Modules for course PQ53 | BA/ELJO
BA English Language & Journalism

This is a provisional list of modules to be offered on this course in the 2019–20 academic year.

The list may not be complete, and the final course content may be different.

You can also view the modules offered in the years: 2017–18; 2018–19.

Find out more about studying and applying for this degree.

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Year 1 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • UXS-1001: Intro to Practical Journalism (20) Core
    The Basics of Writing a News Story; How to write Intros, Drop Intros, Lively Intros; What makes a good news story?; Where do stories come from?; How to build a contacts book; How to conduct an interview; Writing for TV and Radio; Colour and Feature Writing; An Introduction to Shorthand; How to deal with breaking news.
    or
    UXC-1001: Cyfl. i Newyddiaduraeth Ymarf. (20) Core
    Hanfodion ysgrifennu straeon newyddion; Sut i ysgrifennu Intros, Drop Intros, ac Intros Bywiog; Beth sy’n gwneud stori dda?; O le mae straeon yn dod?; Sut i greu llyfr contacts; Sut i gynnal cyfweliad; Ysgrifennu ar gyfer teledu a radio; Ysgrifennu erthyglau nodwedd; Cyflwyniad i llawfer; Ymdopi â newyddion sy’n torri.
  • UXS-1038: Intro' to Media Practice (20)
    This course will introduce students to the basic skills and techniques which will enable them to explore the principles of media production through creative work. Students will work in groups to produce two short media texts, using broadcast standard equipment. Students will also be taught how to analyse their own work within the context of theory, and to establish a relationship between media production theory and practice.
    or
    UXC-1038: Cyf. i Ymarfer y Cyfryngau (20)
    Bydd y cwrs hwn yn cyflwyno myfyrwyr i'r sgiliau a'r technegau sylfaenol fydd yn eu galluogi i archwilio egwyddorion cynhyrchu'r cyfryngau trwy waith creadigol. Bydd myfyrwyr yn gweithio mewn grwpiau i gynhyrchu dau destun cyfryngau byr, gan ddefnyddio offer darlledu safonol. Caiff myfyrwyr hefyd eu dysgu i ddadansoddi eu gwaith eu hunain yng nghyd-destun theori, a chreu cysylltiad rhwng theori ac ymarfer cynhyrchu'r cyfryngau.
  • QXL-1110: Introduction to Language (20) Core
    The course provides an overview of a wide range of topics in the study of natural language, including: 1. What is language? 2. Morphology: words and their structure. 3. Phonetics and Phonology: language sounds and sound systems. 4. Syntax: sentence structure 5. Semantics and Pragmatics: meaning and context 6. Language variation. 7. Language change. 8. Language acquisition 9. Language pathologies 10. Language and the brain Furthermore, the course provides guidance on how to plan & write an essay as well as other assessment methods, and on how to prepare effectively for examinations.

Semester 2

Optional Modules

40 credits from:

  • QCL-1018: Disgrifio Iaith (20) (Semester 2)
  • QXL-1020: Intro to English Grammar (20) (Semester 2)
  • QXL-1113: Language and Society (20) (Semester 1)
    Sociolinguistic variability means that people use language in various different ways, depending on their social background and the current situation they are in. We will consider this phenomenon using three interrelated perspectives of studying variability: • Linguistic variables: Which aspects of the English language are variable? • Social (and regional) variables: How do speakers differ & which social aspects lead to using the English language in different ways? • Situational variables: When do speakers use which variants of English? Along these lines, the basic terminology used in this field will be introduced and employed for discussion, and empirical insights gained by sociolinguists will be examined critically.
    or
    QCB-1113: Iaith a Chymdeithas (20) (Semester 1)
  • QXL-1115: Intro to Phonetics & Phonology (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This class is an introduction to the phonetics of spoken languages, covering articulatory phonetics, acoustics, and introductory phonology. Areas covered include: anatomy of the vocal tract and terminology used to describe speech articulators, articulatory phonetics, with an emphasis on the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and how to use it to transcribe speech, an introduction to acoustic theory as it relates to speech sounds, the nature of phonological patterns (alternation and phonotactics), melody and prosody, and the structural representation of speakers’ phonological knowledge. The knowledge and skills acquired here will be essential for many other modules and/or projects.
  • QXL-1116: Introduction to Meaning (20) (Semester 2)
    1. Introduction: What is semantics? Meaning - communication and significance. The semiotic triangle: mind language world and meaning. Lexemes. Sense / reference / denotation / connotation. 2. Semantics: Meaning - Word meaning and sentence meaning. Literal versus non literal. Utterance, sentences and propositions. Semantics and pragmatics 3. Meaning, Thought & Reality - Reference: types. Mental representations: concepts, necessary and sufficient conditions, prototypes, and relations between concepts. Linguistic Relativity. Thought & Reality. 4. Semantic Description - Words and grammatical categories. Words and lexical items, Lexical relations (homonymy, polysemy, synonymy, antonymy, hyponymy, meronymy) 5. Sentence Relations and Truth - Logic and truth, Necessary Truth, A Priori truth and Analyticity, Entailment and Presupposition. 6. Pragmatics: Making sense of each other linguistically - Context and Structure 7. Speech Act Theory & the Cooperative Principle 8. Politeness Theories 9. Critical Discourse Analysis 10. Intercultural Pragmatics

