Modules for course Q102 | MARTS/BILING
MArts Bilingualism

These were the modules for this course in the 2017–18 academic year.

You can also view the modules offered in the years: 2018–19; 2019–20.

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Year 1 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • QXL-1110: Introduction to Language (20) Core
    The course provides an overview of a wide range of topics in the study of natural language, including: 1. What is language? 2. Morphology: words and their structure. 3. Phonetics and Phonology: language sounds and sound systems. 4. Syntax: sentence structure 5. Semantics and Pragmatics: meaning and context 6. Language variation. 7. Language change. 8. Language acquisition 9. Language pathologies 10. Language and the brain Furthermore, the course provides guidance on how to plan & write an essay as well as other assessment methods, and on how to prepare effectively for examinations.

60 credits from:

  • QXL-1115: Intro to Phonetics & Phonology (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This class is an introduction to the phonetics of spoken languages, covering articulatory phonetics, acoustics, and introductory phonology. Areas covered include: anatomy of the vocal tract and terminology used to describe speech articulators, articulatory phonetics, with an emphasis on the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and how to use it to transcribe speech, an introduction to acoustic theory as it relates to speech sounds, the nature of phonological patterns (alternation and phonotactics), melody and prosody, and the structural representation of speakers’ phonological knowledge. The knowledge and skills acquired here will be essential for many other modules and/or projects.
  • QXL-1116: Introduction to Meaning (20) (Semester 2)
    1. Introduction: What is semantics? Meaning - communication and significance. The semiotic triangle: mind language world and meaning. Lexemes. Sense / reference / denotation / connotation. 2. Semantics: Meaning - Word meaning and sentence meaning. Literal versus non literal. Utterance, sentences and propositions. Semantics and pragmatics 3. Meaning, Thought & Reality - Reference: types. Mental representations: concepts, necessary and sufficient conditions, prototypes, and relations between concepts. Linguistic Relativity. Thought & Reality. 4. Semantic Description - Words and grammatical categories. Words and lexical items, Lexical relations (homonymy, polysemy, synonymy, antonymy, hyponymy, meronymy) 5. Sentence Relations and Truth - Logic and truth, Necessary Truth, A Priori truth and Analyticity, Entailment and Presupposition. 6. Pragmatics: Making sense of each other linguistically - Context and Structure 7. Speech Act Theory & the Cooperative Principle 8. Politeness Theories 9. Critical Discourse Analysis 10. Intercultural Pragmatics
  • QXL-1117: Intro to Morphology & Syntax (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    The module will be split between the study of syntax and the study or morphology in the ration 60:40. 1. Morphemes: the parts of a word. 2. Types of affix and affix ordering 3. The productivity of affixation. 4. Word-formation without affixes. 5. Compounding 6. Syntactic classification: Parts of Speech and functional relations. 7. Syntactic structure and Immediate Constituent Analysis. 8. Recursion and the generation of syntactic structure. 9. Heads and their dependents 10. Syntactic relations within the sentence. 11. Relations between sentence types.
  • QCL-1145: Disgrifio'r Gymraeg (20) (Semester 2)
    • Rhannau ymadrodd y Gymraeg • Cystrawen a threfn geiriol sylfaenol y Gymraeg • Morffoleg sylfaenol y Gymraeg • Ffonoleg a seineg (h.y. sain) sylfaenol y Gymraeg a sut i drawsgrifio’r Gymraeg gan ddefnyddio’r IPA • Disgrifio Cymraeg ffurfiol o safbwynt ieithyddol • Cyflwyniad i ddisgrifio tafodieithoedd y Gymraeg mewn modd ieithyddol • Dylanwad y Saesneg ac ieithoedd eraill ar y Gymraeg (e.e. benthyg, ymyrraeth) • Cymharu’r Gymraeg ag ieithoedd lleiafrifol eraill • Dyfodol y Gymraeg o safbwynt gramadegol

Optional Modules

40 credits from:

