20th Century Phil of Religion
Rhedir gan School of History, Philosophy and Social Sciences
20 Credyd neu 10 Credyd ECTS
Trefnydd: Dr Toby Betenson
At the beginning of the 21st century, the philosophy of religion, at least in the Anglo-American tradition, finds itself at a crossroads. Some philosophers want to see the philosophy of religion increasingly aligned with science and the scientific paradigm. Others consider this to be a mistake, and think it is high-time for the discipline to reappraise its subject, its methods, and its purpose. In this module, we will cover the journey that the philosophy of religion has taken over the course of the past century, indicating how we came to be where we are today. We focus in particular on the revolutionary contribution of Ludwig Wittgenstein, and track the influence of his thought throughout the latter-half of the 20th century and beyond. In the process, we reflect on the ‘meta-philosophy of religion’, enabling ourselves not only to think well about religion, but also to ask what it is to think well or badly about religion.
The module begins by clarifying the state of the analytic philosophy of religion at the turn of the 20th century, reflecting upon its inheritance of 19th century ‘modernity’. This is contrasted with some concurrent developments in the continental tradition (German Romanticism, Dostoevsky, Nietzsche). This is the context from which, and into which, Wittgenstein speaks. We will cover the early, middle, and late eras of Wittgenstein’s thought, and show the revolutionary impact that his thought had for the philosophy of religion. We track the various directions in which Wittgenstein’s influence was felt; for example, in A. J. Ayer’s verificationism, or those overtly ‘Wittgensteinian’ philosophers of religion such as D. Z. Phillips. The ‘meta-philosophy of religion’ is introduced throughout, as we tackle the question of how best to philosophise about religion.
Shows some knowledge of key areas of the module with acceptable presentation of arguments.
Shows detailed knowledge of key areas covered in the module with the arguments presented in a logical and coherent way.
Shows comprehensive and very detailed understanding of the material covered in the module, with considerable analytic ability or originality.
To demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the major developments that occurred in the philosophy of religion during the 20th century.
To demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the key concepts within the meta-philosophy of religion.
To analyse, research, and construct a sustained argument applicable to the content of this course.
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Strategaeth addysgu a dysgu
- Llythrennedd - Medrusrwydd mewn darllen ac ysgrifennu drwy amrywiaeth o gyfryngau
- Defnyddio cyfrifiaduron - Medrusrwydd wrth ddefnyddio ystod o feddalwedd cyfrifiadurol
- Hunanreolaeth - Gallu gweithio mewn ffordd effeithlon, prydlon a threfnus. Gallu edrych ar ganlyniadau tasgau a digwyddiadau, a barnu lefelau o ansawdd a phwysigrwydd
- Archwilio - Gallu ymchwilio ac ystyried dewisiadau eraill
- Adalw gwybodaeth - Gallu mynd at wahanol ac amrywiol ffynonellau gwybodaeth
- Sgiliau Rhyngbersonol - Gallu gofyn cwestiynau, gwrando'n astud ar atebion a'u harchwilio
- Dadansoddi Beirniadol & Datrys Problem - Gallu dadelfennu a dadansoddi problemau neu sefyllfaoedd cymhleth. Gallu canfod atebion i broblemau drwy ddadansoddiadau ac archwilio posibiliadau
- Cyflwyniad - Gallu cyflwyno gwybodaeth ac esboniadau yn glir i gynulleidfa. Trwy gyfryngau ysgrifenedig neu ar lafar yn glir a hyderus.
- Dadl - Gallu cyflwyno, trafod a chyfiawnhau barn neu lwybr gweithredu, naill ai gydag unigolyn neu mewn grwˆp ehangach
- Hunanymwybyddiaeth & Ystyried - Bod yn ymwybodol o'ch cryfderau, gwendidau, nodau ac amcanion eich hun. Gallu adolygu ,cloriannu a myfyrio'n rheolaidd ar eich perfformiad eich hun ac eraill.
Sgiliau pwnc penodol
- Articulacy in identifying underlying issues in a wide variety of debates.
- Precision of thought and expression in the analysis and formulation of complex and controversial problems.
- Sensitivity in interpretation of religious and philosophical texts drawn from a variety of ages and/or traditions.
- Clarity and rigour in the critical assessment of arguments presented in such texts.
- The ability to use and criticise specialised religious and philosophical terminology.
- The ability to abstract and analyse arguments, and to identify flaws in them, such as false premises and invalid reasoning.
- The ability to construct rationally persuasive arguments for or against specific religious and philosophical claims.
- The ability to move between generalisation and appropriately detailed discussion, inventing or discovering examples to support or challenge a position, and distinguishing relevant and irrelevant considerations.
- The ability to consider unfamiliar ideas and ways of thinking, and to examine critically presuppositions and methods within the disciplines of philosophy and religion.