Year 2 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • QXL-2222: History of English (20) Core
    1. Studying the History of English. 2. The Sounds and Writing of English 3. Causes and Mechanisms of Language Change. 4. The Indo-European Language Family and Proto-Indo European. 5. Germanic and the Development of English. 6. The Sounds and Words of Old English. 7. The Grammar of Old English. 8. The Rise of Middle English: Words and Sounds 9. The Grammar of Middle English and the Rise of a Written Standard. 10. The Sounds and Inflections of Early Modern English. 11. Early Modern English Verbal Constructions and Eighteenth-Century Prescriptivism. 12. Modern English.

Semester 2

  • UXS-2099: Research and Methods (20)
    Introduction; choosing a research topic Writing a research proposal Research Paradigms: Positivism vs Interpretivism Working with texts 1: Textual analysis Working with texts 2: Content analysis Fieldwork 1: Questionnaires, interviews and focus groups Fieldwork 2: Ethnography and participant observation Case study approaches Quantitative and qualitative sampling issues Research Ethics Doing a literature review; writing a dissertation

40 credits from:

  • UXS-2038: Journalism and Risk (20) (Semester 1)
    This course starts by presenting and critiquing the concept of risk, and the development of the field of risk communication. It then examines two key theorists of the 'risk society', namely Ulrich Beck and Anthony Giddens, to explore sociological theoretical foundations that explain inter-relationships of risk, trust, expertise and mass-mediated communication. Building on this theoretical lens, it then moves to examine journalism, risk and trust, looking at patterns of risk reporting in different aspects of the press. In-depth analysis of specific risk issues and their journalistic communication are examined, ranging from health risks like 'mad cow' disease to security risks like terrorism.
  • UXS-2076: Global News Agenda (20) (Semester 2)
    Topics that this module will discuss include: the CNN effect; manipulating global news agendas through public diplomacy; war, perception management and bearing witness through global media forms; reporting distant suffering; satellite news wars; the rise of satellite news in the Middle East and the possible rise of an Arab public sphere; and the impact of global news forms on censorship and resistance.
  • UXS-2401: Practical Journalism: ELD (20) (Semester 1)
    The course will teach students media law and how to report on the workings of government. They will gain practical experience in reporting from courts, inquests and council meetings. They will also be taught how to write and research news and feature articles, interviewing techniques, and how to cover running stories and elections.
    or
    UXC-2401: Newyddiaduraeth Ymarferol: MCD (20) (Semester 1)
    Bydd y modiwl yn dysgu myfyrwyr am gyfraith y cyfryngau a sut i ohebu am brosesau'r llywodraeth. Byddant yn cael profiad ymarferol o ohebu am achosion llys, cwestau a chyfarfodydd cyngor. Byddant hefyd yn dysgu sut i ymchwilio ac ysgrifennu erthyglau newyddion ac erthyglau nodwedd, technegau cyfweld a sut i ymdrin â straeon parhaol ac etholiadau.