  • QXL-1112: Language and Culture (20) (Semester 2)
    1. the relationship between language, culture and thought processes, 2. the relationship between language and identity, 3. the structures of bilingual societies, 4. the different manifestations of multilingualism, particularly in relation to the concepts of bilingualism and diglossia, 5. the cultural, political, and anthropological issues surrounding minority languages & language policy.
  • QXL-1113: Language and Society (20) (Semester 1)
    Sociolinguistic variability means that people use language in various different ways, depending on their social background and the current situation they are in. We will consider this phenomenon using three interrelated perspectives of studying variability: • Linguistic variables: Which aspects of the English language are variable? • Social (and regional) variables: How do speakers differ & which social aspects lead to using the English language in different ways? • Situational variables: When do speakers use which variants of English? Along these lines, the basic terminology used in this field will be introduced and employed for discussion, and empirical insights gained by sociolinguists will be examined critically.
    or
    QCB-1113: Iaith a Chymdeithas (20) (Semester 1)
  • QCL-1145: Disgrifio'r Gymraeg (20) (Semester 2)
    • Rhannau ymadrodd y Gymraeg • Cystrawen a threfn geiriol sylfaenol y Gymraeg • Morffoleg sylfaenol y Gymraeg • Ffonoleg a seineg (h.y. sain) sylfaenol y Gymraeg a sut i drawsgrifio’r Gymraeg gan ddefnyddio’r IPA • Disgrifio Cymraeg ffurfiol o safbwynt ieithyddol • Cyflwyniad i ddisgrifio tafodieithoedd y Gymraeg mewn modd ieithyddol • Dylanwad y Saesneg ac ieithoedd eraill ar y Gymraeg (e.e. benthyg, ymyrraeth) • Cymharu’r Gymraeg ag ieithoedd lleiafrifol eraill • Dyfodol y Gymraeg o safbwynt gramadegol
  • Any level 1 module(s)
  • Non-native English speakers will be required to take at least 20 credits (max. 40 credits) with ELCOS, unless exempted by their Tutor. ELCOS modules can also be taken as non-credit modules. Students may wish to take 40 credits from another school - see School Administrator for more information.

Year 2 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • QXL-2235: Introduction to Bilingualism (20) Core
    This module provides an overview of the study of bilingualism. It introduces the student to the core concepts and gives an overview of the main theories and methodologies characteristic of the field. Topics covered will include 1. Dimensions of bilingualism; 2. Definitions of bilingualism; 3. Early versus late bilingualism; 4. Bilingualism and cognition; 5. Educational policies.

40 to 60 credits from:

  • QXL-2201: Sounds and Sound Systems (20) (Semester 2)
    1. articulatory phonetics, 2. spectrographic analysis, 3. the interaction of melody and prosody, 4. the nature of phonological rules, 5. the structural representation of speakers’ phonological knowledge.
  • QXL-2202: Meaning, Mind and Truth (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    1) Language, meaning and mind 2) Universals and Variation in Language, Thought & Experience 3) Embodiment and Conceptual structure 4) Encyclopaedic Semantics 5) Metaphor 6) Metonymy 7) Word meaning and radial categories 8) Mental Spaces and Compositional Semantics 9) Conceptual Blending 10) The semantic basis of grammar
  • QXL-2204: Morphosyntax (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    This module provides an intermediate level framework in which to both study and apply key ideas, terms and concepts on the fields of morphology and syntax. There are two goals for this course. The first goal is to introduce students to more advanced ideas and principles central to the study of both morphology and syntax. The second goal is to provide students with the tools to apply the terms and principles to data / problem sets from a range of languages in order to conduct morphological and /or syntactical analysis. The lectures will provide students with the “big picture”, i.e. central ideas are summarized, important terms and principles defined and theoretical implications outlined. In the tutorials, students discuss key elements in detail and reflect on theoretical implications and apply the knowledge gained to cross linguistic examples and/or data sets. The following are representative topics: 1: Review: Introduction, word structure, types of morphemes. 2: Productivity, Inflectional morphology 3: Morphological mappings of grammatical function 4: Grammatical relations 5: Dependency relations 6: Constituent structure 7: Theories of syntax
  • QCL-2245: Ieithyddiaeth Gymraeg (20) (Semester 1)
    • Orthograffeg (sillafu) y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o ffonoleg a seineg y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o gystrawen y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o forffoleg y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o eirfa’r Gymraeg • Treiglo yn y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o dafodieithoedd y Gymraeg • Creu ac astudio corpysau ieithyddol Cymraeg • Y Gymraeg yn y gymdeithas heddiw (e.e. ar y We, teledu) • Symud iaith, newid iaith a marwolaeth iaith o safbwynt gramadegol
  • QCL-2271: Amrywiaeth yn y Gymraeg (20) (Semester 2)
    • Tafodieitheg a thafodieithoedd y Gymraeg • William Labov a theori sosioieithyddiaeth amrywiaethol • Newidynnau annibynnol ieithyddol (e.e. oedran, rhyw, grŵp cymdeithasol) • Amrywiaeth yng ngwahanol rannau o ramadeg y Gymraeg (e.e. ffonoleg, geirfa, morffoleg, cystrawen, cyfnewid cod, treiglo) • Theori ac astudiaethau o newid iaith yn y cyd-destun Cymraeg a thu hwnt • Cymraeg hanesyddol (e.e. Cymraeg Canol) • Hanfodion casglu data sosioieithyddol • Hanfodion dadansoddi data sosioieithyddol (gan gynnwys sesiynau ymarferol)

