Modules for course VVR2 | BA/PRG
BA Philosophy and Religion and German

This is a provisional list of modules to be offered on this course in the 2019–20 academic year.

The list may not be complete, and the final course content may be different.

You can also view the modules offered in the years: 2017–18; 2018–19.

Find out more about studying and applying for this degree.

Use the buttons after the module titles (where available) to see a brief description of the content, or:
Show all descriptions
Hide all descriptions

Year 1 Modules

Compulsory Modules

40 credits from:

  • With A Level German
  • LZG-1001: Advanced German 1 (20) (Semester 1) Core
    This module has been designed in order to enable post 'A' level students to develop written communicative skills in German by extending linguistic competence acquired at 'A' level. It comprises a text-based class in which students have the opportunity to develop translation skills and paraphrasing techniques. Students also have the opportunity to revise and consolidate key areas of grammar in a second class which constitutes the grammatical spine of the module. The texts used in this module are chosen from a range of sources including the media and literary works in order to familiarise students with variations in tone and register. A thematic approach is used in the text-based class in order to enable students to gain an insight into particular German themes and issues while developing the various written communicative skills outlined. Set texts: Fehringer, Carol, German Grammar in Context: Analysis and Practice (London: Arnold, 2002) Zorach, Cecile, Charlotte Melin & Elizabeth A. Kautz, English Grammar for Students of German, 5th edn (USA: The Olivia and Hill Press, 2009) Stocker, Paul, Wort für Wort. A new advanced German vocabulary, 5th edn (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 2010) German-English dictionary: Oxford-Duden German Dictionary (Oxford) or Collins German Dictionary (Collins) German-German dictionary: (Wahrig, Langenscheidt or Duden)
  • LZG-1002: Advanced German 2 (20) (Semester 2) Core
    This topic-based module complements LZS1001 by developing proficiency in spoken German acquired at 'A' level. A range of audio and visual aids is used in each class in order to stimulate group discussions, debates and individual presentations on a particular theme. Aural skills are also developed through audio and video comprehension exercises. The purpose of this module is to enable students to defend themselves orally in a range of topics relating to contemporary life and society in the German-speaking world and to improve comprehension of different German accents Set Texts: Deutschland 09. 13 Kurzfilme zur Lage der Nation, dir. by Dani Levi, Fatih Akin et al. (piffl medien, 2009) Sven Regener, Herr Lehmann (Munich: Goldman, 2003) Herr Lehmann, dir. by Leander Haußmann (Universal, 2004) * The dictionaries and websites listed for LZG-LCG 1001 are also useful for students on this module. Other Learning Resources: Course Reader will be provided with extra materials needed for class Students registered for this module (and for LZG-LCG 1001) are expected to complete the School’s co-curricular Self-Study Portfolio which is available to download from the School’s website. This portfolio encourages students to read German-language newspapers and watch German TV and German films. They should also complete online grammar exercises and read one German-language novel per semester. Students should complete one portfolio for German per semester.

40 credits from:

  • Without A Level German
  • LZG-1003: German for Beginners I (20) (Semester 1) Core
    The module is devised to suit 'ab initio' and post-GCSE students of German and focuses on the development of basic oral, aural and written communicative skills. The module involves an introduction to and [in the case of those with GCSE knowledge of the language] a revision of key areas of grammar (present and past tenses, the future and conditional tenses, nouns, adjectives, prepositions). Students will acquire general vocabulary and key expressions relating to self, family, daily routine, hobbies, likes and dislikes, in part through role-play situations. Using appropriate audio/visual aids, students will also be introduced to modern and contemporary German culture and society Key Text Storz, Thomas, Jutta Müller and Hartmut Aufderstraße, Delfin (Munich: Hueber Verlag, 2014). Websites SMLC offers a link list for all language students that covers the most important resources (newspapers, TV channels, online grammar and dictionaries, etc.) in the language(s) that they study: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-german.php.en (German online resources) http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-welsh.php.en (Welsh medium resources) Additionally, students are encouraged to consult: English-German Context Dictionary: http://www.linguee.com/
  • LZG-1004: German for Beginners II (20) (Semester 2) Core
    This module is aimed at all first year students who have completed German for Beginners 1. The module aims to develop the basic oral, aural and written communicative skills acquired in semester 1 in order to bring students up to and beyond a level of proficiency equivalent to 'A' level. Students apply the grammatical principles learned in semester 1 to extended pieces of writing and also focus on more complex grammatical structures. Aural communicative skills are developed through audio and video tape comprehension exercises and students are required to make individual presentations on more sophisticated topics Course book: Storz, Thomas, Jutta Müller and Hartmut Aufderstraße, Delfin (Munich: Hueber Verlag, 2014). Websites: SMLC offers a link list for all language students that covers the most important resources (newspapers, TV channels, online grammar and dictionaries, etc.) in the language(s) that they study: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-german.php.en (German online resources) http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-welsh.php.en (Welsh medium resources) Additionally, students are encouraged to consult: English-German Context Dictionary: http://www.linguee.com/

Optional Modules

20 credits from:

  • LZC-1003: Chinese for Beginners 1 (20) (Semester 1)
  • LZF-1003: French for Beginners I (20) (Semester 1)
    The module is devised to suit 'ab initio' and post-GCSE students of French and focuses on the development of basic oral, aural and written communicative skills. The module involves an introduction to and [in the case of those with GCSE knowledge of the language] a revision of key areas of grammar (present and past tenses, the future and conditional tenses, nouns, adjectives, prepositions). Students will acquire general vocabulary and key expressions relating to self, family, daily routine, hobbies, likes and dislikes, in part through role-play situations. Using appropriate audio/visual aids, students will also be introduced to modern and contemporary French culture and society. Key texts: Action Grammaire! 3rd edition by Phil Turk & Geneviève García Vandaele (Hodder Education, 2006). The French Experience 1 Marie Therese Bougard, Daniele Bourdais (BBC Publications, 2003) Students are given the following advice about purchasing a dictionary: “You may be able to manage with a concise one (not a pocket dictionary), but you should consider a ‘proper’ translating dictionary such as the Collins-Robert or Oxford-Hachette, and learn to use it effectively and regularly.”
    or
    LCF-1003: Ffrangeg i Ddechreuwyr I (20) (Semester 1)
    Mae'r modiwl hwn yn addas ar gyfer dechreuwyr a myfyrwyr sydd wedi astudio Ffrangeg at TGAU. Mae'n canolbwyntio ar ddatblygu sgiliau llafar, gwrando ac ysgrifennu. Mae'r modiwl yn cynnwys cyflwyniad ac adolygu (yn achos rhai sydd eisoes wedi gwneud TGAU) y rhannau allweddol o ramadeg (yr amser presennol a'r gorffennol, y dyfodol a'r amodol, enwau, ansoddeiriau, arddodiaid). Bydd y myfyrwyr yn dysgu geirfa gyffredinol a'r ymadroddion allweddol sy'n ymwneud â'r hunan, y teulu, gweithgareddau bob-dydd, diddordebau, yr hyn maent yn ei hoffi/gasáu, a hynny yn rhannol trwy sefyllfaoedd chwarae rôl. Gan ddefnyddio'r cymhorthion sain/gweledol priodol, bydd y myfyrwyr yn cael eu cyflwyno i'r diwylliant a'r gymdeithas Ffrengig heddiw. Key texts The following textbooks are used: Action Grammaire! 3rd edition by Phil Turk & Geneviève García Vandaele (Hodder Education, 2006). The French Experience 1 Marie Therese Bougard, Daniele Bourdais (BBC Publications, 2003) Students are given the following advice about purchasing a dictionary: “You may be able to manage with a concise one (not a pocket dictionary), but you should consider a ‘proper’ translating dictionary such as the Collins-Robert or Oxford-Hachette, and learn to use it effectively and regularly.”
  • LZI-1003: Italian for Beginners I (20) (Semester 1)
    This is a module running in semester 1 aimed at absolute beginners. This module intends to make students become familiar with the basic structures of the language in order to enable them to express themselves, both orally and in writing, on very simple topics related to everyday life situations. The textbook adopted for this course is 'Spazio Italia 1' (Loescher Editore). This particular text has been selected for its communicative approach to language teaching which, in conjunction with a more traditional approach to grammar, allows students to speed up their progress in all the four essential language learning skills of speaking, reading, listening and writing. Key Texts: Diaco, Mimma Flavia & Maria Gloria Tommasini, Spazio Italia 1, (Torino: Loescher Editore, 2011). Diaco, Mimma Flavia & Maria Gloria Tommasini, Spazio Italia 3, (Torino: Loescher Editore, 2011). Webpages: www.rainews.it www.repubblica.it Any other learning resources: Lingu exercises
  • LZS-1003: Spanish Begin./Intermed. 1 (20) (Semester 1)
    This module is aimed at ab initio and post GCSE students of Spanish and focuses on the development of basic oral, aural and written communicative skills. The module involves an introduction to (and in the case of those with GCSE knowledge of the language), a revision of key areas of grammar (present and past tenses, the future and conditional tenses, nouns, adjectives, prepositions) and general vocabulary and key expressions relating to self, family, daily routine, hobbies, likes and dislikes and role-play situations. Through selected audio/visual aids, students will also be introduced to Spanish culture and society. Textbook: Kattán, Juan, and Angela Howkins, Spanish Grammar in Context, 3rd edn (New York: Routledge, 2014)
    or
    LCS-1003: Sbaeneg i Ddechreuwyr 1 (20) (Semester 1)
    Mae'r modiwl hwn wedi ei anelu at ddechreuwyr a myfyrwyr sydd wedi astudio TGAU Sbaeneg ac mae'n canolbwyntio ar ddatblygu sgiliau cyfathrebu llafar, clywedol ac ysgrifenedig sylfaenol. Mae'r modiwl yn cynnwys cyflwyniad ac (yn achos myfyrwyr sydd wedi astudio TGAU Sbaeneg) adolygiad o elfennau gramadegol allweddol (yr amser presennol a'r gorffennol, y dyfodol a'r amodol, enwau, ansoddeiriau, arddodiaid) a geirfa ac ymadroddion cyffredin sy'n ymwneud â'r hunan, y teulu, bywyd pob dydd, hobïau, hoff bethau a chas bethau a chwarae rôl. Trwy gymhorthion clywedol/gweledol cyflwynir myfyrwyr hefyd i ddiwylliant a chymdeithas Sbaenaidd. Llyfr cwrs: Kattán, Juan, and Angela Howkins, Spanish Grammar in Context, 3rd edn (New York: Routledge, 2014)
  • QXL-1110: Introduction to Language (20) (Semester 1)
    The course provides an overview of a wide range of topics in the study of natural language, including: 1. What is language? 2. Morphology: words and their structure. 3. Phonetics and Phonology: language sounds and sound systems. 4. Syntax: sentence structure 5. Semantics and Pragmatics: meaning and context 6. Language variation. 7. Language change. 8. Language acquisition 9. Language pathologies 10. Language and the brain Furthermore, the course provides guidance on how to plan & write an essay as well as other assessment methods, and on how to prepare effectively for examinations.
  • QXL-1112: Language, Literature & Culture (20) (Semester 2)
    1. the relationship between language, culture and thought processes, 2. the relationship between language and identity, 3. the structures of bilingual societies, 4. the different manifestations of multilingualism, particularly in relation to the concepts of bilingualism and diglossia, 5. the cultural, political, and anthropological issues surrounding minority languages & language policy.
  • LXE-1600: Transnational Cultures (20) (Semester 2)
  • LXE-1700: Creating National Histories (20) (Semester 1)

60 credits from:

  • VPR-1103: Existentialism (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will begin with an overview of the meaning of existentialism, its key themes and thinkers. The module is then divided into five parts. In part one we examine the philosophical groundwork that underpins existentialism as a theory. Here students will be introduced to such ideas as Sartre’s concepts of consciousness, being, nothingness, facticity and transcendence. In part two we explore the importance of freedom to the human condition, and the meaning behind Sartre’s famous slogans, ‘we are condemned to be free’, and ‘existence precedes essence’. Here we will examine the first of our contemporary films, The Truman Show, in order to demonstrate the validity of these ideas within society today. Part three then surveys the notion of the ‘absurd’ as a philosophical concept and identifies its trace in literature, art, and film. Students will examine a variety of responses to the absurd, including those outlined by Kafka, Camus, and Kierkegaard. We will then watch the film Ground hog Day with a view to identifying how these responses can be portrayed in contemporary film. Part four examines Sartre’s notion of bad faith, and the ease in which we fail to respond adequately to the demands of existentialism. Finally, part five considers the effect that others have on our existence and in our capacity to engage our lives authentically.
  • VPR-1104: Death of God (20) (Semester 2)
    The module begins by examining how the events of Nietzsche’s life and the cultural climate of his time are reflected in his writing style and the ideas he seeks to expound. Following this introduction, the module is divided into four parts. In part one we explore the philosophical context for why God’s death is deemed a necessity for Nietzsche. Here we look at his criticism of Christianity and Platonism, and examine his concepts of will to power, slave and master morality, bad conscience and ressentiment. In part two we examine the nature of God’s death, and by looking at a variety of Nietzsche’s writings, we piece together how God ‘died’. In part three, we begin to investigate the implications of the death of God for our understanding of morality, truth, and suffering. Here students are introduced to Nietzsche’s idea of a revaluation of values, and his famous conceptions of the Übermensch (or superman), eternal recurrence, and the relevance of Dionysus. Finally, in part 4 we revisit the key ideas that have been explored within this module to entertain a controversial yet coherent reading of Nietzsche’s philosophy—one that proposes the possibility of God’s return.
  • VPR-1105: Ethics: Religious Perspectives (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will begin with a discussion of the origin of ethics and will examine some of the relevant survivng materials relevant to the subject from the great civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt (including the stories about heroes who exemplified the kind of virtues most admired, and the legal codes which defined acceptable and unacceptable conduct). The module will then examine the ethical values of the Jewish religion, as reflected in the Old Testament, and the ethical values of the Christian tradition as reflected in the New Testament. This will be followed by an overview of ethical concerns in the Buddhist tradition. The module will conclude with an examination of the ‘divine command’ theory of ethics and will consider to what extent the moral good should be identified with God’s will or God’s command.
    or
    VPC-1105: Moeseg: Agweddau Crefyddol (20) (Semester 2)
    Bydd y modiwl yn dechrau gyda thrafodaeth ar darddiad moeseg a bydd yn edrych ar beth o'r deunyddiau perthnasol i'r pwnc sydd wedi goroesi o ddiwylliannau mawr Mesopotamia a'r Aifft (yn cynnwys storïau am arwyr a ymgorfforai'r rhinweddau a edmygid fwyaf, a'r codau cyfreithiol a ddiffiniai ymddygiad derbyniol ac annerbyniol). Bydd y modiwl wedyn yn archwilio gwerthoedd moesegol y grefydd Iddewig, fel yr adlewyrchir hwynt yn yr Hen Destament, a gwerthoedd moesegol y traddodiad Cristnogol, fel yr adlewyrchir hwynt yn y Testament Newydd. Yn dilyn hynny ceir golwg gyffredinol ar faterion moesegol sy'n gysylltiedig â'r traddodiad Bwdistaidd. Daw'r modiwl i'w derfyn drwy edrych ar ddamcaniaeth foesegol 'gorchymyn dwyfol', a bydd yn ystyried i ba raddau y dylid uniaethu daioni moesol ag ewyllys Duw neu orchymyn Duw.
  • VPR-1106: Intro: Judaism & Christianity (20) (Semester 1)
    The module outlines of some of the basic tenets of the Jewish faith as reflected in the Old Testament and the Christian faith as reflected in the New Testament. Among issues considered will be the contribution to the Jewish faith by the rabbis and the controversies faced by Judaism over the centuries, culminating in a discussion of issues relating to the holocaust. Among Jewish philosophers discussed will be Maimonides and Martin Buber. The modules will then turn to the Christian faith and will examine some of the theological issues arising from the New Testament, with a particular focus on Paul’s theology and the Early Church Fathers, such as Origen and Eusebius. There will also be a discussion of a representative sample of major Christian thinkers over the centuries.
  • VPR-1109: Introduction to Islam (20) (Semester 2)
    Islam is the world’s fastest growing religion, yet for most people its beliefs and practice remain obscure despite having close religious connection with Judaism and Christianity. For this reason, this module has been designed to provide a comprehensive introduction to Islamic faith, philosophy and practice. The module will introduce students to the study of Islamic theology by exploring the emergence and development of Islam, from its origins in the seventh century to its modern revival. Therefore, the module will guide students through the following aspects of the study of Islam: (1) Introduce students to the history and development of early and modern Islam (against the background of social and cultural contexts); (2) Examine core Islamic beliefs and practices; and (3) Investigate the wider Islamic tradition by surveying Islamic law, philosophy and mysticism.
  • VPR-1110: Themes - Eastern Religion/Phil (20) (Semester 2)
    This module offers an introduction to the philosophical and religious development of key eastern religious traditions - Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, Confucianism and Shinto – and provides a detailed overview of their origins, histories, doctrines and scriptures. In order to explore a wide spectrum of religious and philosophical beliefs, the following will be considered teaching priorities: (1) Survey of the beliefs and practices of six Eastern religions and philosophies; (2) understand the multifaceted religious heritage of the six Eastern religions – from the pre-modern era to contemporary religious practice; (3) Examination of the mutual influences and intersections of the Eastern religions and philosophies and how they interact with other elements of Eastern culture and society; (4) Deconstruct the East and West meeting points, focusing on the spread and influence of Eastern religion and philosophy in the West.
  • VPR-1300: Intro to Philosophy of Religio (20) (Semester 1)
    The module begins by clarifying the state of the analytic philosophy of religion at the turn of the 20th century, reflecting upon its inheritance of 19th century ‘modernity’. This is contrasted with some concurrent developments in the continental tradition (German Romanticism, Dostoevsky, Nietzsche). This is the context from which, and into which, Wittgenstein speaks. We will cover the early, middle, and late eras of Wittgenstein’s thought, and show the revolutionary impact that his thought had for the philosophy of religion. We track the various directions in which Wittgenstein’s influence was felt; for example, in A. J. Ayer’s verificationism, or those overtly ‘Wittgensteinian’ philosophers of religion such as D. Z. Phillips. The ‘meta-philosophy of religion’ is introduced throughout, as we tackle the question of how best to philosophise about religion.
  • VPR-1301: Introduction to Logic (20) (Semester 2)
  • VPC-1303: Cyflwyniad i Gristnogaeth (20) (Semester 1)

