Physiology and Pathophysiology
Physiology and Pathophysiology 2022-23
Ysgol Gwyddorau Meddygol ac Iechyd
Modiwl - Semester 2
Anatomy and physiology presents the structure and function of:
Body cavities, positioning and surface anatomy Cell biology, cell structure, division, cell cycle & death (normal cell processes) Homeostasis, fluid compartments & movement, tissue fluid homeostasis, fluid volumes, hydrostatic pressure, pH (also in renal system) Microbiology, key organisms & terminology, structure & impact Genetics, foetal development and birth, foetal-maternal circulation, and the normal birth processes Growth & development from birth to end of life, systems regulating growth and development, impact of lifespan on body systems; Integumentary system/Skin, normal wound healing & thermoregulation; Respiratory system including respiratory terminology; Cardiovascular system; Haematological system ; Lymphatic & Immune systems including immunisation, and inflammation as a normal response to injury or infection; Digestive & Hepatic systems including digestion and absorption; Renal system including urine output and kidney function across lifespan; Endocrine system; Reproductive system and the breast; Nervous system – peripheral nervous system, peripheral nerves, meninges, reflexes (swallowing, defaecation, micturition, coughing); Nervous system – central nervous system, the brain & spinal cord; Special senses - Structure & function, vision, taste/smell, hearing, touch; Pain perception; Sleep - Physiology & function, consciousness & circadian rhythms; Muscular & Skeletal systems 1 – muscular system - Structure & function; Muscular & Skeletal systems 2 – skeleton - Structure & function, posture and movement; Nutrition & metabolism – key nutrients and nutritional requirements for health; Radiation protection – effect of radiation on cells and tissues, radiation safety; Genetics to include, inheritance patterns, mutations and clinical application to practice and oncogenetics.
Pathophysiology inlcudes: Homeostatic mechanisms; Cell adaptations and death; Inflammation, immune response and healing; Shock; Cardiovascular and blood disorders; Respiratory, nervous system, gastrointestinal and nutritional disorders; Endocrine, renal, bladder and fluid balance; Pain, musculoskeletal and skin disorders.
-threshold -C- to C+ Grade: 50 to 59% to achieve a pass on the module, students will be required to demonstrate some knowledge and evidence of the critical application of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology. -good -B- to B+ Grade: 60 to 69% to achieve a good pass on the module, students will be required to demonstrate a good level knowledge and good evidence of critical application of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology. -excellent -A- to A* Grade: 70% + To achieve an ‘excellent pass’ on the module, students will be required to demonstrate comprehensive knowledge of and clear evidence of critical application of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology.
- Apply and integrate knowledge and a critical understanding of the pathophysiological processes to clinical decision-making and to promote client understanding of their illness/disease.
- Demonstrate an in-depth knowledge and understanding of human anatomy, human anatomical structure and physiological function and process, within normal physiological limits in the context of health across the lifespan.