Optional Modules

40 credits from:

  • QXL-2222: History of English (20) (Semester 1)
    1. Studying the History of English. 2. The Sounds and Writing of English 3. Causes and Mechanisms of Language Change. 4. The Indo-European Language Family and Proto-Indo European. 5. Germanic and the Development of English. 6. The Sounds and Words of Old English. 7. The Grammar of Old English. 8. The Rise of Middle English: Words and Sounds 9. The Grammar of Middle English and the Rise of a Written Standard. 10. The Sounds and Inflections of Early Modern English. 11. Early Modern English Verbal Constructions and Eighteenth-Century Prescriptivism. 12. Modern English.
  • QCL-2245: Ieithyddiaeth Gymraeg (20) (Semester 1)
    • Orthograffeg (sillafu) y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o ffonoleg a seineg y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o gystrawen y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o forffoleg y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o eirfa’r Gymraeg • Treiglo yn y Gymraeg • Agweddau canolradd o dafodieithoedd y Gymraeg • Creu ac astudio corpysau ieithyddol Cymraeg • Y Gymraeg yn y gymdeithas heddiw (e.e. ar y We, teledu) • Symud iaith, newid iaith a marwolaeth iaith o safbwynt gramadegol
  • QXL-2250: Functions of Discourse (20) (Semester 2)
    In the first part of this module we will focus on the theory of Systemic Functional Grammar (SFG) so as to grasp its basic mechanisms, and identify the main lexicogrammatical structures that are available to speakers of English. The second part will be dedicated to issues around discourse and context. We will look at theories and findings based on SFG, and analyse instances of discourse, exploiting theory to gain insights about the meaning and significance of specific linguistic choices for the discourse area they appear in. Along with theory and analysis, we will consider implications for English language education. Whilst lectures will provide the theoretical and conceptual foundations of SFG and SFG based discourse analysis, the tutorials will be used for discussion, case presentations, and exercises as appropriate for each week's topic. The following topics will be covered: 1. Introduction: SFG and its purposes 2. SFG theory: Clause as message – the textual function 3. SFG theory: Clause as exchange – the interpersonal function 4. SFG theory: Clause as representation – the ideational function 5. SFG theory: Above and below the clause 6. SFG theory: Around the clause – cohesion and discourse 7. Interpreting discourse: Approaches and findings using SFG tools 8. Working with discourse: Appraisal 9. Working with discourse: Ideation 10. Working with discourse: Conjunction and identification 11. Interpreting discourse at different levels of proficiency
  • QCL-2271: Amrywiaeth yn y Gymraeg (20) (Semester 2)
    • Tafodieitheg a thafodieithoedd y Gymraeg • William Labov a theori sosioieithyddiaeth amrywiaethol • Newidynnau annibynnol ieithyddol (e.e. oedran, rhyw, grŵp cymdeithasol) • Amrywiaeth yng ngwahanol rannau o ramadeg y Gymraeg (e.e. ffonoleg, geirfa, morffoleg, cystrawen, cyfnewid cod, treiglo) • Theori ac astudiaethau o newid iaith yn y cyd-destun Cymraeg a thu hwnt • Cymraeg hanesyddol (e.e. Cymraeg Canol) • Hanfodion casglu data sosioieithyddol • Hanfodion dadansoddi data sosioieithyddol (gan gynnwys sesiynau ymarferol)
  • Any level 2 module(s)
  • Students can take up to 20 credits of year 2 modules from another School. One of the modules in this section must be selected as an elective module. If a module from another School is taken, this must be selected as the elective.

Year 3 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • QXL-3341: Dissertation (40) Core
    Topics vary depending on individual students choices, and the emphasis is on individual study. However, they relate to a wide array of issues in linguistics and/or English Language studies. However, classes will include: • How to formulate a research question • Producing a research proposal • Research methodologies • Statistics
    or
    QCB-3341: Traethawd Hir/Dissertation (40) Core
    Topics vary depending on individual students’ choices. However, they relate to a wide array of issues in linguistics and/or English Language studies.

Semester 2

  • QXL-3341: Dissertation
    Topics vary depending on individual students choices, and the emphasis is on individual study. However, they relate to a wide array of issues in linguistics and/or English Language studies. However, classes will include: • How to formulate a research question • Producing a research proposal • Research methodologies • Statistics
    or
    QCB-3341: Traethawd Hir/Dissertation
    Topics vary depending on individual students’ choices. However, they relate to a wide array of issues in linguistics and/or English Language studies.