Optional Modules

40 credits from:

  • QXE-2003: Jonson to Johnson (20) (Semester 2)
  • CXC-2008: Ymarfer Ysgrifennu (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Rhennir myfyrwyr yn grwpiau (fel arfer o 6-8). Bydd y grwpiau'n aros gydag un tiwtor yn y semester cyntaf ac yna'n symud at diwtor arall yn yr ail semester. Gosodir tasg i bob gr p bob wythnos. Gofynnir i bawb ysgrifennu un darn o ryw 400 gair ar amrywiaeth o bynciau (ysgrif, stori, trafodaeth, cyfieithu). Bydd hwn yn cael ei farcio'n fanwl. Bydd pob gr p yn cyfarfod y tiwtor ar awr benodedig bob wythnos. Yn ystod yr awr hon dychwelir gwaith pob aelod o'r gr p iddo, a thrafodir pob camgymeriad neu wendid yng ngwaith yr holl gr p yr wythnos honno. Bydd hyn yn arwain at drafodaethau ymarferol ar sut i ddefnyddio'r Gymraeg. Y bwriad yw sicrhau hyfforddiant trwyadl mewn iaith a mynegiant.
  • QXL-2201: Sounds and Sound Systems (20) (Semester 2)
    1. articulatory phonetics, 2. spectrographic analysis, 3. the interaction of melody and prosody, 4. the nature of phonological rules, 5. the structural representation of speakers’ phonological knowledge.
  • QXL-2204: Morphosyntax (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides an intermediate level framework in which to both study and apply key ideas, terms and concepts on the fields of morphology and syntax. There are two goals for this course. The first goal is to introduce students to more advanced ideas and principles central to the study of both morphology and syntax. The second goal is to provide students with the tools to apply the terms and principles to data / problem sets from a range of languages in order to conduct morphological and /or syntactical analysis. The lectures will provide students with the “big picture”, i.e. central ideas are summarized, important terms and principles defined and theoretical implications outlined. In the tutorials, students discuss key elements in detail and reflect on theoretical implications and apply the knowledge gained to cross linguistic examples and/or data sets. The following are representative topics: 1: Review: Introduction, word structure, types of morphemes. 2: Productivity, Inflectional morphology 3: Morphological mappings of grammatical function 4: Grammatical relations 5: Dependency relations 6: Constituent structure 7: Theories of syntax
  • QCL-2245: Ieithyddiaeth Gymraeg (20) (Semester 1)
    • Orthograffeg (sillafu) y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o ffonoleg a seineg y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o gystrawen y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o forffoleg y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o eirfa’r Gymraeg • Treiglo yn y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o dafodieithoedd y Gymraeg • Creu ac astudio corpysau ieithyddol Cymraeg • Y Gymraeg yn y gymdeithas heddiw (e.e. ar y We, teledu) • Symud iaith, newid iaith a marwolaeth iaith o safbwynt gramadegol
  • QXL-2250: Functions of Discourse (20) (Semester 2)
    In the first part of this module we will focus on the theory of Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) so as to grasp its basic mechanisms, and identify the main lexicogrammatical structures that are available to speakers of English. The second part will be dedicated to issues around discourse and context. We will look at theories and findings based on SFG, and analyse instances of discourse, exploiting theory to gain insights about the meaning and significance of specific linguistic choices for the discourse area they appear in. Along with theory and analysis, we will consider implications for English language education. Whilst lectures will provide the theoretical and conceptual foundations of SFG and SFG based discourse analysis, the tutorials will be used for discussion, case presentations, and exercises as appropriate for each week's topic. The following topics will be covered: 1. Introduction: SFG and its purposes 2. SFG theory: Clause as message – the textual function 3. SFG theory: Clause as exchange – the interpersonal function 4. SFG theory: Clause as representation – the ideational function 5. SFG theory: Above and below the clause 6. SFG theory: Around the clause – cohesion and discourse 7. Interpreting discourse: Approaches and findings using SFG tools 8. Working with discourse: Appraisal 9. Working with discourse: Ideation 10. Working with discourse: Conjunction and identification 11. Interpreting discourse at different levels of proficiency
  • QXL-2253: English Teaching in Classroom (20) (Semester 2)
  • QCL-2271: Amrywiaeth yn y Gymraeg (20) (Semester 2)
    • Tafodieitheg a thafodieithoedd y Gymraeg • William Labov a theori sosioieithyddiaeth amrywiaethol • Newidynnau annibynnol ieithyddol (e.e. oedran, rhyw, grŵp cymdeithasol) • Amrywiaeth yng ngwahanol rannau o ramadeg y Gymraeg (e.e. ffonoleg, geirfa, morffoleg, cystrawen, cyfnewid cod, treiglo) • Theori ac astudiaethau o newid iaith yn y cyd-destun Cymraeg a thu hwnt • Cymraeg hanesyddol (e.e. Cymraeg Canol) • Hanfodion casglu data sosioieithyddol • Hanfodion dadansoddi data sosioieithyddol (gan gynnwys sesiynau ymarferol)

