Modules for course V401 | MARTS/ARCH
MArts Archaeology

These were the modules for this course in the 2017–18 academic year.

You can also view the modules offered in the years: 2018–19; 2019–20.

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Year 1 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • HXA-1005: Archaeological Principles&Tech (20)
    What is archaeology?; what archaeologists study; the history of archaeological principles and techniques; archaeological techniques: surveying, excavation, scientific analysis and dating; interpretation in archaeology; internet tools and resources, aerial photography, stratigraphy and experimental archaeology.
  • HCH-1050: The Past Unwrapped (20)
    1. Introduction: From Past to Present: Some ideas on how to make the best of your existing skills as you move to university-level study. Learn some of the basics of studying History and/or Archaeology at Bangor. 2. Library skills and making intelligent use of the web: Looking at what to expect in the university library, how to use reading lists, how much to read and what to do with all those electronic resources at your disposal. 3. From chaos to order: organisation and note-taking. How to plan and organise your work, and how to make wise decisions when taking notes from books, articles and lectures. 4. Avoiding plagiarism: Learn why cutting and pasting from the web is bad practice, and why academic misconduct is treated very seriously. Learn as well how to avoid this by referencing effectively i.e. using evidence, footnotes and compiling solid bibliographies. 5. Essays and making a good (grammatical) impression: Understand what the essay question actually wants you to do, how to structure your work, and how to develop an argument. Gain insight into some of the common errors in History and Archaeology essays, and see why good spelling and punctuation are crucial. 6. Historiography: How to make sense of all these academics saying different things and disagreeing with each other. What are the differences (and similarities) between ‘academic’ and ‘popular’ history? 7. Analysis and critical thinking: Or, how to move beyond just describing the past. Understand what your tutor means by telling you to be more critical. 8. Make your voice heard: competent communication: Understand why it’s important for you to communicate your ideas clearly, and how you can prepare effectively for presentations. 9. Documents and sources: Learn how historians use different types of documents and artefacts, and explore how you can analyse them yourself. 10. Far-reaching feedback: What is the purpose of feedback, and how are different types of assignments marked? Learn that you need to look beyond your mark to improve your work. 11. Exam technique: How to keep it together in exams, and how to deduce what exam questions actually want you to do.
    or
    HCC-1050: Dechrau o'r Dechrau (20)
    1. Rhagarweiniad: O'r Gorffennol i'r Presennol: Rhai syniadau ar sut i wneud y defnydd gorau o'ch sgiliau presennol wrth i chi symud ymlaen i astudio ar lefel prifysgol. Dysgu rhai o egwyddorion sylfaenol astudio Hanes ac/neu Archaeoleg ym Mangor. 2. Sgiliau llyfrgell a defnyddio'r we yn ddeallus: Edrych ar yr hyn y dylech ei ddisgwyl yn llyfrgell y brifysgol, sut i ddefnyddio rhestrau darllen, faint i'w ddarllen a beth i'w wneud gyda'r holl adnoddau electroneg hynny sydd ar gael i chi. 3. O anrhefn i drefn: rhoi trefn ar bethau a chymryd nodiadau. Sut i gynllunio a threfnu eich gwaith, a sut i wneud penderfyniadau doeth wrth gymryd nodiadau o lyfrau, erthyglau a darlithoedd. 4. Osgoi llên-ladrad: Dysgu sut mae torri a phastio deunydd o'r we yn ffordd wael iawn o weithio a pham mae camymddwyn academaidd yn cael ei drin fel mater difrifol iawn. Dysgu'n ogystal sut i osgoi hyn drwy gyfeirnodi effeithiol, h.y. defnyddio tystiolaeth, troednodiadau a llunio llyfryddiaethau cadarn. 5. Traethodau a gwneud argraff (ramadegol) dda: Deall beth yn union mae cwestiwn y traethawd eisiau i chi ei wneud, sut i drefnu eich gwaith a sut i ddatblygu dadl. Cael golwg ar rai camgymeriadau cyffredin mewn traethodau Hanes ac Archaeoleg a gweld pam fod sillafu da ac atalnodi yn allweddol. 6. Hanesyddiaeth: Sut i wneud synnwyr o'r holl academyddion hyn yn dweud pethau gwahanol ac anghytuno â'i gilydd. Beth yw'r gwahaniaethau (a'r tebygrwydd) rhwng hanes 'academaidd' a 'phoblogaidd'? 7. Dadansoddi a meddwl yn feirniadol: Neu, sut i fynd ymhellach na dim ond disgrifio'r gorffennol. Deall beth mae eich tiwtor yn ei olygu pan fydd yn dweud wrthych am fod yn fwy beirniadol. 8. Cyfle i ddweud eich dweud: cyfathrebu medrus: Deall pam mae'n bwysig i chi gyfathrebu eich syniadau'n glir, a sut y gellwch baratoi'n effeithiol at gyflwyniadau. 9. Dogfennau a ffynonellau: Dysgu sut mae haneswyr yn defnyddio gwahanol fathau o ddogfennau ac arteffactau ac edrych sut y gellwch eu dadansoddi eich hun. 10. Adborth (sylwadau) pellgyrhaeddol: Beth yw diben adborth (sylwadau ar eich gwaith), a sut y caiff mathau gwahanol o aseiniadau eu marcio? Dysgu bod angen i chi edrych y tu hwnt i'ch marc i wella eich gwaith. 11. Sut i weithredu mewn arholiadau: Sut i beidio â chynhyrfu a gwneud yn dda mewn arholiadau, a gweld beth yn union mae cwestiynau arholiad yn gofyn i chi ei wneud.