Year 2 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • LZG-2040: Gegenwartssprache I (40) Core
    This module deepens students' command of the written language through translation, text and essay work. Emphasis will be placed on a secure grasp of structures and sensitivity to register. Oral proficiency will be fostered through discussions of contemporary issues in the German-speaking world with students' presentations on various topics. In order to prepare students for their year abroad, key topics will be covered including aspects of business German, the press and media, university life in Germany and Austria, and general 'Landeskunde'. Students will also be required to read and review two short novels in order to expand their vocabulary and improve their grasp of grammatical structures.

Semester 2

  • LZG-2040: Gegenwartssprache I
    This module deepens students' command of the written language through translation, text and essay work. Emphasis will be placed on a secure grasp of structures and sensitivity to register. Oral proficiency will be fostered through discussions of contemporary issues in the German-speaking world with students' presentations on various topics. In order to prepare students for their year abroad, key topics will be covered including aspects of business German, the press and media, university life in Germany and Austria, and general 'Landeskunde'. Students will also be required to read and review two short novels in order to expand their vocabulary and improve their grasp of grammatical structures.

Optional Modules

20 credits from:

  • LXG-2008: The German Film (20) (Semester 2)
    This module will examine a selection of nine German films reflecting key themes in German cinema, from its beginnings to the present day. Students will be provided with an introduction to the history of German cinema, and will develop a detailed knowledge of the films examined both as historical documents and as cinematic texts. Whilst certain attention will be paid to cinematographic devices and the different movements associated with German cinema, the module will also explore the chosen films in a far wider context, examining the social and historical events surrounding the creation of the films, thus broadening students' knowledge of German history and culture. Primary Sources: Films: Das Cabinet des Dr Caligari, dir. by Robert Wiene (1919) M: Eine Stadt sucht einen Mörder, dir. by Fritz Lang (1931) Triumph des Willens, dir. by Leni Riefenstahl (1935) Angst essen Seele auf, dir. by Rainer Werner Fassbinder (1973) Der Himmel über Berlin, dir. by Wim Wenders (1987) Lola rennt, dir. by Tom Tykwer (1998) Good Bye Lenin!, dir. by Wolfgang Becker (2003) Das Leben der Anderen, dir. by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck (2006) Recommended Reading Bergfelder, Tim, et al., The German Cinema Book (London: BFI, 2002) Cooke, Paul, German Expressionist Films (Harpenden: Pocket Essentials, 2002) Elsaesser, T., New German Cinema: A History (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1989) Ginsberg, T. and K.M. Thompson (eds), Perspectives on German Cinema (New York: G.K. Hall, 1996) Hake, Sabine, German National Cinema (London: Routledge, 2002) Brockmann, Stephen, A Critical History of German Film (Rochester, NY: Camden House, 2010).
  • LXG-2009: Dutch I (20) (Semester 1)
    An introduction to contemporary Dutch language, presenting students with a foundation knowledge of modern Dutch in both its spoken and written form. Set Text Gerdi Quist et al., Routledge Intensive Dutch Course (New York: Routledge, 2006) Websites: SMLC offers a link list for all language students that covers the most important resources (newspapers, TV channels, online grammar and dictionaries, etc.) in the language(s) that they study: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-dutch.php.en
  • LXE-2011: Discovering Cities (20) (Semester 1)
  • LXG-2011: Dutch II (20) (Semester 2)
    The module builds on the foundation knowledge gained in Dutch I [LXG2009] and equips students with a sound basis in contemporary Dutch. Set Text Gerdi Quist et al., Routledge Intensive Dutch Course (New York: Routledge, 2006) Websites: SMLC offers a link list for all language students that covers the most important resources (newspapers, TV channels, online grammar and dictionaries, etc.) in the language(s) that they study: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-dutch.php.en
  • LXE-2025: Reading Fantastic Literatures (20) (Semester 2)

60 credits from:

  • SXU-2002: Contemporary Social Debates (20) (Semester 1)
    There will be no set curriculum - rather this will emerge each time the module is taught depending on staff and student interests. The approach adopted will be to devote the first workshop to identifying themes and issues to be addressed, and to draw up the curriculum for that academic session in collaboration between staff and students. The workshop style of teaching and learning will allow emerging issues and contemporary debates to be addressed. Possible topics to be covered: Should drugs be legalised? Social control and the media Thinking critically about criminology Should there be a sociology of the environment? Exploring disaster capitalism Girls will be girls and boys will be boys – debunking the myth of gender. Exploring the relationship between inequality and capitalism Radicalisation, immigration, identity and racism. The Arab Spring Riots and civil liberties Thinking beyond the norm – the rationalization of ‘them’ and ‘us’
  • SXS-2035: Classical Social Theory (20) (Semester 1)
    The module introduces the classic contributions of Marx, Tocqueville, Tonnies, Weber, Durkheim and Simmel and the development of their thinking concerning modernity, capitalism, rationalisation and bureaucracy, and the question of moral and social order. The module then considers how the classic tradition has been transformed and new paths have been pursued in the contexts of Parsons' 'system theory', symbolic interactionism, critical theory and feminist social theory.
  • HTH-2163: Nazi Germany 1933-1945 (20) (Semester 1)
  • VPR-2202: Applied Ethics (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will begin with a brief outline of the various ethical challenges which face contemporary society. It will then consider the following issues: (a) world poverty (is it the responsibility of individuals or governments or both to alleviate world poverty?); (b) the arguments justifying an environmental ethic; ethical considerations to be considered in the case of voluntary and non-voluntary euthanasia; the issue of abortion and the notion of reverence for human life; war and peace (the just war theory; ethics and nuclear weapons etc).
  • VPR-2203: Paradoxes of Self: Nietz./Jung (20) (Semester 1)
    We begin with a survey of how opposites have been construed within Western and Eastern philosophical traditions. Particular emphasis will be given to how they have been, and continue to be regarded as necessary postulates for making sense of the way we think and experience life, and also useful approaches for considering how we can enhance our lives and make them more meaningful. This introductory part of the module will recap some of the relevant themes studied in the Year One modules, ‘Existentialism’, and ‘Death of God’ (including metaphysics; truth; subjectivity; and freedom). Students will then identify these ideas within two contrasting models of opposites proposed by two iconic thinkers of twentieth-century philosophical and psychological thought: Friedrich Nietzsche and C.G. Jung. We shall explore their models side by side, drawing on their similarities and essential contrasts, and also drawing upon their key philosophical influences, whose ideas helped to shape their different models. (These include, Heraclitus, Aristotle and Plato, Schopenhauer, and Kant, and also Eastern philosophical traditions.) The implications of their different models of the nature and dynamics of opposites will be scrutinised in light of how they apply their theories to real life, and how they have different ideas about how oppositional thinking can be utilized and maximised in our own lives. To this end, students will explore their different ideas of the ideal human being who does just that: the Übermensch (or superman) of Nietzsche, and ‘the Self’ of Jung. The module will conclude with an analysis of the extent to which Nietzsche’s and Jung’s models of the union of opposites and their embodiment within their visions of an ideal human being can be regarded as viable, practical models for us to emulate. To this end, students will have the opportunity to see how Nietzsche and Jung themselves fare when compared to their own and each other’s ideal conceptions.
  • VPR-2218: Sociology of Religion (20) (Semester 2)
    This module provides a comprehensive discussion of the classical and modern theoretical underpinnings of the sociological study of religion. The module will cover several theoretical topics and issues: Firstly, the origins of religious belief and practice will be explored by reviewing the major theories related to the debates on the social origin of religion. Secondly, the module will provide different theoretical foundations for understanding religion in modern social life, its culture and institutions. Thirdly, the module will identify common themes across religious traditions, providing broader insight into different understandings of religion, of those who practice religion, and how religious motivations and justifications affect the social world. Fourthly, these common themes will be examined within a sociological framework, which will be built on the contributions of both classical sociologists, such as Durkheim, Marx, Troeltsch and Weber, and recent sociologists.
  • VPR-2219: Comp. Philosophy: East/West (20) (Semester 2)
    This module seeks to explore two distinct philosophical traditions: Eastern and Western. Framing the module in a comparative way enables students to identify key relationships and differences that relate to major philosophical themes. In particular, the module begins by defining the comparative philosophical approach, which will be used throughout the course as the means to study the East and the West. The vast majority of the module will be dedicated to examining different metaphysical and ethical concerns. The module will explore several key thematic notions: (1) Reason and Faith (ignorance, knowledge, causation, scepticism, revelation and divinity); (2) Reality (origins, existence, monism, dualism, pluralism and naturalism); (3) Virtue (tradition, divinity, rites, human nature and altruism); (4) Mind (enlightenment, emptiness, transcendence, introspection and immanence).
  • VPR-2300: Ancient Philosophy (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides a broad overview of, and introduction to, ancient philosophy in the Western tradition. It will cover, mainly in chronological order, the entirety of the ‘ancient’ philosophical era, beginning with the pre-Socratics, moving through Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and onwards to Stoicism, some key Roman philosophers, and Neo-Platonism. Emphasis will be put on the connections between ancient philosophy and later philosophical or religious developments, and on the influence that ancient philosophy has had on human thought generally. Historical narrative detail will be included where relevant (e.g., Socrates’ death, the Peloponnesian War, Aristotle and Alexander the Great, etc.) to provide context. Significant emphasis will be placed on the continued relevance that ancient philosophical schools can have for our modern lives, enabling us to overcome adversity and ‘live well’.
  • VPR-2301: 20th Century Phil of Religion (20) (Semester 2)
    The module begins by clarifying the state of the analytic philosophy of religion at the turn of the 20th century, reflecting upon its inheritance of 19th century ‘modernity’. This is contrasted with some concurrent developments in the continental tradition (German Romanticism, Dostoevsky, Nietzsche). This is the context from which, and into which, Wittgenstein speaks. We will cover the early, middle, and late eras of Wittgenstein’s thought, and show the revolutionary impact that his thought had for the philosophy of religion. We track the various directions in which Wittgenstein’s influence was felt; for example, in A. J. Ayer’s verificationism, or those overtly ‘Wittgensteinian’ philosophers of religion such as D. Z. Phillips. The ‘meta-philosophy of religion’ is introduced throughout, as we tackle the question of how best to philosophise about religion.
  • VPR-2302: Faith and Reason (20) (Semester 2)
    The module is composed of two parts, each looking at the interaction of ‘faith’ and ‘reason’. In the first part, I construct a narrative regarding the origins of our modern conception of ‘reason’, contrasting this with our conception of what it is to have ‘faith’. This narrative begins with Francis Bacon and (which is the more usual philosophical starting point) Descartes. I develop this through certain key thinkers of the modern period (Spinoza, Locke, Hume), concluding with the 19th century’s conception of ‘natural theology’. I press the case that a certain conception of ‘reason’ squeezed ‘faith’ out of the picture (along with a great deal of other meaningful dimensions of human life), prompting us to ask whether we must hold to the traditional conception of ‘reason’ at any cost. The second part of the module looks at contemporary examples of the interaction of ‘reason’ and ‘faith’, in the form of the interaction of science and religion. We consider examples of science being used to support religion (‘Intelligent Design’, the ‘Fine Tuning’ argument), and to debunk religion (evolution, the cognitive science of religion), and ask whether science and religion must necessarily be in conflict with each other. No prior philosophical or scientific knowledge is presumed. A brief introduction to quantum theory will be included.
  • VPR-2303: Immanuel Kant (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides an introduction to the thought of Immanuel Kant. It covers his contributions to metaphysics and epistemology, by discussing his ‘transcendental idealism’. It covers Kant’s significant contributions to ethics, introducing the various formulations of his ‘categorical imperative’. It covers his contributions to the philosophy of religion, in particular his moral argument for belief in God. Throughout the module, I place Kant in the context of the history of philosophy, identifying those key aspects of philosophy to which Kant was responding (i.e., rationalism and empiricism), and those philosophers whose work was shaped by Kant’s legacy. Finally, we reflect on the place Kant’s thought holds in contemporary philosophy, particularly moral philosophy.
  • VPR-2305: Hinduism in the Modern World (20) (Semester 1)
  • VPR-2408: Religious Education (20) (Semester 2) or
    VPC-2408: Addysg Grefyddol (20) (Semester 2)

