564.
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Cervin G, Äberg PA, Jenkins SR 2005
Small scale disturbance in a stable canopy dominated community: implications for macroalgal recruitment and growth. Marine Ecology Progress Series 305:31-40
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Davenport J, Berggren MS, Brattegard T, Brattenborg N, Burrows M, Jenkins SR, McGrath D, MacNamara R, Sneli J-A, Walker G. 2005
Doses of darkness control latitudinal differences in breeding date in the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides (L.) Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK 85: 59-63
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Jenkins SR 2005
Larval habitat selection not larval supply determines settlement patterns and adult distribution in two chthamalid barnacles. Journal of Animal Ecology 74:893-904
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Jenkins SR, Coleman RA, Hawkins SJ, Burrows MT, Hartnoll RG. 2005
Regional scale differences in determinism of grazing effects in the rocky intertidal. Marine Ecology Progress Series 287:77-86

Svennson CJ, Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Äberg PA. 2005
Population resistance to climate change: modelling the effects of low recruitment in open populations Oecologia 142:117-126
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Thompson, R. C., P. S. Moschella, S. R. Jenkins, T. A. Norton, and S. J. Hawkins. 2005.
Differences in photosynthetic marine biofilms between sheltered and moderately exposed rocky shores. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 296:53-63.
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Jenkins SR, Mullen C, Brand AR. 2004
Predator and scavenger aggregation to discarded by-catch from dredge fisheries: importance of damage level. Journal of Sea Research 51: 69-76
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Jenkins SR, Norton TA, Hawkins SJ. 2004
Long term effects of Ascophyllum nodosum canopy removal on mid shore community structure. Journal of the Marine Biological Association 84: 327-329
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Svensson CJ, Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Myers AA, Range P, Paula J, O'Riordan RM, Äberg PA. 2004
Models of open populations with density dependent recruitment in stochastic environments: an application to the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides. Marine Ecology Progress Series 275: 185-197

Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ. 2003
Barnacle larval supply to sheltered rocky shores: a limiting factor? Hydrobiologia 503: 143-151
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Jenkins SR, Lart W, Vause B, Brand AR. 2003
Seasonal swimming behaviour in the queen scallop (Aequipecten opercularis) and its effect on dredge fisheries. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 289:163-179
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Maguire JA, Coleman, A, Jenkins SR, Burnell GM. 2002
Effects of dredging on undersized scallops. Fisheries Research 56:155-165

Maguire JA, Donoghue MO, Jenkins SR, Brand AR, Burnell GM. 2002
Temporal and spatial variability in dredging induced stress in the great scallop Pecten maximus (L.) Journal of Shellfish Research 21: 81-86

Maguire JA, Jenkins SR, Burnell GM. 2002
The effects of repeated dredging and speed of tow on undersized scallops. Fisheries Research 58, 367-377

Beukers-Stewart BD, Jenkins SR, Brand AR. 2001
The efficiency and selectivity of spring-toothed scallop dredges: a comparison of direct and indirect methods of assessment. Journal of Shellfish Research 20:121-126

Jenkins SR, Äberg P, Cervin G, Coleman RA, Delaney J, Hawkins SJ, Hyder K, Myers AA, Paula J, Power A-M, Range P, Hartnoll RG. 2001
Population dynamics of the intertidal barnacle Semibalanus balanoides at three European locations: Spatial scales of variability. Marine Ecology Progress Series 217: 207-217
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Jenkins SR, Arenas F, Arrontes J, Bussell JA, Castro J, Coleman RA, Hawkins SJ, Kay S, Martinez B, Oliveros J, Roberts MF, Sousa S, Thompson RC, Hartnoll RG (2001)
European-scale analysis of seasonal variability in limpet grazing activity and microalgal abundance. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 211: 193-203

Jenkins SR, Arenas F, Arrontes J, Castro J, Coleman RA, Hartnoll RG, Hawkins SJ, Kay S, LaCroix E, Martinez B, Oliveros J, Roberts MF, Thompson RC. 2001
European-scale analysis of seasonal variability in limpet grazing activity and microalgal abundance. Marine Ecology Progress Series 211: 193-203
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Jenkins SR, Beukers-Stewart B, Brand AR. 2001
The impact of scallop dredging on benthic megafauna: a comparison of damage levels in captured and non-captured organisms. Marine Ecology Progress Series 215: 297-301
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Jenkins SR, Brand AR. 2001
The effect of dredge capture on the escape response of the great scallop, Pecten maximus (L.): implications for the survival of undersized discards. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 266:33-50
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Jenkins SR, Hartnoll RG. 2001
Food supply, grazing activity and growth in the limpet Patella vulgata: a comparison between exposed and sheltered shores. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 258: 123-129

Jenkins SR, Äberg P, Cervin G, Coleman RA, Delaney J, Della Santina P, Hawkins SJ, LaCroix E, Myers AA, Lindergarth M, Power A-M, Hartnoll RG. 2000
Spatial and temporal variation in the settlement and recruitment of the intertidal barnacle Semibalanus balanoides (L.) (Crustacea: Cirripedia) over a European scale. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 243: 209-225

Thompson RC, Jenkins SR, Bussell JA (2000)
A method for recording predator -prey encounters between crabs and limpets using wax replicas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association UK 80: 633-638

Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Norton TA. 1999
Direct and indirect effects of a macroalgal canopy and limpet grazing in structuring a sheltered inter-tidal community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 188: 81-92
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Jenkins SR, Hawkins SJ, Norton TA. 1999
Interaction between a fucoid canopy and limpet grazing in structuring a low shore intertidal community. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 233: 41-63 PDF 1999a
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Jenkins SR, Norton TA, Hawkins SJ. 1999
Interactions between canopy forming algae in the eulittoral zone of sheltered rocky shores on the Isle of Man. Journal of the Marine Biological Association UK79: 341-349

Jenkins SR, Norton TA, Hawkins SJ. 1999
Settlement and post-settlement interactions between Semibalanus balanoides (L.) (Crustacea: Cirripedia) and three species of fucoid canopy algae. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 236:49-67
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Additional Publications

Johnson, A. F., Gorelli, G., Jenkins, S. R., Hiddink, J. G. and Hinz, H. (2015)
Effects of bottom trawling on fish foraging and feeding. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences., 282, 20142336.
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Sambrook, K., Griffith, K. and Jenkins, S.R. (2014)
Review of monitoring of marine non-native species in Great Britain and evaluation of gaps in data dissemination. Natural Resources Wales; Report 20.

PDF copies of some of these publications are available (as indicated by hyperlinks in the list) for non-commercial research and educational purposes only. You may not use the material for commercial purposes or make multiple copies without requesting permission from the copyright holder (usually the book or journal publisher).