Optional Modules

40 to 60 credits from:

  • HXH-1005: Intro to History and Heritage (20) (Semester 1)
    Definitions of history, heritage and archaeology; the development of museums; cabinets of curiosities; new heritage sites; heritage agencies; the state and heritage management; heritage and landscape conservation; industrial heritage; heritage and identity.
  • HXA-1006: Intro. to British Prehistory (20) (Semester 2)
    What is prehistory?; homo erectus and the earliest human societies; from ancient to modern ¿ the Middle Palaeolithic; late glacial hunters of the Upper Palaeolithic; managing the land ¿ the Mesolithic; the Meso/Neo transition; an introduction to the Neolithic; tombs for the ancestors - death and burial; communal monuments; Bronze Age beakers and barrows - rise of the individual; Stonehenge and its landscape; settlement and agriculture - the earlier/later Bronze Age transition; the production and deposition of metalwork; houses and households in later prehistory; enclosures and Iron Age 'hillforts'; Iron Age settlement and agriculture; ritual and burial practices; Late Iron Age Britain and the Romans; regional variation; social change in prehistory.
  • HXA-1008: Intro. to Historic Archaeology (20) (Semester 2)
    This course will provide a foundation for the period demonstrating the main developments using examples and showing how interpretations have changed. For the Roman Period, the course will examine the conquest and military archaeology; the countryside (villas, native settlements, farming and mineral extraction); towns; craft and the economy; religion and burial; and the end of Roman Britain. For the Early Medieval Period, the course will examine the archaeology of western Britain from the fifth to seventh centuries; Anglo-Saxon settlement and pagan cemeteries; Anglo-Saxon rural settlement; the origins of Anglo-Saxon towns; the conversion and Anglo-Saxon monasteries and churches; the Picts; the Viking impact; and the archaeology of late Anglo-Saxon England. For the Later Medieval Period, the course will examine the Norman Conquest and castles; rural settlement; the countryside; urban settlement; craft and trade; and church archaeology, including that of monasteries.

20 to 40 credits from:

