Run by School of Medical Sciences
10 Credits or 5 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Mr Merf Williams
Overall aims and purpose
The aim of this module is to develop an understanding of the role of the Medical Microbiology laboratory in investigating and identifying medically important bacteria and parasites. Students will be introduced to the theoretical principles of various major bacterial and parasitic groups and the practical application of a range of microbiological procedures used in the laboratory diagnosis of human bacterial infections. The use of case studies will enable the students to use the theoretical information gained to understand the pathological changes that occur in clinical infections caused by some of the bacteria and parasites studied in this module and provide the necessary prerequisite knowledge to study Year 3 Microbiology and Human Disease.
The study of some major groups of bacteria and parasites of importance in human infection. Understanding of the key concepts used in investigating and diagnosing infections in the Medical Microbiology laboratory. The major groups of bacteria that will be studied will include the Gram positive Staphylococcal and Streptococcal species; the Gram negative coliforms and non-coliform species; anaerobic Clostridium species; aerobic spore forming species of the Bacillus group including Bacillus anthracis; Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Medically important parasites; Infection prevention control in the community and health care setting will also be discussed. A practical session will encompass the use of various methodologies utilised to identify bacterial cultures, including commercially available kits.
Category A (70%-100%):
An excellent student should be able to demonstrate the skills necessary for self-managed and lifelong learning (working independently, time management and organisation) and have a detailed in depth knowledge of all aspects of the module. Written answers should have an extremely high standard of presentation, structure and clarity with a very well argued coverage of accurate and relevant information.
Evidence of wider reading & critical thinking is required for A+ and A* marks.
Category B (60%-69%):
A good student should have a thorough factual knowledge across all aspects of the module, and be able to detail examples where appropriate. Written answers should demonstrate an ability to critically synthesise lecture material. Evidence of background reading is limited.
Category D (40%-49%):
A threshold student should have a basic knowledge of the essential facts and key concepts in Medical Microbiology presented in this module. Written answers should demonstrate an ability to organise relevant lecture material into a coherent argument. Answers may lack detail and may reveal knowledge gaps.
C- to C+
Category C (50%-59%):
A less engaged student would have a correct understanding of the essential facts and key concepts in Medical Microbiology presented in this module. Written answers should demonstrate an ability to organise relevant lecture material into a coherent argument. Answers may lack explanation and context. No evidence of wider reading.
Obtain, interpret and synthesise information from background reading and use it to effectively supplement lecture notes.
Conduct Medical Microbiology practical work and process, document and interpret the data obtained.
Explain the principles of Quality Assurance and good laboratory practice.
Describe the principles of some of the most frequently used Medical Microbiology laboratory tests and their diagnostic significance.
Demonstrate knowledge of the development, diagnosis and treatment of various diseases studied in this module.
Demonstrate an understanding of the role of Medical Microbiology in the day to day operation of a Pathology laboratory.
|FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT||Mid Module test||
The MCQ will be set and based on the Gram positive and Gram negative organisms studied during the first 5 weeks of the module and will be held in semester week 11 or 12 and will consist of 25 questions. Each questions will consist of up to four combinations of statements, where the student will be expected to draw on their knowledge to answer, where 1, 2 3 or all 4 statements may be correct. The test will take place during a timetabled session, followed by a discussion/tutorial whilst peer marked with immediate feedback to the cohort.
|LOGBOOK OR PORTFOLIO||Practical report||
Students will be expected to formulate and develop a dichotomous key based on the synthesis of information from lecture material and reading around the topic areas and to develop an understanding of and review testing procedures based on given information and directed reading to prepare for the assessed wet practical, based on the presumptive identification of four cultured species and to discuss further confirmatory tests and the organisms role in infectious diseases.
|EXAM||End of module exam||
The exam will be a paper based MCQs consisting of 50 questions in the same format as the formative mid module test and will cover all the work done throughout the semester.
Teaching and Learning Strategy
Revision before final exam including a Q & A session.
8 x 2hr weekly lecture sessions.
Preparing before lectures, reading around the topic, (text books/journals/directed reading), revision and coursework including Logbook for the practical.
|Practical classes and workshops||
The first 2 hr of practical time is utilised to demonstrate the techniques used to identify organisms in the laboratory where students can practice before the 3 hr assessed practical which normally runs the same day to presumptively identify four given cultured bacterial species and record results in tabular form.
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Numeracy - Proficiency in using numbers at appropriate levels of accuracy
- Computer Literacy - Proficiency in using a varied range of computer software
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Safety-Consciousness - Having an awareness of your immediate environment, and confidence in adhering to health and safety regulations
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Teamwork - Able to constructively cooperate with others on a common task, and/or be part of a day-to-day working team
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
- Self-awareness & Reflectivity - Having an awareness of your own strengths, weaknesses, aims and objectives. Able to regularly review, evaluate and reflect upon the performance of yourself and others
Subject specific skills
The programme aims to give students a comprehension of scientific investigation of Medical Microbiology. (benchmarks: 5.1; 5.3; 5.5)
On successful completion of the course, students will be able to engage with essential facts, major concepts, principles and theories associated with medical microbiology, and understand the biological mechanisms underlying human pathological conditions and the basis of the analytical techniques used to diagnose and monitor these conditions. (benchmark: 6.4)
Be able to undertake practical investigations in a responsible, safe and ethical manner while paying attention to risk assessment, relevant health and safety regulations, ethical issues, procedures for obtaining ethical permission and informed consent and issues relating to patient welfare. (benchmark: 4.3)
Graduates will be able to apply their knowledge to a professional, evidence-based approach to research into the pathogenesis and origins of disease processes. (benchmark: 6.2)
Biomedical science graduates are aware of the current laboratory methods to investigate and diagnose human diseases in clinical and research environments. This includes an appreciation of research and the development of new technologies. (benchmark: 6.3)
Biomedical sciences graduates should recognise and apply subject-specific theories, paradigms, concepts or principles to reach evidence-based decisions. (benchmark: 4.2)
To be able to receive and respond to a variety of sources of information (textual, numerical, verbal, graphical), carry out sample selection, produce record scientific records & analyse data within a statistical context (an understanding of statistical significance and statistical power), and to communicate the outcomes to a variety of audiences using a range of formats, media and approaches including the avoidance of plagiarism. (benchmark: 4.4; 4.5)
Graduates should develop the skills necessary for self-managed and lifelong learning, have an appreciation for the role and impact of intellectual property, and identify and work towards targets for personal, academic, professional and career development. (benchmark: 4.7)