Year 3 Modules

Optional Modules

40 credits from:

20 credits from:

  • UXS-3049: Advanced Screenwriting (20) (Semester 1)
    Lectures will deliver various discourses on the history and development of adaptations, and interrogate the relationship of various media to film. Lectures will also examine a range of concepts related to adaptation, including authorship, visual storytelling, narratology and intertextuality. These concepts will then be applied to film adaptations screened in the same week. Seminar time will be spent discussing theories of adaptation, and also provide an opportunity for students to carry out creative adaptation tasks in groups, such as conceiving short film ideas, and developing adaptations from non-literary sources, such as music and photography, and other visual arts. Students will need to demonstrate an understanding of key theories related to the comparative textual analysis of an adaptation to its source material in assessed essays. However, the module is heavily focused on the creative act and process of adaptation, and offers the chance for students to radically imagine pre-existing texts in other media in their assessed coursework. Proposed films to be screened include: Adaptation (Jonze, 2002), Throne of Blood (Kurosawa, 1957), American Psycho (Harron, 2000), The Innocents (Clayton, 1961), The Others (Amenábar, 2001), The Watchmen (Snyder, 2009), Don't Look Now (Roeg, 1973), The Shining (Kubrick, 1980), Apocalypse Now (Coppola, 1979), Stalker (Tarkovsky, 1979), Zatoichi (Kitano, 2003), Where the Wild Things Are (Jonze, 2009), La Jetée (Marker, 1962), 12 Monkeys (Gilliam, 1995), Naked Lunch (Cronenberg, 1991), A Cock & Bull Story (Winterbottom, 2005), Elephant (Clarke, 1989), Elephant (Van Sant, 2003), The Five Obstructions (Leth/Von Trier, 2003).
  • UXS-3052: Advanced Radio Practice (20) (Semester 2)
    The lectures will initially focus on the history of radio as a specific medium, with a particular focus on Wales and the UK, as well as a broader international perspective. Different radio production methods will then be examined, and subsequently different programme genres, with specific examples being studied. The theoretical aspects of the module culminate in a broad conceptual review of the nature of the medium and how this is changing in the digital age. The practical workshops will run concurrently, with the students revising and developing generic production skills at the beginning of the course, before planning, researching and producing their own individual productions. These will be informed by the study of production methods, genres and programmes introduced in the lectures.
    or
    UXC-3052: Ymarfer Radio Pellach (20) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y darlithoedd yn canolbwyntio yn gyntaf ar hanes radio fel cyfrwng penodol, gyda sylw arbennig i Gymru a’r Deyrnas Unedig, yn ogystal â phersbectif rhyngwladol ehangach. Nesaf, fe archwilir amryw o ddulliau cynhyrchu radio, ac yna gwahanol fathau o raglenni radio, gan ddadansoddi enghreifftiau penodol. Bydd agweddau damcaniaethol y modiwl yn cael eu crynhoi yn derfynol gydag arolwg cysyniadol eang o natur y cyfrwng a sut mae hyn yn newid yn yr oes ddigidol. Bydd y gweithdai ymarferol yn cyd-redeg â’r darlithoedd, gyda’r myfyrwyr yn datblygu eu sgiliau cynhyrchu cyffredinol cyn iddynt gynllunio, ymchwilio a chreu cynyrchiadau unigol. Bydd yr astudiaeth o ddulliau cynhyrchu, mathau o raglenni a rhaglenni penodol yn y darlithoedd o gymorth i’r myfyrwyr gyda’r gwaith ymarferol.
  • UXS-3074: Short film production (20) (Semester 2)
    The taught element of this course will provide students with advanced instruction in four elements of short film production  Video recording  Sound recording  Video editing  Sound editing and dubbing Supervisory sessions will be tailored to each group's individual needs, and will be mapped out at the beginning of the module, in consultation with each group's individual supervisor. Supervisors will provide students with consistent feedback on their work, and will co-operate with them to identify areas where there is a need for development, providing guidance on how each group, and each individual student, can improve their work through both guided tutoring and student-led learning.
    or
    UXC-3074: Cynhyrchu'r ffilm fer (20) (Semester 2)
    Bydd rhan hyfforddedig y cwrs yn rhoi uwch gyfarwyddiadau i fyfyrwyr am bedair elfen o gynhyrchu ffilm fer  Recordio fideo  Recordio sain  Golygu fideo  Golygu sain a dybio Bydd y sesiynau dan oruchwyliaeth yn cael eu teilwra at anghenion unigol pob grŵp a byddant wedi eu rhestru ar ddechrau'r modiwl, mewn ymgynghoriad â goruchwyliwr unigol pob grŵp. Bydd goruchwylwyr yn rhoi adborth cyson i fyfyrwyr am eu gwaith, ac yn cydweithio gyda hwy i ddynodi meysydd sydd angen eu datblygu, yn rhoi canllawiau am sut y gall pob grŵp, a phob myfyriwr unigol, wella eu gwaith trwy gael arweiniad tiwtor a dysgu dan arweiniad myfyrwyr.