Year 4 Modules

Compulsory Modules

Semester 1

  • LZG-3030: Gegenwartssprache II (30) Core
    This 30 credit module running throughout the year promotes appropriate use of style and register in all written and oral work and ensures that students can deal with variations in register and idiomatic expression in a confident and accurate manner. Through exposure to selected texts, complex grammatical structures and audiovisual materials, students acquire reading, writing, aural and oral skills which match the required standard of final year linguists. Key Texts Davies, Winifred V. (1997) Essay-writing in German – A students’ guide, Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press. Clemmetson, Christa and Rod Hare (1998) Aufsatz! 2000 : German language essay writing, London : Hodder & Stoughton. Websites SMLC offers a link list for all language students that covers the most important resources (newspapers, TV channels, online grammar and dictionaries, etc.) in the language(s) that they study: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-german.php.en (German online resources) http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-welsh.php.en (Welsh medium resources) Additionally, students are encouraged to consult: English-German Context Dictionary: http://www.linguee.com/ Other Learning Resources Students are provided with separate dossiers that contain all the necessary materials for their translation, applied language and conversation classes at the beginning of each semester.

Semester 2

  • LZG-3030: Gegenwartssprache II
    This 30 credit module running throughout the year promotes appropriate use of style and register in all written and oral work and ensures that students can deal with variations in register and idiomatic expression in a confident and accurate manner. Through exposure to selected texts, complex grammatical structures and audiovisual materials, students acquire reading, writing, aural and oral skills which match the required standard of final year linguists. Key Texts Davies, Winifred V. (1997) Essay-writing in German – A students’ guide, Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press. Clemmetson, Christa and Rod Hare (1998) Aufsatz! 2000 : German language essay writing, London : Hodder & Stoughton. Websites SMLC offers a link list for all language students that covers the most important resources (newspapers, TV channels, online grammar and dictionaries, etc.) in the language(s) that they study: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-german.php.en (German online resources) http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/links-welsh.php.en (Welsh medium resources) Additionally, students are encouraged to consult: English-German Context Dictionary: http://www.linguee.com/ Other Learning Resources Students are provided with separate dossiers that contain all the necessary materials for their translation, applied language and conversation classes at the beginning of each semester.

Optional Modules

30 credits from:

  • LXG-3016: East Germany and its Legacy (20) (Semester 1 + 2)
    During this course you will be introduced to life in the German Democratic Republic (1949-89). You will study an outline history of the country, in order to analyse the rise and fall of Germany's first, and only, socialist experiment. You will explore the nature of everyday life and, in particular, the way in which the State sought to control every aspect of its citizens' existence. Finally, you will analyse the so-called Wende and the different ways in which the GDR has been categorised since 1989. Four literary texts will also be studied. These reflect individual experience within the GDR. Required reading Stephan Heym, Fünf Tage im Juni (FaM: Fischer, 1990) Volker Braun, Unvollendete Geschichte (FaM: Suhrkamp, 1979) Christoph Hein, Der Tangospieler (Berlin: Aufbau, 1999) Christa Wolf, Der geteilte Himmel (Munich: DTV, 2010)
  • LXG-3036: Performing Germany (20) (Semester 2)
  • LXE-3101: Approaching Translation (10) (Semester 2)
    This module aims to further develop and consolidate translation skills students have acquired in their language courses. By approaching translation as a process, it examines translation at different textual levels, from the lexico-grammatical level such as words and grammar, to the textual-pragmatic level such as cohesion, register and text types. It provides students with a framework to reflect on the translational difficulties in their chosen language pairs and explore strategies and their implications. Key texts Baker, Mona. In Other Words: A Coursebook on Translation, 2nd edition (London: Routledge, 2011). Hatim, Basil and Munday, Jeremy. Translation: an Advanced Resource Book (London: Routledge, 2004). Students will also require language specific resources such as a bilingual and monolingual dictionaries.
    or
    LCE-3101: Trin a Thrafod Cyfieithu (10) (Semester 2)
    Bwriad y modiwl hwn yw datblygu ac atgyfnerthu ymhellach sgiliau cyfieithu a enillwyd gan fyfyrwyr yn eu cyrsiau iaith. Trwy ystyried cyfieithu fel proses, mae'n craffu ar gyfieithu ar wahanol lefelau testunol, o lefel geiriau a gramadeg, i'r lefel destunol a phragmataidd sy'n ystyried cydlyniad, cywair a mathau o destun. Mae'n rhoi fframwaith i'r myfyrwyr i ystyried yr anawsterau cyfieithu yn y parau iaith a ddewiswyd ganddynt ac i ymchwilio i strategaethau a'u goblygiadau. Key texts Baker, Mona. In Other Words: A Coursebook on Translation, 2nd edition (London: Routledge, 2011). Hatim, Basil and Munday, Jeremy. Translation: an Advanced Resource Book (London: Routledge, 2004). Students will also require language specific resources such as a bilingual and monolingual dictionaries.
  • LXE-3102: Culture and the Body (10) (Semester 1)
  • LXE-3103: Wales: A European Contact Zone (20) (Semester 1)
  • HTH-3163: Nazi Germany 1933-1945 (20) (Semester 1)
  • LXE-3210: Press Dossier (10) (10) (Semester 1)
    This module provides students with the opportunity to examine a topical issue relevant to one or more countries/regions in which the target language is spoken. The chosen issue will be examined through the prism of the press and media, in order to develop an understanding not only of the specific issue in question, but also of the media landscape of the relevant society. The resulting dossier will comprise the analysis of contrasting media and press types in their coverage of the chosen topic, as well as an assessment of their importance in influencing public opinion. The dossier will be written in the target language, and should contain an appendix of materials which have been examined. Busà, M. Grazia, Introducing the Language of the News: a Student's Guide (London: Routledge, 2014) Stevenson, Nick, Understanding Media Cultures: Social Theory and Mass Communication (London; Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1995) Harrison, Martin, TV news, Whose Bias? : a Casebook Analysis of Strikes, Television and Media Studies (Hermitage, Berks.: Policy Journals, 1985) Stocchetti Matteo and Karin Kukkonen, Critical Media Analysis: an Introduction for Media Professionals (Frankfurt am Main ; New York: Peter Lang, 2011) Van Dijk, Teun A., Discourse and Communication: New Approaches to the Analysis of Mass Media Discourse and Communication (Berlin; New York: W. de Gruyter, 1985) Websites: This section of SMLC website lists some of the major newspaper, TV and radio sites in German, French, Spanish and Italian media: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/uglinks.php
    or
    LCE-3210: Astudio'r Cyfryngau (S1) (10) (Semester 1)
    Mae'r modiwl hwn yn rhoi cyfle i fyfyrwyr astudio pwnc cyfoes sy'n berthnasol i un neu fwy o wledydd/rhanbarthau lle y siaredir yr iaith darged. Gwyntyllir y pwnc a ddewisir drwy brism y wasg a'r cyfryngau, er mwyn magu dealltwriaeth o'r pwnc penodol ond hefyd o'r cyhoeddiadau a chyfryngau sydd ar gael yn y gymdeithas dan sylw. Bydd yr adroddiad terfynol yn cynnwys dadansoddiad o sut y mae mathau cyferbyniol o gyhoeddiadau a chyfryngau yn ymdrin â'r pwnc, yn ogystal ag asesiad o'u pwysigrwydd wrth ddylanwadu ar farn y cyhoedd. Ysgrifennir yr adroddiad yn yr iaith darged, ac atodir y deunyddiau a drafodir wrtho. Busà, M. Grazia, Introducing the Language of the News: a Student's Guide (London: Routledge, 2014) Stevenson, Nick, Understanding Media Cultures: Social Theory and Mass Communication (London; Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1995) Harrison, Martin, TV news, Whose Bias? : a Casebook Analysis of Strikes, Television and Media Studies (Hermitage, Berks.: Policy Journals, 1985) Stocchetti Matteo and Karin Kukkonen, Critical Media Analysis: an Introduction for Media Professionals (Frankfurt am Main ; New York: Peter Lang, 2011) Van Dijk, Teun A., Discourse and Communication: New Approaches to the Analysis of Mass Media Discourse and Communication (Berlin; New York: W. de Gruyter, 1985) Websites: This section of SMLC website lists some of the major newspaper, TV and radio sites in German, French, Spanish and Italian media: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/ml/uglinks.php
  • LXE-3400: Joint Hons Diss (English) (10) (Semester 1 + 2) or
    LCE-3400: Traethawd Hir Cyd-A (Cym) (10) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • LXE-3444: Joint Hons Diss (Target Lang) (10) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • Joint Hons. Students may only take ONE LXE module (does not include the dissertation). A dissertation must be taken in ONE joint honours subject.

60 credits from:

  • SXS-3003: Theorizing Society & Politics (20) (Semester 1)
    This module explores the origins, nature and significance of sociological theories and concepts developed in the 20th and 21st century. It examines the strengths and weaknesses of such approaches as critical theory (Adorno, Horkheimer, Marcuse et al) structuralism and neo-structuralism (Levi-Strauss, Foucault, Bourdieu), and feminist standpoint theory. It considers a range of theories which seek to address knowledge, power and subordination in terms of gender divisions and differences of class, race or sexuality. The module seeks to ask questions about the relationship between social theory, social action, sociological research and everyday life. This in turn encourages students to reflect on their own position as participants in social interaction.
  • HPS-3006: Dissertation (40) (Semester 1 + 2) or
    HAC-3006: Traethawd Hir (40) (Semester 1 + 2)
  • HTH-3163: Nazi Germany 1933-1945 (20) (Semester 1)
  • VPR-3302: Applied Ethics (20) (Semester 1)
    The module will begin with a brief outline of the various ethical challenges which face contemporary society. It will then consider the following issues: (a) world poverty (is it the responsibility of individuals or governments or both to alleviate world poverty?); (b) the arguments justifying an environmental ethic; ethical considerations to be considered in the case of voluntary and non-voluntary euthanasia; the issue of abortion the notion of reverence for human life; war and peace (the just war theory; ethics and nuclear weapons etc.)
  • VPR-3303: Paradoxes of Self: Nietz..Jung (20) (Semester 1)
    We begin with a survey of how opposites have been construed within Western and Eastern philosophical traditions. Particular emphasis will be given to how they have been, and continue to be regarded as necessary postulates for making sense of the way we think and experience life, and also useful approaches for considering how we can enhance our lives and make them more meaningful. This introductory part of the module will recap some of the relevant themes studied in the Year One modules, ‘Existentialism’, and ‘Death of God’ (including metaphysics; truth; subjectivity; and freedom). Students will then identify these ideas within two contrasting models of opposites proposed by two iconic thinkers of twentieth-century philosophical and psychological thought: Friedrich Nietzsche and C.G. Jung. We shall explore their models side by side, drawing on their similarities and essential contrasts, and also drawing upon their key philosophical influences, whose ideas helped to shape their different models. (These include, Heraclitus, Aristotle and Plato, Schopenhauer, and Kant, and also Eastern philosophical traditions.) The implications of their different models of the nature and dynamics of opposites will be scrutinised in light of how they apply their theories to real life, and how they have different ideas about how oppositional thinking can be utilized and maximised in our own lives. To this end, students will explore their different ideas of the ideal human being who does just that: the Übermensch (or superman) of Nietzsche, and ‘the Self’ of Jung. The module will conclude with an analysis of the extent to which Nietzsche’s and Jung’s models of the union of opposites and their embodiment within their visions of an ideal human being can be regarded as viable, practical models for us to emulate. To this end, students will have the opportunity to see how Nietzsche and Jung themselves fare when compared to their own and each other’s ideal conceptions.
  • VPR-3318: Sociology of Religion (20) (Semester 2)
    This module provides a comprehensive discussion of the classical and modern theoretical underpinnings of the sociological study of religion. The module will cover several theoretical topics and issues: Firstly, the origins of religious belief and practice will be explored by reviewing the major theories related to the debates on the social origin of religion. Secondly, the module will provide different theoretical foundations for understanding religion in modern social life, its culture and institutions. Thirdly, the module will identify common themes across religious traditions, providing broader insight into different understandings of religion, of those who practice religion, and how religious motivations and justifications affect the social world. Fourthly, these common themes will be examined within a sociological framework, which will be built on the contributions of both classical sociologists, such as Durkheim, Marx, Troeltsch and Weber, and recent sociologists.
  • VPR-3319: Comp. Philosophy: East/West (20) (Semester 2)
    This module seeks to explore two distinct philosophical traditions: Eastern and Western. Framing the module in a comparative way enables students to identify key relationships and differences that relate to major philosophical themes. In particular, the module begins by defining the comparative philosophical approach, which will be used throughout the course as the means to study the East and the West. The vast majority of the module will be dedicated to examining different metaphysical and ethical concerns. The module will explore several key thematic notions: (1) Reason and Faith (ignorance, knowledge, causation, scepticism, revelation and divinity); (2) Reality (origins, existence, monism, dualism, pluralism and naturalism); (3) Virtue (tradition, divinity, rites, human nature and altruism); (4) Mind (enlightenment, emptiness, transcendence, introspection and immanence).
  • VPR-3330: Ancient Philosophy (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides a broad overview of, and introduction to, ancient philosophy in the Western tradition. It will cover, mainly in chronological order, the entirety of the ‘ancient’ philosophical era, beginning with the pre-Socratics, moving through Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and onwards to Stoicism, some key Roman philosophers, and Neo-Platonism. Emphasis will be put on the connections between ancient philosophy and later philosophical or religious developments, and on the influence that ancient philosophy has had on human thought generally. Historical narrative detail will be included where relevant (e.g., Socrates’ death, the Peloponnesian War, Aristotle and Alexander the Great, etc.) to provide context. Significant emphasis will be placed on the continued relevance that ancient philosophical schools can have for our modern lives, enabling us to overcome adversity and ‘live well’.
  • VPR-3331: 20th Century Phil of Religion (20) (Semester 2)
    The module begins by clarifying the state of the analytic philosophy of religion at the turn of the 20th century, reflecting upon its inheritance of 19th century ‘modernity’. This is contrasted with some concurrent developments in the continental tradition (German Romanticism, Dostoevsky, Nietzsche). This is the context from which, and into which, Wittgenstein speaks. We will cover the early, middle, and late eras of Wittgenstein’s thought, and show the revolutionary impact that his thought had for the philosophy of religion. We track the various directions in which Wittgenstein’s influence was felt; for example, in A. J. Ayer’s verificationism, or those overtly ‘Wittgensteinian’ philosophers of religion such as D. Z. Phillips. The ‘meta-philosophy of religion’ is introduced throughout, as we tackle the question of how best to philosophise about religion.
  • VPR-3332: Faith and Reason (20) (Semester 2)
    The module is composed of two parts, each looking at the interaction of ‘faith’ and ‘reason’. In the first part, I construct a narrative regarding the origins of our modern conception of ‘reason’, contrasting this with our conception of what it is to have ‘faith’. This narrative begins with Francis Bacon and (which is the more usual philosophical starting point) Descartes. I develop this through certain key thinkers of the modern period (Spinoza, Locke, Hume), concluding with the 19th century’s conception of ‘natural theology’. I press the case that a certain conception of ‘reason’ squeezed ‘faith’ out of the picture (along with a great deal of other meaningful dimensions of human life), prompting us to ask whether we must hold to the traditional conception of ‘reason’ at any cost. The second part of the module looks at contemporary examples of the interaction of ‘reason’ and ‘faith’, in the form of the interaction of science and religion. We consider examples of science being used to support religion (‘Intelligent Design’, the ‘Fine Tuning’ argument), and to debunk religion (evolution, the cognitive science of religion), and ask whether science and religion must necessarily be in conflict with each other. No prior philosophical or scientific knowledge is presumed. A brief introduction to quantum theory will be included.
  • VPR-3333: Immanuel Kant (20) (Semester 1)
    This module provides an introduction to the thought of Immanuel Kant. It covers his contributions to metaphysics and epistemology, by discussing his ‘transcendental idealism’. It covers Kant’s significant contributions to ethics, introducing the various formulations of his ‘categorical imperative’. It covers his contributions to the philosophy of religion, in particular his moral argument for belief in God. Throughout the module, I place Kant in the context of the history of philosophy, identifying those key aspects of philosophy to which Kant was responding (i.e., rationalism and empiricism), and those philosophers whose work was shaped by Kant’s legacy. Finally, we reflect on the place Kant’s thought holds in contemporary philosophy, particularly moral philosophy.
  • Students may choose whether to take the dissertation in Philosophy/Religion or their other subject