60 to 80 credits from:

  • QXL-3316: Language Disorders &Bilinguals (20) (Semester 2)
    This module will cover the following topics: 1. introduction to language impairment; 2. language impairment and autism, 3. Specific Language Impairment, 4. assessing language impairment in bi or multi-lingual children, 5. language impairment in Williams Syndrome, 6. acquired language disorders – Neurolinguistics, 7. aphasia.
  • QXL-3320: SLA and Language Teaching (20) (Semester 2)
    The topics covered in this module would be the following: 1. Background to SLA Research 2. Individual differences in L2 users and L2 learners 3. L1 transfer: Code-switching and Second Language Learning 4. Theories of L2 acquisition 5. The role of age in L2 acquisition 6. The goals of language teaching and assessment 7. The L2 user and the native speaker 8. Embedding SLA research into Language teaching
  • QXL-3335: Bilingual & Acquisition Issues (20) (Semester 1)
    Topics will change from year to year and may include: 1. Bilingual social interaction 2. Bilingual first language acquisition 3. Second language acquisition 4. Multilingualism 5. Issues of identity 6. The bilingual brain
  • QXL-3336: Phonology in Bilingual Acq. (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides an overview of how simultaneous bilinguals develop knowledge of the sound systems of their two languages and how that knowledge is represented in their minds. There are three goals for this course. The first goal is to introduce students to key findings and central debates in research on bilingual acquisition of phonology. The second goal is to provide students with the tools to critically examine the existing literature, particularly with regard to explaining phenomena in bilingual phonology through theory development and evaluation. The third goal is to equip the students with the ability to appropriately frame narrow research hypotheses in view of well-known phenomena and to apply this ability to their own research. The lectures will present and discuss specific issues from current research (mostly from research articles) while also outlining open questions on the topic. In the seminars, students discuss key studies in more detail and reflect on methodologies, results and theoretical implications. The topics will include: 1. Introduction to the acquisition of phonology in bilinguals 2. Phonological organisation in bilinguals 3. Transfer effects in phonology 4. Acceleration effects in phonology 5. The acquisition of melody and segmental content in bilinguals. 6. Phonotactic effects in bilingual acquisition 7. The bilingual acquisition of prosodic patterns.
  • QCL-3370: Agweddau ar Ddwyieithrwydd (20) (Semester 1)
    • Cymru a’r Gymraeg yn y cyd-destun dwyieithog • Diffinio dwyieithrwydd • Dwyieithrwydd unigol vs. dwyieithrwydd cymdeithasol • Caffael iaith mewn cyd-destun dwyieithog • Addysg ddwyieithog yng Nghymru a thu hwnt • Polisïau iaith yn y cyd-destun dwyieithog Cymreig • Cyfnewid côd o safbwynt cymdeithasol a gramadegol • Agweddau seicoieithyddol o ddwyieithrwydd • Agweddau pobl ar ddwyieithrwydd ac ieithoedd lleiafrifol • Newid iaith, marwolaeth iaith a dyfodol y Gymraeg

Optional Modules

0 to 20 credits from:

  • QXL-3313: EFL Theory (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides an overview of TEFL theory by examining a wide range of contexts in which language teaching and learning takes place. Topics will include the following: 1. The use of English within a global context. 2. Language awareness in the classroom. 3. English teaching methodologies. 4. Analysis of teaching English to speakers of other languages based on research articles and DVD material: affective factors and classroom interaction. 5. Implementing and evaluating curriculum change.
  • QXL-3372: Welsh Linguistics (20) (Semester 2)
    Topics covered in this module include the following: • The history of Welsh, from a linguistic and sociodemographic point of view • The grammar of contemporary Welsh (e.g. syntax, morphology, phonology, vocabulary) • Variation in spoken Welsh • Initial consonant mutation: rules and usage • Welsh-English bilingualism and its reflexes (e.g. code-switching) • Attitudes to the Welsh language • Welsh in education • Language change in Welsh • Minority language maintenance and the future of Welsh
  • QXL-3377: Using Corpora: Theory&Practice (20) (Semester 2)
    This module introduces students to the theoretical and practical issues of using corpora in linguistic studies and helps them to develop the background, knowledge and skills needed in order to develop and utilize a corpus based approach in their own research projects. The goals of this module are two-fold. First the students will be introduced and become familiar with the technical aspects of course based approaches and research. Then, attention will be directed to looking at how corpora and corpuses based approaches are used in a range of linguistic and language oriented studies. The lectures will provide students with the “big picture”, i.e. different research domains will be explored, central topics are summarized, important studies discussed and open questions outlined. In the tutorials, students discuss key studies in detail and reflect on methodologies, results and implications. The following topics will be covered: 1. Introducing corpus linguistics, corpus design, types of corpora and corpus annotation 2. Corpus analysis: concordance, wordlist, keyword analysis 3. Integrating stats and making statistic claims 4. Corpora in grammatical studies 5. Corpora in diachronic studies 6. Metaphor and Corpus Linguistics (A. Deignan) 7. Corpus Approaches to Critical Metaphor Analysis (J. Charteris-Black) 8. Corpora in critical discourse analysis (C. Hart) 9. Corpora language variation research 10. Corpora in sociolinguistic studies 11. Corpora in language education - focus on TEFL.