60 credits from:

  • QXL-3313: EFL Theory (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides an overview of TEFL theory by examining a wide range of contexts in which language teaching and learning takes place. Topics will include the following: 1. The use of English within a global context. 2. Language awareness in the classroom. 3. English teaching methodologies. 4. Analysis of teaching English to speakers of other languages based on research articles and DVD material: affective factors and classroom interaction. 5. Implementing and evaluating curriculum change.
  • QXL-3316: Language Disorders &Bilinguals (20) (Semester 2)
    This module will cover the following topics: 1. introduction to language impairment; 2. language impairment and autism, 3. Specific Language Impairment, 4. assessing language impairment in bi or multi-lingual children, 5. language impairment in Williams Syndrome, 6. acquired language disorders – Neurolinguistics, 7. aphasia.
  • QXL-3318: L2 speech learning (20) (Semester 2)
    Lectures will include an overview of the field of L2 speech learning; introduction to the major concepts in the field; contrastive analysis; role of the first language; transfer; interlanguage; current L2 speech learning models; cross-language phonetic similarity; foreign accent and the factors involved in (un)successful learning; segmental and suprasegmental production and perception; and implications for foreign language teaching.
  • QXL-3320: SLA and Language Teaching (20) (Semester 2)
    The topics covered in this module would be the following: 1. Background to SLA Research 2. Individual differences in L2 users and L2 learners 3. L1 transfer: Code-switching and Second Language Learning 4. Theories of L2 acquisition 5. The role of age in L2 acquisition 6. The goals of language teaching and assessment 7. The L2 user and the native speaker 8. Embedding SLA research into Language teaching
  • QXL-3329: Teaching EFL (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module provides an introduction to the teaching of EFL through practice and theory and by examining a range of contexts in which English language teaching and learning takes place. Topics will include the following: 1. The nature of EFL teaching contexts. 2. Methodologies employed in the EFL classroom. 3. The role of the teacher of EFL. 4. Strategies used teaching vocabulary, grammar, writing, speaking, reading & listening. 5. Factors affecting lesson planning and materials choice/design. 6. Reflective practice – evaluating teaching and lesson aims.
  • QXL-3335: Bilingual & Acquisition Issues (20) (Semester 1)
    Topics will change from year to year and may include: 1. Bilingual social interaction 2. Bilingual first language acquisition 3. Second language acquisition 4. Multilingualism 5. Issues of identity 6. The bilingual brain
  • QXL-3341: Dissertation (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Topics vary depending on individual students choices, and the emphasis is on individual study. However, they relate to a wide array of issues in linguistics and/or English Language studies. However, classes will include: • How to formulate a research question • Producing a research proposal • Research methodologies • Statistics
    or
    QCB-3341: Traethawd Hir/Dissertation (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
    Topics vary depending on individual students’ choices. However, they relate to a wide array of issues in linguistics and/or English Language studies.
  • QXL-3349: Psycholinguistics (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides a basic overview of how the mind and the brain process language. There are two goals for this course. The first goal is to introduce students to key findings and central debates in psycholinguistic research. The second goal is to provide students with the tools to critically examine the existing literature. The lectures will provide students with the “big picture”, i.e. central topics are summarized, important studies discussed and open questions outlined. In the tutorials, students discuss key studies in detail and reflect on methodologies, results and implications. The following topics will be covered: 1: Introduction to Language Science and what is psycholinguistics? 2: Speech production and comprehension 3: Word processing 4: Sentence processing 5: Discourse processing 6: Reference and non-literal language 7: Language Acquisition 8: Reading 9: Bilingualism 10: Aphasia 11: Right Hemisphere Language Functions
