Approaches & Therapies 2
Run by School of Psychology
20 Credits or 10 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Prof Fay Short
Overall aims and purpose
Following on from the first Approaches and Therapies module, this module provides the student with a further opportunity to critically explore psychological approaches and therapies. The student will be given an insight into the development of professional relationships and the interventions applied within a therapeutic framework for Behavioural and Cognitive practice. Consideration will focus on how these approaches and therapies are used to understand human nature, manage the therapeutic relationship, and apply therapeutic techniques to support the personal development of the client. Historical analysis will also be completed in order that the student can appreciate the social context of the development of the approach and therapy. Content will be illustrated with video examples followed by discussion about the applications of therapeutic theory and research evidence. Students will also be invited to independently research original therapeutic approaches and share their research findings with peers.
Lecturers: Fay Short, Sioned Lewis
Topics covered in this module include: • Wk22 Introduction • Wk23 History of the Behavioural Approach with focus on Skinner • Wk24 Behavioural Theories of Human Nature and Personality • Wk25 Therapeutic Relationship in Behaviour Therapy • Wk26 Therapeutic Techniques in Behaviour Therapy • Wk27 History of the Cognitive Approach with focus on Beck • Wk28 Cognitive Theories of Human Nature and Personality • Wk29 Therapeutic Relationship in Cognitive Therapy • Wk30 Therapeutic Techniques in Cognitive Therapy • Wk34 Compare, Contrast, Critique, and Apply • Wk35 Integrative Therapy: REBT • Wk36 Skills for Placement • Wk37 Integrative Therapy: Gestalt Therapy • Wk38 Eclectic Therapy: Multimodal Therapy
• Insightful consideration of the interplay between different approaches, therapies, and models • Comprehensive knowledge of Behavioural and Cognitive Approaches and Therapies • Detailed understanding with no factual errors • Critical analysis showing evaluation and synthesis of ideas • Originality in approach, interpretation, and/or voice • Extensive independent research • Logically defended arguments with evidence for all claims • Highly focused and well structured • Excellent presentation with accurate and appropriate expression • Correct format in appropriate referencing style
• Some insight into the interplay between different approaches, therapies, and models • Strong knowledge of Behavioural and Cognitive Approaches and Therapies • Clear understanding and mostly free of factual errors • Some analysis showing critical evaluation and links between ideas • Some originality in approach, interpretation, and/or voice • Some independent research • Coherent arguments with evidence for most claims • Focused and well structured • Good presentation with accurate and appropriate expression • Mostly correct format in appropriate referencing style
• Limited insight into the interplay between different approaches, therapies, and models • Some knowledge of Behavioural and Cognitive Approaches and Therapies • Understanding of the main concepts, but with factual errors in non-core concepts • Limited analysis showing only obvious points of evaluation and links between ideas • Highly limited originality in approach, interpretation, and/or voice • Highly limited evidence of independent research • Arguments presented but lack coherence with evidence for only some claims • Focused but with some irrelevant material and weaknesses in structure • Acceptable presentation with appropriate expression • Attempt at correct format in appropriate referencing style
Describe and critically evaluate the history, social context, theories of nature, and theories of personality from the Cognitive approach
Recognise and critically evaluate the client-therapist relationship and therapeutic techniques of Behaviour therapy
Recognise and critically evaluate the client-therapist relationship and therapeutic techniques of Cognitive therapy
Research and present academic theories and empirical research into original integrative and eclectic counselling and psychotherapy
Describe and critically evaluate the history, social context, theories of nature, and theories of personality from the Behavioural approach
Compare, contrast, critique, and apply psychological interventions with an understanding of therapies based on eclecticism and integration
|Critical Analysis: Behavioural approach and therapy||35|
|Critical Analysis: Cognitive approach and therapy||35|
Teaching and Learning Strategy
Your lectures will focus on the core theories and concepts for each of the topics in the curriculum content.
Your video and discussion sessions will include a video showing of counselling in action followed by a discussion about the use of the approach and therapy by the therapist.
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Computer Literacy - Proficiency in using a varied range of computer software
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Teamwork - Able to constructively cooperate with others on a common task, and/or be part of a day-to-day working team
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
Subject specific skills
- Understand the scientific underpinnings of psychology as a discipline.
- Apply multiple perspectives to psychological issues and integrate ideas and findings across the multiple perspectives in psychology.
- Communicate psychological concepts effectively in written form.
- Communicate psychological concepts effectively in oral form.
- Be computer literate for the purpose of processing and disseminating psychological data and information.
- Retrieve and organise information effectively.
- Handle primary source material critically.
- Engage in effective teamwork for the purpose of collaborating on psychological projects.
- Be sensitive and react appropriately to contextual and interpersonal psychological factors.
- Use effectively personal planning and project management skills.
- Work effectively under pressure (time pressure, limited resources, etc) as independent and pragmatic learners.
- Problem-solve by clarifying questions, considering alternative solutions, making critical judgements, and evaluating outcomes.
- Reason scientifically and demonstrate the relationship between theory and evidence.
- Understand and investigate the role of brain function in all human behaviour and experience.
- Be aware of ethical principles and approval procedures.
• Demonstrate comprehensive verbal, non-verbal, and written communication skills. • Assess clients using a range of methods to determine nature of difficulty, suitability of intervention, and risk factors. • Engage in the ongoing process of formulation by producing a comprehensive framework for the client's presentation and a therapeutic strategy for intervention. • Understand and apply a range of psychotherapeutic strategies and interventions, with critical awareness of their empirical evidence base and potential risks. • Evaluate practice through routine outcome monitoring, interpreting and applying research literature to interventions, and conducting research to contribute to evidence base.
Talis Reading listhttp://readinglists.bangor.ac.uk/modules/ppc-4008.html
Beck, A. T. (1975). Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. Oxford, England: International Universities Press. Ellis, A. (2003). Early theories and practices of rational emotive behavior therapy and how they have been augmented and revised during the last three decades. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 21, 3, 219-243. Meichenbaum, D. (1977). Cognitive-behavior modification: An integrative approach. New York, US: Springer. Perls, F. (1969). Gestalt Therapy Verbatim. Colorado, US: Real People Press. Short, F. E., & Thomas, P. (2014). Core approaches in counselling and psychotherapy. UK: Routledge. Skinner, B. F. (1938). The behaviour of organisms. MA, US: B. F. Skinner Foundation. Watson, J. B. (1930). Behaviourism. Chicago, US: University of Chicago Press. Watson, J.B. & Rayner, R. (1920). Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1, 1-14.
Courses including this module
Compulsory in courses:
- C8DX: MSc Counselling year 1 (MSC/CNSL)