The Celt: Sources of Evidence
Run by School of Arts, Culture and Language
40.000 Credits or 20.000 ECTS Credits
Organiser: Dr Aled Llion Jones
Overall aims and purpose
This module will present the main sources of evidence about the ‘Celts’, based on two different definitions of the ‘Celts’. These definitions will be examined in presenting the evidence, namely:
i) The use of the word itself (‘Celt’, ‘Keltoi’, etc.), in defining or self-defining.
ii) The most important sources about aspects on the history and identity of the ‘Celts’ (i.e. those people who speak or who spoke a Celtic language in the modern period).
This module will therefore set the empiric basis for any interpretive study of the ‘Celts’, and students will learn the core skills which are essential for such a work (from identifying and discussing the sources to skills relating to planning and writing a research essay at Masters level).
There will be four main fields, namely:
i) Historical evidence from the classical period: texts by authors such as Athaneus, Caesar, etc., who name the Celts, will be examined;
ii) Archaeological and visual evidence, from the Hallstatt and La Tène period onwards; history of art and paradigm changes in twentieth century archaeology;
iii) Linguistic evidence, studying nineteenth century philology and the discovery/creation of Indo-European (and consequently the Celtic languages), and studying the nature of the Celtic languages (what? where?);
iv) Recent historical evidence, introducing sources for the history of the later ‘Celts’ (chronicles and Laws; the poetic tradition; recent history).
Threshold students (low D grades) will display a range of appropriate knowledge – or appropriate depth – in at least part of the relevant field, and will at least partly succeed in forming an argument which gets to grips with the issues discussed in the essay. They will show awareness of the types of core evidence which is available, and the way in which the evidence can be used and interpreted.
Good students (B grades) will show firm abilities in all the aspects noted in the above paragraph.
Excellent students (A grades) will display these firm abilities across the criteria, as well as a particular depth of knowledge and/or skilfulness in their analysis.
They will also be able to confidently present and discuss the field of study orally.
They will plan, structure and complete good academic essays which examine texts which are appropriate and relevant to the module.
They will understand the significance of these sources and analyses, as well as the dangers and difficulties associated with their use; and they will be able to apply the understanding to the purposes of their own research.
They will be able to confidently apply research skills to this specific field, providing an opinion on appropriate and changing ideas and theories associated with the historical development of the field.
Students will understand the different types of sources which are relevant to ‘The Celts’ in general across a range of academic disciplines.
Teaching and Learning Strategy
Module seminars, 11 x 2 hours
- Literacy - Proficiency in reading and writing through a variety of media
- Numeracy - Proficiency in using numbers at appropriate levels of accuracy
- Computer Literacy - Proficiency in using a varied range of computer software
- Self-Management - Able to work unsupervised in an efficient, punctual and structured manner. To examine the outcomes of tasks and events, and judge levels of quality and importance
- Exploring - Able to investigate, research and consider alternatives
- Information retrieval - Able to access different and multiple sources of information
- Inter-personal - Able to question, actively listen, examine given answers and interact sensitevely with others
- Critical analysis & Problem Solving - Able to deconstruct and analyse problems or complex situations. To find solutions to problems through analyses and exploration of all possibilities using appropriate methods, rescources and creativity.
- Presentation - Able to clearly present information and explanations to an audience. Through the written or oral mode of communication accurately and concisely.
- Teamwork - Able to constructively cooperate with others on a common task, and/or be part of a day-to-day working team
- Mentoring - Able to support, help, guide, inspire and/or coach others
- Management - Able to utilise, coordinate and control resources (human, physical and/or financial)
- Argument - Able to put forward, debate and justify an opinion or a course of action, with an individual or in a wider group setting
- Self-awareness & Reflectivity - Having an awareness of your own strengths, weaknesses, aims and objectives. Able to regularly review, evaluate and reflect upon the performance of yourself and others
Courses including this module
Compulsory in courses:
- Q5AQ: MA The Celts year 1 (MA/CEL)