  • HXH-1002: Birth of Modern Europe (20) (Semester 2)
    The Renaissance; state formation; multiple monarchies (Valois France, the Habsburg Dominions, centre and peripheries in Britain and Ireland); the Reformation in Britain and on the Continent.
    or
    HXC-1003: Genedigaeth yr Ewrop Fodern (20) (Semester 2)
  • HXH-1004: Intro Modern History1815-1914 (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides an introduction to nineteenth-century history, in particular: - Key events and dates - The political geography of Europe - Industrial Revolutions - Workers - Workers’ Political Movements - Middle Classes - Liberalism and Conservatism - Elites - Revolutions - Nationalism and Nation States - The Disintegration of Multinational Empires - War and Diplomacy - Imperialism It also provides an introduction to basic study skills, in particular: - The Library - Planning, Literature Search, Bibliography - Essay Writing - References, Footnotes, Plagiarism
    or
    HXC-1004: Cyflwyniad Hanes Modern (20) (Semester 1)
    Bydd y modiwl hwn yn rhoi arweiniad i hanes y bedwaredd ganrif ar bymtheg, yn arbennig: - y chwyldro amaethyddol a’r chwyldro diwydiannol - yr elit a’r dosbarth canol - Rhyddfrydiaeth a Cheidwadaeth - gweithwyr a'r werin - mudiadau gwleidyddol gweithwyr - chwyldroadau - cenedlaetholdeb a hunaniaeth genedlaethol - rhyfel a diplomyddiaeth - Imperialaeth
  • HXW-1007: Wales: Princes to Tudors (20) (Semester 1)
    Wales in the age of Owain Gwynedd and Lord Rhys; Gerald of Wales; rise of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth in Gwynedd and over much of the rest of Wales; the reign of Dafydd ap Llywelyn and succession to Gwynedd; the hegemony and downfall of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, prince of Wales; poetry and history writing in medieval Wales; Welsh political aspirations in l4th century; Owain Glyndŵr and his movement; Brutus, 1485 and political prophecy; Wales and the Reformation; Wales and the Renaissance; Wales and 16th-century politics – the Acts of Union.
    or
    HXC-1007: Cymru: Tywysogion i Duduriaid (20) (Semester 1)
    Oes Owain Gwynedd a'r Arglwydd Rhys; Gerallt Gymro; Llywelyn ap Iorwerth (m. 1240) a'i feibion; Penarglwyddiaeth a chwymp Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Tywysog Cymru (m. 1282); barddoniaeth a hanes yn yr Oesoedd Canol; dyheadau gwleidyddol Cymreig yn y bedwaredd ganrif ar ddeg; mudiad Glyndwr; Brutus, 1485 a'r traddodiad proffwydol; Cymru a'r Diwygiad Protestannaidd; Cymru a'r Dadeni; Cymru a gwleidyddiaeth yr unfed ganrif ar bymtheg - y Deddfau Uno.
  • HXH-1999: O'r Rhufeiniaid i'r tywysogion (10) (Semester 1)
    1. Cyflwyniad: themâu a chefndir; 2. Cymru Rufeinig, c.300-c.500; 3. Cymry a Brythoniaid, c.500-c.800; 4. Cymru yn Oes y Llychlynwyr; 5. Hywel Dda: Brenin Cymru?; 6. Gruffudd ap Llywelyn a dyfodiad y Normaniaid; 7. Oes Owain Gwynedd; 8. Yr Arglwydd Rhys; 9. Llywelyn Fawr; 10. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. Bydd darlithoedd byr (ar ffurf clipiau fideo) yn cyflwyno ac yn cynnig arolwg o’r themâu uchod, tra bydd yr arweiniad ar ddarllen pellach yn galluogi’r myfyrwyr i edrych yn fanylach ar bob un thema yn unigol.
  • Students may take 20 credits from outside the School

Year 2 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • HWA-2070: Archaeology Workplace S1 (20)
    The student normally spends one day a week during the appropriate semester, and in total about 70 hours, working in an archives office, an archaeological unit or a museum service undertaking specific tasks of a practical as well as an academic nature as given them by the officer(s) in charge. These typically include drawing up inventories, collating field evidence, drawing up catalogues of discrete manuscript or artefact collections, as well as at times dealing with public enquiries. Currently the Department has agreements with most of the archive record offices in north Wales, but especially at Caernarfon and Llangefni, with the Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, with Oriel Bangor and Oriel Môn at Llangefni and the regimental Museum at Caernarfon. Approved excavation training courses may qualify if of sufficient duration and rigour and conform to the Course Guidelines. Students should also be aware that there are health and safety implications to all placements.