  • QCL-3370: Agweddau ar Ddwyieithrwydd (20) (Semester 1)
    • Cymru a’r Gymraeg yn y cyd-destun dwyieithog • Diffinio dwyieithrwydd • Dwyieithrwydd unigol vs. dwyieithrwydd cymdeithasol • Caffael iaith mewn cyd-destun dwyieithog • Addysg ddwyieithog yng Nghymru a thu hwnt • Polisïau iaith yn y cyd-destun dwyieithog Cymreig • Cyfnewid côd o safbwynt cymdeithasol a gramadegol • Agweddau seicoieithyddol o ddwyieithrwydd • Agweddau pobl ar ddwyieithrwydd ac ieithoedd lleiafrifol • Newid iaith, marwolaeth iaith a dyfodol y Gymraeg
  • QXL-3376: Cognitive Discourse Analysis (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will start by considering what kinds of thoughts, concepts, and cognitive processes can be accessed through language, and then discuss each step of a research process that involves verbalisation of thought: from identifying a suitable research question via data collection and transcription to analysis, interpretation, and triangulation with other kinds of data. The main emphasis will lie on the systematic analysis of linguistic choices, aiming to identify indicators for specific cognitive phenomena that are of interest for the research purpose at hand. In this process, insights from the wider field of cognitive linguistics highlight the significance of specific linguistic choices. While lectures will provide the theoretical and conceptual foundations needed for doing CODA, the tutorials will be used for discussion and exercises as appropriate for each step of the analysis procedure. The following topics will be covered: 1. Introduction: CODA and its purposes 2. Scientific background I: Cognitive Linguistics 3. Scientific background II: Cognitive Psychology 4. Research questions for CODA 5. Data collection techniques and data preparation (transcription and unitisation) 6. Content analysis 7. Resources for linguistic analysis I: Cognitive Linguistics 8. Resources for linguistic analysis II: Functional grammar and discourse structure analysis techniques 9. Linguistic feature analysis I: Mental representations 10. Linguistic feature analysis II: Problem solving processes 11. Interpreting results and establishing relations to other findings
  • QXL-3377: Using Corpora: Theory&Practice (20) (Semester 2)
    This module introduces students to the theoretical and practical issues of using corpora in linguistic studies and helps them to develop the background, knowledge and skills needed in order to develop and utilize a corpus based approach in their own research projects. The goals of this module are two-fold. First the students will be introduced and become familiar with the technical aspects of course based approaches and research. Then, attention will be directed to looking at how corpora and corpuses based approaches are used in a range of linguistic and language oriented studies. The lectures will provide students with the “big picture”, i.e. different research domains will be explored, central topics are summarized, important studies discussed and open questions outlined. In the tutorials, students discuss key studies in detail and reflect on methodologies, results and implications. The following topics will be covered: 1. Introducing corpus linguistics, corpus design, types of corpora and corpus annotation 2. Corpus analysis: concordance, wordlist, keyword analysis 3. Integrating stats and making statistic claims 4. Corpora in grammatical studies 5. Corpora in diachronic studies 6. Metaphor and Corpus Linguistics (A. Deignan) 7. Corpus Approaches to Critical Metaphor Analysis (J. Charteris-Black) 8. Corpora in critical discourse analysis (C. Hart) 9. Corpora language variation research 10. Corpora in sociolinguistic studies 11. Corpora in language education - focus on TEFL.