Cyrsiau sy’n cynnwys y modiwl hwn
Opsiynol mewn cyrsiau:
- M93B: BA Criminology & Criminal Just (4yr with Incorp Foundation) year 2 (BA/CCJ1)
- M931: BA Criminology & Criminal Justice with International Exp year 2 (BA/CJIE)
- M930: BA Criminology & Criminal Justice year 2 (BA/CRIM)
- MR95: BA Criminology&Criml Just/Italian year 2 (BA/CRIT)
- MC98: BA Criminology/Psychology year 2 (BA/CRP)
- MR94: BA Criminology/Spanish year 2 (BA/CRSP)
- X317: BA Childhood and Youth Studies and Social Policy year 2 (BA/CYSP)
- X315: BA Childhood and Youth Studies and Sociology year 2 (BA/CYSS)
- LL13: BA Sociology/Economics year 2 (BA/ECS)
- LL2B: BA Sociology & Economics (4 yr with Incorporated Foundation) year 2 (BA/ECS1)
- 3QV1: BA History and English Literature year 2 (BA/ELH)
- LQ3J: BA English Lang. & Sociology year 2 (BA/ELSOC)
- M3Q9: BA English Literature and Criminology and Criminal Justice year 2 (BA/ENC)
- MR91: BA French/Criminology&Crim'l Just year 2 (BA/FRCR)
- P3V1: BA Film Studies and History year 2 (BA/FSH)
- MR92: BA Criminology&CrimJustice/German year 2 (BA/GCR)
- V100: BA History year 2 (BA/H)
- V103: BA History and Archaeology year 2 (BA/HA)
- V1V9: BA History with Archaeology with International Experience year 2 (BA/HAIE)
- V1V4: BA History with Archaeology year 2 (BA/HAR)
- VW23: BA Hanes Cymru a Cherddoriaeth year 2 (BA/HCAC)
- MVX1: BA History/Criminology year 2 (BA/HCR)
- LV11: BA History/Economics year 2 (BA/HEC)
- RV11: BA History/French year 2 (BA/HFR)
- RV21: BA History/German year 2 (BA/HG)
- 8B03: BA History (with International Experience) year 2 (BA/HIE)
- RV31: BA History/Italian year 2 (BA/HIT)
- VW13: BA History and Music year 2 (BA/HMU)
- LM52: BA Health & Social Care / Criminology & Criminal Justice year 2 (BA/HSCCCJ)
- LL53: BA Health & Social Care/Sociology year 2 (BA/HSCS)
- LL54: BA Hlth & Scl Care/Social Policy year 2 (BA/HSCSP)
- RV41: BA History/Spanish year 2 (BA/HSP)
- V140: BA Modern & Contemporary History year 2 (BA/MCH)
- V130: BA Mediaeval and Early Modern His year 2 (BA/MEMH)
- WV33: Music & Hist & Welsh Hist (IE) year 2 (BA/MHIE)
- LP33: BA Media Studies and Sociology year 2 (BA/MSSOC)
- VV56: BA Philosophy and Religion year 2 (BA/PHRE)
- 3VQV: BA Philosophy and Religion and English Literature year 2 (BA/PREN)
- VVR1: BA Philosophy and Religion and French year 2 (BA/PRF)
- VVR2: BA Philosophy and Religion and German year 2 (BA/PRG)
- VVV1: BA Philosophy and Religion and History year 2 (BA/PRH)
- VVR3: BA Philosophy and Religion and Italian year 2 (BA/PRI)
- VVW3: BA Philosophy and Religion and Music year 2 (BA/PRM)
- VVR4: BA Philosophy and Religion and Spanish year 2 (BA/PRS)
- VVQ5: BA Philosophy and Religion and Welsh year 2 (BA/PRW)
- VVV2: BA Philosophy and Religion and Welsh History year 2 (BA/PRWH)
- CL83: BA Sociology/Psychology year 2 (BA/PS)
- L300: BA Sociology year 2 (BA/S)
- L31B: BA Sociology (4 year with Incorporated Foundation) year 2 (BA/S1)
- LM40: BA Sociology & Criminology & Crim Just with International Ex year 2 (BA/SCJIE)
- LM39: BA Sociology and Criminology & Criminal Justice year 2 (BA/SCR)
- 3L3Q: BA Sociology and English Literature year 2 (BA/SEL)
- LV31: BA Sociology/History year 2 (BA/SH)
- 8Y70: BA Sociology (with International Experience) year 2 (BA/SIE)
- LQ31: BA Sociology/Linguistics year 2 (BA/SL)
- L41B: BA Social Policy (4 year with Incorporated Foundation) year 2 (BA/SOCP1)
- L402: BA Social Policy year 2 (BA/SOCPOL)
- LM50: BA Social Policy and Criminology and Criminal Justice (IE) year 2 (BA/SPCIE)
- LM49: BA Social Policy/Criminology year 2 (BA/SPCR)
- LL14: BA Social Policy/Economics year 2 (BA/SPEC)
- LL1B: BA Social Policy & Economics (4yr with Incorp Foundation) year 2 (BA/SPEC1)
- LV41: BA Social Policy/History year 2 (BA/SPH)
- CL84: BA Social Policy/Psychology year 2 (BA/SPP)
- LVL1: BA Pol Cymd/Han Cymru year 2 (BA/SPWWH)
- LVH1: BA Cymdeithaseg/Hanes Cymru year 2 (BA/SWWH)
- VV12: BA Welsh History/History year 2 (BA/WHH)
- LVH2: BA Welsh History/Sociology year 2 (BA/WHS)
- QVM2: BA Welsh History/Cymraeg year 2 (BA/WHW)
- M1V5: LLB Law with Philosophy and Religion year 2 (LLB/LPR)
- V101: MArts History year 2 (MARTS/HIST)
- M932: MSocSci Criminology & Criminal Justice year 2 (MSOCSCI/CCJ)
- L302: MSocSci Sociology year 2 (MSOCSCI/S)
- L403: MSocSci Social Policy year 2 (MSOCSCI/SP)