Semester 2

  • HTA-2120: Rethinking Archaeology (20)
    Lectures 1. The origins of archaeological theory 2. The ‘New Archaeology’ and post processualism 3. Marxist and structuralist approaches in archaeology 4. The post-processualist critique 5. Multi disciplinary approaches to the archaeological record 6. The archaeology of people and social relations 7. Towards an archaeology of gender 8. Approaches to the study and interpretation of material culture 9. Contemporary approaches to archaeological landscapes 10. Understanding the built environment 11. The archaeology of ritual and religion 12. Archaeology in theory and in practice Seminars 1. The identification of cultural groups from archaeological evidence 2. The loss of innocence and the development of the ‘New Archaeology’ 3. Symbolic and structural archaeology 4. Re-constructing an interpretive archaeology 5. Social evolution and cognitive archaeology 6. How were past societies organised? 7. Representing gender in the archaeological past 8. Art or artefact: key debates in material culture studies 9. Experiencing the past: a phenomenology of landscape 10. House form and culture 11. What is ritual and religion and can we identify them in the archaeological record? 12. Critical approaches to archaeological fieldwork

Optional Modules

40 to 100 credits from:

  • HWA-2070: Archaeology Workplace S1 (20) (Semester 1)
    The student normally spends one day a week during the appropriate semester, and in total about 70 hours, working in an archives office, an archaeological unit or a museum service undertaking specific tasks of a practical as well as an academic nature as given them by the officer(s) in charge. These typically include drawing up inventories, collating field evidence, drawing up catalogues of discrete manuscript or artefact collections, as well as at times dealing with public enquiries. Currently the Department has agreements with most of the archive record offices in north Wales, but especially at Caernarfon and Llangefni, with the Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, with Oriel Bangor and Oriel Môn at Llangefni and the regimental Museum at Caernarfon. Approved excavation training courses may qualify if of sufficient duration and rigour and conform to the Course Guidelines. Students should also be aware that there are health and safety implications to all placements.
  • HTA-2111: Ancestral Landscapes (20) (Semester 1)
    1. Introduction and the chronology of later prehistoric Britain and Ireland 2. Mesolithic background and the nature of hunter-gatherers 3. The Mesolithic/Neolithic transition 4. The environment, forest clearances and the role of cereals and meat in Neolithic diets 5. Settlements, houses and mobility 6. Neolithic material culture: pottery, stone tools, axes and flint mines 7: Places for the ancestors: the role of the dead in Neolithic society 8. Monuments 1: chambered tombs 9. Monuments 2: causewayed enclosures 10. Monuments 3: cursus, henges and stone circles 11. Theory 1: Prehistoric landscapes, phenomenology and experience 12. Theory 2: The natural world: natural places and human-animal relations 13. Ireland: a case study 14. Early Bronze Age: Introduction 15. Places for the dead: Earlier Bronze Age burial and ceremony 16. Early Bronze Age: elements of continuity, elements of change 17. Early Bronze Age/Middle Bronze Age transition 18: Dividing the land: Later Bronze Age Settlement 19. Later Bronze Age burial and ceremony 20. The production and consumption of prestige goods 21. Regional archaeologies? 22. Revision session
  • HTA-2114: Experimental Archaeology (20) (Semester 2)
    1. Introduction: experimental archaeology today and its links with ethnoarchaeology 2. The history of experimental archaeology 3. Experiment by design: designing experiments, recording data and methodology 4. Prehistoric metallurgical practices: copper and bronze production 5. Stone and flint technologies; production and use-wear analysis 6. Prehistoric metallurgical practices: iron production 7. Food production: cooking with stone and food storage pits 8. Making prehistoric roundhouses 9. Cremation pyres: a case study on Early Bronze Age practices 10. Taphonomies: understanding the formation of the archaeological record through experimental archaeology 11. Experiencing experiments and materials; revision lecture
  • HTA-2118: Field Archaeology in Britain (20) (Semester 1)
    Lectures 1. Course introduction: outline of course aims, content, assessment. 2. Research designs and regional sampling. 3. Desk-based research: (using HERs, literature searches (including grey literature), accessing aerial photographs, historical documents, place name research, map regression analysis). 4. Surveying upstanding monuments: building recording; setting up a site grid (EDM and tapes); surveying earthworks; fieldwalking strategies. 5. Geophysical surveys: magnetometer, resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, GPR 6. Setting up an archaeological excavation: SMCs, landowner permissions, logistics, sampling strategy, schedule. 7. Doing an excavation: excavation techniques: dryland, wetland, contexts 8. Doing an excavation: recording techniques (planning, section drawing, small finds) 9. Doing an excavation: sampling strategies (soil samples, dating samples) 10. Excavating human remains 11. Planning post-excavation analyses and presenting sites to the public: the importance of outreach Workshops 1. Interpreting aerial photography and geophysical surveys: formation processes, site and landscape stratigraphy, plotting data 2. Making maps (downloading data from Edina, Illustration, plotting data) 3. Designing an excavation strategy for three different case-study sites 4. Environmental soil sampling; sorting of soil residues (course residues) and presentation and analysis of data 5. Interpreting archaeological field illustrations (e.g. sections and plans); site formation processes and stratigraphy; writing stratigraphic reports Fieldtrips 1. Using the HER and grey literature searches: Gwynedd Archaeological Trust (2 hours) 1. Setting up a site grid and surveying upstanding remains (5 hours) 2. Building recording (3 hours)
  • HTA-2123: Archaeology Field School (20) (Semester 1)
    Practical skills: Archaeological excavation and survey: removing turf and topsoil cover, cleaning surfaces, sectioning and excavating features, recovering finds, soil and paleoenvironmental sampling, drawing of plans and sections, 2D and 3D photography, surveying with a total station and GPS Rover, producing written records. Archaeological post-excavation work: finds processing and recording, wet sieving soil samples, plan digitization, finds drawing and photography, report writing. Theoretical knowledge: Principles of archaeological stratigraphy, GIS and CAD applications in archaeology, UK archaeological heritage legislation; organising and financing an excavation
  • HTH-2124: Heritage and Identity (20) (Semester 1)
    Individual, group, local, regional, national and global identities; museums; political and cultural role of archaeology and history, the heritage in minority groups, the heritage of elites, oral culture, heritage and the nation state, the creation of heritage-based identities in past societies.
  • Compulsory modules HWA2070 may be taken at Level 5 or 6 for academic year 2015/16 only.