Year 4 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • PPP-4008: Bilingualism: Res & Methods (20)
    Methods covered in this module will be selected form the following list, for each of which we have experts within the School of Psychology: Computational modelling, Corpus Analysis, Neuropsychology, Experimental psychology (Reaction times and eye-tracking), Neuroscientific methods (Event-related potentials, fMRI).

Optional Modules

40 credits from:

  • QXL-4416: Language Disorders &Bilinguals (20) (Semester )
    This module will cover the following topics: 1. Introduction to language impairment 2. language impairment and autism 3. Specific Language Impairment 4. Assessing language impairment in bi or multi-lingual children 5. Language impairment in Williams Syndrome 6. Acquired language disorders – Neurolinguistics 7. Aphasia.
  • QXL-4420: SLA and Language Teaching (20) (Semester )
    The topics covered in this module would be the following: 1. Background to SLA Research 2. Individual differences in L2 users and L2 learners 3. L1 transfer: Code-switching and Second Language Learning 4. Theories of L2 acquisition 5. The role of age in L2 acquisition 6. The goals of language teaching and assessment 7. The L2 user and the native speaker 8. Embedding SLA research into Language teaching
  • QXL-4435: Bilingual & Acquisition Issues (20) (Semester )
    Topics will change from year to year and may include: 1. Bilingual social interaction 2. Bilingual first language acquisition 3. Second language acquisition 4. Multilingualism 5. Issues of identity 6. The bilingual brain.
  • QXL-4436: Phonology in Bilingual Acq. (20) (Semester )
    This module provides an overview of how simultaneous bilinguals develop knowledge of the sound systems of their two languages and how that knowledge is represented in their minds. There are three goals for this course. The first goal is to introduce students to key findings and central debates in research on bilingual acquisition of phonology. The second goal is to provide students with the tools to critically examine the existing literature, particularly with regard to explaining phenomena in bilingual phonology through theory development and evaluation. The third goal is to equip the students with the ability to appropriately frame narrow research hypotheses in view of well-known phenomena and to apply this ability to their own research. The lectures will present and discuss specific issues from current research (mostly from research articles) while also outlining open questions on the topic. In the seminars, students discuss key studies in more detail and reflect on methodologies, results and theoretical implications. The topics will include: 1. Introduction to the acquisition of phonology in bilinguals 2. Phonological organisation in bilinguals 3. Transfer effects in phonology 4. Acceleration effects in phonology 5. The acquisition of melody and segmental content in bilinguals. 6. Phonotactic effects in bilingual acquisition 7. The bilingual acquisition of prosodic patterns.
  • QCL-4470: Agweddau ar Ddwyieithrwydd (20) (Semester 1)
    • Cymru a’r Gymraeg yn y cyd-destun dwyieithog • Diffinio dwyieithrwydd • Dwyieithrwydd unigol vs. dwyieithrwydd cymdeithasol • Caffael iaith mewn cyd-destun dwyieithog • Addysg ddwyieithog yng Nghymru a thu hwnt • Polisïau iaith yn y cyd-destun dwyieithog Cymreig • Cyfnewid côd o safbwynt cymdeithasol a gramadegol • Agweddau seicoieithyddol o ddwyieithrwydd • Agweddau pobl ar ddwyieithrwydd ac ieithoedd lleiafrifol • Newid iaith, marwolaeth iaith a dyfodol y Gymraeg
  • QXL-4472: Welsh Linguistics (20) (Semester )
    Topics covered in this module include the following: 1. The grammatical structure of Welsh (syntax, phonology, semantics, etc.) 2. Variation in spoken Welsh 3. Welsh-English bilingualism and its reflexes (e.g. code-switching) 4. The history of Welsh 5. Attitudes to Welsh 6. The Welsh diaspora 7. Language change in Welsh 8. Minority language maintenance and the future of Welsh