Run by School of Natural Sciences
20 Credits or 10 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Dr Lars Markesteijn
Overall aims and purpose
This module aims to familiarise foresters and those concerned with forest ecosystems with the forest and tree health problems which have caused and are likely to have significant environmental, social and economic impact in the UK specifically, and globally, whether in commercial plantation or ‘natural’ forest ecosystems. A series of lectures and supporting field visits will give a general overview of the organisms causing problems, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, fungal like organisms, arthropods and mammals and parasitic plants. The module will follow a classical disease triangle approach whereby interacting factors of plant defence, organismal pathogenicity and environmental factors are considered. In case studies historical and current problems will be examined and their causes for wide scale spread and high levels of disease will be explored. The case studies will focus on a number of the newer exotic problems which have impacted on the UK's forest estate and will also examine the potential reasons for this and consider how these will be overcome and the longer term outcomes. Distinctions and comparisons will be made between the pathogens which have been in the UK forest ecosystems for millennia. The in-depth focus of the module will concentrate on both fungal and insect issues and will examine future scenarios for forest health in line with climate change predictions. Some of the course content will focus on policy issues.
Forest Health, a definition
Introduction to the problems in the forest: biotic, abiotic and interactions, particularly with climatic factors.
An examination of forest population dynamics and a comparison between managed plantation and natural forest ecosystems and its impact on forest heath Epidemiology: the kinetics of diseases. An introduction to new and emerging tree health issues within the UK and current concerns within forests and urban tree ecosystems Pests and pathogens of concern, and causes of problems The importance of plant and fungal genetics and quarantine Indigenous and long established problems, their impact and control Past failures in forestry and major international tree pathology events over the last 2 centuries.
Grade D- to D+ Have a basic understanding of tree and forest health issues, show a basic knowledge of the conditions and organisms involved in different pest and disease severity
Grade C- to B+ As above but at a higher level of understanding and be able to demonstrate evidence of reading original papers rather than grey literature digests.
Grade A- and above As above but extensive level of knowledge and understanding and evidence of widespread use of both current and historical literature.
Critical understanding of the organisms likely to harm trees and their broader significance
Critical understanding of the reasons for spread of, and success of, organisms causing forest health issues
Critical understanding of environmental factors which determine the development of pests and diseases
Critical understanding of different management and control options for long term tree-crops and for more natural forest ecosystems
General understanding of the likely effects of climate change on forest health
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Teaching and Learning Strategy
1*3 hour plenary session to discuss findings, make conclusions and recommendations for plant health
Private and guided self-study
14*1 hour lectures
6*2 hour student-led seminars.
3*3 hour field visit
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Numeracy - Proficiency in using numbers at appropriate levels of accuracy
- Computer Literacy - Proficiency in using a varied range of computer software
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Safety-Consciousness - Having an awareness of your immediate environment, and confidence in adhering to health and safety regulations
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Teamwork - Able to constructively cooperate with others on a common task, and/or be part of a day-to-day working team
- Mentoring - Able to support, help, guide, inspire and/or coach others
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
- Self-awareness & Reflectivity - Having an awareness of your own strengths, weaknesses, aims and objectives. Able to regularly review, evaluate and reflect upon the performance of yourself and others
- Leadership - Able to lead and manage, develop action plans and objectives, offer guidance and direction to others, and cope with the related pressures such authority can result in
Subject specific skills
Resource implications for students
Talis Reading listhttp://readinglists.bangor.ac.uk/modules/dxx-2017.html
In addition to the above students are led to a number of topic specific links via the Blackboard site
Pre- and Co-requisite Modules
Courses including this module
Compulsory in courses:
- D501: BSc Forestry (with sandwich placement) year 2 (BSC/F)
- D502: BSc Forestry with International Experience year 2 (BSC/FIE)
- D500: BSC Forestry year 2 (BSC/FOR)
- D512: MFor Forestry year 2 (MFOR/FOR)
- D513: MFor Forestry (with placement year) year 2 (MFOR/FORP)