40 credits from:

Year 3 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • HWA-3070: Archaeology Workplace Mod S1 (20)
    The student normally spends one day a week during the appropriate semester, and in total about 70 hours, working in an archives office, an archaeological unit or a museum service undertaking specific tasks of a practical as well as an academic nature as given them by the officer(s) in charge. These typically include drawing up inventories, collating field evidence, drawing up catalogues of discrete manuscript or artefact collections, as well as at times dealing with public enquiries. Currently the Department has agreements with most of the archive record offices in north Wales, but especially at Caernarfon and Llangefni, with the Gwynedd Archaeological Trust, with Oriel Bangor and Oriel Môn at Llangefni and the regimental Museum at Caernarfon. Approved excavation training courses may qualify if of sufficient duration and rigour and conform to the Course Guidelines. Students should also be aware that there are health and safety implications to all placements.
  • HDA-3075: Archaeology Dissertation (40)
    The report and dissertation will set the chosen research in its broader context e.g. historiography, theoretical framework, archaeological/geographical framework. It will set research questions and a structure will be worked out. It will describe and analyse the chosen topic using a range of relevant secondary and primary archaeological evidence. The project will be written up in an ordered and academic manner.

Semester 2

  • HDA-3075: Archaeology Dissertation
    The report and dissertation will set the chosen research in its broader context e.g. historiography, theoretical framework, archaeological/geographical framework. It will set research questions and a structure will be worked out. It will describe and analyse the chosen topic using a range of relevant secondary and primary archaeological evidence. The project will be written up in an ordered and academic manner.

Optional Modules

60 to 100 credits from:

  • HTA-3111: Ancestral Landscapes (20) (Semester 1)
    1. Introduction and the chronolgy of later prehistoric Britain and Ireland 2. Mesolithic background and the nature of hunter gatherers 3. The Mesolithic/ Neolithic transition 4. The environment, forest clearances and the role of cereals and meat in Neolithic diets 5. Settlements, houses and mobility 6. Neolithic material culture: pottery, stone tools, axes and flint mines 7. Places for the ancestors: the role of the dead in Neolithic society 8. Monuments 1: chambered tombs 9. Monuments 2: causewayed enclosures 10. Monuments 3: curses, henges and stone circles 11. Theory 1: Prehistoric landscapes, phenomenology and experience 12. Theory 2: The natural world: natural places and human animal relations 13. Ireland: a case study 14. Early Bronze Age: Introduction 15. Places for the dead: Earlier Bronze Age burial and ceremony 16. Early Bronze Age; elements of continuity, elements of change 17. Early Bronze Age/ Middle Bronze AGe transition 18. Dividing the land: Later Bronze Age Settlement 19. Later Bronze Age burial and ceremony 20. The production and consumption of prestige goods. 21. Regional archaeoloiges? 22. Revision session
  • HTA-3114: Experimental Archaeology (20) (Semester 2)
    1. Introduction: experimental archaeology today and its links with ethnoarchaeology 2. The history of experimental archaeology 3. Experiment by design: designing experiments, recording data and methodology 4. Prehistoric metallurgical practices: copper and bronze production 5. Stone and flint technologies; production and use-wear analysis 6. Prehistoric metallurgical practices: iron production 7. Food production: cooking with stone and food storage pits 8. Making prehistoric roundhouses 9. Cremation pyres: a case study on Early Bronze Age practices 10. Taphonomies: understanding the formation of the archaeological record through experimental archaeology 11. Experiencing experiments and materials; revision lecture
  • HTA-3118: Field Archaeology in Britain (20) (Semester 1)
    Lectures 1. Course introduction: outline of course aims, content, assessment. 2. Research designs and regional sampling. 3. Desk-based research: (using HERs, literature searches (including grey literature), accessing aerial photographs, historical documents, place name research, map regression analysis). 4. Surveying upstanding monuments: building recording; setting up a site grid (EDM and tapes); surveying earthworks; fieldwalking strategies. 5. Geophysical surveys: magnetometer, resistivity, magnetic susceptibility, GPR 6. Setting up an archaeological excavation: SMCs, landowner permissions, logistics, sampling strategy, schedule. 7. Doing an excavation: excavation techniques: dryland, wetland, contexts 8. Doing an excavation: recording techniques (planning, section drawing, small finds) 9. Doing an excavation: sampling strategies (soil samples, dating samples) 10. Excavating human remains 11. Planning post-excavation analyses and presenting sites to the public: the importance of outreach Workshops 1. Interpreting aerial photography and geophysical surveys: formation processes, site and landscape stratigraphy, plotting data 2. Making maps (downloading data from Edina, Illustration, plotting data) 3. Designing an excavation strategy for three different case-study sites 4. Environmental soil sampling; sorting of soil residues (course residues) and presentation and analysis of data 5. Interpreting archaeological field illustrations (e.g. sections and plans); site formation processes and stratigraphy; writing stratigraphic reports Fieldtrips 1. Using the HER and grey literature searches: Gwynedd Archaeological Trust (2 hours) 1. Setting up a site grid and surveying upstanding remains (10 hours) 2. Building recording (5 hours)
  • HTA-3123: Supervising Archaeolog FieldWk (20) (Semester 1)
    Practical skills: Archaeological fieldwork supervision: maintaining records and taking responsibility for decisions as a supervisor or officer on an archaeological field project in the roles of context officer, drawing officer, photo officer, finds officer, sample officer, surveying officer, health and safety officer, trench supervisor, site visitor guide, deputy site director. Archaeological post-excavation supervision: taking responsibility for decisions as a supervisor or officer on an archaeological field project in the roles of environmental sample post-processing officer, finds post-processing officer, plan digitization officer, report writing officer. Theoretical knowledge: Principles of archaeological stratigraphy, GIS and CAD applications in archaeology, UK archaeological heritage legislation; organising and financing an excavation
  • Students may take a maximum of 20 credits at Level 6 from elsewhere within the School.

Year 4 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • HPA-4003: Theory&Interp. in Archaeology (40)
    Definitions of 'the Celts' and 'Celtic', the origins/invention of the 'Celts', archaeological gender studies, social archaeology, material culture studies, landscape archaeology, archaeology & politics, archaeology & art history, historical archaeology, the archaeology of belief and religion, reconstructive archaeology, archaeology & the modern period, spatial archaeology
  • HPH-4026: Initiating Research Proj MArts (20)

Semester 2